lesson 6 – Flashcard

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The authority to hear certain cases is called
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jurisdiction
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When both the state court and the federal court have jurisdiction, it is called
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concurrent jurisdiction
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The celebrated decision in this case gave the Supreme Court judicial review.
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Marbury v. Madison
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That no state may deprive any person of life, liberty, or property is part of
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the due process clause.
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Cases involving maritime law come under jurisdiction of the
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federal courts
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This court hears cases dealing with tariffs.
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Court of International Trade
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This court helps Congress exercise its power.
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legislative court
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If the government has not paid a bill for goods or services, you may sue in this court.
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U.S. Court of Federal Claims
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Submitting a judicial candidate’s name to the home state before a senatorial hearing is called
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senatorial-courtesy system
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This was the first African American appointed to the Supreme Court.
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Thurgood Marshall
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Duties of the Supreme Court justices have developed from
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laws and through tradition
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An assistant to a Supreme Court judge is a
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law clerk
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Justices reach the Court through
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Presidential appointment
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This former President served as Chief Justice of the United States.
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William Howard Taft
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Sandra Day O’Connor received a strong endorsement from this justice and former classmate.
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William Rehnquist
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The vast majority of cases heard by the Supreme Court reach the Court
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as appeals from lower court decisions
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This is an order from the Court to send up the records on a case for review.
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writ of certiorari
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This is a written statement setting forth the legal arguments.
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brief
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One or more justices who agree with the majority’s conclusions about a case, but do so for different reasons, write a
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concurring opinion
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The Fourteenth Amendment was important to Clarence Gideon because it gave him
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a court-appointed lawyer
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This is not a way the Supreme Court determines policy.
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passing laws
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This judicial review of state laws and actions changed law enforcement across the nation.
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Miranda v. Arizona
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The Lau v. Nichols case is an example of the Court
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interpreting the meaning of federal laws
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This comprises the largest block of the Court’s cases.
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civil liberties
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This is not a limit on the Court’s power.
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congressional jurisdiction
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This person assigns the writing of opinions to the justices.
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Chief Justice of the United States
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The President’s most important influence over the Court is the power to
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appoint justices with Senate consent
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This President appointed four justices to the Court.
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Richard Nixon
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The number of justices on the Court is set by
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Congress
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The Court may reverse its earlier decision because of
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An error in the first decision

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