History Exam 2 (Chapter 23)

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What did President Calvin Colidge’s economic policy include
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Reductions in government regulation in business
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In it’s effort to create prosperity at home, the Harding administration supported
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Hiigh tariffs to protect American business
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In the US, the flapper represented in the 1920s
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A challenge to women’s traditional gender roles
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For whpich group of Americans dis Earnest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Sinclair Lewis speak?
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Critics of American anti-intellectualism and materialism
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America’s return to peacetime economy in 1920 and 1921 was marked by
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a 2o% unemployment rate, the highest rate to date
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Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Assoc. urged black Americans in the 1920s to
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rediscover their African heritage and take pride in their culture and achievements
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What was Detroit’s second largest industry during the 1920s?
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Illegal alcohol sales
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During the 1920s, most American women who worked had
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office and sales jobs
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Who was responsible for the creation of \”welfare capitalism\” in the 1920s, and why did they use it?
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Businesses created welfare capitalism to encourage workers’ loyalty to the company.
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What accounted for the reemergence of the Ku Klux Klan in the United States in 1915?
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The widespread belief that blacks, immigrants, radicals, feminists, Catholics, and Jews threatened traditional American values
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Why didn’t southern tenant farmers benefit from the programs developed by the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the Commodity Credit Corporation, and the Farm Credit Act?
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The programs benefitted large farmers rather than tenant farmers who rented land.
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Who championed the \”Share Our Wealth\” plan of income redistribution?
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Huey Long
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Which of the following describes the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)?
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It guaranteed bank customers that the federal government would reimburse them for deposits if their bank failed.
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The framers of Social Security agreed to fund the program
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with tax contributions from workers and their employers.
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In 1937, disgruntled workers at the General Motors plant in Flint, Michigan, acted on their grievances by
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staging a sit-down strike
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In order to win the presidential election in 1932, Roosevelt had to
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unite the warring factions of the Democratic party.
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The Emergency Banking Act of 1933 strengthened American banks by
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releasing federal funds to bolster their assets
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The economist John Maynard Keynes argued which of the following?
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Government intervention is needed in bad economic times to pump enough money into the economy to revive production and increase consumption.
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Which of the following describes the experiences of Mexican Americans during the 1930s?
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Thousands were deported, many with their American-born children.
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Which of the following describes the overall impact of the New Deal?
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It prevented the United States from turning toward authoritarian solutions to the nation’s economic crisis.
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How did Americans respond to Alfred E. Smith’s candidacy for president in 1928?
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As a symbol of all they feared – Catholicism, immigration, cities, and liberal attitudes
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Which industry formed the keystone of the American economy in the 1920s
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The automobile industry
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What characterized the period Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover described as a New Era in 1920?
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A freewheeling economy
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Which groups were hardest hit by the Great Depression?
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The unemployed, tenant farmers, and sharecroppers
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By the early 1930s, unemployed workers were responding to the Great Depression
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Becoming increasingly outraged and turning toward militant forms of protest
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Which relatively new industry in the 1920s linked the possession of material goods to the fulfillment of spiritual and emotional needs?
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Advertising
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Which of the following statements describes the Sheppard -Towner Act 0f 1921, which gave federal assistance to states seeking to reduce high infant mortality rates?
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It was women’s only significant national legislative success in the 1920s
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What impact did New Deal programs have on the average national unemployment rate during the 1930s?
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They reduced the average unemployment rate, but it remained high, at about 17 percent, through the 1930s
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What occurrence proved that opposition to the New Deal had increased by the end of 1938?
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Republicans made gains in Congress
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Why did Roosevelt fail to push for more ambitious reforms for black Americans?
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He could not afford to lose the support of southern Democrats for his New Deal agenda
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Which New Deal agency employed artists, musicians, actors, journalist, academics, poets, and novelists?
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Works Progress Administration
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What was Franklin D. Roosevelt’s political experience before he won the presidential election of 1932?
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He had served as governor of New York
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Among the first signs of economic distress in the United States in the mid-1920s was
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a slowdown in new construction and in automobile sales
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By the early 1930s, unemployed workers were responding to the Great Depression by
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becoming increasingly outraged and turning toward militant forms of protest
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Which groups were hardest hit by the Great Depression?
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The unemployed, tenant farmers, and sharecroppers
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Which of the following statements describes the Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921, which gave federal assistance to states seeking to reduce high infant mortality rates?
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It was women’s only significant national legislative success in the 1920s.
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What was the fundamental cause of the Great Depression in the United States?
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Problems in the American and international economies
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What was the outcome of the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act on Native Americans?
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It restored Indians’ right to own land communally and have greater control over their affairs
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What occurrence proved that opposition to the New Deal had increased by the end of 1938?
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Republicans made gains in Congress
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What was the purpose of the Tennessee Valley Authority program that began in 1933?
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It helped supply jobs and power to impoverished rural communities
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Which woman became the New Deal’s unofficial ambassador in 1933?
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Eleanor Roosevelt

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