- THE FUNDAMENTALISTS DEFINITION OF INERRANCY
- THE IMPORTANCE OF INERRANCY
- THE FIRST CHALLENGES ON INERRANCY: 1900-30
- The Controversy Brews: 1900-18
- The Scofield Reference Bible ( 1909 )
- The Presbyterian Affirmation on Inerrancy ( 1910 )
- The Controversy Explodes: 1918-25
- The Succession of the Presbyterian Affirmative ( 1923 )
- The Controversy Diminishes: 1925-30
- The Scopes Trial ( 1925 )
- The Liberalization of the Presbyterian Affirmative ( 1929 )
- THE SECOND CHALLENGES ON INERRANCY: 1930-80
- Fundamentalism ‘s Response ( 1930-40 )
- The Bible conference
- Bible College
- Radio Ministry and Other Channels of Fundamentalist Expression
- ACCC and NAE ( 1940-50 )
- Emerging Evangelicalism and Separatist Fundamentalism ( 1950s-1970s )
- Chicago Statements on Biblical Inerrancy ( 1978 )
- THE RECENT TRENDS ON INERRANCY: 1980-The Present
From 1900 to the present, the lifting and development of the Fundamentalism has been profoundly dependent of the Liberalism that denies the inerrancy of Scripture. That the history of the fundamentalist is that of the defence of inerrancy is non a...
n exaggeration because it devoted itself to the war against the Liberalism. During all period, its growing and diminution have been observed and there were the turning points at every minute. In every point, its pick was to be separate from the progressives.
In the history of the Fundamentalist, the issue of the inerrancy is most cardinal. The inerrancy of Scripture is the beginning of the birth of the Fundamentalism and the ground of the being of it. From the bend of the century, Liberalism became stronger and easy intruded the Christendom with heavy weaponries like the theory of Darwinian Evolution and the political orientations of the Communists. The sudden onslaught led the fundamentalists to go gladiators for conflicts against one enemy, Liberalism. In fact, during 1900s the history of the fundamentalist chiefly spent clip to support their belief in Scripture alternatively of onslaught on Liberalism. The Scopes Trials and the denominational segregation were the one of the best illustrations for their defence. Such activities in history sometimes strengthened their place and sometimes weakened it like two sides of a knife.
For this ground, this paper will, at first, specify the term inerrancy in the history of the Fundamentalism and the importance of the inerrancy will be given as the ground for the historical development of the Fundamentalism. Last, it will discourse the challenges on inerrancy and the fundamentalists ‘ responses for the ages from the beginning of the last millenary to the present.
THE FUNDAMENTALISTS DEFINITION OF INERRANCY
The inerrancy of Scripture is originally based on the Word of God-All Scripture is God-breathed and is utile for learning, call on the carpeting, rectifying and preparation in righteousness. ( 2 Tim. 3:16 ) Since all Scripture is God-breathed, the Bible is important and true for the presupposition that God can non lie nor will he misled.[ 1 ]Some conservative bookmans maintain that inspiration implies inerrancy-that what God authored of necessity must incorporate no mistakes.[ 2 ]Others emphasize the Bible ‘s infallibility-its Spirit-driven ability to accomplish God ‘s intents, and let that a greater sum of impreciseness is present in the Bible.[ 3 ]Some instea
prefer to maintain a limited inerrancy-in which the scriptural writers did non mistake in what they intended to learn theologically, but they may hold erred in other incidental issues.[ 4 ]The Fundamentalists ‘ position supports that of the first group, so that they regard other positions with non-biblical hypotheses that intends to deprecate the value of the Word of God. For the Fundamentalists ‘ position of inerrancy, Dr. Elmer Towns explains, “ aˆ¦verbal plenary inspiration and its sister philosophy, inerrancy, is non a philosophy that is invented by theologists and forced on the church. Quite the contrary, the Bible reflects an attitude toward itself that every word was placed at that place by God, hence it is God ‘s Book and has God ‘s authorization. ”[ 5 ]Therefore, the Fundamentalists affirm the inerrancy of Scripture because of its authorization, and they steadfastly believe that their dogma of the inerrancy as primary individuality makes themselves separate from liberalism.
THE IMPORTANCE OF INERRANCY
To understand the importance of inerrancy, liberalism that resulted in the rise of the fundamentalism should be chiefly dealt with in position of why it begun and how it developed in church history. The term Liberalism ( or Liberal Protestantism ) has been normally used as opposed to a traditional conservative Protestant ( subsequently called Reactionary Evangelicalism or Fundamentalism ) in church history. Actually, in the 18th century liberalism was born for the accommodation to the inevitable modern universe that came from the outgrowth of a new scientific theory like Darwin ‘s On the Origin of Species and the reason-based European doctrine like David Hume ‘s philosophical empiricist philosophy and incredulity ; in other words, progressives pursued in the intent for the natural, rational, and interpretable Scriptural texts by the remotion of supernatural and irrational things from the Bible.[ 6 ]Harmonizing to George M. Marsden, he states the state of affairs of the rise of liberalism as follows: “ the coevalss of Protestants that came of age between 1865 and 1917 were faced with the most profound challenges to their religion. Darwinism and higher unfavorable judgment were disputing the authorization of the Bible and the new historical, sociological, and Freudian psychological ways of thought were revolutionising thought at about every degree. Immense societal alterations plus rapid secularisation, particularly in scientific discipline and higher instruction, were gnawing Protestantism ‘s practical laterality. ”[ 7 ]In many ways, the impact of incredulity sing the truth of the scriptural texts were acquiring dispersed broad to all countries in the United States, and religion for the authorization of the Bible was small by small made inroads into by it. Consequently, liberalists led a new motion to deemphasize the doctrinal beliefs ; that is, since they focused merely on Jesus ‘ lovingness for the hapless, they quickly turned their eyes on alleged societal Gospel that promotes the thought of societal moralss. They finally saw the redemption of Scripture as societal attempts to alter human society.[ 8 ]This was one of the consequences from incredulity of the inerrancy of Scripture.
The outgrowth of the Darwin ‘s theory of development ( 1854 ) ,
- Free Will
- Good And Evil
- Holy Spirit
- New Testament
- alternative religions