Florida Driving

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Bussiness District
An area where 50% or more of the land next to the road is used for businesses.
Cancellation
The act of declaringa a driver’s liscense void and terminated.
Endorsement
A special authorization which permits a person to drive certain types of vehicles, transport certain types of propery or transport a number of passengers.
Approach of Crossing
Get in the proper lane and look in each direction. Change gears smoothly and correctly
Observe Righ-of-Way
Allow pedestrians to cross, pull over and stop for emergency vehicles and do not enter an intersection where you will interfere with other traffic
Straigh-In-Parking
Park your vehicle inside the parking space straight-in. When properly parked, the vehicle should be centered inside the space with no part of the vehicle extending out in the traffic lane.
Parking on a Grade
This maneuver determines if you know how to park on a hill, with proper wheel placement.
Licenses cannot be renewed if…
You did not answer a summons which involved a traffic violation.
Your driver license is suspended, revoked, or cancelled.
Name Changes
You need to present original or certified copy of a government issued marriage certificate, divorce decree, or court order as well as having your name changed on your social security card.
Point System
Texting while Driving:
1st offense: No points
2nd offense: 3 if in a school zone, 6 if texting resulted in crash.
Unlawful speed- 15 MPH or less over speed limit: 3 Points
Unlawful speed-16 MPH or less over speed limit: 4 Points
Unlawful speed resulting in a crash: 6 Points
Leaving the scene of the crash resulting in property damage of more than $50: 6 Points
Reckless Driving: 4 Points
Moving violation resulting in crash, Passing a stopped school bus, Violation of traffic control: 4 Points
Driving during restricted hours, All other moving violations, Violation of curfew, Open container as an operator, Child restraint violation: 3 Points
Length of Suspension
12 points within a 12 month period: 30 Days
18 points within an 18 month period: 3 months
24 points within a 36 month period: 1 year
Penalties for DUI
1st offense: Fine $500-$1000
Community Service: 50 hours
Probation: Not more than 1 year
Imprisonment: No more than 6 months; wih BAL .15 or higer or minor in the vehicle, not more than 9 months
License Revocation: Min 180 days
DUI School: 12 hours
Ignition Interlock Device: Up to 6 continuous months
2nd offense: Fine $1000-$2000
Imprisonment: No more than 9 months
License Revocation 180 days to 5 years
DUI School: 21 hours.
Ignition Interlock Device: Up to 2 continuous years.
Implied Consent Law
You will be asked to take a blood test, a urine test, or a breath test if an officer thinks that you are under the influence of alcohol or drugs while driving.
The Financial Responsibility Law
This law requires owners and operator of motor vehicles to be financially responsible for damages and/or innuries they may cause to others when a motor vehicle crash happens.
The No-Fault Laww
This law requires owners of motor vehicles with four or more wheels that have been in the state for at least 90 consecutive or non-consecutive days during the past year to purchase a policy delivered or issued for delivery in this state. The min coverage is $10,000 of Personal Injury Protection
$10,000 of Property Damage Liability.
Traffic Crashes
1) Call the police
2) Remain calm
3)Attain vehicle, witness and driver information
Littering
You can be fined up to $500 or jailed up to 60 days.
Getting Ready to Drive
1) Adjust seat so you can reach all controls
2) Adjust the inside and outside rearview mirrors.
3)Lock all car doors
4)Put on your safety belts
%)Make sure your car is in park or neutral gear before starting the engine
Defensive Driving
1) Look for possible danger
2) Understand what can be done to prevent a crash
3)Act in time
Backing Up
Check behind your vehicle before you get in. Place your right arm on the back of the seat and trun around so that you can look directly through the rear window.
Avoiding Rear End Collisons
1) Check your break lights often
2) Know what is going on around you
3) Signal well in advance for turns, stops, and lane changes.
4) Drive with the flow of traffic
5)Keep at least three to four seconds following distance with an additional second for any unusual weather conditions
Florida “Standard” Speed Limits
Municipal Speed Areas: 30
Business or Residential Area:30
Rural Interstate: 70 (55)
Limited Access Highways: 70
All Other Roads and Highways: 55
Crossing Intersections
1) Look both ways
2) Drive at the slowest speed just before entering the intersection, not while crossing
3) Do not pass or change lanes
4) Be aware of vehicles behind you
Stop signs
If the vehicle has automatic transmission, check mirrors for traffic. Release the accelerator to allow the vehicle to slow. Move your foot to the brake pedal and press with steady pressure for a smooth stop.
If the vehicle has manual transmission repeat the steps above but when moving your foot to the brake pedal and pressing with a steady pressure, press the clutch pedal down and shift into first gear when stopped.
Open Intersections
You must yield right of way if:
A vehicle is already in the intersection.
You enter or cross a state highway from a secondary road
You enter a paved road form an unpaved road.
You plan to make a left trun and a vehicle is approaching from the opposite direction.
When two cars enter an open intersection at the same time, the driver on the left must yield to the driver on the right.
Roundabouts
Roundabouts slow vehicle speed, give drivers more time to judge and react to other vehicles or pedestrians. Drivers entering the roundabout must yield to traffic already in the circle and are directed in one way, counterclockwise direction. For multi-lane roundabouts, stay in the left lane to turn left and the right lane to turn right. Prior to exiting the roundabout, drivers must yield to pedestrians in the crosswalks.
Driveways
Drivers hsould yield to vehicles already on the main road and bicyclist and pedestrians on the sidewalk, shared use path or bike lanes.
Making Turns
1) Turn signals are required when changing lanes.
2) Look behind and to both sides to see where other vehicles are located before making your turn.
3)The correct lane for the right turn is the lane next to the right edge of the road way
4)On a two lane road with traffic in both directions an apporach for a left turn should be made in the part of the right half of the roadway nearest the center line
5)Give a turn signal for at least the last 100 ft
6)Slow down to a safe turning speed
7)Search over your shoulder before turing.
8) Always scan for pedestrians before starting a left turn. Only turn left when the path is clear of pedestrians, bicyclists and vehicles.
Turn About (Three Point Turn)
1) Move as far right as possible, check traffic, and signal a left turn.
2) Turn the steering wheel sharply to the left and move forward slowly. Stop at the cur, or edge of roadway.
3) Shift to reverse, turn your wheels sharply to the right, check traffic, and back your vehicle to the right curb, 0r edge of roadway.
*Never make a three point turn or a U-turn on a curve, a hill or when a sign indicates that making a U-turn is prohibited.
Hand Turn Signals
^_ : Right turn
/: Slow of stop
-: Left turn
Traffic Lanes
On a two lane highway, you are allowed to drive on the left half of the roadway when it is safe to pass and passing is allowed. Four or more lanes with two way traffic, drive in the righ lanes except when overtaking and passing. Left lanes are reserved for car pool vehicles, watch for diamond signs in the median. The center land of a three lane or a five lane highway is used only for turning left.
*If you see red reflectors facing you on the lane lines you are on the wrong side of the road*
Blind Spots
Blind spots are areas near the left and right rear corners of your vehicle that you cannot see in your rearview mirrors
Passing
1) Stay a safe distance
2)Check your blind spots
3) On a two lane road tap your horn or at night blink your headlights to let the other driver know you are passing
4)Give your signal before you move into the left lane
5)Do not return to the right side of the road until you can see the tires of the vehicle you passed in your rearview mirror
6)You must return to the right side of the road before coming within 200 ft of any vehicle coming from the opposite direction
7)Passing on the right is only legal when there are two or more lanes of traffic moving in the same direction or the vehicle you are passing is making a left turn. Pulling off the roadway to pass on the right is agains the law
Being Passed
The driver of the car being passed must not increase pseed until the pass in complete. Help other drivers pass you safely. Move to the right side of your lane to give them more room and a better view of the road ahead.
You Cannot Pass
Where ther is a solid yellow line painted on your side of the center line
On hills or curves
Within 100 ft of a bridge, viaduct, tunnel, or railroad crossing.
Following Distance
1) Watch when the rear of the vehicle ahead passes a sign, pole or any other stationary point.
2) Count the seconds it takes to you reach the same sign, pole, or any other stationary point.
*You need more distance to stop a vehicle on slippery roads.
Slow down to allow space in front of your vehicle when the vehicle behind wants to pass.
Keep more space in front of your vehicle when following motorcycles.
When following drivers whose view to the rear is blocked you should allow for an extra cushion of space so the vehicle can see you
Add more space in front of your vehicle when carrying a heavy load or pulling a trailer.
If your vehicle is being followed closely, you should allow for extra space. Slow down and keep to the right. Your vehicle will then be able to stop or steer effectively without begin hit from behind.
Stay at least 500 ft to the rear of an emergency equipement that is a min of 1o seconds at 30 MPH and a min of 6 sec at speeds of 60 MPH
Leave extra space in front of your vehicle for vehicles required to come to a stop at railroad crossings including transit buses and school buses and when stopped behind another vehicle on a hill or incline. *
Following Distance for Trucks
A truck of any vehicle towing another vehicle may not follow within 300 ft of another truck or vehicle towing a vehicle.
Parking
1)If there is a roadside shoulder, pull as far onto it as you can. You must not park more than one foot away.
2)Always park on the right side of the road
3)Set the parking brake and shift to park with an automatic or to reverse with a manual
4)Turn off engine and lock the vehicle.
5)Before you leave any parked position look over your shoulder to the rear to make sure the way is clear
Parking On Hills
1) Turn your wheels
2)Set the parking brake
3)Place automatic gear shift into park. Shift manual gears to reverse (downhill) or first (uphill)
4)Turn vehicle off.
*WHEELS*
*Downhill: Turn wheels to curb (//)
*Uphill with curb: Turn wheels away from curb ()
*Uphill without curb: Turn wheels to right (//)
No Parking Allowed
*On the roadway side of another parked vehicle
*On crosswalks
*On sidewalks
*In bicycle lanes
*In front of driveways
*Curbs painted yellow
*Within intersections
*Within 15 ft of a fire hydrant
*Within 20 ft of an intersection or entrance to a fire, ambulance, or rescue squad station.
*Within 50 ft of a railroad crossing
*Where parking spaces are not marked
*On any bridge or overpass
*Within 30 ft of a rural mail box
*Within 30 ft of any flashing signal
Entering an Expressway
1)On the entrance ramp, begin checking for an opening in traffic. Signal for your turn
2)As the ramp straightens into the acceleration lane, speed up. Try to adjust your speed so that you can move into the traffic when you reach the end of the acceleration lane.
3)Merge into traffic when you can do so safely. You must yield the right of way to traffic on the expressway,
Leaving and Expressway
1)Get into the exit lane
2)Signal your intenetion to leave the expressway by using your turn signal
3)Slow down.
Expressway Safety
*Drive in the right lane and pass on the left, if there are three lanes use the right lane for lower speed driving and the left of passing.
Night Driving
1)Use your headlights
2)Low beam headlamps are only effective for speeds up to 20-25 MPH
3)High beam headli8ghts can reveal objects up to a distance of at 450 ft and are most effective for speeds faster than 25 MPH
*Dont use high beam headlights within 500 ft of oncoming vehicles
*If you are behind ther vehicles use low beamws when you are within 300 hundred ft of the vehicle ahead.
*Drive slowly until your eyes adjust to the darkeness
*Dont look directly at oncoming headlights instead watch the right edge of your lane
*Drive as far to the right as you can if a vehicle with one light comes towards you
Reduced Visibility
You must turn on your low beam headlights when driving between sunset and sunrise
Fog or Smoke
1) Drive with lights on low beam
2) Slow down
3) Watch out for slow moving and parked vehicles
4)Turn off all distractions
5)Use wipers and defrosters liberally for max visibility
6)Use the right edge of the road or painted road markings as a guide
7)Be patient
8)Signal turns well in advance
Rain
Brakes often become wet after driving through deep water or driving in heavy rain. They may pull to one side of the other or they may not hold at all. If this happens slow down and gently push on the brake pedal until your brakes are working again.
Breakdowns
1)Park where the disabled car can be seen for 200 ft in each direction
2)Move the car so all four wheels are out of traffic lanes
3)Turn on emergency flashers
4)Get all passengers out
5)Raise the hood
Tire Blowout
1)Do not use braakes
2)Concentrate on steering
3)Slow down gradually
4)Brake softly when the car is under control
5)Pull completely off the pavement
Wet Brakes
Dry brakes by driving slowly in low gear and applying brakes
Right Wheels off Pavement
1)Take your foot off the gas pedal
2)Hold the wheel firmly and steer in a straight line
3)Break lightly
Jammed Gas Pedal
1)Tap the gas pedal with your foot
2)Try to pry the pedal up with the toe of your shoe
3)Shift into neutral
4)Turn off ignition
5)Use your brakes
Breake Failure
1)Pump the breake pedal hard and fast
2)Shift to lower gear
3)Apply parking brake slowly and make sure that you are holding down the release lever of button. This will prevent your rear wheels from locking and your car from skidding.
Skidding
1)Take your foot off the gas pedal
2)Do not use your brakes
3)Pump the brakes gently if you are about to hit something
Pedestrians
*Florida law requires that motorists give cyclists a min of three ft of clearance and reduce their speed
*Avoid using high beams when you see a cyclist approaching
*Avoid honking your horn
Motorcycles
*Look at least three times before pulling into an intersection
*Never attempt to share the lane with a motorcycle
*When your car is being passed by a motorcycle maintain you lane position and speed
*Motorcyclists often slow down by downshifting or rolling off the throttle thus not activating the brake lights
*Maintain a four second buffer zone
Public Transit
All drivers should yield the right of way to public transit buses traveling in the same direction which have signaled and are reentering the traffic flow
Following a Truck
*Avoid following too closely and postition your vehicle so the truck driver can see you through his mirrors
*When following a truck at night always dim your headlights.
Traffic Control Signs
Red: Come to a complete stop
Yellow: Stop if you can safely do so.
Green: Go but yield to pedestrians
Arrow Traffic Signals
Red Arrow: Come to a complete stop, do not turn
Yellow Arrow: Stop if you can
Flashing Left Yellow Arrow: Left turns are allowed. Yield to oncoming traffic and pedestrians
Flashing Right Yellow Arrow: Right turns are allowed.
Green Arrow: Go in direction of arrow
Flashing Signals
Red: Used at dangerous intersections
Yellow: Move forward with caution
Pedestrian Countdown
The countdown time period is based on walking speed and crossing distance
Ramp Signals
Used to control the rate of vehicles entering a freeway. The signals alternate between red and green and the driver must wait for the green before they can enter the freeway
Traffic Signs: Colors
Green: Guide, directional info
Red: Stop, do not enter
Blue: Motorist services guidance.
Orange: Construction and maintenance warning
Brown: Public recreation areas
Yellow: General warning and advisory
White: Regulatory
Black:Regulatory
Fluorescent Yellow Green:High emphasis warning of school, pedestrian, and bicycling activity.
Traffic Signs: Shapes
Octagon: Stop signs
Horizontal Rectangle: Guide signs
Triangle: Yield signs
Pennant: Advance warning of no passing zones
Diamond: Warn of existing or possible hazards on roadways
Vertical Rectangle: Regulatory signs
Pentagon: School advance and school crossing
Round: Railroad advance warning signs
Crossbuck:Railroad crossing
Four Way Stop Sign
Means there are four stop signs at this intersection
Yield
Slow down and give vehicles crossing your path the right of way
No Passing
This sign is placed on the left side of the road facing the driver
Warning
Narrow bridge: These signs warn you of special conditions of dangers ahead
School sign
You are near a school
School Crossing
Slow down and watch for children crossing the road
Begin School Zone
Do not exceed the school zone speed limit
Slippery When Wet
In wet weather drive slowly
Divided Highway Ahead
The highway ahead is divided into two one way roadways. Keep to the right.
Divided Highway Ends
The divided highway ends 350-500 ft ahead
Low Clearance
Do not enter if your car is taller than the height listed
Bicycle Crossing
Bikeway crosses ahead.
Merging Traffic
You are coming to a point where another traffic lane joins the one you are on.
Narrow Bridge
The bridge is wide enough to accomodate two lanes of traffic but with very little clearance
Soft Shoulder
The dirt on the side of the road is soft. Dont leave the pavement except in an emergency
One Lane Bridge
The bridge is wide enough for only one car at a time
Pavement Ends
The road surface ahead changes from a hard surfaced pavement to a low type surface or earth road
Right Curve
Slwo your speed and keep well to the left, the road will curve to the right.
Double Curve
The road will curve to the right and then to the left, slow your speed.
Winding Road
There are several curves ahead drive slowly.
Truck Crossing
Watch trucks
Cross Road
A road crosses the main highway ahead. Look to the left and right for other traffic.
Side Road
Another road enteres the highway from the direction shown. Watch for traffic from that direction
Sharp Right Turn
The road will make a sharp turn to the right. Slow your speed keep to the right and do not pass other vehicles
Reduction of Lanes
There will be fewer lanes ahead.
Advisory Speed Sign
The higheset safe speed you should travel around the curve ahead is 25 miles per hour.
Hill/Downgrade
Slow down and be ready to shift to lower gear to control speed and save brakes
Yield Ahead
Slow down and be prepared to stop at yield sign or adjust speed to traffic.
Traffic Signal Ahead
Slow down; poor visibility is likely
Stop Sign Ahead
Slow down and be ready to stop.
Two Way Traffic Ahead
The one way street or roadway ends
Animal Crossing
The animal pictured is common in this area. Caution.
Roundabout Circle
Warning sign, advance notice
Speed Reduction Sign
Advance notice to upcoming speed limit change.
Regulatory Information
A red circle with a slash means NO.
You Cant Go Straight
Divided Highway Ahead
Stay on the right side of the divider
Maximum Recommended Speed for Entrance or Exit
Slow down to whatever speed is shown
Diamond Shaped Marking
Restricted lane ahead, reserved for certain purposes or cars.
Center Lane Only
The center lane is shared for left turns in both directions of travel
Pavement Markings
White and yellow lines are used along pavement edges and between lanes to keep vehicles in line . These lines may be solid or broken, single or double.
Yellow Lane Lines
Yellow lines separate lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions. Single yellow lines may also mark the left edge of the pavement on divided highways and one way streets.
Broken Yellow Line
A broken yellow line separates lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions. Stay to the right of the line.
Double Yellow Lines: One Solid, One Broken
A solid yellow line to the right of a broken yellow center line means passing or crossing is projibited in that lane except when turning left. If the broken line is closer to you, you can cross the broken line.
Double Yellow Lines
Double solid yellow lines prohibit vehicles moving in either direction from crossing the lines
While Lane Lines
White lane lines separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction.
Broken White Line
A broken white line separates two lanes traveling in the same direction, you may cross this line when changing lanes
Solid White Line
Marks the right edge of the roadway
Double Solid White Line
A double solid white line separates two lanes of traffic going in the same directio. Crossing a double solid line is prohibited
Solid with Turn Lane Arrow
Arrows are often used with the white lines to show which turn may be made form the line

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