General Psychology chapter 8 & 9

question

Which of the following is not a reason people obey an authority figure even when doing so goes against their values
answer

They want to be polite
question

A state of tension that occurs when a person simultaneously holds two cognitions that are psychologically inconsistent
answer

Cognitive dissonance
question

Culture is defined as a program of shared __________ that govern the behavior of people in a society as well as a set of shared values and beliefs
answer

rules or norms
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_________ is a tendency for all people on a team or a mission together to agree with each other and suppress any dissension among their ranks
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Groupthink
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___________ reflects a behavioral expression of prejudice, a reluctance to get close to another group
answer

Social distance
question

In the Stanford prison study, what was it that caused the guards to treat the prisoners harshly
answer

Social context
question

Which of the following is not a type of error that is commonly made in explaining the causes of our own or other’s behavior
answer

diffusion of responsibility
question

Which 2 effects are common influences on how we come to believe the things we believe
answer

familiarity and validity
question

What is the most common explanation of bystander apathy
answer

diffusion of responsibility
question

The origins of prejudice suggests that
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it is a universal human experience
question

A __________ is a unit of meaning made up of concepts that expresses a unitary idea
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proposition
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Informal reasoning involves
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dialectial reasoning
question

In the _________ stages, people understand that some things can never be known with certainty and some judgements are more valid than others
answer

reflective
question

__________ is the tendency for people to pay attention only to evidence that supports their beliefs
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Confirmation bias
question

Which of the following is not a component of the triarchic theory of intelligence
answer

experiential intelligence
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Tacit knowledge involves practical, action-oriented strategies for achieving goals that are not usually formally taught. They are an aspect of
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contextual intelligence
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_____________ is the knowledge or awareness of one’s own cognitive processes
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Metacognition
question

Which of the following statements about the difference between formal and informal reasoning is correct
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Formal reasoning uses algorithms rather than heuristics
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__________ is the tendency to try to solve new problems by using the same heuristics, strategies, and rules that worked in the past on similar problems
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Mental set
question

To qualify as a language, a communication system must meet all of the following criteria except
answer

metacognition

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