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General Psychology Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders

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Abnormal Behavior
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Deviant, maladaptive, or personally distressful over a relatively long period of time
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Deviant
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Outside of the realm of normalcy
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Maladaptive
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Interferes with a person’s daily life and schedule; interferes with person’s ability to progress
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DSM-IV; DSM-V(2013)
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Major classification of psychological disorder in the US
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Anxiety Disorders
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Involve fears that are uncontrollable, disproportionate to the actual danger the person might be in, disruptive of ordinary life; Generalized anxiety disorder, Panic Disorder, Phobic disorder, obsessive Compulsive
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder
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Persistent for at least 6 months
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Panic Disorder
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recurrent, sudden onset of intense terror, no warning/ no cause
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Phobic Disorder
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persistent fear of particular object of situation
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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
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Anxiety provoking thoughts or behaviors that will not dissipate, urges to perform ritualistic of repetative behavior
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
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Develops through exposure to a traumatic event and overwhelms ability to cope
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Mood Disorders
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Depression/ Dystemic Depressive Disorder; Bipolar Disorder
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Depression
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2 weeks More prevalent in females
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Dystemic Depressive Disorder
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chronic form of depression
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Bipolar Disorder
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Extremes in mood swings, from depressed to manic, many episodes, 50/50 chance based on gender
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Eating Disorders
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Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge-Eating Disorder
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Anorexia Nervosa
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Unhealthy fear of being overweight, starving themselves, weight requirement of diagnosis is 85% of suggested weight, distorted body image
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Bulimia Nervosa
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Binge and Purge, eating lots of food and then feeling guilty and purging, dehydration, bad breath, late adolescence, eating everything in sight
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Dissociative Disorder
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Amnesia and Fugues, Dissociative identity disorder/ multiple personality disorder
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Amnesia
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Sudden loss of memory, complete loss of an event or information
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Fugues
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Development of amnesia and development of a different personality; Identity may return after a period of time
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Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)
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Shifts in personality occur due to stress, at least two personalities, usually one controls all.
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Schizophrenia
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Individuals who have highly disorganized thoughts, diagnosed around 18-25, genetic component to it, most prevalent symptom is hearing voices.
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Borderline Personality Disorder
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Also considered to be psychotic, sociopaths, serial killers, scattered thinking, prone to anger, no feeling, children who kill animals, destroy dolls