Government 4.08 Exam

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China, with most decision-making power concentrated into a few members of the Communist Party, is best described as a democracy autocracy oligarchy republic
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oligarchy
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Decision-making power in an autocracy is in the control of a single individual all of the residents all of the voting citizens a small group of people
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a single individual
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Map showing locations of petroleum refineries in the United States. © 2012 FLVS What type of public policy or regulation topic best relates to this map? biodiversity habitats water conservation fuel resources solar energy
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fuel resources
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Which of the following statements supports an election-based judicial selection system? Appointing judges protects them from basing judicial decisions on majority will over law. Appointing judges can appear corrupt as the executive seeks those with similar ideology. Election of judges is a characteristic in only a few democratic nations around the world. Election of judges can increase the role of special interest groups in the judicial branch.
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Appointing judges can appear corrupt as the executive seeks those with similar ideology.
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Those who favor election of judges to their positions believe it leads to higher-quality judicial decisions because the judges are not pressured by the views of the public forces judges to interpret law in the best interests of the people rather than those of certain politicians allows for more time to conduct judicial review and more detailed opinions on very important cases prevents judges from basing their judicial decisions on the will of the majority rather than the laws
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(Wrong Answer) allows for more time to conduct judicial review and more detailed opinions on very important cases
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Americans who say voters are capable of selecting the most qualified judges believe that the information needed to evaluate the candidates is insufficient and difficult for the public to access fact of an election taking place raises public awareness and discussion of the role of the judiciary public will rely on the ideology and platform of judicial candidates based on their prior decisions special interest groups play a key role in assisting voters to choose among judicial candidates
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fact of an election taking place raises public awareness and discussion of the role of the judiciary
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The Freedom in the World democracy indicator shows that Africa has more free countries than South America South America has more free countries than North America Asia has more free countries than South America Europe has more free countries than Asia
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Europe has more free countries than Asia
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The Freedom in the World democracy indicator shows that most countries in Europe are free Asia are free North America are partly free South American are party free
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Europe are free
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The Supreme Court interpreted the Fifth Amendment in Gideon v. Wainwright to mean that accused people have a right to be informed of their rights Gideon v. Wainwright to mean states must pay for counsel if the defendant cannot afford it Miranda v. Arizona to mean states must pay for counsel if the defendant cannot afford it Miranda v. Arizona to mean that accused people have a right to be informed of their rights
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Miranda v. Arizona to mean that accused people have a right to be informed of their rights
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The significance of the Texas v. Johnson case is that it extended the right of free speech to cover flag burning of privacy to passengers in vehicles to have a lawyer during a hearing to vote to low-income citizens
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of free speech to cover flag burning
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The Supreme Court extended the right of privacy implied by the 14th Amendment to include a woman’s right to vote in all state and federal elections, through the case Mapp v. Ohio vote in all state and federal elections, through the case Roe v. Wade have an abortion, with restrictions, through the case Mapp v. Ohio have an abortion, with restrictions, through the case Roe v. Wade
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have an abortion, with restrictions, through the case Roe v. Wade
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The 13th to 15th amendments of the U.S. Constitution extended citizenship and voting rights to former slaves extended citizenship and voting rights to female citizens restricted citizenship and voting rights of former slaves restricted citizenship and voting rights of female citizens
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extended citizenship and voting rights to former slaves
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Interpreting the phrase \”We the People\” in the Preamble to the Constitution to mean only legal citizens explains the need for the 14th amendment only legal citizens explains the need for the 19th amendment all of the people explains the need for the 14th amendment all of the people explains the need for the 19th amendment
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only legal citizens explains the need for the 14th amendment
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Justices on the U.S. Supreme Court have four-year terms are elected by voters receive no income may serve for life
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may serve for life
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Most legal disputes are resolved in local trial courts courts of appeals state supreme courts federal district courts
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local trial courts
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\”[The Constitution] intended to endure for ages to come, and consequently, to be adapted to the various crises of human affairs.\”—Chief Justice John Marshall The quote above supports the Supreme Court’s authority in judicial review refutes the Supreme Court’s authority in judicial review supports the president’s authority in judicial review refutes the president’s authority in judicial review
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supports the Supreme Court’s authority in judicial review
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When the U.S. Supreme Court rules on a constitutional issue, the state governments whose statutes conflict with the decision must amend their laws legislative branch can edit the law involved before the court rules it unconstitutional executive branch can order a review of the case and evidence by the legislative branch decision is final unless overturned by a constitutional amendment or new court decision
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(Wrong Answer) state governments whose statutes conflict with the decision must amend their laws
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Which of the following statements about judicial review is true? Early leaders like Alexander Hamilton expected the Supreme Court to have the power of judicial review, as evidenced through Hamilton’s words in the Federalist Papers. The Framers of the Constitution never intended the federal court system to have the power of judicial review, as they believed it was a power reserved for the states. The Constitution does not include the idea of judicial review because it was not a concept considered or understood by early leaders of American government. Early leaders like James Madison said it was not a necessary power of the Supreme Court because the states already were using this power.
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Early leaders like Alexander Hamilton expected the Supreme Court to have the power of judicial review, as evidenced through Hamilton’s words in the Federalist Papers.
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According to the United Nations and other international organizations, all of the following regions have high rates of deforestation. Based on this map, which region would you expect environmental policy leaders to target for the most critical anti-deforestation efforts? Central Africa South America Europe Middle East
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Middle East
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Based on this map, which of the following countries is a top producer of oil? Albania Australia Saudi Arabia South Africa
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Saudi Arabia
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Critics who point out the presence of U.S. troops in various places around the world claim the nation’s foreign policy most reflects diplomacy democracy imperialism isolationism
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imperialism
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People who see the United States as acting as the \”World’s Police\” focus on U.S. policies that reflect isolationism imperialism interventionism internationalism
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interventionism
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Which of the following foreign policy positions describes sending military to a conflict area in an attempt to resolve the situation? imperialism isolationism interventionism internationalism
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interventionism
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\”The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.\” Which of the following reflects the source and impact of this quote? The 24th amendment allows charging voters a fee to help pay for elections, which has caused a decrease in voter turnout over time as many people cannot afford to pay the charges. The 26th amendment allows charging voters a fee to help pay for elections, which has caused a decrease in voter turnout over time as many people cannot afford to pay the charges. The 24th amendment prevents disenfranchisement of low-income voters by banning any state from allowing its voter locations to charge voters a fee in order to cast a ballot. The 26th amendment prevents disenfranchisement of low-income voters by banning any state from allowing its voter locations to charge voters a fee in order to cast a ballot.
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The 24th amendment prevents disenfranchisement of low-income voters by banning any state from allowing its voter locations to charge voters a fee in order to cast a ballot.
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Sarah and Joe are arrested for allegedly stealing computer equipment. Which of the following is correct? The trial would only begin and end in the state court system in the state where the crime is alleged to have happened. The trial would begin in a state-level appellate court and go to the federal court of appeal if the verdict is challenged. The trial would begin in a state-level court of original jurisdiction and go to a state appellate court if either side appeals the case. The trial would begin in a U.S. District Court for the circuit and go to the U.S. Supreme Court if either party challenges the verdict.
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The trial would begin in a state-level court of original jurisdiction and go to a state appellate court if either side appeals the case.
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A person living in Hawaii who is convicted of assault and battery in a trial court may appeal the decision to a state-level court of last resort a state-level appellate court the U.S. Supreme Court the U.S. District Court
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a state-level appellate court
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Criminal trials for charges of murder and other serious crimes would be conducted in the state court system unless the charges involved multiple states, non-citizen immigrants, or a foreign ambassador state court system unless the investigation of the case involved the highest executive agencies in the state federal court system unless the investigation of the case required a majority of state resources federal court system unless the charges were limited to actions that violated state laws
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state court system unless the charges involved multiple states, non-citizen immigrants, or a foreign ambassador
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Which of the following statements is true? The Charter of the United Nations applies only to people living or held within U.S. territory. The Geneva Conventions and Protocols applies only to people living or held within U.S. territory. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights describes human rights of all people around the world. The Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution describes the human rights of all people around the world.
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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights describes human rights of all people around the world.
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The origin of the term \”genocide\” and international laws to prevent it followed World War I World War II War on Terror Korean War
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World War II
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\”We did not act quickly enough after the killing began. We should not have allowed the refugee camps to become safe havens for the killers. We did not immediately call these crimes by their rightful name—genocide.\”—President Bill Clinton Which of the following geographic areas of people was President Clinton giving a speech to when he made these remarks? Armenia Rwanda Bosnia Iraq
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Rwanda

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