First Aid Final

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Rib fracture and flail chest are two injuries that can happen to the ____.
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chest wall
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Broken ribs usually occur along the side of the ________.
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Chest
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A condition that occurs when several ribs in the same area are broken in one place is called:
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flail chest
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A severe injury to the abdomen in which the internal organs escape or protrude from the wound is called:
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protruding organ injury
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If the victim has trouble breathing after you have sealed a sucking chest wound, you should:
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remove the seal to let air escape, and then reapply
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To prevent pneumonia in a chest-injury victim, the first aider should encourage the victim to ____.
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take deep breaths and cough at least hourly
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What is the primary symptom of fractured ribs?
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pain
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What can be used to stabilize fractured ribs?
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a soft object, such as a pillow
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Which symptom commonly accompanies a pelvis injury?
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Severe pain, Shock, Massive internal blood loss (All of the Above)
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What can a first aider do to stabilize the chest of a flail chest victim?
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Unknown
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If an impaled object is penetrating the chest, the first aider should:
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stabilize the object
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How do you care for a sucking chest wound?
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seal the wound
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If an object has penetrated the abdominal wall, you should:
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not remove the object, stabilize the object in place, control bleeding by placing bulky dressings around the object (All of the above)
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For an abdominal wound in which organs protrude, you should:
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cover the organs with a moist, sterile dressing
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How should a first aider treat a victim with a pelvis injury?
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treat for shock, pad between the thighs, then tie the knees and ankles together, keep the victim on a firm surface (All of the above)
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The two classifications for fractures are:
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open or closed
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With an open fracture, the skin is:
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broken or damaged
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If the fracture results in the bone protruding through the skin, it would be considered a(n):
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open fracture
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A fracture which cuts across the bone at right angles to its long axis is called :
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transverse
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When the fracture line crosses the bone in a slanting direction, it is called:
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oblique
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A fracture in which the bone is fragmented into more than two pieces is called:
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comminuted
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What mnemonic can be used to identify signs and symptoms of a fracture?
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DOTS
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Most fractures:
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seldom present an immediate threat to life
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First aid for fractures includes:
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checking breathing, treating for shock, looking at and feeling the injured site (All of the above)
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What injury results when a joint comes apart and stays apart?
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dislocation
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First aid for dislocations includes which of the following?
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checking CSM, splinting the joint, using RICE procedures (All of the above)
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What should be used to keep swelling out of a joint?
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an ice pack
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Fractures, dislocations, and sprains are all initially treated with:
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an ice pack
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A ____ results when the muscle is stretched beyond its normal range of motion.
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strain
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The recommended treatment for muscle strains is:
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RICE
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The mnemonic DOTS can help you remember:
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how to examine an area
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The “rule of thirds” is helpful when checking the victim for ____ injuries.
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extremity
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When using the “rule of thirds” when examining an extremity:
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the bone is divided into thirds
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The first aider should consider the ____ of injury (MOI) in evaluating the possibility of a fracture and its location.
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mechanism
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What injury results when a joint is torn or stretched?
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sprain
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Bruising of the tissue is considered a:
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contusion
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A ____ results when bones are displaced from their normal joint alignment.
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dislocation
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A ____ results when there are breaks in the bone.
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fracture
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Inflammation of a tendon from overuse is called ____.
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tendonitis
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Tendonitis usually results from:
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continuous overuse
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Tennis elbow is an inflammation of the ____ on the outer side of the elbow.
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tendons
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Golfer’s Elbow is an inflammation of the ____ on the inside of the elbow.
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tendons
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Suspect a fracture of the forearm if pain occurs when the victim rotates the palm:
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up and down
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A lumplike deformity on the back of the wrist, along with pain, tenderness, and swelling can indicate:
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a fractured wrist
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How many bones make up each finger?
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3
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The painful pressure caused by accumulation of blood under a fingernail or toenail can be relieved by:
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melting a hole through the nail with a red-hot paper clip
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A ring that is stuck on a finger can be removed by:
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lubrication with a slippery substance, winding thread around the finger going toward the ring, spraying glass cleaner onto the finger (All of the above)
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A hip is usually fractured by:
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a fall
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A hip fracture is a fracture of:
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the upper end of the femur
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Which bone is the largest bone in the body?
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the femur
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A charley horse is an injury of the ____.
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thigh muscle
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Which of the following are signs and symptoms of a knee dislocation?
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grotesque deformity
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An ankle injury typically heals within ________.
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4 to 6 weeks
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Most ankle sprains are caused by the ankle having turned or twisted:
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inward
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During the first 24 to 48 hours after an ankle injury, the victim should:
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use RICE treatment
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To use a contrast bath, submerge the ankle for ____ minute(s) in cold water then submerge for ____ minute(s) in warm water.
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1, 4
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Once the initial swelling has decreased, discontinue immobilization of the injured ankle and begin:
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range-of-motion exercises
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Using the mnemonic RICE to treat ankle injuries, the “R” stands for:
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Rest
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Using the mnemonic RICE to treat ankle injuries, the “E” stands for:
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Elevation
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How long and how frequently should cold be applied to the injured area during the first 24 to 48 hours?
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Unknown
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When applying compression to an injured ankle, the first aider should use:
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an elastic roller bandage
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What width size elastic bandage is most appropriate for an injury of the ankle, knee, and leg?
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4-inch
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An elastic bandage should be worn continuously for ____ to ____ hours.
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18 to 24
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How long should the injured part be elevated?
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for the first 24 hours
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Repeated arm movement, as in many of the throwing sports (e.g., baseball) often results in painful:
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tendinitis
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Tennis elbow results from sharp, quick twists of the ____.
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wrist
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The pain from a sprained finger will be ____ of the injured joint.
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directly over the side
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If a splinter enters the skin under the nail and breaks off flush, it can be removed by:
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cutting a v-shaped notch in the nail and grasping the end of the splinter with the tweezers
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Which of the following describe signs and symptoms of a fractured hip?
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severe pain, the leg appears shortened, the leg is rotated with the toes pointing abnormally outward (All of the above)
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Which of the following are signs of a broken tibia?
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severe deformity, open fracture, severe pain (All of the above)

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