KIN 1304 FINAL Whitney Breslin SUP!!!

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Which of the following would NOT be considered a clinical trial?
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a study looking at the effects of a new drug on tumors in mice
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According to the ecological model, several levels of influence affect your personal health. Which of the following factors would be on an individual or personal level?
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Age
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Mallory wants to start eating healthier and exercising more often. She knows it would give her more energy and increase her overall wellness. She is currently researching nutrition and exercise plans and gathering information that will help her along her journey towards a healthy lifestyle. According to the Stages of Change Model, which stage is Mallory currently in?
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Contemplation
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Jeffrey quit smoking one year ago. He has not relapse at all and feels confident in his behaviors change, although it is still a struggle to be around friends and family who are smoking. According to the Stages of Change Model, which stage is Jeffrey currently in?
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Maintenance
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Why is the Stages of Change Model often presented as a spiral?
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Because relapse is common and you may go through each stage more than once
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Which of the following factors would NOT fall into to the community level of the ecological model?
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a person’s skill set
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Which of the following is NOT a health-related behavior choice?
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Having access to a company gym
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The Health Belief Model acknowledges that people often are ambivalent toward behaviors change and presents behavior change as a process, rather than a one-step solution.
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False
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If you are trying to quit smoking, which of the following would be considered a perceived barrier to your behavior change, according to the Health Belief Model?
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The majority of your friends are smokers
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The ecological model identifies the various levels of factors that influence personal health. These levels include individual factors, relationships, community, and societal factors.
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True
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A test intended to detect an increased risk for a neural tube defect or chromosomal abnormality
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Predictive test
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If a disease has a genetic link, it usually occurs more frequently among first-degree relatives of a person with the illness than it does in the general population.
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True
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Changes that occur during the process of parents passing genes to their children are called ____________________.
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Mutation
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Many chromosomal disorders lead to a fetus being unable to survive the prenatal period.
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True
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Twenty-two of our 23 chromosome pairs are the same for women and men.
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True
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Todd’s father developed Alzheimer’s disease at age 46. Todd has no symptoms, but took a genetic test to assess his risk of developing early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. What type of test did Todd undergo?
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Predictive
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When a change occurs in a gene, it is called a(n):
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Mutation
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A method of illustrating an individual’s family genetic history is called a(n)
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Family health tree
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The Human Genome Project confirms that:
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A human has the same number of genes as a mouse.
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What information found in a family health tree indicates that a disease might have a genetic link?
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I have no answer
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The ability to bounce back from an adverse event is known as:
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Resilience
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Kristi’s friends all describe her as cool and less easily frustrated. Kristi most likely has which type of personality type?
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Type B
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Which system controls our involuntary, unconscious actions?
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Autonomic nervous system
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What bodily changes are associated with the sympathetic nervous system’s response during stress?
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d. Metabolism increases
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Hostility is related to coronary heart disease and premature death.
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True
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It is not the stressor itself that creates health problems, but the body’s natural responses to it.
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True
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The psychological, emotional, cognitive, and spiritual aspects of our lives are known as our __________ health.
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Mental
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People with this quality tend to see problems as temporary and specific.
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I did not answer
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The outlook that tends to view problems as temporary and specific is called ________.
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Optimism
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IQ is the best predictor of success in life.
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False
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A well-rested person will fall asleep as soon as his or her head hits the pillow at night, and a sleep deprived person will need 15 to 20 minutes to fall asleep.
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False
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Characterized by periods of binge eating while asleep
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d. Nocturnal eating disorder
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Having an irregular sleep schedule, as most students do, can disrupt sleep and throw off your internal _________________ clock.
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Having an irregular sleep schedule, as most students do, can disrupt sleep and throw off your internal _________________ clock.
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Attempting to cancel out sleep debt by sleeping longer on the weekend is a viable solution to decreasing weekday sleep deprivation.
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False
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Scientists believe that creative and novel ideas are more likely to flourish during which state of sleep?
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b. REM sleep
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Rare condition in which the brain fails to regulate the diaphragm and other breathing mechanisms correctly
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a. Central sleep apnea
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Melatonin is naturally secreted by the pineal gland in response to darkness; it lowers body temperature and causes drowsiness.
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True
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_____________ eye movement sleep occupies 75 percent of sleep time and involves a four-stage sleep process that cycles throughout the night.
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c. Non-rapid
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Characterized by disagreeable sensations in the limbs, usually the legs
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c. Restless leg syndrome
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_________________ is a condition characterized by difficulty falling or staying asleep or by seriously disturbed sleep.
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d. Insomnia
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Reading the nutrition facts is a helpful way to determine the quality of the food you consume. Some important thing to look at are serving size, calories per serving, and calories from fat. Also, you should aim to limit consumption of fiber, protein, and sugar, while increasing intake of sodium, vitamins, and minerals.
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False
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Which of the following food is NOT considered a carbohydrate?
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a slice of cheese
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Which of the following statements about calories is NOT correct?
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Carbohydrates are the most calorie dense macronutrient
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Which of the following statements about water is correct?
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Drinking adequate amounts of water can help replenish electrolyte stores and maintain fluid balance
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Which of the following statements about vitamins and minerals is correct?
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There are 20 essential minerals that must be included in the diet
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The most important consideration for intake of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids is the ratio in which they are consumed. In general, Americans consume too much Omega 6, and not enough Omega 3.
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True
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Which of the following is not a macronutrient?
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Vitamins
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Which of the following is the correct description of the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)?
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a. quantity of each nutrient to meet the needs of most healthy people
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Which of the following statements about fats is correct?
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Fats can be either saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated
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The essential macronutrients are water, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals.
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False
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Currently, most adults, including college students, living in the US get the recommended amount of daily and weekly physical activity.
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False
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If you want to increase your muscular strength, you should focus on lifting heavy weights with fewer repetitions.
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True
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Vaness has a body fat percentage of 25, which falls into the healthy range of body fat for females.
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True
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Which of the following would NOT satisfy the Department of Health and Human Services recommendation for weekly physical activity?
answer

a 1-hour, vigorous spin class
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The maximun amount of weight you can bench press one time (1 rep max) would be a measure of muscular strength.
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a 1-hour, vigorous spin class
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Which of the following tips can help you incorporate more physical activity into your daily life?
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All of these
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Which of the following would not be a measure of muscular endurance?
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The maximum amount of weight you can squat one time
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Sam has 17% body fat. According to the lecture, this does not fall into the healthy range of body fat for males.
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False
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Which of the following is NOT a correct statement about Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation?
answer

It invovles bouncing movements designed to increase joint range of motion
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Terry is training to run a marathon. As he begins to design his training program, he knows that he will obviously need to spend a great deal of his workout time running. Thus, his program incorporates mostly running mixed in with some strength training. Which general training principle is he applying in this situation.
answer

Specificity
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Jack wants to lose weight. He has decided to set some physical activity goals to help him achieve the weight loss. He is a full-time student during the day and also works 4-5 evenings as a server at a popular restaurant, so he doesn’t have much free time to schedule formal workouts. Which of the following goals would not be considered SMART goals?
answer

Despite his busy schedule, Jack wants to try to exericse for at least an hour 6 days a week. He plans to buys a membership at a gym across town.
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Which of the following statements about BMI is NOT correct?
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A BMI range from 18.5 to 30 is ideal and associated with a low risk of death
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A sudden, unintentional loss of weight can indicate several different health problems, including:
answer

All of the above
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Obesity is a multifactorial problem, that can rarely be attributed to a single cause or factor. Which of the following factors would NOT increase a person’s risk for becoming obese?
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Having two healthy weight parents
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Which of the following individuals falls outside of the healthy, ideal range of body fat percentages?
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A female athlete with 8% body fat
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Which of the following statements about weight gain is NOT correct?
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Weight gain is escpecially pronounced after age 60
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Which of the following statements about energy balance is correct?
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The main determinant of daily energy expenditure is your basal metabolic rate
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According to the most recent statistics, which of the following is correct?
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Two-thirds of American adults are overweight
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Which of the following statements about weight loss is INCORRECT?
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In order to lose 2 pounds per week, you must achieve a daily calorie deficit of 500 calories per day.
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When you calculate your daily energy requirements, which of the following factors is not included in the calculation?
answer

Adaptive thermogenesis
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According to the lecture, which of the following are considered an appropriate treatment for an individual who has high cholesterol?
answer

consume a diet low in fats and cholesterol lose excess fat weight exercise regularly
question

What percentage of the US population still smokes?
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35%
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Due to aggressive warning campaigns promoted by the US government, ciagarette smoking is no longer considered a major health concern.
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False
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Which of the following are considered symptoms of type II diabetes mellitus?
answer

elevated CVD risk
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The Cardiovascular disease risk for an entering college freshman who is overweight, smoking, and has hypertension is 200% greater than a healthy student
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True
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According to the lecture, which of the following are the appropriate treatments for an individual with hypertension?
answer

regular exercise maintain a healthy body weight reduce dietary salt intake
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The most appropriate laboratory method to determine cholesterol profile is accomplished using which type of sample?
answer

blood
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Which of the following statements is true concerning risk factors?
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They statistically identify a group that has a greater than normal risk for disease
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The CDC recently reported that what 35% of Americans will develop Hypertension in the lifetime.
answer

False
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Which of the following statements are correct concerning the blood cholestrol profile of a healthy individual?
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HDL should exceed 60 LDL should not exceed 100 total cholesterol should not exceed 200
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As of 2001, the estimated number of cancer surviors was…
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10,000,000
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What is one of the most important tests for the detection of breast cancer?
answer

monthly self-examination
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How many cancer deaths each year can be attributed to colon/rectal cancer?
answer

12%
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As of 2005, about 66% of all cancer deaths could be attributed to use of tobacco products.
answer

False
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Skin cancer is the most preventable and most common forms of cancer.
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True
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The average age for the diagnosis of prostate cancer is 73.
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True
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As of 2005, about 33% of all cancer deaths could be attributed to poor nutritional habits
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True
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Which of the following are risk factors for the development of lung cancer?
answer

c. Radiation exposure d. Cigarette Smoking
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Healthy lifestyle factors, which are known to decrease ones risk of developing cancer are…
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a. Good nutritional habits c. No tobacco use d. Regular physical activity e. Minimal alcohol consumption
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Prostate cancer is most common in men younger than the age of 50.
answer

False

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