Europe unit 4 – Flashcards

question
the Alps
answer
-best know mountain in Europe -located at top of Italy -it starts in France and stretches all the way into the Balkan Peninsula
question
Pyrenees
answer
-blocks the Iberian Peninsula from rest of Europe -is located on the border of Spain and France
question
Rhine River
answer
-stretches 820 miles from the North Sea to the interior of Europe -serves as a watery highway
question
Danube River
answer
-touches 9 countries and is over 1,700 miles -it connects Europeans to one another -goes straight through the middle of Europe
question
Northern European Plain
answer
-one of the most agricultural region in the world -allows armies/enemies to use it as an open area to attack
question
Iberian Peninsula
answer
-home to Portugal and Spain -is blocked off by the Pyrenees Mts. from the rest of Europe
question
Italian Peninsula
answer
-formed to look like a boot -stretches all the way to the Mediterranean Sea -extends 4,700 miles of just coastline
question
Balkan Peninsula
answer
-has numerous mountains (makes traveling difficult)
question
Scandinavian Peninsula
answer
-occupied by Norway and Sweden -serves as a result for the movement of glaciers -glaciers carve fjords (u-shaped valleys filled with sea water)
question
How have water systems influenced the development of Europe?
answer
-connects people and goods together -causes economic growth and expands the movement of ideas -encourages trade and travel (migration) -helps europeans connect to many other parts of the world
question
relationship between a countries location and its climate
answer
-countries that are in the middle of the continent become humid and dry -countries along coastlines get lots of moisture -middle countries also get snow (not receiving heat from the westerlies)
question
land of the midnight sun
answer
-occurs in the north of the arctic circle -winter days where the sun never rises -summer days where the sun never sets
question
North Atlantic Drift and its effect on Europe
answer
-a current of warm water from the tropics -causes Europe to become very hot and have lots of rainfall -blows west to east there are no mountains to block these winds
question
human-environment interaction that has occurred in the Netherlands
answer
-took land that was once underwater built polders -polder is a wall that is used to reclaimed land by draining its water -created dikes to help hold back the water from flooding -used windmills to drain the land
question
What actions have led to deforestation in Europe
answer
-industrialization -people wanting to farm land for crops -raising livestock -building of homes for people
question
human-environment interaction that has occurred in Venice, Italy
answer
-creating structures by sinking wood into the ground for support -taking advantage of the canals that flow through the islands -only using walking and boats for transportation
question
How has industrialization hurt the forests of Europe
answer
-resources are found in forests -people tear them down to build industries -it causes pollution
question
What resources does Europe have
answer
-natural resources of coal and iron (produces steel) -can be found from the U.K. all the way across to Belgium -oil and natural gas are found below the North sea floor
question
How has natural resources led to the development of Europe
answer
-they produce steel -large amounts of resources in one place cause industrialization -some places lack resources
question
North Atlantic treaty organization
answer
an alliance between us and a bunch of civilizations in Europe
question
Northern Europe Region Language
answer
Indo-European branches from English, Swedish, French
question
advantages of Europe's location
answer
-easily able to move -have an ideal location -trading is easy -cultures will blend
question
disadvantages of Europe's location
answer
armies are able to get there easily
question
Northern Europe Region countries
answer
Ireland, UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland
question
Northern Europe Region Ethnic makeup
answer
-smaller populations consists of mostly one or two ethnic groups -larger populations, like the UK, are more diverse
question
Northern Europe Region Distribution
answer
-places with temperate climates and fertile soil tend to have larger populations -places with harsh terrain and climate tend to have smaller population
question
Northern Europe Region Religion
answer
protestant but only Ireland kept catholicism as their main religion
question
Northern Europe Region Health Care
answer
healthcare is provided by government in certain welfare states and those states have high taxes
question
Northern Europe Region
answer
are apart of the European Union
question
Northern Europe Region Education
answer
-School is mandatory for children for at least 10 years -literacy rates are nearly 100% (best rate in world)
question
Northern Europe Region Arts
answer
-U.K. and Ireland have the strongest influence on world literature -Shakespeare is from Europe and his works are still performed -English novelists influenced later novels
question
Northern Europe Region Lifestyle
answer
-Ways of life in villages and cities reflect the region's long history -British are known for afternoon tea, a small meal of sandwiches, breads, and cakes. Some of the sports in the winter olympics developed in Norway -horseback riding
question
Northern Europe Region Economy
answer
-people enjoy a high standard of living (first to industrialize) -Scotland's economy depends on the service industry -northern european countries have built a stronger economy -where our oldest monarchy and parliament were found
question
Western Europe Region countries
answer
France, Germany, Austria, Netherlands, etc.
question
Western Europe Region language
answer
-Most people speak languages that are part Indo-European language (including German and French) -Many countries have one or more official languages that are recognized by the government.
question
Western Europe Region ethnic makeup
answer
Most are made up of two or more ethnicities that have mixed over the centuries
question
Western Europe Region distribution
answer
-most people live in the cities -people move from large cities to nearby suburbs (suburbanization) -Germany has the most population in all of Europe 83 million people
question
Western Europe Region health care
answer
-a tradition that is valued -Germany provides citizens with medical care
question
Western Europe Region religion
answer
-mostly Christian -a vast majority of people being Roman Catholic
question
Western Europe Region arts
answer
-strong artistic legacy -Mozart, Beethoven, and Monet lived Western Europe and paved the way for modern art
question
Western Europe Region education
answer
-The population of Western Europe are 98-100% literate. -Laws provide the education for all students.
question
Western Europe Region lifestyle
answer
-have a high standard of living -Crime rates are lower than in the US -they often go out and socialize in public places -receive more paid vacation time -leave the city to do outdoor activities like biking and hiking.
question
Western Europe Region economy
answer
-enjoy a high standard of living and generally can afford to buy material goods (cars and computers)
question
Mediterranean Europe Region ethnic makeup
answer
-Italians: trace back to Romans -Spanish: trace back to Iberians -Greek: culture and language trace back 3,500 years
question
Mediterranean Europe Region countries
answer
Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece
question
Mediterranean Europe Region distribution
answer
-Italy: most populated country of Mediterranean Europe -Spain: lower population density than most of Europe
question
Mediterranean Europe Region language
answer
Greek, Portuguese, Spanish, Italian, Latin
question
Mediterranean Europe Region religion
answer
-Eastern Orthodox Christianity -Roman Catholicism
question
Mediterranean Europe Region health care
answer
-Government funds all health care -Health care varies from country to country
question
Mediterranean Europe Region education
answer
-95% literacy rate. -All children must attend school
question
Mediterranean Europe Region arts
answer
include statues, painting, and sculpting
question
Mediterranean Europe Region lifestyle
answer
-The most popular thing that people do is play or watch soccer -Bullfighting has become a tradition in Spain and Portugal
question
Mediterranean Europe Region economy
answer
-tourism is big because of the sunny climate and historic sites -not as industrial as Northern and Western Europe -manufacturing is increasing -service industries are becoming more important to the economy
question
Mediterranean Europe Region challenges
answer
-Northern region is more developed than its southern half -entire Mediterranean region is poor in energy resources and relies on imported goods such as petroleum
question
Eastern Europe Region ethnicity
answer
-most of eastern Europeans are slavic -others include Ukrainians, Poles,Czechs, Slovaks, Serbs, and Macedonians
question
Eastern Europe Region distribution
answer
-influenced by physical features -places with fertile soils and an abundance of water have large populations
question
Eastern Europe Region language
answer
-has a patchwork of different languages -this pattern was created by long ago migrations
question
Eastern Europe Region religion
answer
-Eastern Orthodox Christianity -Some countries also have Protestant minority -some Eastern Europeans converted to Islam -has a small Jewish minority
question
Eastern Europe Region health care
answer
-a challenge to many -most people have health care
question
Eastern Europe Region education
answer
-high literacy rates -school is mandatory -free of charge
question
Eastern Europe Region arts
answer
-folk art: produced by rural people and are traditional instead of professional artists -artists create items such as: pottery, woodcarving, embroidering
question
Eastern Europe Region lifestyle
answer
-folk music: influenced the region's classical musicians
question
Eastern Europe Region economy
answer
-Albania's economic growth is slowed by non-educated workers, lack of raw materials, and old equipment - economic and political circumstances have prompted a large scale internal migration and emigration
question
Eastern Europe Region challenges
answer
-communism controlled factories: led to shortages of goods, outdated factories create pollution -war: get away from communist and Soviet rule, ethnic/civil wars from all people traveling to Europe
question
Europe in general
answer
-one of the smallest countries -one of the most diverse
question
Europe healthcare
answer
provided by the government
question
Europe education
answer
-highest literacy rates -free and mandatory -highest priority
question
Europe religion
answer
-practice Christianity -started in Europe
question
Europe language
answer
-most people are bilingual -hundreds of languages are spoke
question
Europe jobs
answer
-least priority
question
North Atlantic Drift and the Gulf Stream
answer
-affects Europe's climate -causes Europe to be much warmer than the US
question
coal and iron in Europe
answer
-helped the industrial revolution start -sparked the growth of heavy industry
question
heavy industries
answer
-manufacturing of industrial machinery because they have raw materials -raw materials are like coal and iron
question
light industries
answer
-countries that do not have raw materials -they focus on electronics and specialty tools
question
Europe's three types of farming
answer
-mixed farming: raising several crops and livestock on one farm because they do not have a lot of agricultural space -farm cooperatives: practiced in Denmark when farmers come together and they share in growing and selling the products -dry farming: happens in Spain because they are very dry; they improvise with an irrigation system
1 of

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers
question
the Alps
answer
-best know mountain in Europe -located at top of Italy -it starts in France and stretches all the way into the Balkan Peninsula
question
Pyrenees
answer
-blocks the Iberian Peninsula from rest of Europe -is located on the border of Spain and France
question
Rhine River
answer
-stretches 820 miles from the North Sea to the interior of Europe -serves as a watery highway
question
Danube River
answer
-touches 9 countries and is over 1,700 miles -it connects Europeans to one another -goes straight through the middle of Europe
question
Northern European Plain
answer
-one of the most agricultural region in the world -allows armies/enemies to use it as an open area to attack
question
Iberian Peninsula
answer
-home to Portugal and Spain -is blocked off by the Pyrenees Mts. from the rest of Europe
question
Italian Peninsula
answer
-formed to look like a boot -stretches all the way to the Mediterranean Sea -extends 4,700 miles of just coastline
question
Balkan Peninsula
answer
-has numerous mountains (makes traveling difficult)
question
Scandinavian Peninsula
answer
-occupied by Norway and Sweden -serves as a result for the movement of glaciers -glaciers carve fjords (u-shaped valleys filled with sea water)
question
How have water systems influenced the development of Europe?
answer
-connects people and goods together -causes economic growth and expands the movement of ideas -encourages trade and travel (migration) -helps europeans connect to many other parts of the world
question
relationship between a countries location and its climate
answer
-countries that are in the middle of the continent become humid and dry -countries along coastlines get lots of moisture -middle countries also get snow (not receiving heat from the westerlies)
question
land of the midnight sun
answer
-occurs in the north of the arctic circle -winter days where the sun never rises -summer days where the sun never sets
question
North Atlantic Drift and its effect on Europe
answer
-a current of warm water from the tropics -causes Europe to become very hot and have lots of rainfall -blows west to east there are no mountains to block these winds
question
human-environment interaction that has occurred in the Netherlands
answer
-took land that was once underwater built polders -polder is a wall that is used to reclaimed land by draining its water -created dikes to help hold back the water from flooding -used windmills to drain the land
question
What actions have led to deforestation in Europe
answer
-industrialization -people wanting to farm land for crops -raising livestock -building of homes for people
question
human-environment interaction that has occurred in Venice, Italy
answer
-creating structures by sinking wood into the ground for support -taking advantage of the canals that flow through the islands -only using walking and boats for transportation
question
How has industrialization hurt the forests of Europe
answer
-resources are found in forests -people tear them down to build industries -it causes pollution
question
What resources does Europe have
answer
-natural resources of coal and iron (produces steel) -can be found from the U.K. all the way across to Belgium -oil and natural gas are found below the North sea floor
question
How has natural resources led to the development of Europe
answer
-they produce steel -large amounts of resources in one place cause industrialization -some places lack resources
question
North Atlantic treaty organization
answer
an alliance between us and a bunch of civilizations in Europe
question
Northern Europe Region Language
answer
Indo-European branches from English, Swedish, French
question
advantages of Europe's location
answer
-easily able to move -have an ideal location -trading is easy -cultures will blend
question
disadvantages of Europe's location
answer
armies are able to get there easily
question
Northern Europe Region countries
answer
Ireland, UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland
question
Northern Europe Region Ethnic makeup
answer
-smaller populations consists of mostly one or two ethnic groups -larger populations, like the UK, are more diverse
question
Northern Europe Region Distribution
answer
-places with temperate climates and fertile soil tend to have larger populations -places with harsh terrain and climate tend to have smaller population
question
Northern Europe Region Religion
answer
protestant but only Ireland kept catholicism as their main religion
question
Northern Europe Region Health Care
answer
healthcare is provided by government in certain welfare states and those states have high taxes
question
Northern Europe Region
answer
are apart of the European Union
question
Northern Europe Region Education
answer
-School is mandatory for children for at least 10 years -literacy rates are nearly 100% (best rate in world)
question
Northern Europe Region Arts
answer
-U.K. and Ireland have the strongest influence on world literature -Shakespeare is from Europe and his works are still performed -English novelists influenced later novels
question
Northern Europe Region Lifestyle
answer
-Ways of life in villages and cities reflect the region's long history -British are known for afternoon tea, a small meal of sandwiches, breads, and cakes. Some of the sports in the winter olympics developed in Norway -horseback riding
question
Northern Europe Region Economy
answer
-people enjoy a high standard of living (first to industrialize) -Scotland's economy depends on the service industry -northern european countries have built a stronger economy -where our oldest monarchy and parliament were found
question
Western Europe Region countries
answer
France, Germany, Austria, Netherlands, etc.
question
Western Europe Region language
answer
-Most people speak languages that are part Indo-European language (including German and French) -Many countries have one or more official languages that are recognized by the government.
question
Western Europe Region ethnic makeup
answer
Most are made up of two or more ethnicities that have mixed over the centuries
question
Western Europe Region distribution
answer
-most people live in the cities -people move from large cities to nearby suburbs (suburbanization) -Germany has the most population in all of Europe 83 million people
question
Western Europe Region health care
answer
-a tradition that is valued -Germany provides citizens with medical care
question
Western Europe Region religion
answer
-mostly Christian -a vast majority of people being Roman Catholic
question
Western Europe Region arts
answer
-strong artistic legacy -Mozart, Beethoven, and Monet lived Western Europe and paved the way for modern art
question
Western Europe Region education
answer
-The population of Western Europe are 98-100% literate. -Laws provide the education for all students.
question
Western Europe Region lifestyle
answer
-have a high standard of living -Crime rates are lower than in the US -they often go out and socialize in public places -receive more paid vacation time -leave the city to do outdoor activities like biking and hiking.
question
Western Europe Region economy
answer
-enjoy a high standard of living and generally can afford to buy material goods (cars and computers)
question
Mediterranean Europe Region ethnic makeup
answer
-Italians: trace back to Romans -Spanish: trace back to Iberians -Greek: culture and language trace back 3,500 years
question
Mediterranean Europe Region countries
answer
Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece
question
Mediterranean Europe Region distribution
answer
-Italy: most populated country of Mediterranean Europe -Spain: lower population density than most of Europe
question
Mediterranean Europe Region language
answer
Greek, Portuguese, Spanish, Italian, Latin
question
Mediterranean Europe Region religion
answer
-Eastern Orthodox Christianity -Roman Catholicism
question
Mediterranean Europe Region health care
answer
-Government funds all health care -Health care varies from country to country
question
Mediterranean Europe Region education
answer
-95% literacy rate. -All children must attend school
question
Mediterranean Europe Region arts
answer
include statues, painting, and sculpting
question
Mediterranean Europe Region lifestyle
answer
-The most popular thing that people do is play or watch soccer -Bullfighting has become a tradition in Spain and Portugal
question
Mediterranean Europe Region economy
answer
-tourism is big because of the sunny climate and historic sites -not as industrial as Northern and Western Europe -manufacturing is increasing -service industries are becoming more important to the economy
question
Mediterranean Europe Region challenges
answer
-Northern region is more developed than its southern half -entire Mediterranean region is poor in energy resources and relies on imported goods such as petroleum
question
Eastern Europe Region ethnicity
answer
-most of eastern Europeans are slavic -others include Ukrainians, Poles,Czechs, Slovaks, Serbs, and Macedonians
question
Eastern Europe Region distribution
answer
-influenced by physical features -places with fertile soils and an abundance of water have large populations
question
Eastern Europe Region language
answer
-has a patchwork of different languages -this pattern was created by long ago migrations
question
Eastern Europe Region religion
answer
-Eastern Orthodox Christianity -Some countries also have Protestant minority -some Eastern Europeans converted to Islam -has a small Jewish minority
question
Eastern Europe Region health care
answer
-a challenge to many -most people have health care
question
Eastern Europe Region education
answer
-high literacy rates -school is mandatory -free of charge
question
Eastern Europe Region arts
answer
-folk art: produced by rural people and are traditional instead of professional artists -artists create items such as: pottery, woodcarving, embroidering
question
Eastern Europe Region lifestyle
answer
-folk music: influenced the region's classical musicians
question
Eastern Europe Region economy
answer
-Albania's economic growth is slowed by non-educated workers, lack of raw materials, and old equipment - economic and political circumstances have prompted a large scale internal migration and emigration
question
Eastern Europe Region challenges
answer
-communism controlled factories: led to shortages of goods, outdated factories create pollution -war: get away from communist and Soviet rule, ethnic/civil wars from all people traveling to Europe
question
Europe in general
answer
-one of the smallest countries -one of the most diverse
question
Europe healthcare
answer
provided by the government
question
Europe education
answer
-highest literacy rates -free and mandatory -highest priority
question
Europe religion
answer
-practice Christianity -started in Europe
question
Europe language
answer
-most people are bilingual -hundreds of languages are spoke
question
Europe jobs
answer
-least priority
question
North Atlantic Drift and the Gulf Stream
answer
-affects Europe's climate -causes Europe to be much warmer than the US
question
coal and iron in Europe
answer
-helped the industrial revolution start -sparked the growth of heavy industry
question
heavy industries
answer
-manufacturing of industrial machinery because they have raw materials -raw materials are like coal and iron
question
light industries
answer
-countries that do not have raw materials -they focus on electronics and specialty tools
question
Europe's three types of farming
answer
-mixed farming: raising several crops and livestock on one farm because they do not have a lot of agricultural space -farm cooperatives: practiced in Denmark when farmers come together and they share in growing and selling the products -dry farming: happens in Spain because they are very dry; they improvise with an irrigation system
Get an explanation on any task
Get unstuck with the help of our AI assistant in seconds
New