Neurotransmitters

Neurochemistry
Basic chemical composition&processes of the nervous system
Neuropharmacology
Chemical compounds that selectively affect the nervous system
AA
Are already present in the neuron from diet and cellular metabolism
Small-molecule animes
Are quickly synthesized by enzymes in the axon terminal and stored in vesicles
Neuropeptide
Are slowly synthesized by ribosomes in the soma, then transported along microtubules to axon terminal
Gases
Are made on demand by chemical reactions
Glutamate
Excitatory influence on ionotropic receptors; modulatory effect on metabotropic receptors
GABA
Inhibitory influence
Catecholamine
Are synthesized from phenylalanine via tyrosine
Indoleamines
Are synthesized from trytophan
Excitotoxicity
Neural injury or pathology may cause excess release of glutamate
Neuromodulators
Are NT that alter how neurons exchange messages
Peptides
Act as NT at synapses or as hormones
Opiod peptides
Mimic opiate drugs such as morphine and reduce the perception of pain
Tagged In :

Get help with your homework


image
Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample For Only $13.90/page

Sarah from studyhippoHi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out