History Chapter 21

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Theodore Roosevelt believed that the United States should reduce its world commitments and concentrate instead on domestic reform
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False
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William Howard Taft’s approach to foreign policy was given the nickname “Dollar Diplomacy
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True
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The United States military intervened in Mexican affairs during Woodrow Wilson’s administration
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True
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For the first part of World War I, Russia was an ally of Great Britain and France.
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True
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At the time of its sinking by German submarine, the British ocean liner Lusitania was carrying munitions as well as passengers
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True
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Woodrow Wilson’s victorious presidential campaign in 1916 was significantly aided by his pledge that the United States would enter World War I on the Allied side if he were reelected
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False
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The episode involving the intercepted telegram from Arthur Zimmermann concerned American relations with Mexico
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True
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Although German scientists had developed chemical weapons such as mustard gas, they never used them for fear that the Allies would retaliate with their own poison gas
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False
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The most immediate effect that the U.S. had on the war once it joined was at sea versus German U-boats.
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True
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The biggest defeat of American ground forces in World War I was in the Argonne Forest.
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False
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In order to keep support for the war high, the federal government chose to raise all extra funds by selling war bonds rather than raising taxes
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False
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As President Wilson’s principle economic advisor during World War I, Bernard Baruch adopted a hands-off policy and let market forces determine wartime industrial output.
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False
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Government action during World War I pressured industry to grant concessions to labor such as the eight-hour day and union recognition.
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True
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Unlike France and Great Britain, where opposition to the war was treated harshly, the United States allowed dissidents to speak and operate freely without supervision or harassment
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False
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A major category of Wilson’s Fourteen Points concerned the aspirations for postwar European boundaries and self-determination for the people of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires
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True
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Wilson’s Fourteen Points contained proposals for an alliance of western European powers against the newly created Soviet Union
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False
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When Wilson traveled to Paris for the peace conference, he visited several European cities and encountered considerable public hostility toward his idealistic ideas for peace
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False
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In the United States Senate the leader of the opposition to Wilson, the treaty, and the League of Nations was Henry Cabot Lodge
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True
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Although Wilson had campaigned in 1912 on the principles of the New Freedom, in practice his first term went far toward enacting key principles of the
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New Nationalism
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Theodore Roosevelt’s mediation was important at the Portsmouth Peace Conference of 1905, which
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ended the Russo-Japanese War
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The aphorism “Speak softly and carry a big stick” was used by Roosevelt in reference to his
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foreign policy.
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Roosevelt based his distinction between “civilized” and “uncivilized” countries on
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both race and economic development.
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The main purpose of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine was to
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justify U.S. military intervention in Latin America if necessary to forestall interference by European nations.
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When Panamanian rebels started a revolt against the government of Colombia in 1903, the United States
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intervened on the side of the rebels.
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William Howard Taft’s policy of encouraging private American investments in underdeveloped regions of the world was given what label by some commentators?
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Dollar Diplomacy
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Wilson refused to recognize the regime of Victoriano Huerta in Mexico because
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he disapproved of its action in murdering political opponents.
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The result of the American military expeditions into Mexico in 1914 and 1916 was to
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embitter U.S.-Mexico relations for several years.
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The first two countries to begin fighting in the conflict that later became known as World War I were
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Austria-Hungary and Serbia.
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In the presidential election of 1916, the Democrats emphasized
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that Wilson had managed so far to keep the nation out of the European war.
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The significance of the Zimmermann telegram was that it
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The primary importance of the Zimmerman telegram was that it inflamed American public opinion against Germany.
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In the early years of World War I, from 1914 to 1916, the United States
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became an arsenal for the Allies.
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The chief rivalry in pre-World War I Europe was between
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Great Britain and Germany.
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President Wilson protested German violations of American neutrality more harshly than British violations because
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a profitable trade was resulting between the United States and the Allies.
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Woodrow Wilson’s reaction to the sinking of the Lusitania was to
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demand assurances from Germany that such outrages would not recur.
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How did Wilson react to the question of military preparedness versus pacifism from 1914 to 1916?
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Initially opposed to a military buildup, by the end of 1915 he came to support preparedness.
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The key immediate cause of the American declaration of war against Germany in the spring of 1917 was the
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German resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare.
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The most immediate effect of American intervention in the war occurred
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at sea
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Which of the following statements concerning the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) is true?
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The AEF broke the stalemate in favor of the Allies.
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Which of the following was a principal method that the U.S. government used to finance the war effort?
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increasing taxes on corporations, incomes, and inheritances
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Herbert Hoover was significant to the American effort in World War I as head of the
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Food Administration.
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Labor Unions
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gave up the right to strike during the war in return for significant improvements for workers.
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Such expressions as “liberty cabbage” and “liberty sausage,” as used during World War I, were an indication of
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American hostile reaction to things German.
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The main purpose of the Committee on Public Information, during World War I, was to
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disseminate pro-war propaganda and promote public support of the war in the United States.
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Who of the following was NOT one of the principal figures along with Wilson in the Versailles negotiations?
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Bernard Baruch
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Which of the following was NOT included in Wilson’s Fourteen Points?
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reparations from those guilty of starting the war
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Which of the following nations was NOT represented at the Paris Peace Conference?
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Russia
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Both the Palmer Raids and the Sacco and Vanzetti case may be cited as evidence in the aftermath of World War I of the depth of feeling in America agains
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radicalism.
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In the first few years after World War I, relations between blacks and whites in America were generally characterized by
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extreme resentment, race riots, and numerous lynchings.

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