Geo Strategic: Importance of Pakistan Location Essay Example
Geo Strategic: Importance of Pakistan Location Essay Example

Geo Strategic: Importance of Pakistan Location Essay Example

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  • Pages: 10 (2492 words)
  • Published: July 20, 2017
  • Type: Case Study
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The geographical positioning of a state or area determines its significance, which is referred to as geostrategic.

The term "geo-political" is used to describe how geographic factors affect a country's power, international behavior, and benefits derived from its location. Stephen Cohn highlights the importance of this concept by noting that Pakistan has experienced difficult circumstances over time.

Pakistan's geography offers numerous advantages. In the northwest, it is abundant in resources, while in the northeast, it boasts a large population. Furthermore, Pakistan serves as a transit path.

Pakistan, situated in South Asia, acts as a frontline province in the fight against terrorism. Geographically, it is positioned between 23°30' North to 37° North Latitude and 61° East to 77° East Longitude. It shares borders with China (North), Afghanistan and Iran (West), India (East), and the Arabian Sea (South). Due to its disti


nctive location, Pakistan holds immense global significance.

Pakistan serves as a bridge between the East and the West, with a 600-kilometer border shared with China – a major neighboring country. The relationship between these two nations encompasses political, cultural, and trade ties.

Close cooperation between the two states is evident in the heavy machine industry and other sectors such as silk, fabric, and machines, which are imported from China.

India, a Hindi state in the East of Pakistan, shares a common boundary line of 1600 kilometers with its neighbor. Both states are engaged in resolving their issues, including the matter of Kashmir, which has led to heightened hostility between them.

Wars have occurred between the two states in 1948, 1965, and 1971, resulting in the separation of our one wing, East Pakistan.

India recognizes the advantages of fostering friendly relationships, but it also places

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importance on forming alliances with powerful nations and ensuring the security of its 150 million Muslim citizens. In contrast, Pakistan maintains strong connections with Islamic countries in Central Asia in terms of religion, culture, and economy. Additionally, Pakistan holds a distinctive position as the sole country providing these nations with convenient access to sea routes and transportation infrastructure.

The North West states of Pakistan are positioned to the West of Afghanistan. In 1893, during the English colonization of the sub-continent, a treaty was signed with Afghanistan to create the Durand Line—a permanent boundary that separates these two nations.

The border between Pakistan and Afghanistan is about 2240 kilometres long, demonstrating the deep spiritual, cultural, and trade ties between these two countries. On the western side of Pakistan, there is the Iran border that passes through Balochistan province - an area that shares our Muslim brotherhood.

Iran, being the first country to acknowledge Pakistan in 1947, has established political and trade alliances under the acronym R.C.D., which stands for Regional Cooperation for Development. The official name of Iran is E.

Discipline for Economic Cooperation (C.O) is the abbreviation for Iran's friendly relationship with Pakistan during times of need, offering open assistance during the wars of 1965 and 1971. The Islamic revolution in Iran took place at the end of the monarchy.

India and Pakistan have strengthened their relationship through their connection to the Arabian Sea, a part of the Indian Ocean. This ocean serves as a crucial trade route between Eastern and Western countries. The Arabian Sea links Pakistan to nations in the Persian Gulf region, known for their abundant oil reserves. Notably, Karachi's Bin Qasim and Gwader are important ports

situated in Pakistan.

It is important to consider the notable Muslim nations in South-East Asia, including Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei Darussalam, as well as those in South Asia like Bangladesh, Maldives, and Sri Lanka. Pakistan holds a strategic position at the crossroads of significant powers.

Russia and China, two emerging powers in the neighboring universe, have formed alliances with other global powers that have amplified their significance. Since 9/11, Pakistan has reaped advantages from this alliance. Security concerns, particularly regarding terrorism, are the United States' main priority in this region, and Pakistan plays a crucial part in tackling this matter. Additionally, the US presence in the area serves to counterbalance both China's growing sway and Iran's nuclear potential.

The terrorist group in Afghanistan is looking to gain economic benefits from the Indian market. Meanwhile, the political landscape in this area is being shaped by preemptive policy, US military involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan, and Iran's nuclear program. India's geopolitical strength, which includes a new strategic trade partnership with the US, aims to assert dominance and counter China's increasing influence. These developments have the ability to shift global power dynamics from a unipolar system to a bipolar one.

Pakistan's involvement is evident in all these matters, particularly after al-Qaeda activities. The American think armored combat vehicle has consistently recognized that Pakistan's assistance is crucial for winning the war on terrorism. Central Asia holds significant importance in the new Great games as the West pursues resources like oil and energy in this area.

Following the collapse of the USSR, there was a new focus on political relations related to oil, which had a significant impact on Pakistan due to its geographical proximity

to the oil-rich countries in the Middle East. This region extends from Iran to Saudi Arabia. As a result,...

Pakistan has the ability to handle oil shipments. Iran is striving to export its surplus gas and oil to eastern countries, including Qatar. The grapevine projects involving Pakistan and Turkmenistan are significant in this energy-deprived world. Pakistan is situated in the midst of energy-rich nations, specifically Iran and Afghanistan, which possess abundant energy resources unlike India and China.

Pakistan's strategic location gives it the potential to develop a transit economy. The landlocked country of Afghanistan, currently in the stage of reconstruction, relies on Pakistan for its transportation needs. Similarly, China, with its rapidly growing economy at a rate of 9%, is developing its southern states. This is because China's own territory is 4500 kilometers away from Sinkiang, while Gwader in Pakistan is only 2500 kilometers away. Moreover, Pakistan offers the shortest route of 2600 kilometers to key Asian regions, compared to Iran's 4500 kilometers or Turkey's 5000 kilometers.

The deep waters of Gwader port are attractive to trade ships from China, CAR, and Southeast Asian states. Additionally, the coastal belt of Balochistan can provide a gateway for China's western states to access eastern markets with the development of coastal highways and expressways.

Pakistan holds a significant position in the map of Muslim states. It is located to the west of Iran and extends towards China and North Africa. This advantageous geographical location enables Pakistan to actively contribute to the economic development, resource transportation, and combat against terrorist activities in the Muslim world.

Pakistan, being the sole Muslim state in the region with nuclear capabilities, holds considerable sway over political and

socio-economic affairs. Its role is pivotal in upholding the existing state of affairs as it provides a direct and shortest pathway between China and the Middle East. The implications of China's engagement in the Middle East via this efficient connection are enormous.

Gwadar Port, located near the Arabian Gulf and Central Asian Republics, presents a unique opportunity for Pakistan to establish diplomatic ties with Arab provinces and CARs. It is expected that in the future, the world's attention will gradually shift towards the oil reserves and other resources of CARs. However, in order for exports to and from CARs to be successful, a peaceful and stable Afghanistan is necessary. The port will also facilitate trade with Gulf States, which possess 63% of the world's oil reserves. Additionally, it will play a key role in promoting trans-shipment of containerized cargo and unlocking development potential in remote areas.

The primary reason that sets Gawadar Port apart is its unique location in relation to other major ports in the region, which are all situated on the opposite side of the sea. Being located towards the north, Gawadar port can conveniently offer services and facilities to CARs, Afghanistan, and China. India shares interests with the U.S.

Pakistan would no longer be under the control of the U.S. or NATO, nor would it remain a province that can be easily managed.

There is concern about the potential for a revolution if a broader conflict erupts in the Middle East, involving Iran or a larger Eurasian war with China and Russia. The possession of nuclear weapons by Islamabad, which has a radical government, would pose a threat to Indian national security. This is particularly worrisome

for NATO operations in Afghanistan and Israel, as it aligns with the United States' shared interests.

. The aim of NATO, Israel, and India is to neutralize the emergence of a strategic and tactical threat in Pakistan. Consequently, NATO has supported the goal of Balkanizing Pakistan.

S. has discussed the idea of seizing Pakistani nuclear facilities through the U.S. military.

The subjugation of Pakistan would bring territorial and military benefits to New Delhi. It would remove a competitor and grant India the land that was relinquished during the division in 1947. Gwadar Port, situated on Pakistan's southwestern coast, represents the nation's most significant infrastructure endeavor since gaining independence.

The construction of Gwadar deep haven has provided the people of Balochistan with an opportunity to enhance their living conditions in their state as it serves as a crucial stopping point for the significant Passs of Hormuz. This pass facilitates the daily passage of over 13 million barrels of oil.

Both neighbouring states, particularly China, have a strong desire to invest in Gwadar. China has already dedicated $248 million towards building the Gwadar Deep Seaport. The advantageous strategic and geographical position of Gwadar provides it with a notable edge over rival ports like Dubai's Rashid and Jebel Ali ports, as well as Oman's Salalah Port.

Bandar Abbas and Chahbahar serve as the main ports in Iran, facilitating 95% of trade via sea in Pakistan. Karachi port handles 68% of this trade, while Port Qasim manages the remaining 32%. The expected increase in total trade by the year 2015 is 91 million tons.

The bing port will experience a significant increase in transportation activity, thanks to Gwadar. Pakistan will benefit from overseeing the Sea

Lines of Communications (SLOCs) that begin in the Persian Gulf and narrow down at the Strait of Hormuz. Both military and economic power are now affected by the importance of oil. It is expected that Gwadar city will eventually emerge as a worldwide hub for industrial and commercial activities.

Gwadar's importance will benefit both Balochistan's economic progress and the entire country. To promote rapid commercial and economic growth, Gwadar will be assigned as a special economic zone for a defined period of time.

The duration for this period has not been determined yet, but it is expected that the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) will encompass both Gwadar city and existing/upcoming industrial areas. The anticipated incentives include tax-holidays, exemption from VAT, as well as attractive offerings pertaining to foreign business ownership and employment.

The primary aim of this concept is to boost overall economic development and attract both foreign and local investments. This, in turn, will drive industrial growth and enhance the demand for port traffic throughput. Additionally, it will expedite job creation and uplift the Gwadar territory and Balochistan. Pakistan holds a strategic position at the center of three vital regions: South Asia.

Central Asia and West Asia serve as the primary route to the sea for landlocked countries in Central Asia, including Western China. This area is emerging as a key center for collaboration among Afghanistan, China, and the Central Asian Republics in energy, trade, and transit. The interconnection of communication and trade across South, Central, and West Asia via Pakistan has led to our nation's rise as an economic hub.

The region has facilitated economic activity between regions due to its geographical borders. It is bordered by Iran

to the West, Afghanistan to the northwest, China to the northeast, and the Arabian Sea in the South. This advantageous location has resulted in increased trade among neighboring states in recent decades.

Pakistan has been fortunate to have three important sanctuaries:

The primary sea routes to Pakistan are the ports of Karachi, Qasim, and Gwadar, as well as the Arabian Sea. These routes provide access points to the country along with its borders with Afghanistan and China. However, one major challenge in reaching this region is that it does not share a border with any Central Asian province.

Tajikistan, located strategically from Pakistan's viewpoint, shares borders with Afghanistan and China. The region known as the Wakhan Corridor in northeastern Afghanistan acts as a connecting pathway between Afghanistan and China.

Pakistan serves as a convenient land connection between Pakistan and Tajikistan due to its geographical location. The trade of Pakistan was significantly affected by the U.S.A invasion in Afghanistan, causing harmful consequences for the region. The aftermath of the 9/11 attacks and subsequent instability in Afghanistan had a lasting negative impact on the area. This invasion led to a notable influx of Afghan refugees into Pakistan and also triggered an increase in both the frequency and severity of terrorist attacks within Pakistan.

The overall growth rate in all major sectors of Pakistan's economic system has been negatively affected by the cumulative effect of these developments. This has resulted in significant consequences both economically and in terms of security. Valuable national resources, including manpower and materials, have been redirected to address emerging security challenges. As a result, trading activities have been disrupted and production cycles have been interrupted. Consequently, business costs have

increased and there have been significant delays in fulfilling export orders worldwide.

Pakistani merchandise has gradually lost its market share to competitors, resulting in slower economic growth. As a result, demand for imports has decreased due to lower tax collection and decreased foreign investments. From a broader strategic perspective, these factors have had a negative effect on the Pakistani economy.

Pakistan's location is highly significant as it serves as a meeting point for South Asia, West Asia, and Central Asia. It provides a passage between countries rich in resources and those that lack them. Given the global energy crises and the threat of terrorism, Pakistan plays a crucial role as a transportation hub and as a frontline state in combating terrorism.

Furthermore, Pakistan has traditionally been an ally of the emerging economic giant, China. Therefore, any alteration in global political relations would further enhance Pakistan's geo-strategic significance. The greatest benefit of Pakistan's geography is its traditional alliance with China.

Pakistan is a resource-rich country and its people are known for being spirited, modern, and forward-looking. It is undeniable that the educated, passionate, and avid individuals in Pakistan have the most exuberant minds in the world. The key is to harness their energy and provide them with opportunities to excel and make proper use of resources, which will bring about incredible changes in the fate of Pakistan.

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