Hunter’s Safety Quizzes

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What is the recommended method for attaching a haul line to a firearm?
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Tie it to the sling.
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Within a firearm, a burning material creates pressure to force the bullet or shot out of the barrel. What is this burning material?
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powder
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The basic components of cartridges and shotshells are similar. Shot pellets and a bullet are examples of which basic component?
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Projectile
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What is the main difference between centerfire and rimfire ammunition?
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Rimfire primer is in the rim of the casing.
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What type of shotgun pellets are allowed for waterfowl hunting in the U.S.?
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steel
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When a rifle fires, a sequence of events takes place. After the firing pin strikes the primer, what is the next event in the sequence?
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The primer explodes and sparks the gunpowder.
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Which statement is true about fully-automatic firearms?
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A fully-automatic may not be used for hunting.
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A firearm safety:
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is a mechanical device that could fail
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Which type of firearm sight is simple, inexpensive, and standard on most handguns?
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open
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A 20-gauge shell is placed in a 12-gauge shotgun. What is the danger?
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The shell could lodge in the barrel and cause serious personal injury.
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For safety, a firearm should be stored:
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in a locked location, away from the ammunition
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hitting the target accurately and consistently
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What is good marksmanship?
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what you see when a firearm’s sights are aligned correctly with the target
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What is the sight picture?
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is the eye you should use to aim a firearm
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In hunting, it is important to know which eye is dominant. Your dominant eye:
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fire the rifle from a solid bench rest
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When sighting-in a rifle:
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follow through
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What is the term for continuing to squeeze the trigger after the bullet fires?
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Prone
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There are four standard rifle firing positions. Which position is best for learning the fundamentals of shooting?
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improved cylinder and modified
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Which two shotgun chokes are best for hunting small, fast, close birds?
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the distance you expect to be from your quarry
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What distance should be used to pattern a shotgun?
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Bring the stock all the way up to your cheek and then back to your shoulder.
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What is the correct way to shoulder a shotgun?
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swing-through
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You point a shotgun at a moving target. You swing the gun faster than the target is moving, so that the muzzle passes the target. Then you fire. This method of shooting is called:
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Which statement about muzzleloaders is true?
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Muzzleloaders are early firearms that are loaded from the open end.
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What kind of powder can cause serious injury if used in a muzzleloader?
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modern smokeless powder
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Which of the following describes safe handling of a muzzleloader?
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Wear eye and ear protection when shooting a muzzleloader.
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Which type of bow has straight limbs that form an arc when strung?
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long bow
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Which type of bow has a rifle-like stock that shoots bolts or short arrows?
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crossbow
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It is safe to shoot an arrow when the target is:
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in front of a safe backstop
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You nock an arrow with the bow parallel to the ground. The cock feather should be pointing:
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straight up
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Which statement about broadheads is true?
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Dress game with great caution until you find all parts of the broadhead.
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One way of shooting a bow is the bowsight aiming method. This method:
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requires the ability to accurately judge distances
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Arrows have plastic vanes or feathers that provide stability and accuracy in flight. What is the name for these vanes or feathers?
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fletching
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There are four primary rules of firearm safety. One of these rules is:
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Treat every firearm with the respect due a loaded gun.
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You remove a firearm from its storage location in your home. How should you handle the firearm?
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Immediately point the muzzle in a safe direction.
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There are several ways to carry a firearm while hunting. Which carry gives the best control?
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two-handed or ready carry
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You are hunting with others. Which two factors are most important in choosing how to carry your firearm?
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muzzle control and terrain
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You are carrying a firearm. Before crossing a fence, the first thing you should do is:
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unload the firearm
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You stumble in the field. The barrel of your firearm dips into the ground. You follow the steps to check for an obstruction in the firearm. After pointing the muzzle in a safe direction, what is the NEXT step?
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Unload the firearm.
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What is the first step for both loading and unloading a firearm?
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Point the muzzle in a safe direction.
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You are hunting in a group. It is safe for you to shoot in the area called the:
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zone of fire
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What should be worn at all times while climbing a tree or in a tree stand?
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fall-arrest system
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Some hunting behaviors are governed by hunting laws. Other behaviors have to do with ethics. Which of the following behaviors is a LEGAL issue rather than an ethical issue?
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A hunter continues hunting after reaching the bag limit.
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How can you show respect for other hunters?
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by sharing your knowledge and skills with other hunters
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How would a responsible hunter show respect for a landowner?
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Leave all gates the way they were found.
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How can you show respect for non-hunters?
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by keeping firearms out of sight
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Hunters tend to pass through five stages of development. What is the focus during the limiting-out stage?
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bagging the limit
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Firearm incidents, rough terrain, climate extremes, and getting lost are examples of:
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hunting risks that a hunter can prepare for
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When you go on a hunting trip, you should leave a hunting plan with someone you trust. What information should the plan include?
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the names of any hunting partners
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You are planning a hunt that will involve strenuous physical activity. Well in advance of the hunt, you should begin to:
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get in shape
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Choose the true statement about dressing in layers.
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Layers offer superior insulation.
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What is the hunter’s most important item of clothing?
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daylight fluorescent orange outerwear
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What do contour lines on a topographic map show?
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elevation of the ground
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After spending several hours outdoors, your skin is dry, hot, and flushed. Your pupils are dilated. You have a rapid, weak pulse. Your breathing is shallow. These are symptoms of:
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heat stroke
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What is the best way to treat a snakebite?
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Keep the victim calm. Take him or her to a hospital.
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What is the number one cause of outdoor fatalities?
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hypothermia
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What is the international emergency signal for distress?
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three repeats of any signal
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Which statement is true about conservation versus preservation?
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Conservation favors hunters.
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What five essential elements must be present to provide a proper habitat for wildlife?
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food, water, cover, space, and arrangement
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What is the hunter’s role in wildlife conservation?
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to help control wildlife populations at a healthy balance for the habitat
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One way to help keep animals and habitats healthy is to make sure the number of animals never exceeds the habitat’s carrying capacity. This is the job of:
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wildlife managers
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Wild animals are commonly divided into groups with similar characteristics. The two categories used for mammals are:
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large mammals and small mammals
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How often should a firearm be cleaned to keep it in top condition?
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after each use
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A person with a broken leg must be moved. How should the broken leg be handled?
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Immobilize the joint above and below the break. Don’t straighten the limb, but splint it the way you found it.
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Three factors contribute to spoiled meat after game is harvested. One of these factors is:
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heat
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You get lost in extremely cold weather. You are unable to start a fire. Which of the following is the best way to survive?
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Wrap up in a thermal foil blanket.
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Hunters reduce surplus wildlife populations. Hunters play an additional role in wildlife management by:
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providing wildlife managers with information from the field
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What are the basic parts of ammunition?
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case, primer, powder, and projectile
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Which type of bullet is recommended for rifles with a tubular magazine?
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rounded soft point
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Which of the following is the best way to make sure you have the proper ammunition for your firearm?
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Match the information on the firearm’s barrel to the information on the cartridge or shotshell before you shoot.
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You shoot a deer. You do not see it go down. How long should you wait before trailing the deer?
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30 min
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What is the only arrowhead that may be used for big game hunting?
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broadhead
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Which type of bow uses wheels and cables, and is the most popular bow for hunting and target shooting?
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compound bow
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Which statement about arrows is true?
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An arrow is as deadly as a bullet.
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One way of shooting a bow is the instinctive aiming method. What is true about this method?
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This method is less versatile than the bowsight method.
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What should be used to screw on broadheads?
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specially designed wrench
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There are four main causes of hunting incidents. Which cause is most likely to lead to mistaking another person for game?
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hunter judgement mistakes
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You need to clear an obstruction from your firearm. What is the proper tool to use?
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cleaning rod
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To take game and minimize its suffering, you must know the ______ of the animal you are hunting.
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anatomy
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Why should hunters wear daylight fluorescent orange clothing?
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to be more visible to other hunters
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Clothing can affect your ability to perform safely and responsibly. How should you choose your clothes for a hunting trip?
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Always wear clothing suitable for the weather you expect.
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Which of the following is a symptom of hypothermia?
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weak heartbeat
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When should a hunter wear a fall-arrest system?
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whenever the hunter is off the ground
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How is a single-shot firearm different from a repeating firearm?
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A single-shot firearm must be reloaded each time the firearm is fired.
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Which part of the firearm loads, fires, and ejects shells or cartridges?
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action
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______ is a term that describes the size of a rifle or handgun bore. This term also describes the size of cartridges used with different bores.
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caliber
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Which factor has a significant impact on a firearm’s maximum projectile range?
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altitude
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Many fatal firearm incidents are reported each year. What fraction of these incidents occur in the home?
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more than half
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A telescopic sight (or scope):
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gathers light to magnify a target
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Each rifle or handgun is designed to be used with a specific type of:
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cartridge
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There are four primary rules of firearm safety. One of these rules is:
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Keep your finger outside the trigger guard until ready to shoot.
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What is good marksmanship?
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hitting the target accurately and consistently
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Aldo Leopold is the father of wildlife management. He once defined ethical behavior as doing the right thing when no one else is watching, even when:
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doing the wrong thing is legal
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What group sets hunting regulations in most states?
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a wildlife management agency
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When you go on a hunting trip, you should leave a hunting plan with someone you trust. What information should the plan include?
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where you will be hunting and when you expect to return
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You are getting ready to carry a firearm on a boat. What is the first step you should take?
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Unload the firearm and keep the action open.
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A hunter is planning a strategy for identifying and tracking quarry. To develop an effective strategy, this hunter needs to understand the animal’s:
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characteristics
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Which of the following describes safe handling of a firearm?
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Unload and case the firearm before transporting it.
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Why should you aim with your dominant eye?
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increase your accuracy
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You are shooting a muzzleloader. A hang fire happens. What should you do?
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Keep the gun pointed downrange.
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Which of the following is a key factor in making a clean kill?
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shooting accurately
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A hunter may have allergies, asthma, a heart condition, excess weight, or poor physical conditioning. These conditions:
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should be considered before planning a hunting trip
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What resource can best help you learn about the terrain in a particular area before you arrive?
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topographic map
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There are several ways to carry a gun. The trail carry:
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leaves a hand free for balance
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What is sight alignment?
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the process of lining up a firearm’s rear and front sights
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Sighting-in a rifle helps the shooter:
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determine problems with shooting technique
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Which of the following is a factor in determining a zone-of-fire?
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the game being hunted
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Bowhunters should avoid _______ shots, because the vital areas are protected by bone from this angle.
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quartering-toward
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When patterning a shotgun, what is a sufficient percentage of pellets within a 30-inch circle?
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at least 55% of the load, with even distribution
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Hunters tend to pass through five stages of development. What is the focus during the shooting stage?
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getting off the shot
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Hunters tend to pass through five stages of development. What is the focus during the method stage?
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the process of the hunt
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You need to haul your firearm into a tree stand. What is the first step you should take?
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Unload the firearm and open the action.
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What is one DISADVANTAGE of hunting from an elevated stand?
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You can fall out of the stand.
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While outdoors, you drink plenty of water, take frequent breaks, and shed layers as you warm up. These are steps to prevent:
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heat exhaustion
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Don’t panic if you get lost. Never leave camp without fire-starting equipment. Always bring a map and compass. Always tell someone where you are going. These are:
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rules of survival
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You get lost and need shelter. What should you do first?
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Look for a natural shelter.
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How much water do you need each day?
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two to four quarts
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A compass always points to:
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magnetic north
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Why must you learn to recognize key characteristics of the animal you’re hunting?
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to avoid taking illegal game or non-game animals
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A hunter is right-handed. When shooting a shotgun, this hunter should:
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Bring the left foot slightly forward.
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Most bowstrings have a small brass band to mark the correct position for nocking the arrow. What is the name for this band?
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nocking point
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One way of shooting a bow is the instinctive aiming method. What is true about this method?
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This method takes longer to perfect than the bowsight method.

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