Florida Corrections Study Guide 2012.07

acting within the scop of employment
the range of reasonable and foreseeable activities that an officer does while carrying out the agency’s business

active listening
a learned skill that allows officers to quickly determine the context, threat, and relevance of events that may be unfolding around them

administrative confinement
temporary removal of an inmate from the general population to provide for safety and security until a more permanent inmate management process is in place

americans with disabilities act (ADA)
provides provisions for inmates with disabilities

arrest papers
paper work generated by an arresting officer that allows for a subjuct to be arrested and taken to a county detention facility for administration

baker act
provides for emergency services and temporary detention for evaluation and voluntary or involuntary short-term community inpatient treatment

chain of command
the order of authority within an organization

chain of custody
documentation of everyone who handled evidence as well as when, why, and what changes, if any, were made to it

chronological order
the grouping of recorded facts by date and timeline of event occurance, usually from the first event to the last

civil liability
responsibility for a wrongful act or the failure to do an act that an officer has a duty to perform, which results in injuryto another person or property and most often involves negligence

civil rights violation
an unlawful interference with the fundamental rights of another person, such as the right to due process and equal protection under the law

classification
a management tool used to assist facilities in defining inmate custody or security levels

clinical restraints
restraints used to keep the inmate-patient from injuring him/herself in a medical facility

clinical seclusion
isolation of the inmate-patient from the general population at a medical facility for a medical and safety reasons; may include placing the inmate in a padded room

close custody grade
state custody grade that refers to inmates who must b maintained within the armed perimeter or under direct armed supervision when outside a secure perimeter

command presence
body language that projects an image of confidence in your skills and ability

commitment papers
paperwork, documents or orders generated by the court that confine an inmate to a correctional facility after being found guilty of a crime

community control (house arrest)
a form of community supervision that is closely monitered and is more restrictive than probation or parole

community custody control
a state custody grade that refers to inmates who are eligible for replacement at a community residential facility

contact visits
visits in which both the visitorand the inmate are in the same room without a physical barrier, and can have limited physical contact

content
the significant facts of an incident or occurrence in a report

contraband
any unauthourized article or any authorized article in excessive quantities or altered from its intended purpose

controlled behavior
avoiding such distracting behaviors as foot tapping, nail biting, and fidgeting, which demonstrates the officer is confident and control

correctional officer
any person who is appointed or fully employed full time by the state, county, or contracted private entity whose primary responsibility is the supervision, protection, care custody, control or investigation of inmates within a correctional institution; does not include any secretarial, clerical, or proffesionally trained personnel

correctional setting
any location where inmates are managed and supervised

corrective action
steps that are taken to eliminate the causeof inappropriate or unlawful behaivor inorder to prevent recurrance

counseling
an in-depth explanation of a rule violation including suggestions for the inmate suggestions for him or her to correct their behaivor

courtesy
behavior that involves showing consideration, and cooperation when interactiong with others

Criminal Act
a violation of the law; in Florida, a crime is designated as either a felony or misdemeanor according to 775.08(4), F.S. (Introduction to Corrections)

Criminal Gang
a formal or informal ongoing organization, association, or group that has as one of its primary activities the commission of criminal or delinquent acts (Supervising Special Populations)

Criminal Justice
the structure, functions, and decision-making processes of the agencies that deal with the management and control of crime and criminal offenders (introduction to Corrections)

Criminal Liability
when an officer is found guilty of committing a crime (Introduction to Corrections)

Death Row Inmate
a person who has been convicted by the court and has been sentenced to death (Supervising Special Populations)

Deception
misleading, tricking, or fooling anther person (officer Safety)

Disabled Person
someone who may have one or more medical or mental impairments causing disability and substantially limiting one or more of their major life activities (Supervising Special Populations)

Discipline
the enforcement of penalty or consequence for a violation of established rules used to ensure compliance and obedience to established rules (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Disciplinary Confinement
Formal punishment in which the officer segregates an inmate for a length of time to an individual cell because a disciplinary committee has found him or her guilty of committing a violation of agency rules (Supervising Special Populations)

Disciplinary Report (DR)
a detailed report of the facts surrounding an inmate’s rules violation (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Disturbance
any incident that disrupts the normal operations within a facility (Responding to incidents and Emergencies)

Editing
the process of ensuring that all pertinent facts have been included in a report in an organized and accurate manner (Communications)

effective listening
the giving of full attention to what is being said and taking time to understand the message without interruption (Communications)

Elderly Inmate
an inmate 50 years of age or over (Supervising Special Populations

Emergency Response Guide (ERG)
a resource used to guid a first responder’s inital actions to a HAZMAT incident including the identification of hazardous materials, areas of personal protection, and initial safety plan (Responding to Emergencies)

Escort
a correctional officer or staff member accompanying the movement of inmate from one point to another (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Ethics
the principles of honor, morality, and accepted rules of conduct that direct an individual or group (Introduction to Corrections)

Evidence
anything tangible that proves o disproves a fact in a judicial case or disciplinary hearing (Introduction to Corrections)

Face Sheet
a document that has a current picture of the inmate, name, inmate identification number, physical description, incarceration date, date of birth and end of sentence date (EOS) and inmate’s classification/custody level (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Felony
any criminal offense punishable under laws of this state by death or imprisonment in a state facility for a period exceeding one year (Introduction to Corrections)

Format
the way information is organized and presented in a report (Communications)

Fruits of a Crime
anything gained or obtained by committing a crime (Introduction to Corrections)

Gang
a formal or informal ongoing organization, association, or group that has as one of its primary activities the commission of criminal or delinquent acts (Supervising Special Populations)

Gratuity
money given to qualified inmates discharged from the custody of the Department of Corrections in accordance with 33-601.502, FAC (Intake and Release)

Grid Search Pattern
a variation of the strip/line search pattern; it overlaps a series of lanes in a cross pattern, making the search more methodical and thorough (Officer Safety)

Hard/Hazardous Contraband
any item that poses a serious threat to the safety and security of the staff, inmates, and facility
(Officer Safety)

Hazardous Material (HAZMAT)
a substance capable of causing harm to people, the environment, and property (Responding to Incidents and Emergencies)

Incident Command System (ICS)
an advanced emergency response plan (Responding to Incidents and Emergencies)

Inmate Manipulation
when an inmate attempts to get something he or she wants by influencing the officer to do something the officer ordinarily would not do (Officer Safety)

Institutional Homosexuality
the changing of an inmate’s sexual preference from heterosexuality to homosexuality only while incarcerated (Supervising Special Populations)

Insubordination
failure to follow lawful orders from supervisors (Introduction to Corrections)

Intake
the process in which an inmate is admitted to a country detention facility (Intake and Release)

Interpersonal Communication
the exchange of thoughts, messages or information between two or more people through speaking, writing, or behavior to effect some kind of action (Communications)

Introduction of Contraband
any attempt to bring or send contraband into a correctional facility (introduction to Corrections)

Instrumentalities of a Crime
anything used to commit a crime (introduction to Corrections)

Jargon
the technical vocabulary of particular profession that has meaning specific to people who work in that field (Communications)

Juvenile Adjudication
occurs when the court charges, sentences, adjudicates as delinquent (including nolo contendere), and commits a juvenile under the age of 18 years to the Department of Juvenile Justice (Supervising Special Populations)

Juvenile Inmate
an inmate that is not legally an adult or adjudicated as an adult; may be assigned to the Department of Juvenile Justice (Supervising Special Populations)

Kickback or Three-way Mail
a method used by inmates to ry to send unauthorized communications to other inmates within the same facility or other institutions (Supervising in a Correctional Facility

Law Enforcement
an organization responsible for the enforcement of laws and civil order (Introduction to Corrections)

Legal Mail
a Category of that includes mail to and from municipal, county, state and federal courts, and state attorneys, private attorneys, public defenders, legal aid organizations, and agency clerks (Supervising in a Correctional Facility

Man-Made Disaster
an intentional sabotage or an accident resulting in structural failure or damage to utilities (Responding to Incidents and Emergencies)

MAterial Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
required for any hazardous material shipped to and from a correctional facility; it includes the manufacturer’s name, the product name, and spill and leak procedures (Responding to Incidents and Emergencies)

Maximum Custody Grade
a state custody grade that refers to inmates who are sentenced to death (intake and Release)

Maximum Security Level
county custody, or security risk levels for inmates considered high risk: those who have serious or violent felony charges pending or who pose a threat to the safety or staff and security of the facility (intake and Release)

Medium Custody Grade
state custody grade that refers to inmates who are eligible for placement at a work camp with a secure perimeter but who are not eligible for placement in an outside work assignment without armed supervision

Medium Security Level
Country Custody, or security risk levels for inmates considered moderate risk (those who have adjusted to being incarcerated in the past and have limited violence in their criminal history) (Intake and Release)

Minimum Custody Grade
state custody grade that refers to inmates who are eligible for outside work assignment but not for placement in a community residential center (intake and Release)

Minimum Security Level
state custody, or security risk levels for inmates considered low risk (those who have adjusted well to being incarcerated, have minimal criminal history with no violent charges in their history, or are currently charged with a nonviolent crime) (Intake and Release)

Miranda Warnings
provide protection by the Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination when a suspect in custody is interrogated in a criminal investigation (Introduction to Corrections)

Misdemeanor
any criminal offense punishable under the laws of this state by term of imprisonment for less than one year in a county correctional facility (Introduction to Corrections)

Natural Disaster
an event that causes structural failure or damage to utilities as a result of a weather or geological incident (e.g., hurricane, earthquake, tornado, flood, or wildfire) (Responding to Incidents and Emergencies)

Negligence
failure to use due or reasonable care in a situation where an officer has a duty to act and which results in harm ro another (introduction to Corrections)

Non-Contact visits
visits in which the inmate and visitor are physically separated by some kind of barrier or communicate using electronic equipment (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Note Taking
the brief written notations by an officer concerning the many aspects of his or her usual and unusual job occurrences

Nuisance Contraband
includes excessive clothing, linen, laundry items, canteen and hygiene items, photos, reading materials, medication and letters (Officer Safety)

Observing
an awareness of any occurrence or activity, erratic mood changes, emotional outburst, acting out, threatening behavior, and changes in inmate energy levels that may signify safety and security problems (officer Safety)

Organization
a group of two or more people who cooperate to accomplish an objective or multiple objectives (introduction to Corrections)

Parole
the release of an inmate from a correctional institution prior to the conclusion of the inmate’s court-imposed sentence ( Introduction to Corrections)

Perimeter
a secure area that surrounds a facility and is an element of security (Facility and Equipment)

Person with Disabilities
someone who may have one or more medical or mental impairments that causes their disability and substantially limits one or more of their major life activities (Supervision Special Population)

Posture
holding the body in such a way as to show strength, confidence, interest, and control to the inmates (officer Safety)

Positioning
placing yourself n a tactically advantageous location to observe what is occurring in an area (Officer Safety)

Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA)
a law enacted by congress to address the problem of sexual abuse of persons in the custom of U.S. federal, state or local correctional agencies; implemented to make rape prevention and awareness in a correctional setting a top priority (Introduction to Corrections)

Privileged communication
inmate communications that are given special privacy consideration, such as between an inmate and attorney (Introduction to Corrections)

Privileged Mail
a mail category that includes mail to and from public officials, governmental agencies and the news media. (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Probation
a court ordered sentence that places a person under the supervision of a probation officer under specified court ordered terms and conditions as an alternative to or supervision after incarceration (Introduction to Corrections)

Probable Cause
a fair probability or reasonable grounds to believe that a crime was committed, based on the totality of the circumstances (Introduction to Correction)

Professionalism
behavior that demonstrates good character and is marked by pride in self carer (introduction to Corrections)

Proofreading
the checking of report to ensure that all words are spelled correctly, punctuation is used accurately, appropriate words are capitalized, and proper grammar os used (Communications)

Protective Management
A form of confinement where an inmate is placed into segregated housing because of concerns for his or her safety (supervising Special Populations)

Qualified immunity
protects the officer from personal liability (introduction to Corrections

Reasonable Force
the type and amount of force that the officer reasonably believes to be necessary to overcome resistance (introduction to Corrections)

Reception
a multi-faceted process in which an inmate is admitted to a state institution (intake and Release)

Release
The process in which an inmate is discharged from a county detention facility or state correctional institution (Intake and Release)

Report
a written document prepared by a correctional officer that gives information about an incident, event, situation, or person encountered by the officer (communications)

Riot
any incident that is broader in scope than a disturbance, involves multiple inmates, and is not necessarily localized (Responding to Incidents and Emergencies)

Routine Mail
all mail received by inmates including publications, except legal mail and privileged mail (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Rule Violation or Infraction
an activity or behavior that is not permitted in the correctional facility (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Sally Port Gate
is a system of two openings (doors or gates) designed to open only one at a time (Facility and Equipment)

Search
defined as governmental intrusion into a place where a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy (introduction to Corrections)

Security Equipment
any item or technology used to enhance or maintain protection and to ensure safer (Facility and Equipment

Security Threat Group (STG)
a criminal enterprise an organization of a continuing nature that engages repeatedly in acts of crime, and individually or collectively posesa safety and /pr security threat within as well as outside of a correctional facility (Supervising Special Populations)

Seizure
the act of taking possession of evidence or contraband for a violation of rule or law (introduction to Corrections)

Sexual Abuse
engaging in or attempting to engage in a sexual act with another person or the use of threats, intimidation, inappropriate touching, or other actions or communications aimed at coercing or pressuring another person to engage in a sexual act (Supervising Special Populations)

Situational Awareness
an officer’s knowledge and understanding of the totality of circumstances, which helps facilitate effective decision making (Officer Safety

Slang
informal vocabulary composed of invented words or arbitrarily changed words, that are often used by a specific group, region, trade, or profession (Communications)

Sort by Category
the grouping of recorded facts into types collection sources (Communications)

Sovereign Immunity Law
a list of circumstances and requirements that must be met before the agency or any of its employees can be sued in a state tort action; provides protection for state and county (governmental) correctional agencies and it employees as per 768.28, F.S. (Introduction to Corrections)

Special Population
different classifications of inmates that an officer may encounter in their day to day routines that require different interactions or services from the officer (Supervising Special Population

Spiral Search Pattern
begins at a central point and traverses increasingly larger circles to the outermost boundary of the search area (Officer Safety)

Squelch
a circuit that suppresses the output of a radio receiver if the signal strength falls below a certain level (Communications)

Statement
a permanent verbal or written record of a person’s account of an incident or occurrence tat may or may not be made under oath (Communications)

Strip/Line Search Pattern
usually used in a predetermined area by several people; the search area is divided into lanes that are searched by one or more people in both directions until the entire area had been examined (Officer Safety)

Substance Abuse
the use of any substance, manmade or natural, that alters the mood or state of mind of the user (Supervising Special Populations)

Taggings
marking of a security threat group (STG) territory on a wall, fence, or ground (Supervising Special Populations

Throw Phone
a phone that is thrown into an area so a hostage negotiator can communicate with the hostage taker (Responding to Incidents and Emergencies)

Tort
a civil wrong in which the action or inaction of an officer or entity violates the rights of another person (Introduction to Corrections)

Trailing or Chasing a Vehicle
an armed escort vehicle utilized during transport to follow an inmate transport vehicle and to provide additional security (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Transgender
“… an umbrella term used to describe people whose gender identity ( sense of themselves as male or female) or gender expression differs from that usually associated with their birth sex” (as defined by the AMerican Psychological Association) (Supervising Special Populations)

Transport
When an inmate is removed and escorted from the confines of secure facility to another location (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Turn Out Bag
a bag that contains basic personnel items for a hostage negotiator, recording devices, computer or amplified listening devices (Responding to Incidents and Emergencies)

Unusual Occurrence
an incident that is out of the ordinary and disrupts the normal facility operations and routine daily activities (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Values
principles, standard, or qualities considered worthwhile or desirable; core beliefs or desires that guide or motivate a persons attitude and actions (Introduction to Corrections)

Verbal Command
the authoritative statement used to direct, influence, or give orders to a person or group (Communications)

Verbal Communication
communication through spoken words (Communications)

Verbal Direction/Warning
a statement directed to the inmate that he or she has committed a rule violation and should stop behavior immediately (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Written Warning
an agency-specific form that documents an inmate rule violation (Supervising in a Correctional Facility)

Youthful Offender
any offender younger than the age 24 years, who has either been sentenced as an adult by the judge or assigned youthful offender status by the department of corrections (Supervising Special Populations)

Zone/Quadrant Search Pattern
Used for an area that is large; the area should be divided into four different sections, and searched (Officer Safety)