French Revolution Sect. 1 & 2

question

what were the three social classes in France called under the Ancien Regime?
answer

The three estates
question

First Estate
answer

Clergy
question

Second Estate
answer

nobility
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Third Estate
answer

98 percent/majority of population
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Why were urban workers discontented?
answer

resented their social betters because while they struggled to put food on the table, the first and second estates and the bourgeoisie had money to spend lavishly
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Five Reasons France Suffered Financial Crisis
answer

Deficit spending, public work projects(building of The Palace of Versailles and building of canals), American Revolution, Seven Years war, and poor harvest.
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Why did Louis XVI finally agree to summon the Estates General?
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France was almost bankrupt and riots were breaking out
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Why did they get rid of Necker?
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He wanted fairness amongst all the estates and because of this was seen as too sympathetic to get the job done
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Who took the Tennis Court Oath and what did they vow?
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The delegates took the oath and vowed to never separate and to keep meeting until a sound and just constitution was created
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What was the storming of the Bastille?
answer

A mob of angry Parisians stormed the Bastille to steal muskets and gunpowder from Bastille because it was an armory and prison and used these weapons to fight back against the government
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How did supporters view the storming of Bastille?
answer

Supporters viewed this as a: \”Blow against tyranny and a step towards freedom\”
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cahiers
answer

lists of grievances that Louis XVI asked all three estates to prepare
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National Assembly
answer

delegates of the third estate who banded together to draw up a constitution for France
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What name did the National Assembly change to?
answer

Legislative Assembly
question

Which event became a symbol of the French Revolution?
answer

The storming of the Bastille
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Marquis de Lafayette
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headed the national guard
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Where did the tricolor come from?
answer

came from the rioting and how a flag was created and the red and blue represented the first two estates and the white represented the separation between the two, the national guard wore them as badges
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How did the declaration of man come about and what did is stand for?
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Feudalism was eventually abolished because the delegates and the top estates were beginning to realize they needed real solutions to their problems and so the national assembly turned the equality of all citizens into a law the was part of the Declaration of Man
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The march of the women
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So many women were fed up with Marie Antoinette’s lavish spending that they decided to march against her and the king and they demanded that She and the King come back to Paris where they were imprisoned in the Tuileries Palace.
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Civil Constitution of the clergy
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ends papal authority over French Church
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Legislative Assembly and Constitution of 1791
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The constitution limits the monarchy and the legislative Assembly pick up the slack by making laws, collecting taxes and making war decisions
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émigrés
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nobles, clergy and others who had fled France and its revolutionary forces
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Sans-culottes
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working class men and women
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Jacobins
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a revolutionary political club made up of middle-class lawyers and intellectuals
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Who abolished feudalism?
answer

The National Assembly
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The women of Paris marched on Versailles for?
answer

Bread
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What did the Civil constitution of the clergy do?
answer

put the French Catholic Church under state control
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What did the Sans-Culottes and Jacobins want?
answer

a republic
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What challenged absolute rule?
answer

The enlightenment because people started speaking up for themselves and voicing their opinions and realized they didn’t want someone making all their decisions for them
question

What inspired the French Revolution?how?
answer

The American Revolution because the French supported America in their fight for freedom against Britain and this meant that they would send soldiers to fight with the Americans, when these soldiers came back they talked all about how wonderful freedom was in America which ruled a desire in the Parisians to try to fight for that freedom too

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