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Indications and Contraindications for Therapeutic Massage

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Indication
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is a condition for which an approach would be beneficial for health enhancement, treatment of a particular disorder, or support of a treatment modality other than massage.
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Contraindication
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is a condition for which an approach could be harmful
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The following are the three types of contraindications:
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1) general avoidance of application 2) regional/local avoidance of application 3) Application with caution
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Suffering
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can be defined as an overall impairment in quality of life.
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Peak performance
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is defined as maximum conditioning and functioning in a particular action.
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Communicable Disease
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can be transmitted from one person to another.
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Signs
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are objective abnormalities that can be seen or measured by someone other than the patient.
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Symptoms
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are the subjective abnormalities felt only by the patient.
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Syndrome
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is a group of different signs and symptoms, usually arising from a common sense.
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Inflammatory Response
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is a combination of processed that attempts to minimize injury to tissues and promote healing, thus maintaining homeostasis.
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Four Distinct processes are involved in pain sensation:
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Transduction, Transmission, Modulation and Perception.
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Nociceptor signals are carried on two types of nerve fibers:
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Large, myelinated A fibers and small, nonmyelinated C fibers.
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Myelinated A fibers
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are fast signals transmitted to the spinal cord. They are typically experienced as pain sensation that is local and specific. (e.g. prickling, sharp, or electrical quality)
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Nonmyelinated C fibers
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are slow signals transmitted to the skin or most deep tissue or organs and usually is associated with tissue damage. It is well localized and has a burning, throbbing or aching quality.
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Location of pain
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is confined to the site of origin of the pain
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Projected Pain
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typically is a result of proximal nerve compression. This pain is perceived in the tissue supplied by the nerve.
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Radiating Pain
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is diffuse pain around the site of origin that is not well localized.
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Referred Pain
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is felt in an area distant from the site of the painful stimulus
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Types of pain
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Pricking or bright pain, burning pain, aching pain, deep pain, muscle pain.
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Caution
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is a condition that requires the massage therapist to adapt the massage process so that the client’s safety is maintained.
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Medication is prescribed to do one of the following:
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Stimulate a body process, inhibit a body process, replace a chemical in the body.
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Synergistic
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The interaction of medication and massage to stimulate the same process or effects
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Antagonistic
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When massage produces the opposite effect sought.
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Endangerment Site or cautionary Site
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is an area on the body where it is possible to do damage with the application of mechanical force.
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Referral
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is a method by which a client is sent to a health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of a disease.