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MDSC Chapter 7

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The reproductive organs are called:
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genitalia
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The structure(s) is testes where the sperm originate is/are the:
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seminiferous tubules
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The duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra is the:
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vas deferens
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The fold of skin near the tip of the penis is called the:
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prepuce
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The two main glands located at the base of the bladder that open into the vas deferens are known as the:
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seminal vasicles
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The male organ of urination and copulation is called the:
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penis
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The sac enclosing the testes is called the:
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scrotum
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The combining form meaning epididymis is:
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epididym/o
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The combining form prostat/o refers to the gland that:
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encircles the upper end of the urethra
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The medical term for male and female sex glands is:
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gonads
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The medical term meaning climax of sexual stimulation is:
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orgasm
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Vas/o is the combining form meaning:
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vessel, duct
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The combining form for the glans penis is:
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balan/o
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The structure composed of erectile tissue is the:
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penis
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The combining form for the vas deferens is:
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vas/o
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____genesis is the formation of spermatozoa
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spermato
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The combining form for the spermatozoon is:
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spermat/o
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The structure that encircles the upper end of the urethra is the:
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prostate gland
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The coiled duct that sits atop each testis to provide storage, transport, and maturation of the spermatozoa is called the:
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epididymis
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The structures that comprise the male genitalia include the:
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scrotom
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The actual parenchymal, or functional, tissue for the male reproductive system is found in the:
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seminiferous tubules
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Which of the following structures is shared with the urinary system?
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urethra
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Vesicul/o is the combining form meaning:
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seminal vesicle
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In the medical term testitis, the word root means:
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testis, testicle
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The word part that completes the medical term meaning excessive discharge from the glans penis, _____/o/rrhea, is:
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balan
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The suffix -ism means:
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condition, state of
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The word part that completes the medical term meaning state of hidden testes, crypt/___/ism, is:
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orchid
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The medical term that means stone in the prostate gland is:
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prostatolith
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The medical term that means state of absence of testis (unilateral or bilateral) is:
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anorchism
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The meaning of the medical term balanitis is inflammation of the:
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glans penis
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The meaning of the medical term prostatitis is inflammation of the:
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prostate gland
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The medical term for scanty or few sperm in the semen is:
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oligospermia
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The medical term that means nonmalignant, enlargement of the prostate gland is:
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benign prostatic hyperplasia
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The meaning of the medical term epididymitis is inflammation of the:
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epididymis
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The meaning of the medical term orchiditis is inflammation of the:
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testis or testicle
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The medical term that refers to enlarged veins of the spermatic cord is:
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varicocele
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The medical term spermatolysis means:
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destruction of spermatozoa
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The medical term priapism means:
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persistent abnormal erection of the penis
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The medical term meaning the reduced ability or inability to produce offspring is:
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infertility
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The medical term meaning the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection is:
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erectile dysfunction
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The medical term meaning disease of the male is:
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andropathy
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Two patients are undergoing the same test. Patient A is being assessed for possible infertility. Patient B’s doctor is using this same test to determine how effective patient B’s vasectomy has been. What test is being performed?
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semen analysis
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The abbreviation for benign prostatic hyperplasia is:
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BPH
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The medical term for the infectious sexually transmitted disease with lesions that can affect any organ or tissue is:
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syphilis
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Genital herpes refers to a:
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sexually transmitted disease caused by type II herpes simplex virus
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The abbreviation of the medical term referring to diseases transmitted during sexual contact is:
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STD
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The medical term human immunodeficiency virus refers to a:
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type of retrovirus that causes AIDS
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The medical term that means inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal vesicle is:
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prostatovesiculititis
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The word part that completes the term prostato____itis, meaning the inflammation of the prostate gland and urinary bladder, is:
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cyst
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Patient A has no live sperm in his semen, whereas Patient B has very few sperm in his semen. A radiation accident has destroyed some of Patient C’s sperm. Patients A condition is called:
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azoospermia
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The inability to either form or ejaculate semen is called:
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aspermia
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cryptorchidism
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undescended testicle
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testicular torsion
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twisted spermatic cord
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hydrocele
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accumulated fluid in the scrotum
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varicocele
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enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord
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Gonorrhea
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Bacterial infection that affects the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system and causes urethritis and painful urination.
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Chlamydia trachomatis
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Most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the US. Sometimes called the silent STD
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syphilis
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A chancre is characterized of the first stage of this STD
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Genital herpes
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Viral infection that leads to fluid-filled lesions and ulcers on the genitals
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HIV
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a type of retrovirus that can cause AIDS
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The medical term for the surgical procedure that can restore fertility in men by creating an artificial opening between the severed ends of the vas deferens is:
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vasovasostomy
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The meaning of the medical term orchioplasty is:
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surgical repair of a testis
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The meaning of the medical term circumcision is a surgical:
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removal of the prepuce
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The medical term meaning surgical removal of a hydrocele is:
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hydrocelectomy
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The meaning of the medical term transrectal ultrasound is a(n):
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ultrasound procedure used to diagnose prostate cancer
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A physician performed a procedure called ____ to determine the effectiveness of a vasectomy
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semen analysis
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DRE is the abbreviation for
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digital rectal examination
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The word part completing the term orchi____, meaning surgical repair of a testis, is:
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plasty
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An incision into the prostate gland to remove a stone is called a:
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prostatolithotomy
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The treatment for cryptochidism is:
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orchidopexy
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What is a vesiculectomy?
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excision of a seminal vesicle
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What is the medical term for the surgical repair of the glans penis?
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balanoplasty
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What is the medical term for the excision of a duct (partial excision of the vas deferens)
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vasectomy
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If a male wishes to reverse a vasectomy, what is the medical procedure called:
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vasovasostomy
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A patients prostate gland was removed through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone and through an incision in the bladder, in a procedure called:
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suprapubic prostatectomy
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A nonsurgical procedure used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia is:
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TUMT
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Used to treat phimosis, the surgical procedure to remove the prepuce is:
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circumcision
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Orchidotomy is the:
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surgical incision into a testis
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Hydrocelectomy is the:
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treatment for a persistent scrotal swelling caused by a collection of flue
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During surgery, an incision called a(n) ____ is made, cutting into both the prostate gland and the urinary bladder.
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Prostatocystotomy
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Pieces of prostate gland tissue are removed with a resectoscope during the surgical procedure called the____ ____ of the prostate gland
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transurethral resection
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TURP is the abbreviation of the medical term meaning:
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surgical removal of pieces of the prostate gland tissue
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Which abbreviation below represents an incision into the prostate gland made through the patients urethra?
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TUIP
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The meaning of the medical term artificial insemination is:
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Introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means
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Which abbreviation below represents the surgical excision of not only the entire prostate gland but also the surrounding structures?
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RP
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The primary male sex organ is called the:
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testes
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The substance composed of sperm and secretions of the prostate, seminal vesicles, and other glands is called:
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semen
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The glans penis is:
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the enlarged tip on the end of the penis
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The principal male sex hormone is called:
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testosterone
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The epididymis is
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a coiled tub atop each testis
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The structure that encircles the upper end of the urethra is called the:
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prostate gland
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The duct carrying sperm from the epididymis to the urethra is called the:
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vas deferens
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The combining form meaning sperm is:
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spermat/o
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The meaning of the combining form orchi/o is:
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testis, testicle
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In the term spermatolysis, the suffix -lysis means:
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destruction
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The word part that completes the medical term meaning creation of an artificial openings between ducts, ___/o/___/o/stomy, is:
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vas
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The term taht best describes a lack of live sperm is:
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azoospermia
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In the medical term vesiculectomy, the word root means:
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seminal vesicle
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The meaning of the prefix trans- is
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through, across, beyond
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The word part that completes the medical term meaning disease of the male, ___/o/pathy, is:
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andr
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Patient X is unable to either form or ejaculate semen, a condition referred to as:
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aspermia
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The medical term that means inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles is:
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prostatovesiculitis
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The medical term that means excessive discharge from the glans penis is:
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balanorrhea
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The meaning of the medical term prostatocystitis is inflammation of the:
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prostate gland and the bladder
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The meaning of the term oligospermia is:
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very few sperm in the semen
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The meaning of the medical term cryptorchidism is:
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state of hidden testes
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The medical term that means inflammation of the testis and epididymis is:
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orchiepididymitis
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The medical term meaning inflammation of the testis or testicle is:
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orchitis
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The meaning of the medical term prostatorrhea is:
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discharge from the prostate gland
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The meaning of the medical term hydrocele is:
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scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid
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The medical term referring to a tightness of the prepuce is:
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phimosis
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The medical term referring to a twisting of the spermatic cord is:
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testicular torsion
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The meaning of the medical term vasectomy is:
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excision of a duct
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A ____ is an abnormal dilation of the veins of the spermatic cord
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varicocele
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The medical term for surgically removing pieces of the prostate gland tissue is:
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transurethral resection of the prostate gland
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The meaning of the medical term transurethral microwave therapy is:
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treatment that eliminates excess tissue using heat
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The patient underwent a(n)__, to assess for possible infertility.
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semen analysis
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The medical term meaning surgical repair of the glans penis is:
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balanoplasty
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The meaning of the medical term digital rectal exam is:
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finger palpation of the prostate gland through the rectum
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____ is a multistage STD that first appears as a highly infectious, painless, red ___ on the genitals; eventually it can lead to blindness and even death.
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syphilis, chancre
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The medical term referring to a sexually transmitted disease caused by a one-cell organism that infects the genitourinary tract is:
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trichomoniasis
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The meaning of the medical term human papilloma virus is:
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sexually transmitted disease causing benign or cancerous growths
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The development of secondary sex characteristics and the ability to reproduce sexually is:
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puberty
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The medical term for the procedure that achieves sterilization in men is:
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vasectomy
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The medical term referring to an individuals inability to produce offspring is:
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infertility
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The meaning of the medical term acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is:
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disease that affects the bodys immune system
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Another term for copulation is
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coitus
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A patient was assessed for the reduced ability or inability to produce offspring, a condition known as:
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infertility
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The abbreviation TRUS stands for a(n):
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ultrasound procedure used to diagnose prostate cancer
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BPH abbreviates:
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benign prostatic hyperplasia
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The abbreviation of the medical term referring to a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS is
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HIV
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TUIP abbreviates the medical term meaning
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surgical procedure that widens the urethra
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The surgeon performed a suprapubic prostatectomy, which means that the prostate gland was:
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excised through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone ad through an incision in the bladder
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The surgeon makes a surgical incision into the testis to promote much-needed drainage in the procedure called:
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orchidotomy
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The surgeon performed a prostatocystotomy, which is a(n):
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incision into both the prostate gland and the urinary bladder