Muhi first test

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melody
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the most prominent and audible line of a piece
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ritornello
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a recurring instrumental passage in an aria
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motive
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a short, melodic, rhythmic idea
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subject
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the main theme which is repeated throughout a fugue
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trill
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a kind of ornamentation popular in the Baroque era, involving rapidly alternating with the note above
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cantus firmus
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the fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance
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range
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the distance between the highest and lowest note of a melody
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harmony
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the movement and relation of intervals and chords, the “back up” to a melody
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chord
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a combination of notes played simultaneously, creating harmony
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interval
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the distance between notes, especially the notes in a chord
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a capella
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without accompaniment, esp. singers performing without instruments
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chromatic
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music that is in half-steps, or featuring all the notes in the octave
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figured/through bass
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putting numerals indicating the harmony required, above or below the bass notes
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conjunct
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with notes adjacent or close together in range
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disjunct
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notes distant in range, many leaps
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strophic
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a melody which repeats with each stanza of a poem
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neumatic
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two or four notes per syllable
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syllabic
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one note per syllable
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melismatic
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many notes per syllable
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syncopation
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the deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or offbeat
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word painting
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technique in which the music mirrors the test, or vice versa
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responsorial singing
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music alternating between a soloist and a chorus
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the “color” or “flavor” of sound, thee
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