Please enter something

Health Ch 12 Essay

question

A blood pressure reading of 130/86 would be classified as stage 2 hypertension. prehypertension. stage 1 hypertension. normal.
answer

prehypertension.
question

Which of the following factors contributes to about 30 percent of all cancer deaths? radiation family history alcohol use tobacco use
answer

tobacco use
question

Which of the following is NOT characteristic of melanoma? occurs most commonly on the face bleeds easily appears at the site of a preexisting mole invades surrounding tissue
answer

occurs most commonly on the face
question

Smoking is responsible for what percentage of lung cancer? 20 percent 35 percent 65 percent 90 percent
answer

90 percent
question

The most common cause of cancer death in the United States is lung cancer. breast cancer. colon and rectal cancer. prostate cancer.
answer

lung cancer.
question

Exercise alters blood fat levels by raising LDL levels. lowering HDL levels. raising HDL levels. lowering LDL levels.
answer

raising HDL levels.
question

The small blood vessels that deliver blood to and pick blood up from tissues are vascules. capillaries. arterioles. venules.
answer

capillaries
question

Which of the following is associated with metabolic syndrome? insulin resistance low triglycerides high HDL low blood pressure
answer

insulin resistance
question

The infection that puts women at risk for cervical cancer is strep throat. pneumonia. hepatitis. HPV.
answer

HPV.
question

Symptoms of a heart attack include headache. difficulty breathing. sore throat. low back pain.
answer

difficulty breathing
question

Lung cancer is difficult to cure at any stage. caused only by cigarette smoking. considered a sarcoma. easily detectable in early stages.
answer

difficult to cure at any stage.
question

A malignant tumor is different from a benign tumor in that a malignant tumor is capable of invading surrounding structures. less of a threat to the patient. enclosed in a membrane. dangerous only if it interferes with bodily functions.
answer

capable of invading surrounding structures.
question

Transient ischemic attacks produce permanent paralysis. are also known as “mini strokes.” can be cured with bed rest. usually occur after a major stroke.
answer

are also known as “mini strokes.”
question

hich of the following is a treatment for heart disease? angina pectoris electrocardiogram balloon angioplasty angiogram
answer

balloon angioplasty
question

Naturally occurring substances found in plant foods that help prevent chronic diseases are nitrosamines. anticarcinogens. phytochemicals. free radicals.
answer

phytochemicals
question

Which of the following does NOT raise triglyceride levels? excess body fat a low carbohydrate diet cigarette smoking physical inactivity
answer

a low carbohydrate diet
question

Risk factors for oral cancer include cigarette and cigar smoking. excess alcohol consumption. use of spit tobacco. all of these.
answer

all of these.
question

Lymphoma is cancer of the lymph nodes, part of the body’s infection-fighting system. connective and fibrous tissues. blood-forming cells. gastrointestinal tract.
answer

infection-fighting system
question

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in males. the second leading cause of cancer death in men. All of these choices are correct. influenced by diet and lifestyle.
answer

All of these choices are correct.
question

Damage to the heart muscle because of lack of blood supply is called ischemia. cardiac arrest. angina pectoris. myocardial infarction.
answer

myocardial infarction.
question

Ovarian cancers are usually found at an early stage. are detectable with Pap tests. are relatively rare but have a high death rate. decrease in incidence with age.
answer

are relatively rare but have a high death rate.
question

A wandering clot that causes a stroke is called a(n) embolus. thrombosis. hemorrhage. vascular accident.
answer

embolus.
question

Atherosclerosis probably contributes to hypertension by causing arteries to become narrower. affecting sodium balance in the body. influencing cholesterol levels. dilating arteries.
answer

causing arteries to become narrower
question

The most dangerous form of skin cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. dysplasia. basal cell carcinoma. melanoma.
answer

melanoma.
question

The portion of the circulatory system governed by the right side of the heart is ______ circulation. pulmonary cerebral systemic extremity
answer

pulmonary
question

The most common form of cancer in women is ____________ cancer; the most common cause of cancer death in women is ____________. breast; ovarian lung; colon and rectal cervical; colon breast; lung
answer

breast; lung
question

Which one of the following is a good source of phytochemicals? halibut broccoli lean portion of beef nonfat milk
answer

broccoli
question

Scraping cells from the cervix for examination to screen for cancerous changes is called curetting. a Pap test. an endometrial smear. a PSA test.
answer

a Pap test.
question

he large artery that receives blood from the left ventricle and distributes it to the rest of the body is called the pulmonary vein. pulmonary artery. aorta. vena cava.
answer

aorta.
question

What do obesity and alcohol use have in common that increases breast cancer risk? They raise LDL cholesterol. They increase estrogen levels in the blood. They slow the rate of cell growth. They increase glucose levels in the blood.
answer

They increase estrogen levels in the blood
question

Which of the following combinations would place someone at greatest risk for cardiovascular disease? low HDL and low LDL high HDL and high LDL high HDL and low LDL low HDL and high LDL
answer

low HDL and high LDL
question

A woman is more likely to develop breast cancer if she is obese. her diet is low in fat. her diet is high in vegetables. she had her first child before age 30.
answer

she is obese.
question

A test that measures the electrical activity of the heart is called a(n) echocardiogram. coronary arteriogram. electrocardiogram. electroencephalogram.
answer

electrocardiogram.
question

When a coronary artery becomes blocked, the result is arrhythmia. an obstructive embolism. a heart attack. angina.
answer

a heart attack.
question

When a patient who has been previously diagnosed with cancer no longer has symptoms or other evidence of that cancer, the patient is said to have metastasis. be in remission. be in an immune state. have a benign tumor.
answer

be in remission.
question

When the heart contracts, during the ______ phase, blood pressure increases; when the heart relaxes, during the ______ phase, blood pressure decreases. systole; diastole diastole; systole systemic; pulmonary pulmonary; systemic
answer

systole; diastole
question

A test that uses a computer to construct a picture of the brain using X ray images is an MRI scan. a CT scan. an angiogram. radionuclide imaging.
answer

a CT scan.
question

The two upper chambers of the heart in which blood collects before passing to the lower chambers are called diastoles. atria. ventricles. valves.
answer

atria.
question

All of the following groups are likely to experience a heart attack without chest pain EXCEPT people with diabetes. ethnic minorities. men. older adults.
answer

men.
question

Techniques for early detection of prostate cancer include a digital rectal exam and a CAT scan. surgery. a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. ultrasound of the bladder and urethra.
answer

a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test.