Gov unit 3

question

Political Ideology
answer

the coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of gov held by groups and individuals
question

Conservative
answer

on who believes that a gov is best that governs least and that big gov should not infringe on individual, personal and economic rights
question

Social Conservative
answer

one who believes that traditional moral teachings should be supported and furthered by the gov
question

Liberal
answer

one who favors governmental involvement in the economy and in the provision of social services and who takes an activist role in protecting the rights of women, the elderly, minorities, and the environment
question

moderate
answer

a person who takes a relatively centrist or middle of the road view on most political issues
question

Libertarian
answer

one who believes in limited gov and no gov interference in political liberties
question

\”Dewey Defeats Truman\”
answer

many polling industry’s in the 1948 election thought that Dewey would beat Truman in the election, but they were wrong
question

Entrance polls
answer

polls taken as voters are entering the place where the election is taking place
question

exit polls
answer

polls conducted as voters leave the selected polling places on election day
question

George gallup
answer

he was a professor at the U of I who wrote a dissertation about the election and got it right
question

internet polls
answer

there are scientific polls like the ones created by John Zogby, these kind of polls are usually effective. Then there’s unscientific web polls that allow anyone to weigh in on a topic. these are like straw polls which usually come out inconclusive
question

literary digest
answer

a magazine that used to predict the outcome of presidential polls until they made a mistake in the [asks shutt] election and over polled the rich white male population
question

margin of error
answer

a measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll
question

mass media
answer

media can either be tv, radio, magazines, internet etc and they are becoming more and more popular to provide info and input over presidential elections, but sometimes the info coming from these sources isn’t always true and can sometimes be biased
question

NES
answer

national election studies have funded recent public opinion researches. these surveys focus on the political attitudes and the behavior of the electorate, and they include ?s about how respondents voted. include ?s about interest in politics and political participation
question

political socialization
answer

the process through which individuals acquire their political beliefs and values
question

public opinon
answer

what the public thinks about a particular issue or setoff issues at any point in time
question

public opinion polls
answer

interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used to estimate the feelings and beliefs of the entire population
question

push polls
answer

polls taken for the purpose of providing info on an opponent that would lead respondents to vote against that candidate. these are questions that ‘go over the line’ and are results of interior motives. they are designed to give negative or false info about one candidate to push them away that candidate and towards the other
question

random sampling
answer

a method of poll selections that gives each person the same chance of being selected
question

sample
answer

a subset of the whole population selected to be questioned for the purposes of prediction or gauging opinion
question

stratified sampling
answer

a variation of random sampling; the population is divided into subgroups and weighted based on demographic characteristics of the national population
question

straw polls
answer

unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety of issues and policies
question

tracking polls
answer

continuous surveys that enable a campaign or news organization to chart a candidates daily rise or fall in support
question

VNS
answer

voter news serve is a conglomerate organization that provided the major networks twitch their exit poll data
question

political party
answer

an organized effort by office holders, candidates activists, and voters to pursue their common interests by gaining and exercising power through the electoral process
question

thomas jefferson
answer

3rd pres of the us, democrat
question

abe lincoln
answer

16th pres of the us, republican
question

FDR
answer

32nd pres, democrat
question

political machine
answer

a party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangible incentives and is characterized by a high degree of control over member activity
question

party realignment
answer

dramatic shift in partisan preference that drastically alter the political landscape
question

critical election
answer

an election tha signals a party realignment through voter polarization around new issues and personalities
question

secular realignment
answer

the gradual rearrangement of party coalitions, based more on demographic shifts than on shocks to the political system
question

superdelegate
answer

delegate to the democratic partys national convention that is reserved for a party official, whose vote at the convention is unpledged to an individual candidate
question

think tanks
answer

institutional collections of policy-oriented researchers and academics who are sources of policy ideas
question

GOTV
answer

get out the vote. a push at the end of a political campaign to encourage supporters to go to the polls. the last 72 hours
question

national party platform
answer

a statement of the general and specific philosophy and policy goals of a political party, usually promulgated at the national convention
question

party identification
answer

a citizen’s personal affinity for a political party, usually expressed by a tendency to vote for the candidates of that party
question

Proportional Representation
answer

a voting system that apportions legislative seats according to the percentage of the vote won by a particular political party
question

minor party
answer

the political party in each house of congress with the second most members
question

winner take all
answer

an electoral system in which the party that receives at least one more vote than any other party, wins the election
question

dealignment
answer

a general decline in party identification and loyalty in the electorate
question

electorate
answer

citizens eligible to vote
question

conventional political participation
answer

activism that attempts to influence the political process through commonly accepted forms of persuasion such as voting or letter writing (most common)
question

unconventional political participation
answer

activism that attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member