Government Test Study Guide

question

Articles of Confederation
answer

America’s First Constitution; under this the states had all the power
question

US Constitution
answer

US’ Current formal plan of government
question

constitution
answer

formal plan of government that sets rules and laws
question

Philadelphia
answer

Where the Constitutional Convention was held
question

55
answer

the number of delegates that attended the Constitutional Convention
question

George Washington
answer

President of the Constitutional Convention
question

James Madison
answer

Father of the Constitution
question

Virginia Plan
answer

Said that the # of representatives in Congress should be based on population
question

New Jersey Plan
answer

Said that the # of representatives in Congress should be equal for each state
question

Great Compromise
answer

Suggested by Roger Sherman; said that a bicameral Congress should be created with the House being based on population and the Senate having an equal number
question

3/5 Compromise
answer

Said that for every 5 slaves, 3 could be counted as part of the South’s population
question

Bicameral Legislature
answer

A 2-house legislature; Congress is an example
question

Legislative Branch
answer

Main job is to make laws
question

Executive Branch
answer

Main job is to enfore/execute laws
question

Judicial Branch
answer

Main job is to interpret laws
question

Federalists
answer

Those that supported a new Constitution; did not like the Articles of Confederation; made up of wealthy men
question

Anti-Federalists
answer

Those that still supported the Articles of Confederation because they believed it should be fixed, rather than redone; made up of poorer farmers
question

Governor
answer

Leader of the Executive Branch in NC
question

General Assembly
answer

Leader(s) of the Legislative Branch in NC
question

NC Supreme Court
answer

Leader(s) of the Judicial Branch in NC
question

UNC
answer

First university in NC
question

Raleigh
answer

Where NC’s capital was moved to because New Bern was too close to the coast
question

new bern
answer

This capital was too close to the coast and not in a centralized location
question

Popular Sovereignty
answer

People are the source of the government’s power; one of the 7 principles of the Constitution
question

Republicanism
answer

A system of government where people elect their representatives
question

Federalism
answer

Principle that says powers are shared between the state and Federal governments
question

Bill of Rights
answer

NC and other states demanded that this be added to the Constitution before they would ratify it
question

Checks and Balances
answer

This system of our government prevents any one branch of government from becoming too powerful
question

35 years old
answer

how old someone must be to run for president
question

citizen
answer

To run for president, you must be a natural born ________________
question

14 years
answer

How long you must be a resident of the US to run for president
question

Congress
answer

Leader of the Legislative Branch for the US
question

President
answer

Leader of the Executive Branch for the US
question

US Supreme Court
answer

Leader of the Judicial Branch for the US
question

4
answer

# of years that a president serves in one term
question

Life
answer

How long Supreme Court judges serve
question

2
answer

# of years that the House serves in one term
question

6
answer

# of years that the Senate serves in one term
question

President
answer

This person appoints Supreme Court Judges
question

Senate
answer

This group approves Supreme Court judges that have been appointed
question

republic
answer

a government in which citizens rule through elected officials
question

ordinance
answer

a law or regulation
question

Enumerated Powers
answer

Powers that belong to Federal government only; this is one of the 4 major powers
question

manumission
answer

the freeing of some enslaved person
question

Implied Powers
answer

Powers that are not specifically defined in the Constitution; this is one of the 4 major powers
question

compromise
answer

an agreement between 2 or more sides in which each side gives up some of what it wants
question

articles
answer

a part of a document that deals with a single subject
question

ratify
answer

to give official approval to
question

amendment
answer

an additional to a formal document such as the Constitution
question

Concurrent Powers
answer

Powers that are shared by the Federal and State governments; this is one of the 4 major powers
question

Reserved Powers
answer

Powers that belong only to the State Governments; this is one of the 4 major powers
question

Domestic Tranquility
answer

Part of the preamable that means to keep peace at home and amongst the people
question

General Welfare
answer

Part of the preamable that means the well-being of the people
question

Blessings of Liberty
answer

Part of the preamable that means basic rights and freedoms of citizens
question

Posterity
answer

Part of the preamable that means future generations
question

Voting
answer

The most important responsibility of American Citizens
question

Duties
answer

Serving as a witness and serving on a jury are considered ____________ of all US citizens because it is required.
question

Limited Government
answer

Principle of the Constitution that states the government is limited by listing powers it does and does not have.
question

1st Amendment
answer

Freedom of Speech, Religion, Press, Assembly, and Petition
question

2nd Amendment
answer

Right to Bear Arms
question

3rd Amendment
answer

No Quartering of Troops
question

4th Amendment
answer

No illegal search and seizure
question

5th Amendment
answer

Due Process of Law, Plead the 5th, Miranda Rights, No double jeopardy
question

6th Amendment
answer

Right to a speedy trial, right to a lawyer
question

7th Amendment
answer

Right to a jury trial in civil cases where someone is being sued for more than $20
question

8th Amendment
answer

No cruel and unusual punishment; no excessive bail
question

9th Amendment
answer

Not all powers are mentioned in the Constitution; this one covers the little things like wearing glasses, having a family, etc.
question

10th Amendment
answer

Amendment that says some powers have been reserved for the States (marriage/divorce laws, driving laws, etc.)
question

Common Defense
answer

Part of the Preamble that means we will have military (army) to protect us
question

25
answer

How old someone must be to run for the US House of Representatives
question

30
answer

How old someone must be to run for the US Senate
question

Bill
answer

For a ________ to become a law, it must first go through both houses of the Senate, then be approved (or vetoed) by the president.
question

responsibilites
answer

These are things we SHOULD do as citizens, but are not required to. An example would be voting.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member