HDE 110 Chapter 2

question

Historians such as Aries and Demos argue that the concept of childhood as a distinct stage of life was not recognized prior to the 1700s primarily because: A. Families were trying to survive B. So many infants and toddlers died C. Families had so few children D. Families did not understand the needs of children
answer

Families did not understand the needs of children
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Contrary to what they considered to be today, children in colonial America were considered to be: A. Economic liabilities B. Burdens C. Economic assets D. Companions
answer

Burdens or economic assets
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Before the arrival of the Europeans, most Native Americans lived in: A. Small kinship groups B. Extended families similar to the European-American families C. Tribal societies based in lineages D. Husband/wife conjugal units
answer

Tribal societies based on lineages
question

A benefit that may have resulted from women’s restriction to the world of home in the 19th century, and which may have laid the groundwork for subsequent women’s social and political movements, was: A. The creation of a subculture of sisterhood B. The ability for women to set their own schedules C. Their knowledge of children and home D. Their isolation
answer

The creation of a subculture of sisterhood
question

One of the purposes for tracking lineages through either paternal OR maternal lineage was: A. To limit the number of people with whom one must share land and resources. B. To reduce the likelihood of genetic defects. C. To increase the number of potential marital partners. D. To provide a secure base for child development
answer

To limit the number of people with whom one must share land and resources
question

The most valued resource that many fathers possessed under the familial mode of production but did not possess under the labor market mode of production was: A. land. B. money. C. cattle. D. equipment.
answer

Land
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In the 19th century, The True Woman was A. Sexually experienced upon entering marriage. B. A hard worker. C. Spiritual, moral, and pure. D. Independently wealthy.
answer

Spiritual, moral, and pure
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The type of family that performed many public functions but was not primarily focused on private functions was the: A. African-American Family. B. 19th century American Family. C. Colonial Family D. The 1950s family.
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Colonial family
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The term \”stem family\” refers to a family which includes aging parent(s) and one adult child who lives with them in the same household. A. True B. False
answer

True
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One of the main characteristics of the 1950s family was: A. A large number of women employed outside home. B. A large number of childless and never-married women. C. Economic prosperity for middle- and working-class families. D. A large number of African-American families moving into the suburbs.
answer

Economic prosperity for middle- and working-class families
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The spread of industrial capitalism in the mid-1800s led to many social changes, including: A. More children being born in an average family B. Husbands’ increased contribution to the household chores C. Separate spheres for men and women D. Transition to an increased familial mode of production
answer

Separate spheres for men and women
question

In the United States, levels of lifetime childlessness were higher for women who reached their peak childbearing years in the …………than in any other generation of women in the 20th century. A. 1960s B. 1950s C. 1930s D. 1990s
answer

1930s
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The primary job open to African-American women prior to the 1960s was: A. File clerk B. Domestic servant C. Personal assistant D. School teacher
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Domestic servant
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During the Great Depression, there were many young and middle-aged women who never gave birth to a child. A. True B. False
answer

True
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In the United States today, families have become primarily ______, whereas they were primarily _____ in previous generations. A. professional; managerial B. public; private C. other-directed; self-centered D. consumers; producers
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Consumers; producers
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The transition from familial to labor market mode of production eroded the authority of fathers over their children. A. True B. False
answer

True
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Working-class families in post-revolution America were least likely to fit or aspire to the breadwinner-homemaker model of the white middle class for the simple reason that they: A. were such a small minority of families. B. could not afford to do so. C. had been raised with a different work ethic. D. weren’t interested
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Could not afford to do so
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Middle-class women at the end on the 19th and on the beginning of the 20th century were frequently employed outside home. A. True B. False
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false
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Child-centered families are more a feature of contemporary family life in the United States that they were of colonial America. A. True B. False
answer

True
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US women of the 2000s are marrying at an earlier age (for their first marriage) than U.S. women in previous generations. A. True B False
answer

False

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