History WW2

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Theory of government in which a single party or leader maintains strict control
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Totalitarianism
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Russian leader who was known as a the Great Terror
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Joseph Stalin
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Italian leader who founded the Fascist Party
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Benito Mussolini
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German dictator who wanted to unify all Germanic people into one state
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Adolf Hitler
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Prejudice against Jewish people
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Antisemitic
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Policy of granting concessions
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Appeasement
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After WWI, both Italy and Japan expected more ____________________
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territory in exchange for their sacrifices during WWI
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Which political party rose to power in Germany during the 1930s?
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the Nazi Party
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One of the ways that Mussolini maintained his power in Italy was by ____________
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outlawing political parties
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The League of Nations did not prevent German and Italian aggression against other nations because it __________________
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had no standing army and no real power to enforce its decrees
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Anschluss
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Name of union, Hitler brought Austria into his Reich
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Munich Pact
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The agreement reached at the Munich conference which was attended by Germany, Britain, and France. French and British sacrifice Czech to maintain the peace.
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Appeasement
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Policy of granting cocessions
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Included Britain, France, and eventually many other nations
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Allies
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Included a cash-and-carry provision that aided the Allies
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Neutrality Act of 1939
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Ensured that Germany, Italy, and Japan would fight on the same side
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Tripartite Pact
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Allowed President Roosevelt to provide any type of economic aid to the Allies
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Lend-Lease Act
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Used their militaries to invade and control other nations
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Axis Powers
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Endorsed national self-determination (countries decide whats best for themselves)
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Atlantic Charter/the new United Nations
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Roosevelt delivered his “Four Freedoms” speech to _________________
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increase economic support for Britain
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Interventionists believed that providing aid to Britain would _____________
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keep the U.S. out of war
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Who appeared to be winning the war in Europe at the end of 1940?
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Germany and Italy
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How did support for the Allies change following Roosevelt’s reelection in 1940?
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Support increased; Congress approved the Lend-Lease Act
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Blitzkrieg
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New style of warfare that emphasized the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into the enemy’s territory
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Winston Churchill
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Prime Minister of Britain
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Maginot Line
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Interconnected series of fortresses along France’s border with Germany
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U.S. navy base in the Pacific
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Pearl Harbor
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WAC
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a corps of women who provided support services to the U.S. Army
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Commander of the U.S. Army forces in Asia
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Douglas MacAurthur
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Long-distance relocation of American and Filipino prisoners by Japanese Troops
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Bataan Death March
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Battle that forced Japan to give up its quest for New Guinea
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Battle of Coral Sea
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Japanese Prime Minister
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Hideki Tojo
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The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor because they wanted to _____________
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destroy ships and planes that threatened their expansion efforts
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Which ships survived the attack on Pearl Harbor untouched?
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Aircraft Carriers
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After declaring war, the US government _______________
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transformed peacetime industries into war industries
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After the United States declared war, the nation’s economic situation ________
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Improved
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War Production Board
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set up in 1942 to oversee the conversion of peacetime industry to war industry
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Liberty Ship
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Cargo ship built in as little as 4.5 days

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