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Nutrition Ch. 12

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A friend shows you a newspaper article titled “Magnesium’s Role in ATP Synthesis.” You explain that.
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magnesium serves as a catalyst in the reaction that adds the last phosphate to ATP.
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A person’s highest bone density is achieved by around age (years)
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30
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Abnormally low blood sodium concentration is known specifically as
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hyponatremia
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After age, what is the next strongest risk factor for osteoporosis?
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Sex
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Aldosterone and renin each function to promote
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retention of sodium
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All of the following are characteristics of chloride in nutrition except
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the recommended intake has recently been set at 10 mg/kg body weight
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All of the following are characteristics of dolomite supplements except
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they are usually sold as a very pure product
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All of the following are characteristic of phosphorous in nutrition except
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the ration of phosphorus to calcium in the diet is important for bone maintenance
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All of the following are common participants in the regulation of body fluid except
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oxalic acid
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All of the following are features of bone health and smoking except
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smokers adapt by increasing their calcium absorption and reducing their bone resorption rate
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All of the following are features of potassium in nutrition except
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processed foods are a major source
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All of the following are good plant sources of calcium for the body except
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spinach
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All of the following are known to enhance calcium absorption from the GI tract except
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oxalates
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All of the following are known to have a high correlation with risk for osteoporosis except
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consuming a high-protein diet
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All of the following are known to have a high sulfur content except
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teeth
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All of the following are mild symptoms of dehydration except
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spastic muscles
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All of the following are properties of electrolytes except
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they include fat- soluble as well as water- soluble particles
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All of the following are typical ingredients in an oral rehydration therapy formula except
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protein
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All of the following characteristics are shared by calcium and magnesium
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both are found in abundance in dairy products
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All of the following dietary substances are known to adversely affect calcium balance except
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lactose in the diet