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Anthropology Quiz Flashcards

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are governed by more than one genetic locus
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Polygenic traits
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type B and a heterozygote
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A person with the genotype BO at the ABO locus will be
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have a geographic correlation and homozygous individuals often die at a young age in most of the world
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Malaria and the Hbs allele
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is the typical condition among adult mammals
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Lactose intolerance
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Post-orbital bars
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Which is a primate characteristic
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(arboreal animals do not have primate visual and grasping adaptations, predators that use vision for hunting often have eyes like primates, grasping feet can be used to maintain balance while grabbing prey) All of the above
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The visual predation hypothesis argues
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\”primitive\” compared to the number found in horses
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Number of fingers and toes of a human
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are primarily insectivorous
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Tarsiers
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alcoholism is probably the product of genetics and socialization
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What can we learn from drunken monkeys
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brachiation
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Arms that are longer than the legs, and a short stable lumbar spine are traits associated with
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2.1.2.3
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Hominoids and Cercopithecoids share this dental formula
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3.1.4.3
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The primitive mammalian dental formula is
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(NOT found throughout Africa, male dominant, or solitary) None of the above
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Ring-tailed lemurs
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have a tapetum lucidum
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Lemurs and Lorises
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quadrupedalism
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Using all four limbs to support the body during locomotion is called
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refers to differences between the sexes with regard to features such as body size
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Sexual dimorphism
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sometimes in a state of arrested development
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Orangutans are
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philopatric
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Among anthropoid primates, females are usually
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have bilophodont dentition
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Cercopithecoidea
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are known to use tolls in the wild and may possess a notion of fairplay
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capuchin monkeys
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bushbabies or galagos
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Which of the following are strepsirrhines
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behavioral ecology
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What is the study of the evolution of behavior, emphasizing the role of ecological factors as agents of natural selection
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polyandrous
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a social grouping of two males mated to one female is
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no tails
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Apes differ from Old World monkeys in that apes have
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hunting with primitive spears and fishing out termites with twigs
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What specific types of tool use have been observed in wild chimps
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usually live in multi-male and multi-female groups
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Baboons
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sperm whale
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Which of the following species have the absolutely largest brain
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bottlenose dolphin
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Which of the following species has the relatively largest brain
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estrus
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in nonhuman primates, the hormonally initiated period of sexual receptivity is
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generally monogynous
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gibbons are
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males are usually much larger than females
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in multi-male/multi-female groups where males strongly compete for ability to copulate
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it increases their reproductive success and causes the infant’s mother to cease lactation and resume cycling
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When male langurs take over another male’s group and kill the young, they do this because
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(the distribution of food and water, the distribution of predators, and the nutritional value of foods) All of the above
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ecological factors influencing primate social behavior include
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remain in one’s natal group as an adult
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If females of a gien primate group are philopatric, it means that females
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keeps primates clean and is diffuses social tension
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grooming
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baboons
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which of the following are not hominoids
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can be maintained in males and females
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in the context of social groups, dominance hierarchies
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(adult males tend to be dominant, dominant individuals have priority access to food, dominant males tend to have better access to mating partners) All of the above
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which of the following statements is/are generally true
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monomorphic
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Monogynous primates tend to be
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( were not able to form affectional ties, weren’t normal parents, and did not display normal sexual behavior) None of the above
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In Harlow’s experiments, monkeys raised without mothers or furry surrogates
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can take the forms of competition and mate choice and has been used to explain peacock tails and brightly colored male birds
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Sexual selection
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species produce relatively few offspring but invest heavily in them
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K-selected
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spend most of their adult life pregnant or lactating and assume most of the responsibility for infant care
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Female primates
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orangutans
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What species have very large, highly sexually dimorphic body sizes and live largely solitary lives
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have individual testes that are almost as big as their brains
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chimpanzees
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several adult males and females plus young of all ages
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Chimpanzees live in groups composed of
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the spatial area used by an individual and/or its group
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Home range is
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males probably have larger body sizes and smaller testes
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If a species lives in uni-male, mutli-female groups…
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5 Ma
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Human and chimpanzee common ancestor date
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(a rhinarium, post-orbital bar but not closure, and greater tendency to be nocturnal) All of the above
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Stresirrhine primates differ from Halorrhines in…
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includes species with grasping thumbs, big toes, or both
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The order Primates