k12 history unit 5

question

What was the immediate result of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?
answer

The United States entered the war on the side of the Allies.
question

Who commanded Allied troops in Europe and was responsible for organizing the invasion of France?
answer

Dwight Eisenhower
question

To what does the term the Holocaust refer?
answer

the mass slaughter of Europe’s Jews and others by the Nazis
question

About how many people died in the Holocaust?
answer

11 million
question

What was the name of the battle in which Germany made its last offensive move?
answer

Battle of the Bulge
question

Whose work made the atomic bomb possible and urged U.S. leaders to develop one before the Germans?
answer

Albert Einstein
question

Which was a cause of World War II?
answer

the British and French policy of appeasement
question

The events that led to the outbreak of World War II in Europe began with German troops occupying the Rhineland and ended with the German invasion of Poland. Which event occurred in between?
answer

Hitler annexed Austria to the German Reich.
question

What was the first step in Hitler’s strategy to defeat Great Britain?
answer

use his Luftwaffe to eliminate Britain’s air force
question

Why did Japan attack the United States in 1941?
answer

Japanese leaders were concerned about the need for natural resources, including oil.
question

Which was a turning point in World War II in favor of the Allies?
answer

Battle of Stalingrad
question

Who was in charge of organizing and commanding the D-day invasion of France?
answer

Dwight Eisenhower
question

What was the Holocaust?
answer

the mass slaughter of Europe’s Jews and others by the Nazis
question

Which describes a policy toward Jews by the Nazi government during World War II?
answer

the death of all European Jews through the use of death camps
question

What was the consequence of the Nazi government’s “Final Solution”?
answer

the deaths of about 6 million Jews
question

Which best describes the end of the war in Europe?
answer

Soviet troops captured Berlin one week after Hitler committed suicide.
question

How did the Allies plan on reaching Japan and ending the war in the Pacific?
answer

by island-hopping across the Pacific Ocean
question

Why did Harry Truman eventually decide to use the atomic bomb against Japan?
answer

It would bring a quick end to the war and cause fewer American and Japanese deaths than an invasion.
question

Which best describes the physical and human costs of World War II?
answer

about 60 million dead and parts of Europe and Asia devastated
question

In which significant way did the United Nations differ from the League of Nations?
answer

The United States joined the United Nations but not the League of Nations.
question

After World War II, tensions quickly rose between which two nations?
answer

United States and Soviet Union
question

Why didn’t Western democratic leaders try to stop the building of the Berlin Wall?
answer

Kennedy worried that actions on the part of the United States might start a war with the Soviets.
question

How did the Cuban Missile Crisis develop?
answer

The Soviets sent missiles to Cuba that could destroy U.S. cities.
question

What was one way that America responded to the fear of nuclear attack in the postwar years?
answer

Congress began investigating people suspected of being communists or communist sympathizers.
question

What was one reason for Western Europe’s quick recovery from the devastation of World War II?
answer

European nations cooperated to simplify commercial interactions among themselves.
question

Which best describes the Cold War?
answer

a tense, forty-year standoff between the Soviet Union and the United States
question

Which best describes the main goal of the U.S. policy of containment?
answer

to keep communism from spreading around the world
question

Why did the United States implement the Marshall Plan?
answer

to rebuild Europe after World War II and form strong relationships with democratic nations
question

Why didn’t the United States try to stop the Soviets from building the Berlin Wall?
answer

Kennedy worried that an attempt to stop the construction might spark a nuclear war.
question

What was the Cuban Missile Crisis?
answer

a Soviet attempted buildup of nuclear missiles in Cuba that prompted a U.S. response
question

How did the U.S. economy and society change after World War II?
answer

The economy expanded and more people had money to spend on luxuries.
question

Which is one way the U.S. government responded to the fear of nuclear war in the postwar years?
answer

The government launched programs to investigate suspected communists.
question

Which is one reason that European nations joined together after World War II?
answer

They wanted to improve their economies by easing restrictions on commerce.
question

Which best describes Mikhail Gorbachev’s plans for the USSR?
answer

He wanted to restructure the government to make it more efficient and humane.
question

Which describes an event that led to the decline of the USSR?
answer

The economy was strained because of the arms race and other military responsibilities.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member