Overview of the Healthcare Industry Quiz 1

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1. The primary objectives of a healthcare system include all of the following EXCEPT:
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A. Enabling all citizens to receive healthcare services
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2. The U.S. healthcare system can best be described as:
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D. All of the above
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3. For most privately insured Americans, health insurance is:
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A. Employer-based
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4. What is the major objective of the Affordable Care Act?
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B. to provide insurance coverage
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5. Medicare is primarily for people who meet the following eligibility requirement:
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A. Elderly
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6. Medicaid is primarily for people who meet the following eligibility requirement:
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B. Low-income
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7. The primary functions of managed care include all of the following except:
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A. Improving quality
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8. Under free market conditions, the relationship between the quantity of medical services demanded and the price of medical services is:
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D. Inverse
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9. The role of the government in the U.S. healthcare system is:
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D. All of the above
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10. Which of the following countries has a National Health System (NHS)?
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b. Great Britain
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11. Which of the following is a characteristic of a national health insurance system?
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c. Both a and b
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12. Which of the following is a characteristic of a socialized health insurance system?
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a. Health care is financed through government-mandated contributions by employers and employees
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13. In 1984, Australia switched:
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c. From a privately financed system to the Medicare program
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14. A free market in healthcare requires:
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d. All of the above
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15. A multiple payer system is more cumbersome than a single payer system for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
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c. Some healthcare services are covered for people in the north, but not in the south
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16. Which of the following entities in the U.S. employs lobbyists?
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d. All of the above
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17. The ownership of Canada’s health care system is best described as:
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c. Combination of private and public
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18. Supplier-induced demand is created by:
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b. Providers
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19. Which country spends the most in administrative health care costs?
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a. United States
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20. In the US, federal qualified health centers are funded to
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c. serve as a safety-net for those who have difficulty getting needed primary care
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21. What is the meaning of the term ‘Access?’
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d, Ability to get health care when needed
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22. In a free market who would pay for the delivery of health care services?
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b. Patients
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23. What is meant by the term ‘continuum of health care services?’
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b. A range of health care services that go beyond what hospitals and physicians provide
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24. In the U.S. health care system, which of the following creates a separation between financing and delivery?
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c. Insurance
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25. When providers deliver unnecessary services with the objective of protecting themselves against lawsuits, this practice is called
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a. defensive medicine
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26. Reimbursement is associated with which of the quad functions?
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d. Payment
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27. Which central agency manages the health care delivery system in the United States?
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d. None
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28. National health care programs in other countries often use the following mechanism to control total health care expenditures?
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c. Global budgets
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29. In the United States, who does not generally have access to basic and routine medical services?
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c. The uninsured
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30. In which country are employers required by law to contribute toward health insurance for their employees?
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a. Germany ninsured
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31. The elements of the Epidemiology Triangle of disease occurrence include all of the following EXCEPT:
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c. Society
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32. Which of the following factors is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States?
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c. Smoking
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33. Which of the following is not a behavioral risk factor?
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c. Unsafe neighborhoods
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34. What is tertiary prevention?
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b. Rehabilitative therapies and monitoring of health to prevent complications or further illness, injury, or disability
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35. The wellness model is built on which of the following:v
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d. All of the above
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36. According to the CDC, which factor contributes most to premature death in the U.S. population?
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a. Lifestyle and behaviors
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37. Which of the following can be considered an environmental factor contributing to health status?
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d. All of the above
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38. Healthcare is considered a social good in:
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b. Social justice
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39. Crude birth rate is calculated by:
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a. Dividing the number of live births in a period of time by the total population
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40. Incidence is:
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c. The number of new cases occurring during a specified period divided by the population at risk
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41. Demand-side rationing is the same thing as:
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b. Price rationing
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42. Healthy People 2020 is the first national initiative to advocate:
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d. focusing on a broad array of health determinants
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43. Utilitarianism emphasizes:
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c. Happiness and welfare for the most people possible
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44. Supply-side rationing is also referred to as:
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d. Both a and c
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45. The limitations of market justice include:
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d. All of the above
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46. Prevalence is:
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b. The total number of cases at a specific point in time divided by the specified population
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47. Crude rates refer to:
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c. The total population
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48. Holistic health adds which element to the World Health Organization definition of health?
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c. Spiritual
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49. John Snow is famous for:
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a. Tracing the risk of cholera outbreaks in London to the Broad Street pump
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50. The ACA is an example of ?
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a. social justice

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