Inerrancy As An Issue Theology Religion
Inerrancy As An Issue Theology Religion

Inerrancy As An Issue Theology Religion

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  • Pages: 10 (4894 words)
  • Published: October 25, 2017
  • Type: Research Paper
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From 1900 to the present, the lifting and development of Fundamentalism has been profoundly dependent of the Liberalism that denies the inerrancy of Scripture. That the history of the fundamentalist is that of the defence of inerrancy is non an exaggeration because it devoted itself to the war against the Liberalism. During all period, its growing and diminution have been observed and there were the turning points at every minute. In every point, its pick was to be separate from the progressives.

In the history of the Fundamentalist, the issue of the inerrancy is most cardinal. The inerrancy of Scripture is the beginning of the birth of the Fundamentalism and the ground of the being of it. From the bend of the century, Liberalism became stronger and easy intruded the Christendom with heavy weaponries like the theory of Darwinian Evolution and the political orientations of the Communists. The sudden onslaught led the fundamentalists to go gladiators for conflicts against one enemy, Liberalism. In fact, during 1900s the history of the fundamentalist chiefly spent clip to support their belief in Scripture alternatively of onslaught on Liberalism. The Scopes Trials and the denominational segregation were the one of the best illustrations for their defence. Such activities in history sometimes strengthened their place and sometimes weakened it like two sides of a knife.

For this ground, this paper will, at first, specify the term inerrancy in the history of the Fundamentalism and the importance of the inerrancy will be given as the ground for the historical development of the Fundamentalism. Last, it will discourse the challenges on inerrancy and the


fundamentalists ' responses for the ages from the beginning of the last millenary to the present.


The inerrancy of Scripture is originally based on the Word of God-All Scripture is God-breathed and is utile for learning, call on the carpeting, rectifying and preparation in righteousness. ( 2 Tim. 3:16 ) Since all Scripture is God-breathed, the Bible is important and true for the presupposition that God can non lie nor will he misled. Some conservative bookmans maintain that inspiration implies inerrancy-that what God authored of necessity must incorporate no mistakes. Others emphasize the Bible 's infallibility-its Spirit-driven ability to accomplish God 's intents, and let that a greater sum of impreciseness is present in the Bible.

Some instead prefer to maintain a limited inerrancy-in which the scriptural writers did non mistake in what they intended to learn theologically, but they may hold erred in other incidental issues. The Fundamentalists ' position supports that of the first group, so that they regard other positions with non-biblical hypotheses that intends to deprecate the value of the Word of God. For the Fundamentalists ' position of inerrancy, Dr. Elmer Towns explains, "verbal plenary inspiration and its sister philosophy, inerrancy, is non a philosophy that is invented by theologists and forced on the church. Quite the contrary, the Bible reflects an attitude toward itself that every word was placed at that place by God, hence it is God 's Book and has God 's authorization. Therefore, the Fundamentalists affirm the inerrancy of Scripture because of its authorization

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and they steadfastly believe that their dogma of the inerrancy as primary individuality makes themselves separate from liberalism.


To understand the importance of inerrancy, liberalism that resulted in the rise of the fundamentalism should be chiefly dealt with in position of why it begun and how it developed in church history. The term Liberalism ( or Liberal Protestantism ) has been normally used as opposed to a traditional conservative Protestant ( subsequently called Reactionary Evangelicalism or Fundamentalism ) in church history. Actually, in the 18th century liberalism was born for the accommodation to the inevitable modern universe that came from the outgrowth of a new scientific theory like Darwin 's On the Origin of Species and the reason-based European doctrine like David Hume 's philosophical empiricist philosophy and incredulity ; in other words, progressives pursued in the intent for the natural, rational, and interpretable Scriptural texts by the remotion of supernatural and irrational things from the Bible.

Harmonizing to George M. Marsden, he states the state of affairs of the rise of liberalism as follows: `` the coevalss of Protestants that came of age between 1865 and 1917 were faced with the most profound challenges to their religion. Darwinism and higher unfavorable judgment were disputing the authorization of the Bible and the new historical, sociological, and Freudian psychological ways of thought were revolutionising thought at about every degree. Immense societal alterations plus rapid secularisation, particularly in scientific discipline and higher instruction, were gnawing Protestantism 's practical laterality. ''

In many ways, the impact of incredulity sing the truth of the scriptural texts were acquiring dispersed broad to all countries in the United States, and religion for the authorization of the Bible was small by small made inroads into by it. Consequently, liberalists led a new motion to deemphasize the doctrinal beliefs ; that is, since they focused merely on Jesus ' lovingness for the hapless, they quickly turned their eyes on alleged societal Gospel that promotes the thought of societal moralss. They finally saw the redemption of Scripture as societal attempts to alter human society.This was one of the consequences from incredulity of the inerrancy of Scripture.

The outgrowth of the Darwin 's theory of development ( 1854 ) , moreover, had the most impact on the development of liberalism. In peculiar, the rise of the Darwinism resulted in the direct onslaught to the records of Creation in Genesis that traditional churches had believed. Besides, by the higher unfavorable judgment that was developing in German even many Scriptural texts were rejected as the important divine Canon because of wonder of their historicity and genuineness.

For these grounds, the fundamentalists emerged for the defence of the authorization of the Bible with historical, echt, and supernatural records. Marsden besides points out this as, " The important issue seems instead to hold been perceived as that of the authorization of God in Scripture in relation to the authorization of modern scientific discipline, peculiarly scientific discipline in the signifier of higher unfavorable judgment of Scripture itself. ''

The fundamentalists has been fighting with liberalism for the defence of the inerrancy until now. It is the most important

land for the Fundamentalists, since progressives have denied all supernatural events including Christ 's virgin birth. This causes to serious jobs ; without the genuineness of miracles, the virgin birth, the decease on cross, and the Resurrection of Christ can non happen and so all Christian religion will be in vain.

The fundamentalists in the 20th century faced the most controversial events like the Scopes Trial with the progressives. From the following subdivision, some representative challenges on inerrancy will be explored during the 20th century.

The first three decennaries of the twentieth were really singular and controversial in the fundamentalists ' history of war. During this period there are four cardinal issues: an article the Fundamentalss, Scofield Reference Bible, the Presbyterian Affirmation and the Scopes Trials.

The Controversy Brews: 1900-18

From 1900 to 1918 the fundamentalists were well-organized for effectual reaction to Liberalism through two events, which were related to publication. First, a series of 12 brochures, financed by business communities Wyman and Milton Stewart, entitled The Fundamentalss: A Testimony of Truth, were published in order to support their fundamentalist ' place. Those were the merchandise of around-the-world bookmans with the cardinal background. They were under the way of Amzi Clarence Dixon and subsequently supervised by Reuben A. Torrey. They dealt with development and higher unfavorable judgment, but their purpose of the article was `` the designation of the 'five points ' that were to go the sine qua non of Fundamentalism. ''

The five points of the dogmas were the infallibility of Scripture, Christ 's virgin birth, his substitutionary expiation, his Resurrection, and his 2nd coming. Particularly, about one tierce of the articles were allowed for the subject of inerrancy that played a cardinal function for the defence of the Bible. The first effort of such a reaction like publication against Liberalism was "extremely believable, '' so that many considered the Fundamentalists as "well-reasoned and well-balanced testimony to Christian truth. ''

Interestingly, the Fundamentalss had great ecumenicity, since the writers had the varying-denominational-theological places ; however, they shared the basic basicss in the Christian philosophy. However, even though they had temporally joyful clip for the resistance of the common enemy, Liberalism or Modernism, subsequently it caused to break up and polarise them.

Second, at the same period another major publication for the fundamentalists was the Scofield Reference Bible ( 1909 ) . It was edited by C. I. Scofield, a Congregationalist curate from Dallas, Texas. This importance of the publication is to advance the Dispensationalism to 1000000s of curates and laypersons all over the English-speaking universe. The Scofield Reference Bible was the major mention edition for sermonizers, instructors, and laypeople in the early 20th century.

The Scofield Reference Bible ( 1909 )

The Scofield Reference Bible was so the merchandise of the Bible Conference Motions like the Niagara Bible Conference ( 1876-1897 ) and the Sea Cliff Bible Conference ( 1901-1921 ) in the late nineteenth and the early 20th century. The Bible Conference Motions were characterized in their premillennial eschatological position: the ecstasy of trusters before trial and the return of Christ to construct up His millennian land. In this position, the premillennialists in the motions steadfastly

believed the dispensational divinity and suggested the dispensational position as a signifier of their prophetic reading to Scripture.For this ground, the Scofield Reference Bible became celebrated as a protagonist of dispensational divinity.

The publication of the Scofield Reference Bible had a great significance to the basicss, since its divinity represented the Dispensationalism that refers to a divinity that divides history into seven dispensations with eight compacts between God and adult male. Sing the characteristic of the dispensational divinity, Martin Marty and Scott Appleby explicate, "The truth of Bible can be 'proved ' by its accurate anticipations of future events, every bit good as by its practical advice about redemption and Christian life.

Because they believed that the dispensational divinity was grounded on the actual reading of the Bible, the fundamentalists, peculiarly the southern Baptist churchs, advocated the premillennial dispensationalists. And Mark Noll emphasizes that the Scofield Reference Bible had an impact non merely on dispensational instructions but more significantly, besides on the inerrancy of Scripture.Therefore, the Scofield Reference Bible has been considered one of the most important publications in Fundamentalism history. And it became a criterion of the basicss.

The Presbyterian Affirmation on Inerrancy ( 1910 )

After Civil War, the outgrowth of the Darwinian development theory influenced about all Presbyterian scholarly Fieldss including Princeton Theological Seminary. Liberalism emerged under the impact of European divinity, based on Hume 's empirical doctrine, and the several textual unfavorable judgments began to assail the beliefs of the inerrancy. For the resistance of the liberalism, conservative cantonments like the fundamentalists emerged with the Common Sense Realism and battled against the liberalism for the defence of the inerrancy of Scripture.

In the thick of such struggles, in the late 19th century the tests of the alteration of the Westminster Confession of Faith occurred in the Presbyterian cantonment of the fundamentalists. Charles A. Briggs, a professor of Union Theological Seminary, claimed three large issues: the issue of the Confession of Faith, the equation of the Bible, Church, and Reason, and the rejection of the inerrancy. In respects to this, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church affirmed the Bible as being inerrable by the alleged Portland Declaration.

In the General Assembly meeting of 1889, even some moderate Presbyterians pursued alterations to the Westminster Confession of Faith. Coincidentally, the unorthodoxy tests against professors Henry Preserved Smith and Arthur Cushman McGiffert were happening for their progressive positions. Marsden therefore studies, Although some wide issues of going from Calvinist orthodoxy were involved, in each instance the specific allegations concerned the narrow issue of inerrancy. On several occasions during the decennary, the General Assembly declared that the philosophy of inerrancy was a cardinal instruction of the church. ''During the intense conflicts of the 1890s, conservative Presbyterians successfully defended the inerrancy of Bible from several menaces of liberalism.

For several decennaries after 1910 the Presbyterian Church was besides disturbed by theological contention. In the General Assembly of 1910, sing the orthodoxy, a five-point declaration of  indispensable '' philosophies, subsequently called Five Points of Fundamentalism, were adopted as necessary status of ordination. The five points were summarized as follows: the inerrancy of Scripture, the Virgin Birth of Christ, his

substitutionary expiation, his bodily Resurrection, and the genuineness of the miracles. These were subsequently reaffirmed by the General Assemblies of 1916 and 1923 for solidifying their Presbyterian philosophies of orthodoxy. In fact, these five points were non intended to be a credo or a unequivocal statement. Nonetheless, in the 1920s they became the celebrated five points '' of the conservative party.

The Controversy Explodes: 1918-25

By 1918 the Liberals and the Fundamentalists had clearly articulated their place and organized their motions. The Fundamentalss had united around the five basicss and were ready for a head-on hit with the broad motion. In 1918 the first major fundamentalist conference, named Philadelphia Prophetic Convention took topographic point in Philadelphia. The conference chiefly was held chiefly for millennian issues, but the menace of Modernism to traditional Christianity was addressed to 5,000 participants by W. B, Riley.

As a consequence of the 1918 convention, they paid attending to the traditional philosophies every bit good as a warning against broad divinity. This led to run into the following twelvemonth at the Moody Bible Institute in Chicago and resulted in the written publication God Has Spoken: 25 Addresss that emphasized the five points of Fundamentalism.

During the 1919 conference the leaders of the new Fundamentalist Movement added a farther dimension to their program. They encouraged the constitution of bible conferences and Bible schools. They besides begun an organisation, the later named the World 's Christian Fundamentals Association. In 1922 the organisation had published an official magazine entitled Christian Fundamentals in Church and School and their activities had increased more and more. It eventually climaxed with the Scopes Trial.

The Succession of the Presbyterian Affirmative ( 1923 )

Since 1910, the theological contention for Liberalism in the Presbyterian Church continued. In 1922, Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick, a Baptist curate but at the same clip a invitee sermonizer in the First Presbyterian Church of New York City, became a cardinal figure in the contention when his discourse on Shall the Fundamentalists Win? '' was printed and distributed. In 1924 the General Assembly eventually invited Dr. Fosdick either to go a Presbyterian or to abandon the dais of the First Church of New York.

In 1923, the General Assembly reaffirmed five philosophies as being indispensable. Regardless of the content of these philosophies, many curates of the Church felt that this method of choosing certain philosophies as being indispensable was tantamount to changing the credo criteria of the Church by methods in disaccord with Presbyterian civil order. In 1924, 1,293 curates accordingly signed a protest which was known as the Auburn Affirmation. This denied the right of the Assembly to amend the Constitution of the Church through a legislative act.

In Presbyterian history, as a consequence, the importance of the Five Points of Fundamentalism in 1910 is that the points were the heritage of the Fundamentalism paralleled by the Niagara Bible Conference in 1895.

The Controversy Diminishes: 1925-30

During this period, the influence of the Fundamentalists decreased in American spiritual life. Having articulated the issues, organized itself, and Liberalism, the Fundamentalist Movement was brought to an disconnected arrest in 1925 at the Scopes Trials. And the Fundamentalists in the Presbyterian General

Assembly faced another crisis in 1929.

The Scopes Trial is the most celebrated contention of the early 20th century that brought Fundamentalism and Liberalism into direct head-on confrontation. It happened at Dayton, Tennessee in 1925. And it was called as the test of the century.

Since 1923 several Southern provinces had adopted some type of anti-evolution statute law, and similar measures were pending throughout the state. The jurisprudence passed in Tennessee in the spring of 1925 was the strongest. It banned the instruction of Darwinism in any public school.

In other words, there was a jurisprudence necessitating that no one Teach any hypothesis reverse to creationism in the public school system.Sing Darwinism in the early 20th century, David Beale describes as follows, "Though Darwin 's Origin of Species was published in 1859, its consequence on America was delayed well because of her preoccupation with the Civil War. Even after the war the treatment was confined to the arguments of bookmans and scientists. ''

However, John Thomas Scopes who was a immature public high-school instructor in Tennessee opposed to the jurisprudence of anti-evolution, and those who opposed to the jurisprudence encouraged Scopes to learn development and thereby challenge the province jurisprudence. Consequently, Scopes was brought to test and defended by celebrated condemnable attorney Clarence Darrow. On the other manus, William Jennings Bryan as a fundamentalist spokesman volunteered to help the prosecution, therefore conveying a dramatic confrontation between fundamentalism and modern incredulity.

The test was spotlighted nationally. Everyone from Fundamentalists to lemonade sellers was at that place along with more than one 100 newspaper newsmans. In the test, Darrow called Bryan to the base as a defence informant. And he forced Bryan into acknowledging that he could non reply the standard village-atheist type inquiries sing the actual reading of Scripture. Bryan did non cognize how he explained what he knew ; therefore, he lost the regard of Fundamentalists when he subscribed to the thought of periods of clip for creative activity.

The twenty-four hours after Darrow 's scrutiny of Bryan, the justice refused further oppugning and instructed the jury ; as a consequence, the tribunal pronounced the suspect guilty of go againsting the province jurisprudence by learning the Darwin 's theory of development. A few yearss after the trail, William Jennings Bryan died because of his inability of the defence.

Although Bryan technically won the test, the sway of public sentiment went with Darrow.[ 36 ]Consequently, the Scopes test caused many to falsely presume that Fundamentalism was now a death phenomenon. From the twenty-four hours of Bryan 's licking, the Fundamentalist Movement temporarily faced a great crisis for inerrancy of Bible and it seemed to steeply diminution in America before 1930s.

The Liberalization of the Presbyterian Affirmative ( 1929 )

During the early 20th century, the Presbyterian General Assembly experienced the contention internally instead than externally. Its extremum happened in 1929. Ed Dobson estimates as follows:

The contention climaxed at the 1929 meeting of the General Assembly. Compromise proposals were offered to reorganise the disposal of the seminary. The Fundamentalists of the Presbyterian Church refused to accept such via media, and Machen, Allis, Wilson, and Van Til resigned from the module

at Princeton. Shortly after the general assembly that same twelvemonth, they organized Westerminster Theological Seminary. In 1933 these Fundamentalists organized an independent foreign missions board, and in1935 they left the church wholly. This backdown and breakaway place became a taking feature of the Fundamentalist Movement. Rather than contending, its members decided to retreat from the broad seminaries and churches and set up their ain seminaries and churches. This left the major denominations in control of the Liberals.

Consequently, the Presbyterian churches subsequently continued to be divided into several major and minor denominations and this caused to the Presbyterian separationists and the diverse Presbyterian seminaries.


As a consequence of the influence of the Scopes Trial, during 1930s the established denominations experienced the diminution in their growing and influence. During 1930s, the Fundamentalist responded in other ways unlike the outlook that it would be depressed and lose impulse to contend more against Liberalism. Dobson provinces for the importance of the 1930s Fundamentalist Movement as follows, `` the Protestant spiritual motion was on the diminution and headed toward a depression of its ain. a The Fundamentalists of this period retreated and redirected their attempts toward edifice churches and propagating the Gospel and accordingly concentrated their attempts on constructing their ain churches, schools, and organisations. ''

The Fundamentalist, go throughing through the mid-thirtiess, was heading for the mid-fortiess controversy between two organisations that were the representatives of the Fundamentalist and Evangelicals. This contention subsequently had an impact on "the secondary separation '' with spiritual deserter issues.

Fundamentalism 's Response ( 1930-40 )

The wake of the Scopes Trial had a great impact on the development of the Fundamentalist Movement during the mid-thirtiess. It shrunk into itself and it had the different signifiers, such as the Bible Conferences, the Bible Colleges, and Radio Ministries, to distribute the Gospel and spread out their influence.

The Bible conference

During the mid-thirtiess, the Bible Conference Movement was afresh. Among the Bible Conferences, the Winona Lake Bible Conference was important in the growing of the Fundamentalist churches from the mid-thirtiess to fiftieth. Joel Carpenter describes about the Conference, The conference offered a alone blend of resort-style diversion, the antique cantonment meeting, and scriptural instruction from taking fundamentalist pulpiteers.

The conference offered plans for a assortment of involvements, so one could take Sessionss or possibly even whole hebdomads that featured missions, immature people, the pastorate, Bible surveies, the "higher Christian life, '' prognostication, sacred music, concern work forces or adult females, or Sunday school instruction. '' During the worsening clip this motion therefore allow the Fundamentalist churches quench their religious thirst. After reorganized in 1937, the conference became more expanded and improved ; accordingly, interchurch development was promoted by it.

Bible College

One of the most of import parts to the influence and growing of the motion was the development and enlargement of Bible Institutes. Wheaton College established in 1857, for illustration, showed singular growing during this period and in peculiar it was energized for missions. And Bob Jones University was established in 1926 for the intent of learning the Bible to the immature. These institutes grew in Numberss and influence because Fundamentalists mistrusted the

major educational instructions of that epoch. As a consequence, these new schools were substituted for the denominational schools that had digressed into Liberalism and Darwinism.

Radio Ministry and Other Channels of Fundamentalist Expression

Radio station during this clip was the effectual agencies to convey their beliefs, the five points of the Fundamentals. Although the broad denominations chose to disregard Fundamentalism, and although the national media great inroads, from the Bible college Stationss to the countrywide station, the wireless ministries spread widely and contributed to the turning motion of Fundamentalism. Besides, the Fundamentalist publications like the magazine The Sword of the Lord were booming, so these media during the mid-thirties became the good manner to denote the Fundamentalism with the inerrancy of Scripture.

The decennary of the mid-fortiess started with the formation of two really of import organizations: the American Council of Christian Churches ( ACCC ) and the National Association of Evangelicals ( NAE ) . The formation of these organisations gave birth to the contention between Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism.

During 1940s, Evangelicals organized the World Council of Churches ( WCC ) , while Fundamentals like Carl McIntire devoted themselves to the organisations which opposed to the Evangelical Council like the WCC because it was considered as the Ecumenical Movement. For this ground, in 1941, the American Council of Christian Churches was organized to "challenge the claim of the Federal Council to talk for all Protestants. '' The ACCC was formulated under the leading of Carl McIntire. And in 1948 he founded the International Council of Christian Churches ( ICCC ) to oppose the influence of the WCC.

Another major organisation founded in the mid-fortiess was the National Association of Evangelicals ( NAE ) . This organisation in 1942 was launched after organisational meeting at Moody Bible Institute. Harmonizing to Dodson, there are three major grounds for the development of the NAE. First, the Evangelicals of that epoch were dissatisfied with all old efforts at Christian integrity. They were critical of the Federal Council of Churches of Christ for its broad stance and infiltration by the societal Gospel. In add-on, they were non satisfied with Carl McIntire and his ACCC because of its critical attitude. The 2nd ground was a feeling of loneliness among conservative Christians. Last, that is because of the house strong belief that a positive informant could be given by united evangelicals.

Harold J. Ockenga was one of the leaders involved in the rise of neo-Evangelism. He felt that the term "evangelical '' was being misused to depict Fundamentalists. Since he did non desire designation with Fundamentalism, he coined the term "neo-Evangelism '' and emphasized that the New Evangelicals were willing to manage the social jobs that fundamentalism had evaded. The intent of the NAE was to see resurgence of Christianity in a secular universe without separation from it.

Emerging Evangelicalism and Separatist Fundamentalism ( 1950s-1970s )

During the 1950ss, the new Evangelicalism emerged and their place began to oppose to that of the fundamentalist. The new Evangelicals opposed Liberalism but dropped combativeness ; they maintained premillennialism but dropped dispensationalism. They tended to collaborate with anybody, even the Catholics, for the intent of evangelising the


Billy Graham was the right individual of the new Evangelicals. He prioritized evangelism so that he met anybody, even Pope as a non-Protestant, without any barriers. His " concerted evangelism '' led to the strong opposition of the hawkish separationist fundamentalists and the fundamentalist separation from the Evangelicals begun. During the 1960ss to 1970ss, the fundamentalist "secondary separation '' emerged from the fundamentalist cantonment, because the fundamentalist considered any evangelical truster who contacted or cooperated with deserters every bit same as they were. For this ground, the grade of one 's segregation became a heatedly debated issue in many fundamentalist circles.

Chicago Statements on Biblical Inerrancy ( 1978 )

In 1978 around three hundred evangelical bookmans convened in Chicago to bring forth the Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy. Among those present were taking fundamentalist theologists, such as Carl Henry, Harold Lindsell, Francis Schaeffer, and Norman Geisler. The intent of the convention was to "support scriptural inerrancy against the tendency toward broad and neo-orthodox constructs of Bible '' ( in "Chicago Inerrancy '' ) . The importance of the statement focuses on the inherency of the predecessor paperss the Fundamentalss and the Scofield Reference Bible for the inerrancy of the Bible.


During the recent decennaries, the fundamentalist had the good chance to be superior to Liberalism in the war of inerrancy. Along with the development of scientific methodological analysiss, the Creationism quickly emerged and has represented a batch of new intriguing consequences that approve the scriptural facts ; particularly the Creationism supports the genuineness of the facts in Genesis. And the evangelical churches have been acquiring larger and lager to go the "Super or Mega Church. '' This means that their voices to the universe have been acquiring larger and larger, while Liberalism has been losing their places. However, although the fundamentalists heard about the good intelligence, they did non preoccupy their place ; the fundamentalists could non talk out their voices. First, the lifting tide of secularism raises the moral issues like homosexualism and abortion.

Most of all, the sexual dirts of curates were besides necessary for a portion of the moral issues. Second, today fundamentalists besides face other diverse issues: societal, ethical, political, and spiritual issues. In recent decennaries, the issues that the fundamentalists should cover with are changing and it is acquiring more and more hard to work out in the Bible. This is because about all of them could be the practical issues that are non straight mentioned in the Bible. The key to work out them is grounded on how to construe the Bible suitably harmonizing to the scriptural auctorial purpose.

Today the issue of inerrancy seems to decrease between the basicss and the progressives, since there are assorted issues that seem non to be related to the issue of inerrancy. However, they, as a affair of fact, are the issues fractionized in the issue of inerrancy. Therefore, the struggles of the inerrancy issues between the fundamentalists and the progressives are still traveling on even in the present.


Until now, three categorized challenges in the fundamentalist history are explored: the first period ( 1900-30 ) ,

the in-between period ( 1930-80 ) , and the last period ( 1980-Present ) . Each period has each issue of inerrancy. During World War I and huge societal alterations period in the early 20th century the menaces of Liberalism provoked serious crisis in traditional Christianity ; nevertheless, the fundamentalist overcame it efficaciously. However, the Scope Trial in the in-between period changed the currency of Fundamentalism history ; the most serious crisis was threatened. The wake caused to weaken the inerrancy of the fundamentalist. However, the strategic alterations like Radio station and publication resulted in the endurance and prosperity of the fundamentalist. Today the issue of inerrancy still keeps traveling on with different signifiers.

In my sentiment, when I overlook the Fundamentalism history, the fundamentalist motion in the early 20th century begun to hold a good purpose to maintain the verbal inspiration of the Bible for the issues of inerrancy. However, as clip passed, it has been acquiring more and more separate from other Protestants ; in my position, it looks stray. In peculiar, the `` secondary separation '' -of class, even though I understand why they chose-seemed to be their worst pick in its history because it made non merely itself more stray, but other Protestants like Evangelicals besides become another progressives ; in other words, the fundamentalist has made the figure of enemies in Christian history.

I think that this is non the scriptural instructions that the fundamentalist wanted to continue. Thus, for the interest of the inerrancy of Scripture I suggest that no more should the fundamentalist brand enemies in the same cantonment because our enemy is non the evangelical cantonment that accepts the inerrancy of Scripture, but the Liberalism that the fundamentalist and the evangelicals battles together against.