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Pharmacology Final Exam

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Common side effects of medications for endocrine diseases include all of the following EXCEPT
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no changes in growth and cardiac function
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Which of the following are true of somatropin?
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1, 2, 4, and 5
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Which of the following are true of glucocorticoids and other steroids?
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1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
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Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia/insulin shock include all of the following EXCEPT
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Slow onset
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Glucose absorption inhibitors
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all of the above
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Which of the following statements is NOT true about adverse reactions to insulin?
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Insulin may cause allergic reactions in most patients
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Hormones may be used for all of the following EXCEPT
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Visual Disturbances
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Which of the following is true of thyroid hormones? 1. The three hormones secreted are thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and calcitonin. 2. Hyposecretion is cretinism in infants and children and myxedema in adults. 3. Hyposecretion may be the result of lack of iodine as well as radiation therapy and surgical removal of the thyroid. 4. Replacement therapy is lifelong. 5. Replacement therapy regimen should be taken in the mornings because of the hormone’s side effect of insomnia.
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1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
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Which of the following is NOT true of thiazolidinediones or glitazones?
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They do not delay the progression of the disease.
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Which of the following are common symptoms of endocrine diseases? 1. skin, hair, and nail changes 2. mental deviations 3. changes in urinary output and edema 4. changes in energy levels, blood pressure, and possible heart irregularities 5. sexual irregularities
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1,2,3,4,5
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Which of the following is NOT true of TSH?
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It decreases the uptake of iodine.
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Sort the following insulin preparations from the shortest to the longest duration of action. 1. Lispro 2. Lantus 3. NPH 4. Regular
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1,4,3,2
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Which of the following is NOT true of Lispro insulin?
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A person taking Lispro insulin may have more carbohydrates in the diet.
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Calcitonin is secreted by the thyroid gland but is regulated by the parathyroid gland to ensure an adequate supply of calcium for neuromuscular and endocrine function.
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true
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When a local ophthalmic anesthetic is used a patient may lose the blink reflex and pain associated with ophthalmic procedures.
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true
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Eye infections should be treated with topical anti-inflammatory and antiinfective agents without doing a culture of the secretions.
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False
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Drugs may be used to obtain mydriasis and miosis with ocular examinations and treatment of eye diseases.
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True
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The side effects of miotics include
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a,b,c
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Symptoms of ototoxicity include tinnitus, loss of balance, and vertigo.
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True
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Otic antiinfective agents
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a,b,c
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To safely store ophthalmic and otic medications, medications with the same name should be stored next to each other or in close proximity so that the allied health professional can be sure to use the correct medication.
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false
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Which of the following statements is NOT true?
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Most medications used in the eye and ear have no side effects.
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Local ophthalmic anesthetic agents are used for tonometry.
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True
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When using ophthalmic anticholinergics, patients should wear dark glasses in sunshine and use dimmed lights but should have no problems with moving about after dark.
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False
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Which of the following are true of keratolytic agents? 1. Keratolytic agents are used to promote the formation of the horny layer of skin. 2. Local side effects of keratolytic agents include burning and local irritation. 3. Keratolytic agents promote shedding of warts, calluses, and corns. 4. Keratolytic agents are used to treat dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, acne, venereal warts, and psoriasis. 5. Systemic side effects of keratolytics include tinnitus, dizziness, ototoxicity, and headache.
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all except 1
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Which of the following is NOT true about skin preparations?
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Emollients are always used to soothe and do not contain medications.
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Occlusive dressings allow antifungals to remain in contact with the skin for a longer period of time, and these dressings increase the efficacy of the drug.
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false
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Topical anesthetics are found in all of the following forms EXCEPT
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ophthalmic preparations
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Which of the following is NOT true of medications used on the skin?
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Minoxidil is used for baldness, and it should be applied to the hair every 3 days.
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With skin conditions, topical corticosteroids are less likely to cause systemic responses.
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True
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Which of the following is NOT true of topical corticosteroids?
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They should be applied thickly so that the medication will stay in contact with the lesion for a longer period of time.
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Which of the following statements is NOT true about treatment of burns?
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Sulfonamides should be placed on tissue before débridement to soften the area, but this treatment has no antibacterial effect.
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Common symptoms of skin disorders include all of the following EXCEPT
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fever and eschar
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Which of the following are true about the treatment of acne vulgaris? 1. Topical and systemic antibiotics are used to treat acne. 2. Many preparations for acne are available OTC, and some require a prescription. 3. Treatment of acne includes reduction of sebum and bacteria. 4. Side effects of medications for acne include dryness, scaling, and peeling of the skin; stinging and burning; itching; erythema; and skin tenderness. 5. Some medications for acne cause irritation followed by skin peeling.
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1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
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Patient teaching regarding gout should include which of the following?
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All of the above
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The use of colchicines is specific for gout
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True
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Biphosphonates are used to prevent fractures
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True
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Which of the following are found in the names of gold salts?
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au
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Which is NOT true of salicylate NSAIDs?
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They are relatively safe and have the advantage over other medications of not causing gastrointestinal symptomatology
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Centrally acting muscle relaxants include all of the following EXCEPT
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probenecid (Benemid)
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Steroids are given to treat an exacerbation of rheumatoid disease.
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True
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Central-acting and direct-acting muscle relaxants are the drugs of choice for muscle spasticity.
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True
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Medications used for arthritis include
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All of the above
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Which of the following are used to treat osteoporosis?
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A and C
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Which of the following is true of opioid/synthetic opioid medications for diarrhea?
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All of the above statements are true.
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Which of the following is NOT true of gastric pump inhibitors
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They are safe for treating ulcers before their confirmed diagnosis.
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Which of the following is NOT true of H2-receptor antagonists that interact with histamine to inhibit gastric secretions?
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They should not be used for GERD.
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Which of the following is necessary in patient teaching concerning laxative use
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All of the above are necessary.
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Use the following to answer the following questions. 1. baking soda 2. Riopan 3. Amphojel 4. milk of magnesia 5. Tums 6. Gelusil 7. Alka Seltzer 8. Maalox 9. Rolaids 10. Gaviscon Which are calcium-based antacids?
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5 and 9
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Which of the following are indications for laxative use?
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all except b
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Which of the following is true of adsorbents used to treat diarrhea?
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All of the above statements are true.
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Which of the following is NOT true of bowel evacuants?
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They are used for normal constipation.
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Suppositories may cause rectal irritation.
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true
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Which of the following is NOT true about taking medications for motion sickness?
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They should be taken when symptoms occur.
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Xanthine derivatives such as theophylline are not always the drugs of choice for asthma because of the narrow therapeutic range.
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True
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Which of the following is NOT a common side effect of medications for respiratory disorders?
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Fever and Rhinorrhea
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Which of the following is NOT true of combination OTC products?
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If a patient has only a runny nose, a combination product is indicated
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Cromolyn is for the prophylaxis of asthma.
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true
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Which of the following is NOT true of medications to inhibit influenza?
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They are substitutes for the influenza vaccine.
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Which of the following is NOT true of antitussives?
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All opioid antitussives require a prescription.
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Medications for chronic pulmonary disease may be administered by
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a, b, and c
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Which of the following is NOT a use for antihistamines?
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chest congestion
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Which of the following is NOT true of mucokinetic agents?
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Hypotonic saline is used as a mucolytic agent.
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Which of the following is NOT true of cromolyn sodium?
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It is more effective if used after the onset of allergic symptoms caused by histamines.
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Which of the following is NOT a medication group used in treating hypertension?
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cardiac glycosides
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Which of the following is NOT true of nitroglycerin?
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Sublingual nitroglycerin is a stable medication and is effective until the expiration date whether the bottle has been opened or not.
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Which of the following are NOT symptoms of circulatory disorders?
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diuresis and homeostasis
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Which of the following is NOT true of medications used as antidysrhythmics?
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All of the above statements are true.
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Which of the following is NOT true of vasodilators?
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They increase heart rate and cardiac output.
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Which of the following is NOT a type of medication used for coronary conditions?
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aminoglycosides
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Which of the following is NOT true of HMG CoA reductase inhibitors?
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They may be discontinued when lipoprotein levels are lowered.
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Antihypertensives cure hypertension.
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FALSE
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Which of the following is NOT true regarding the treatment of cardiac dysrhythmias?
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ardiac dysrhythmias are cured by the medications that are used in treatment.
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Nicotinic acid reduces LDL and VLDL levels and raises HDL levels but is limited by its side effects.
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true
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Common foods that may irritate the urinary bladder include all of the following EXCEPT
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milk and milk products
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Lower urinary tract infections are associated with all of the following symptoms EXCEPT
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headache
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Which of the following is NOT true of urinary tract antiseptics?
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They are the first choice in treating UTIs.
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Which of the following is NOT true of urinary tract antispasmodics?
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They are indicated for use in children under the age of 5 to relieve enuresis.
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Which of the following is NOT true of sulfonamides?
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Those found on the market today are divided into short-acting, intermediate-acting, and long-acting drugs.
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Drugs that are used to treat urinary tract infections include
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all of the above
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DDVAP is a drug used in older adults who have enuresis.
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True
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Which of the following are NOT common side effects of medications for urinary tract disorders?
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enuresis and incontinence
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Drugs for enuresis reduce incontinence, frequency, and urgency due to spasms of the smooth muscles of the bladder.
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True
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Which of the following is NOT true of medications used to treat overactive bladder and enuresis?
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All of the above statements are true.
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Which of the following is NOT true of testosterone?
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It has no use in females.
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Which of the following medication classes is NOT used to treat premenstrual syndrome?
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progesterone and calcium
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Which of the following is NOT true of oral contraceptives?
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All oral contraceptives are combinations of estrogen and progestins.
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Which of the following is true about treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy?
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All of the above statements are true.
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Adjusting the estrogen and progestin content of oral contraceptives will not change the side effects encountered with them.
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False
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Which of the following is NOT true of progestins?
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Progesterone is an artificially produced progestin.
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The side effects of testosterone replacement therapy include all of the following EXCEPT:
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a decrease in libido but never an increase
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Which of the following does NOT apply to postcoital contraception?
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Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are either estrogen pills or progestin pills, not combination medications.
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Which of the following is NOT a common symptom of male reproductive tract diseases?
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genital lesions
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Which of the following is NOT true regarding adrenergic antagonists used in treating BPH?
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They increase libido; therefore gaining compliance is easy.
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Which of the following is NOT true of central nervous system stimulants?
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They may be prescribed over long periods of time for obesity.
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Medications to treat migraine headache include all of the following EXCEPT
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all are used
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Which of the following is/are NOT (a) side effect(s) of beta-blockers?
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mental awareness
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Which of the following is NOT true of antiseizure medications?
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Patients taking antiseizure medications can adjust their doses as needed to stay seizure free without consulting a physician.
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Medications to prevent migraine headache share all the following characteristics EXCEPT
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Both b and d are not true statements.
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Medications known as adrenergic agents are catecholamines and noncatecholamines.
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True
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Which of the following is NOT true of parasympatholytic medications?
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Parasympatholytic agents and anticholinergic medications are entirely different compounds that have similar actions.
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Which of the following is NOT needed in patient teaching with analgesics?
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Medication may be stopped at any time owing to the dangers of physical dependence and habituation.
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Common signs and symptoms of neurological disorders include all of the following EXCEPT
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diarrhea or constipation
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Which of the following is true of medications for migraine headache?
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All of the above statements are true.
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Antipsychotics are contraindicated in
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Children and the elderly
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Which of the following is NOT a side effect of antipsychotic agents?
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all are side effects
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Antianxiety medications are also called
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b and c
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Common side effects of medications for mental disorders include all of the following EXCEPT
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hypertension and bradycardia
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The major forms of psychosis include
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a and b
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The medication(s) approved by the FDA for Alzheimer’s disease is/are
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a,b,c
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Mental health is concerned with which of the following aspects of a person? 1. physical health 2. cognitive health and affective being 3. behavioral and social health 4. the environment
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1,2,3,4
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Antipsychotics are classified by
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all except c
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Reasons for using medications in psychotherapy include
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all of the above
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Low potency, intermediate potency, and high potency traditional antipsychotics all have an equal therapeutic effect.
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True
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What is NOT a source of inhalants commonly used for euphoria and hallucinations?
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all of the above are sources of inhalants
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Personal characteristics of drug misusers and abusers include all of the following EXCEPT
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feelings of self-worth
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Which of the following are the most frequently abused chemical substances?
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caffeine
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Which of the following is NOT a sign or symptom of drug abuse/misuse that should be recognized by allied health professionals?
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keeping medical appointments and maintaining good health practices
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The half-life of cocaine is fairly long, leading to toxicity and the chance of acute intoxication.
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false
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Which is NOT true of drugs used with alcoholism?
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Disulfiram should be given to a person who abuses alcohol whether the person desires to stop consuming alcohol or not.
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Which of the following is NOT true of ethyl alcohol?
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It has no medicinal indications.
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Which of the following is NOT true of marijuana?
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The potency of marijuana is always the same.
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The side effects of smoking cessation include all of the following EXCEPT
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decreased appetite, nausea, and diarrhea
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Which of the following is NOT a hallucinogen, psychedelic, or psychomimetic?
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marijuana
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Which of the following statements are true concerning ophthalmic anti-inflammatory and antiinfective agents? 1. Most ophthalmic antiinfective/anti-inflammatory agents are effective on mucous membranes that have been injured or are inflamed. 2. To discourage drug-resistant strains of antiinfectives, antibiotics for ophthalmologic problems should be administered locally. 3. Any topical medication may be used in the eye. 4. With viral infections, both eyes may need to be treated. 5. In irrigating eyes, the head should be turned toward the affected side to prevent cross-contamination of the unaffected eye.
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1,2,4,5`
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Which of the following statements is NOT true?
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Mydriatics are used to cause pupil constriction for diagnostic tests.
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OTC ophthalmic medications are always safe for use by all people because the FDA has approved the use of these drugs.
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False
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Agents that mimic the sympathetic nervous system bring about pupillary dilation, while cycloplegic agents cause paralysis of the ciliary muscles and prevent accommodation. These medications are used primarily for diagnostic testing.
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True
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Medications used in the ear often contain more than one ingredient so that more than one symptom or condition is treated at one time.
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True
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The rate of medication absorption through the skin depends on which of the following?
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all of the above
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Which of the following are true of topical fungal preparations? 1. They may be used on hair, nails, or skin. 2. Most are used to treat Candida and tinea infections. 3. Most are available OTC as well as by prescription. 4. They should be used completely even if symptoms improve. 5. Therapy for fungal infections is long-term.
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1,2,3,4,5
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Topical creams and ointments for pediculosis should be applied to the affected area and left on for 12 hours, and then the area should be thoroughly washed.
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True
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Common side effects of musculoskeletal medications include
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All of the above
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TNF inhibitors block the immune response to prevent inflammation of joints.
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True
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The goal of arthritis therapy includes all of the following EXCEPT
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Curing the disease
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Which of the following is an immunosuppresant agent and a DMARD?
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methotrexate
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Anticholinesterase agents increase muscle tone.
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True
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Which of the following is true concerning medications acting on gastrointestinal system tissues?
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All of the above statements are true except for d.
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Which of the following is true of oral antiviral agents?
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All of the above statements are true.
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Which of the following is NOT true of gastric pump inhibitors?
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They are safe for treating ulcers before their confirmed diagnosis.
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Which of the following should not be given to persons with diabetes?
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phosphorated carbohydrate solution (Emetrol)
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Which of the following is NOT true of histamine?
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It is not a problem with most upper respiratory inflammatory diseases.
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Which of the following is NOT true of decongestants?
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They are very safe for persons who have diabetes mellitus.
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Which of the following is NOT true of expectorants?
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They are not found as combination medications.
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Which of the following is NOT a common side effect of circulatory medications?
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edema and shortness of breath
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Antihypertensives receive the same response in all ethnic and cultural groups.
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false
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Which of the following are routes of administration for nitroglycerin?
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all of the above
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Which of the following is NOT true of hemorrheologic agents?
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All of the above statements are true.
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Which of the following is NOT true of medications used to affect coagulation?
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Anticoagulants include vitamin K, heparin, and warfarin.
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TMZ-SMZ is the abbreviation for trimethoprim-sulfonamide.
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false
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Which of the following statements about fluid and electrolyte balance is NOT true?
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Infants and obese persons have less fluid in their bodies than normal adults.
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DDVAP is an antidiuretic hormone.
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True
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Which of the following is NOT true of testosterone replacement therapy?
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The treatment and dosage are the same for all males, regardless of the diagnosis.
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Which of the following is NOT true about forms of contraception?
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All IUDs provide long-term contraception of 8 years and are intrauterine progesterone inserts.
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Which of the following is true of sildenafil (Viagra)?
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All of the above statements are true.
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Common side effects of medications for neurological conditions include all of the following EXCEPT
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muscle turgidity or spasticity
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Beta-blockers are the drugs of choice in migraine headache prophylaxis
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True
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Which of the following is NOT true about the use of CNS stimulants as anorexiants and for narcolepsy?
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They may be taken after 6:00 PM in persons desiring to lose weight and for narcolepsy without causing excessive stimulation.
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Which of the following is NOT true of adrenergic agonists?
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They are not sympathomimetic medications and do not simulate the “fight-or-flight” response of the body.
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Mental health is concerned with which of the following aspects of a person? 1. physical health 2. cognitive health and affective being 3. behavioral and social health 4. the environment
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1, 2, 3, and 4
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Psychotherapeutic agents were first introduced in the ______. Before that time, psychotic patients were institutionalized.
answer

1950s
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Antipsychotics are also called
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A and C
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Antipsychotics include
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a, b, and c
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Common signs and symptoms of mental disorders include all of the following EXCEPT
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proper work ethics and work skills
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Which of the following is NOT true of abused central nervous system stimulants?
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There is an antidote for amphetamine and cocaine toxicity that stops the toxic effects with few side effects.