Principles of Agriculture Goat Management Practices
Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
low quality meat
1. Goats have the ability to efficiently convert ___ _______ forages into ____ and milk.
US grazing sheep cattle
2. Goats are finding a home in areas of the __ where rangeland is too rough or _______ is too thin to sustain _____ or ______.
3. _._ _______ goats are used for meat, milk, and mohair production.
meat find million
4. Texas leads the ____ and ____ totals with approximately 1 _______.
5. The importation of the ______ goat allowed American goat industry to produce a muscular, large framed animal that excelled in ____.
ethnic festive religious
6. Growth in the United States _____ population continues to create a demand for this protein source in _______ and _________ dishes.
Mohair Civil War
7. ______ production began after the _____ ___ when ranchers introduced Angora goats to the state.
8. Mohair tends to be ________ than wool and has built in ______ resistance maintaining size and form.
9. Another goat fiber, ________, has seen expanded interest throughout the years.
10. Casmere is retained after ________ the coarse outer coat or _____ hair from a combed sample.
11. The demand for _______ and wholesome products has sparked growth in _____ goat production.
12. The Boer goat is capable of producing 3 sets of ____ every _ years.
Spanish Texas Oklahoma
13. ______ goats came to America with the early Spanish explorers and roamed wild through _____ and ________ before domestication.
New Zealand commercial
14. This breed originated ___ _______ in where it is selected for __________ traits.
15. The condition known as __________ _________, occurs from an abnormality in the chloride channels of muscle cells.
16. Angoras are ________ breeders and are not as prolific as other breeds.
17. La Mancha is a hearty breed that is capable of producing a large amount of milk with a ____ ______-___ content.
18. Nubians make a suitable component in the many market _____________ programs.
19. The ______ dairy breed originated from _________ Valley of Switzerland.
20. Goats prefer to be in or near a _______ during the night, therefore a shelter should provide protection from _________, as well as plenty of room to house the entire herd.
21. _______ wire is an extra string of barbed wire, located a few feet from the ground.
depredation guard animals
22. To avoid ___________ in a herd, producers can utilize fencing, penning animals at night and the use of _____ _______.
cattle branding right left
23. Tattooing is much like ______ ________ and identifies the operation that owns the animal in the _____ ear. The ____ ear identifies the actual animal id.
24. __________ usually takes place on _____ animals when their horns are small or still buds.
25. Many producers prefer _________ means of dehorning, such as disbudding.
wether increased fat
26. A ______, or castrated male, is capable of _________ performance and gain, both in muscling and ___, versus that of an intact male.
27. The most widely used form of goat castration utilizes an __________.
28. Rough ___________ will keep hooves properly formed.
39. Goats shorn during the ____ or ______ months should be left with a cape or strip of mohair down their neck and back.
30. Goats are classified as _________, like sheep and cattle; goats have a ____ compartment stomach.
chewing cud compartments
31. Rumination or _______ ___ happens routinely until the forages are small enough to pass through the remaining _____________ of the stomach.
least intensive pasture grazing
32. The _____ _________ avenue of production is simply _______ _______ where goats depend solely on pasture forages for nutrition.
3% to 5%
33. Goats will typically consume around __ __ __ of their body weight in forages each day.
34. Diseases can occur from ____ nutrition, infections, and serving as _________ hosts.
35. Enterotoxemia or __________ disease is the most prevalent in goat operations.
36. Ketosis is caused by the body rapidly ____________ fat.
37. Soremouth can be transmitted very rapidly to other animals, even ______.
38. Treatments for ___________ are antibodies given intramuscularly and electrolytes given as a ____.
39. Does and Bucks typically reach _______ from five to eight months.
40. The estrus cycle is linked to ___________.
41. Aggressive behavior, such as ________ and tail wagging are very common signs that the doe is ready for ________.
42. Primarily, AI increases _______ improvement through the ________ of quality bucks.
Embryo Transfer donor recipiant
43. The process of ______ ________ takes a fertilized egg or embryo of a high-quality _____ and places it into the uterus of a _________.
44. The gestation for goats is ___ ____.
45. A doe usually ________ herself from the herd when it comes time for kidding.
colostrum first milk immune
46. Filled with antibodies, _________ is the mother’s _____ ____ and is essential for the future health and ______ system of the kid.
47. _____ feeding is a management technique utilized by producers to reduce the stress of _______.
selecting adaptability growth rate
48. When _________ animals a producer needs to keep in mind four key components: ____________, reproduction, and ______ ____ and carcass characteristics.
49. ______ rate is also very important for both breeding and market goat selection.
50. The ribeye or ____, loin, leg, and shoulder are primary areas of focus for ________.
51. Excessively fat goats, are considered ________ due to the amount of inedible weight lost at _______.
52. The grade is determined by ________ and _____. Other factors include purity, crimp, and strength.