Personal Health Ch 15

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Many cancers are now curable or controllable.
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True
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A cancer patient maintaining a sense of control in treatment is associated with better health outcomes.
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True
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Your health insurance may drop you if you are diagnosed with cancer.
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False
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Physical changes related to cancer and treatment can affect a person’s sense of identity.
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True
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Research shows no correlation between a sense of spirituality and a better quality of life living with cancer.
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False
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Decreases risk of cancer
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High-fiber diet Vegetable-rich diet
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Increases risk of cancer
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High doses of beta-carotene Lunch meat consumption
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No demonstrated effect of causing cancer
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Eating organic (pesticide-free) food instead of non-organic food Irradiated meat consumption Aspartame consumption
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Cancer screenings may produce false positives.
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True
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Starting at age 21, women should get a yearly Pap test.
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False
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Genetic screening for cancer is not yet possible.
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False
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Early detection is the key to successful treatment of cancer.
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True
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Why is there no screening test for ovarian cancer?
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No test has been shown to improve detection without increasing harm.
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Which of the following statements regarding tobacco use and cancer is FALSE?
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All smokers have the same individual risk for cancer, regardless of the number of years the person smoked.
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Which of the following statements about diet’s effect on cancer is FALSE?
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Diets high in fiber appear to increase the risk of colon cancer.
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Which of the following statements about sun exposure is FALSE?
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Sunburns during adulthood seem to be the most strongly associated with melanoma.
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Cancer promoters directly alter a cell’s DNA, creating a genetic alteration that can lead to cancer.
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False
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Human pusillanimous (HPV) can cause cervical cancer, among others.
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True
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Belinda recently completed a treatment program for breast cancer. For the last year, she took a drug treatment that worked to interfere with rapid cell division; what type of cancer treatment did Belinda undergo?
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chemotherapy
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If a cancer is detected early, is small, and is localized, which of the following is a likely treatment?
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surgery
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Which of the following is a local treatment that can destroy cancer cells with minimal damage to surrounding tissue?
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radiation
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Which of the following treatments may help reduce the side effects of chemotherapy?
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immunotherapy
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Which of the following treatments is use for cancer of the white blood cells?
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bone marrow transplant
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Kyle has a cancer of the lymph nodes or glands. What type of cancer does Kyle have?
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lymphoma
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Craig recently passed away from a cancer that started in his bone marrow. What type of cancer caused Craig’s death?
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leukemia
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The most significant risk factor for most cancers is
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age.
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Which of the following is NOT a source of ionizing radiation?
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UVA rays
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The leading cause of cancer death is attributed to what type of cancer?
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lung
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Risk factors for breast cancer include
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a family history of breast cancer.
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The common features of a red, scaly base with a non healing sore describe which type of skin cancer?
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squamous cell
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All of the following statements regarding cervical cancer screening are true, EXCEPT
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women should begin cervical cancer screening when they are 25.
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Biological cancer therapies involve the introduction of infectious agents that attack cancer cells.
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False
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Exercise is directly linked to a reduction in risk of breast cancer.
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True
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Which of the following statements regarding lung cancer is FALSE?
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Chest x-rays are recommended as a routine screening test for lung cancer.
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Factors that decrease the risk for breast cancer include all of the following, EXCEPT
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use of hormone replacement therapy.
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Which of the following statements regarding prostate cancer is FALSE?
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Most warning signs occur in the early stages of cancer.
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Which of the following statements about colon cancer is FALSE?
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Postmenopausal women who take estrogen therapy have a higher risk of colon cancer.
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Which of the following statements regarding basal and squamous cell skin cancer is FALSE?
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Rates of both cancers are decreasing among younger adults.
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Which ethnic group has the highest incidence of lung and bronchus cancer?
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African American
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Which of the following is NOT a safety mechanism in place to help maintain cell order and decrease the chance of cancer developing in the body?
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Initiating events
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Which of the following does NOT trigger an initiating event?
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stem cell protection
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The most common form of cancer, ____, is a large category of cancers that originate from epithelial tissue or epithelium.
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carcinoma
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Mary Lou’s cancer began in her skin and then spread to her liver and brain. What type of cancer does Mary Lou have?
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melanoma
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Any time a cell divides, there is a risk that a mutation will occur.
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True
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Certain dogs can smell cancer.
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Fact
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Coffee drinking has been linked to heart diease and many health experts recommend it be avoided.
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Myth
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Breast cancer is the #1 cancer killer of adult women.
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Myth

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