GLY1880 Topic 9

question

The destruction of Herculaneum in Pompeii and surrounding villages was done over how long a period of time?
answer

24 hours
question

Deeper layers of ____ Mark inch interruptions older than the Vesuvius eruptions that buried Herculaneum and Pompeii.
answer

Pumice
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Collapse of the Vesuvius eruption column caused how many pyroclastic flows and surges down the south and west volcanic slopes?
answer

Six
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Most of the eruptions of Mount Vesuvius are of what eruptive style
answer

Plinian-Pellean
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Which buried city was explored and exploited for artifacts by tunnels long before open excavation began?
answer

Herculaneum
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Which city was buried my deeply, Herculaneum or Pompeii?
answer

Herculaneum
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True or false: Pyroclastic flows into the Bay of Naples caused at least one tsunami.
answer

True
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Herculaneum and Pompeii were both buried by:
answer

Pyroclastic flows/surges
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True or false: Herculaneum and Pompeii are now on the coast but were several miles inland at the time of Vesuvius’s eruption.
answer

False
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What volcanic areas are also associated with the Italian volcanic arc?
answer

Vulcano, Mt. Etna, Stromboli, and Campei Phlegrei
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A sliver of this tectonic plate is subducting under Italy:
answer

African
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The pyroclastic surges of Vesuvius raced down slope at 100 to 300 km/hr and with a temperature over 100 degrees C (212 degrees F)
answer

True
question

This volcanic area in Naples is home to 200,000 people experiences significant vertical movement from magma causing ground swelling and contraction:
answer

Phlegraean Fields
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Interruption of Mount Vesuvius buried Pompeii and Herculaneum in the year of:
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79 AD
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The eyewitness to the Vesuvius eruption described the eruption column as looking like:
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An umbrella pine
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An even larger eruption of the Vesuvius occurred in about 1780 BC and has been named the:
answer

Avellino eruption
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True or false: Animals killed by \”tainted air\”, less than 20 years prior to the burial of Herculaneum and Pompeii, probably were killed by gaseous emissions from fumaroles.
answer

True
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What is the name of the subduction zone along the Adriatic margin of Italy?
answer

Calabrian subduction zone
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A detailed account of the Vesuvius eruption was made by:
answer

Pliny the Younger
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True or false: Naples is not among the top 10 largest population centers threatened by a volcanic hazard?
answer

False
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What very large metropolitan city is only a short distance from the Mount Vesuvius?
answer

Naples
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The largest pyroclastic surge from Vesuvius reached all the way to:
answer

Misenum across the Bay of Naples
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The most voluminous rock constituent of Vesuvius pyroclastic flows is:
answer

Pumice
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True or false: Mount Vesuvius is considered an active volcano.
answer

True
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Mount Vesuvius occupies this historic region of Italy:
answer

The Campanian Plain
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What was the name of the commander of the Roman fleet at Misenum who died on a rescue mission to Stabiae near Pompeii?
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Pliny the Elder
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Some buildings in Pompeii exhibit evidence of _____ damage from 63 A.D. that was not yet repaired when the Vesuvius eruption occurred.
answer

Earthquake
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True or false: the Italian government supports a Volcano Observatory to monitor Vesuvius and has mapped volcanic hazards in the region.
answer

False
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What types of artifacts have been found in Herculaneum and Pompeii?
answer

Intact building, casts of people, mosaics, and sculpture
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Which city was hit first by Vesuvius pyroclastic flows?
answer

Herculaneum

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