HFT 2500 Final Exam Review
A company’s _______________ is the set of benefits or values it promises to deliver to consumers to satisfy their needs.
Building strong economic and social ties with customers by delivering high-quality products and services is the foundation of:
The most basic concept underlying marketing is that of:
Instead of simply being defined as “freedom from defects,” QUALITY should be defined:
In terms of customer satisfaction
The production concept holds that consumers will favor products that are __________ and highly ____________, and therefore management should focus on production and distribution efficiency.
When backed by buying power, wants become:
The social and managerial process by which individuals and groups obtain what they need through creating and exchanging products and value with others is called:
____________ are highly loyal but not very profitable.
T or F: During recessions or oil shortages, people rarely travel.
A casino employee’s uniform and a restaurant’s fancy front lobby are a means of:
Tangibilizing the service
T or F: The three services of marketing are: internal, external, and interactive.
Because services are characterized by the issue of inseparability, service providers often will have to:
Train the customers
T or F: Most restaurant kitchens would be considered examples of invisible organizations.
Which of the following is NOT a link in the service-product chain?
Increasingly intangible services
Service marketing requires both internal marketing and ______________ marketing.
____________ form(s) when capacity exceeds demand and guests are willing to wait.
The fact that a business traveler will have a very positive check-in experience during one stay at a hotel and then a very negative check-in experience the next time is an issue related to which service characteristic?
T or F: When a market’s annual growth rate falls below 10 percent, a star will become a dog if it still has the largest market share.
T or F: A company’s mission statement should provide direction for the company for no more than five years at a time.
The example of the Las Vegas Hilton’s change in strategic focus underscores how companies are increasingly refocusing their attention on the need to manage ________ instead of departments.
“Project RED” was the name given to the long-term strategy of which restaurant chain?
Studies have shown that a well-crafted mission statement aids a firm’s performance, as the mission statement serves as a statement of:
_________________ is the marketing logic by which the company hopes to create customer value and achieve profitable relationships.
T or F: A critical and sometimes overlooked stakeholder group is that of owners of hotels managed by a hotel management company.
The process of dividing a market into distinct groups of buyers who have different needs, characteristics, or behavior and might require separate products or marketing programs is called _______________________.
Most large companies consist of four organizational levels: corporate, division, business unit, and:
Market definitions of a business are ___________ to product definitions.
The most powerful approach to integrated direct marketing is:
Multiple vehicle; Multiple stage
A central repository of an organization’s customer information is known as:
T or F: Pop-up ads are the Internet version of word-of-mouth marketing that are so infectious that customers will want to pass them along to friends.
The most basic type of website is the:
The buying or selling process that is supported by electronic means is known as:
T or F: One problem with database management is that a company may have a number of databases that do not talk to each other.
Choose the best option: Effective direct marketing begins with a good _________________.
T or F: Online marketing is not a growth area of direct marketing.
In periods of low demand, companies can use direct marketing to target _________ customers and produce quick results.
T or F: Interstitials are online display ads that appear between screen changes on a website.
Two forces that affect the competition are the ability of companies to ______ and _____ markets.
T or F: Marketing services agencies include banks and credit companies that help hospitality companies finance their transactions.
A ____________ is any group that has an actual or potential interest in or impact on an organization’s ability to achieve its objectives.
T or F: Existing laws concerning marketing abuses are often difficult to enforce.
The restaurant industry is characterized by a ______________ barrier to entry.
The hotel industry characteristically has a _______________ barrier to exit.
The hotel industry in general has a _______________ barrier to entry.
The most dramatic force shaping our destiny is:
_______________ is the study of human populations in terms of size, density, location, age, gender, race, occupation, and other statistics.
Which of the following is not an example of a marketing intermediary?
Next-day delivery providers
T or F: Status is the general esteem given to someone fulfilling his/her role in society.
T or F: People are more likely to notice stimuli that they did not anticipate than those they did anticipate.
The stages through which families pass as they grow older are called:
Family life cycles
________________________ are the most affluent U.S. demographic segment.
T or F: The working class depends heavily on relatives for both economic and social support.
______________ describes a person’s relatively consistent evaluations, feelings, and tendencies toward an object or an idea.
In which of the following countries are men likely to kiss each other in greeting, and never kiss a woman in public?
People from which country are likely to expect promptness and prefer quick, unfriendly service over having a conversation with the service provider?
T or F: It is easy to change a person’s attitude by reasoning with them.
Which of the following does not comprise the U.S. Hispanic market?
Which is not a purpose of marketing in a customer-centered firm?
To maximize customer satisfaction
T or F: Actionability is the degree to which the segment’s size and purchasing power can be measured.
T or F: The use of CRM in the hospitality industry appears to be strong.
When analyzing the competition, a question put to customers might be “Name the company from whom you would prefer to buy the product.” In this case you are looking for:
Share of heart
According to Maslow, the most important need to be satisfied is:
Developing a good ______________ policy minimizes the chance of walking a guest.
T or F: A segment may have desirable size and growth and still not offer attractive profits.
The ________ environment includes institutions that affect society’s basic values, perceptions, preferences, and behaviors.
Companies that diversify too broadly into unfamiliar products or industries can ______ their market focus.
One of the biggest nonmonetary costs for hospitality customers is ___________.
T or F: In choosing among products, the guiding principle of most consumers is customer value-the most benefit for the price.
Which of the following is a psychographic segmentation variable?
T or F: The practical definition of a marketing manager is one of a person focused entirely on finding enough customers to buy the company’s current output.
T or F: It is no longer possible for one restaurant to sue another over the “trade dress” issue.
T or F: Critics of strategic alliances point out the high failure rate of such alliances, which is probably unfair, since short-term objectives may have been met
Buyer discomfort caused by postpurchase conflict is called:
T or F: Empowering employees in part means giving them the authority to tend to customer needs.
Which important consumer subculture’s annual buying power is $913 billion and is estimated to reach $1.2 trillion by 2013?
A ________ is a state of felt deprivation.
The “RED” in Project RED, in addition to referring to a color that is almost universally associated with a sense of urgency, stands for Revenue growth, Expense management, and optimum:
Deployment of capital
Which of the following is not a characteristic affecting consumer behavior?
Data mining is NOT used to determine which of the following?
The occupancy and ADR of a hotel
Overbooking is another method that hotels, restaurants, trains, and airlines use to match:
Demand with capacity
Which American social class comprises the largest part of the population?
To effectively use data mining and to be useful, the data stored in a database must be __________.
Online _____________ is perhaps the number-one e-commerce concern.
T or F: The process of marketers choosing to position their products based on specific product attributes can actually be dangerous.
Which of the following do not contribute to a company’s product differentiation efforts?
T or F: Bill Marriott would say that the first set of people you need to satisfy are your customers.
T or F: So long as a company sets high standards for service quality, it is not necessary to evaluate its actual performance.
T or F: “Quality” could be defined as the features and characteristics of a product that bear on its ability to satisfy customer needs.
T or F: A company starts the strategic planning process at the customer level by defining its values statement and mission.
At the Ritz-Carlton, each employee can spend up to __________to redress a guest grievance.
The sequence of integrated direct marketing technique is:
Paid ad with a response channel > Direct mail mechanism > Outbound telemarketing > Face-to-face sales calls
Studies have shown the best way to deal with service failure is to:
Give the unhappy customer timely information regarding the failure
A ________ is anything that can be offered to a market to satisfy a want or need.
A product’s ________ is the way the product is defined by consumers on important attributes.
T or F: A “typical” male or female does not exist.
Which of the following is NOT a form of direct marketing?
Marketing mix elements include all of the following EXCEPT:
Marketing Information Systems
The Internet now influences _____ percent of total retail sales.
T or F: To an economist, a market is all the buyers and sellers who transact for a good or service.
Which of the following is not a part of the buyer decision process?
T or F: In the United States, social class is something you are born into.
One of the outcomes of currency devaluations in a destination country such as Argentina is that the country ____________ as a destination of conventions and meetings.
Revenue management grew out of ___________ management, which was introduced in the 1980s.
The second-largest advertising media is:
Which of the following is NOT a way to measure direct marketing efforts?
____________ is the act of obtaining a desired object from someone by offering something in return.
“Unaware,” “Aware,” and “Informed” are three examples of which behavioristic segmentation variable?
Buyer readiness stage
“We are Ladies and Gentlemen serving Ladies and Gentlemen” is a motto for:
The degree to which segments can be assessed and served is the ____________ of the market segment.
Hospitality companies face the task of increasing three major marketing areas:
Service differentiation, service quality, and service productivity
Marketing by a service firm to effectively train and motivate its customer-contact employees and all the supporting service people to work as a team to provide customer satisfaction is called ___________________ marketing.
Offering consumers greater value either through lower prices or by providing more benefits that justify higher prices is called:
T or F: SRI’s VALS framework is one of many different psychographic segmentation systems available today.
T or F: Using an undifferentiated marketing strategy, a company ignores market segmentation differences and goes after the entire market with one market offer.
Today’s baby boomers spend about $______ trillion annually.
The first stage of the environmental scanning process is:
determining the areas that need to be monitored
A company may discover additional sources of ________________ by investigating possible integration moves.
T or F: To reduce uncertainty caused by service intangibility, buyers look for whatever tangible evidence they can find that will provide information about the service.
A _________________ stores the information that the company receives in a central repository of customer data.
The process of sourcing ideas by inviting broad communities of people is called:
In the joining phase of the customer delivery system:
The customer makes the initial inquiry contact
T or F: It is a commonly accepted fact that some products can avoid ever entering a decline phase.
The most important source of new product ideas is:
The stage of the new product development process where the number of new product ideas is reduced is called:
The services or goods that must be present for the guest to use the core product are called:
About ________ percent of new product ideas come from within the company.
T or F: The detachment phase occurs when a customer is through using a product or service and departs.
T or F: Facilitating products are services or goods that must be present for the guest to use the core product.
An internal marketing program requires a strong commitment from ________.
A system of values and beliefs in an organization that reinforces the idea that providing the customer with quality service is the principal concern of the business is called:
Which of the following would NOT be considered a moment of truth?
Guest pays bill by mail
T or F: In the hospitality industry, most marketing activity is carried out by employees within the marketing department.
A moment of truth occurs when employees and ________ have contact.
Full-service restaurants have an employee turnover rate of ______ percent for hourly employees.
Marketing by a service firm to effectively train and motivate its customer-contact employees and all the supporting service people to work as a team to provide customer satisfaction is called:
T or F: When pricing, creative judgment can be as important as technical expertise.
Pricing based on segmentation of the market and pricing differences based on price elasticity characteristics of these segments is called:
T or F: Going-rate pricing is an example of competition-based pricing.
Customers are more price-sensitive when the price of the product accounts for a large share of the total cost of the __________________.
Which of the following is NOT a factor affecting price sensitivity?
Customer satisfaction effect
The factor that sets the floor for a product’s price is:
The more someone spends on a product, the more _________________ he or she is to the product’s price.