Gov unit 3

Flashcard maker : Daniel Thompson
Political Ideology
the coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of gov held by groups and individuals
Conservative
on who believes that a gov is best that governs least and that big gov should not infringe on individual, personal and economic rights
Social Conservative
one who believes that traditional moral teachings should be supported and furthered by the gov
Liberal
one who favors governmental involvement in the economy and in the provision of social services and who takes an activist role in protecting the rights of women, the elderly, minorities, and the environment
moderate
a person who takes a relatively centrist or middle of the road view on most political issues
Libertarian
one who believes in limited gov and no gov interference in political liberties
\”Dewey Defeats Truman\”
many polling industry’s in the 1948 election thought that Dewey would beat Truman in the election, but they were wrong
Entrance polls
polls taken as voters are entering the place where the election is taking place
exit polls
polls conducted as voters leave the selected polling places on election day
George gallup
he was a professor at the U of I who wrote a dissertation about the election and got it right
internet polls
there are scientific polls like the ones created by John Zogby, these kind of polls are usually effective. Then there’s unscientific web polls that allow anyone to weigh in on a topic. these are like straw polls which usually come out inconclusive
literary digest
a magazine that used to predict the outcome of presidential polls until they made a mistake in the [asks shutt] election and over polled the rich white male population
margin of error
a measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll
mass media
media can either be tv, radio, magazines, internet etc and they are becoming more and more popular to provide info and input over presidential elections, but sometimes the info coming from these sources isn’t always true and can sometimes be biased
NES
national election studies have funded recent public opinion researches. these surveys focus on the political attitudes and the behavior of the electorate, and they include ?s about how respondents voted. include ?s about interest in politics and political participation
political socialization
the process through which individuals acquire their political beliefs and values
public opinon
what the public thinks about a particular issue or setoff issues at any point in time
public opinion polls
interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used to estimate the feelings and beliefs of the entire population
push polls
polls taken for the purpose of providing info on an opponent that would lead respondents to vote against that candidate. these are questions that ‘go over the line’ and are results of interior motives. they are designed to give negative or false info about one candidate to push them away that candidate and towards the other
random sampling
a method of poll selections that gives each person the same chance of being selected
sample
a subset of the whole population selected to be questioned for the purposes of prediction or gauging opinion
stratified sampling
a variation of random sampling; the population is divided into subgroups and weighted based on demographic characteristics of the national population
straw polls
unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety of issues and policies
tracking polls
continuous surveys that enable a campaign or news organization to chart a candidates daily rise or fall in support
VNS
voter news serve is a conglomerate organization that provided the major networks twitch their exit poll data
political party
an organized effort by office holders, candidates activists, and voters to pursue their common interests by gaining and exercising power through the electoral process
thomas jefferson
3rd pres of the us, democrat
abe lincoln
16th pres of the us, republican
FDR
32nd pres, democrat
political machine
a party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangible incentives and is characterized by a high degree of control over member activity
party realignment
dramatic shift in partisan preference that drastically alter the political landscape
critical election
an election tha signals a party realignment through voter polarization around new issues and personalities
secular realignment
the gradual rearrangement of party coalitions, based more on demographic shifts than on shocks to the political system
superdelegate
delegate to the democratic partys national convention that is reserved for a party official, whose vote at the convention is unpledged to an individual candidate
think tanks
institutional collections of policy-oriented researchers and academics who are sources of policy ideas
GOTV
get out the vote. a push at the end of a political campaign to encourage supporters to go to the polls. the last 72 hours
national party platform
a statement of the general and specific philosophy and policy goals of a political party, usually promulgated at the national convention
party identification
a citizen’s personal affinity for a political party, usually expressed by a tendency to vote for the candidates of that party
Proportional Representation
a voting system that apportions legislative seats according to the percentage of the vote won by a particular political party
minor party
the political party in each house of congress with the second most members
winner take all
an electoral system in which the party that receives at least one more vote than any other party, wins the election
dealignment
a general decline in party identification and loyalty in the electorate
electorate
citizens eligible to vote
conventional political participation
activism that attempts to influence the political process through commonly accepted forms of persuasion such as voting or letter writing (most common)
unconventional political participation
activism that attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing

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