Medical & Applied Sciences Terms

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cardiology
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branch of medical science dealing with the heart & heart diseases
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cytology
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study of the structure, function, and abnormalities of cells. cytology and histology are subdivisions of microscopic anatomy
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dermatology
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study of skin and its diseases
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epidemiology
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study of the factors determining the distribution and frequency of health related conditions in a defined human population
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endocrinology
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study of hormones, hormone secreting glands and their diseases
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gastroenterology
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study of the stomach and intestines and their diseases
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geriatrics
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branch of medicine dealing with older individuals and their medical problems
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gerontology
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study of the aging process
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gynecology
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study of the female reproductive system and its diseases
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hematology
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study of the blood and blood diseases
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histology
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study of the structure and function of tissues. histology and cytology are subdivisions of microscopic anatomy
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immunology
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study of the body’s resistance to infectious disease
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neonatology
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study of newborns and the treatment of their disorders
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nephrology
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study of the structure, function and diseases of the kidneys
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neurology
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study of the nervouse system and its disorders
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obstetrics
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branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy and childbirth
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oncology
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study of cancers
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ophthalmology
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study of the eyes and eye diseases
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orthopedics
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branch of medicine dealing with the muscular and skeletal systems and their problems
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otolaryngology
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study of the ear, throat, and larynx and their diseases
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pathology
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study of structural and functional changes that disease causes
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pediatrics
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branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases
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pharmacology
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study of drugs and their uses in the treatment of disease
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podiatry
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study of the care and treatment of feet
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psychiatry
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branch of medicine dealing with the mind and its disorders
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radiology
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study of xrays and radioactive substances and their uses in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases
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toxicology
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study of poisonous substances and their effects upon body parts
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urology
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branch of medicine dealing with the urinary system, apart from the kidneys (nephrology) and the male reproductive system and their diseases.

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