Latin-Present tense verbs

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to form or ____________the present tense
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conjugate
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verbs are made up of ____ principle parts
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4
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the first part of the verb ends in _____ and is literaly transalted as the _______ person, singular, ____________ tense.
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-ō -1st person -present tense
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the first principle part is translated as _________
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I _________
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The second part of the verb is called the _________ and is recognized by the ending _________-
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-infinitive -re
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The second principle part is translated as ________–
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to ________
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The third part of the verb is called the ________ stem
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perfect
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the 3rd part, the perfect stem, ends in ________ and is literally transalated as the _________ person, singular, _________ stem
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– ī – 1st person -perfect stem
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In the perfect stem ambulavī would mean ________________
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I walked, i did walk, I have walked
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Verbs are divided into one of ____ conjugations
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4
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We determine which conjugation a verb belongs to based on the ending of the _________
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infinitive (more specifically, the vowel that is before the “re”)
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endings: 1st conjugation: 2nd conjugation: 3rd conjugation: 4th conjugation:
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1st- āre 2nd- ēre 3rd- ere (reg) ere (io) 4th- īre
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the 3rd conjugation is actually divided into 2 parts known as the ______- and the ________. This is because the __ principle part of the 3rd io’s end in “io”
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– 3rd regulars and 3rd io’s -1st principle part
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To form the present tense use the _____principle part or the _____
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2nd infinite
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The present tense endings: (way to remember)
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Most Must Isnt
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To form the present tense for the 1st and 1nd conjugation verbswe drop the ___- and ass the endings to the stem of the conjugation
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re
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To form the present tense for the 3rd regular conjugation verbs we drop the _______- and add an ____ then add the endings. EXCEPT for the __________, where we add a _____ then add the endings
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-ere -i -3rd person plural u
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To form the present tense for the 3rd io conjugation, we drop the _______ add an _____then add the endings. EXCEPT for the __________, where we as a _________ plus the endings.
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-ere -i -3rd person plural -iunt (iu)
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to form the present tense for the 4th conjugation verbs, we drop the ____ Except for _________, where we add a ________ then add the ending
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-re -3rd person plural -iu

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