Federal Government Exam 1

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Voter turn out levels in various election cycles
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Number of voters who vote all eligible voters. Low; off year, congressional + state elections; lower local elections.
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Voters are more likely than non voters to be?
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Older and educated, higher income.
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What is not likely to make a protest more effective?
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News, Media, TV.
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Totalitarianism differs from authoritarianism in what way?
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It is total government power over every aspect of life.
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How does natural law influence the working of the constitution?
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Places natural rights, individual rights, above all.
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Which period was marked by great federal powers, extending beyond those enumerated?
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Centralized federalism
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What was established by Marbury v. Madison?
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Judicial Review
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The Founders supported republicanism in opposition to?
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Democracy
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A federal mandate is an example of?
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Coercive federalism: term referring to direct federal orders to state and local govt.
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What can be defined as is a consistent and integrated set of principles?
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An Ideology
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What is described as the process of “gathering info about public opinion by questioning a representative sample of the population”?
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Survey research
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What is meant when an issue is said to be salient?
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Issue about which people think the most about.
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What defined principle makes public opinion particularly important in a democracy?
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Democratic governments rest on the consent of governed.
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What is the process of learning a culture and it’s values.
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Political socialization
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What is the major source of political information for Americans
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Television.
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The National Voter Registration Act was most successful in accomplishing what?
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Increasing voter registration.
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What political group is on the political far left?
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Democratic – Progressive
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Socialism and classical liberalism disagree on what major principle?
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Equality of outcome/result
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What is a key principle underlying constitutionalism?
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Government power must be limited & gov. officials should be restricted in their exercise of power.
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Who issued the declaration of independence in 1776?
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Thomas Jefferson
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According to the National Supremacy Clause, what is placed at the highest level of our government?
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National government
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In the U.S. Who holds the “power of the purse”?
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Congress or any other 2 branches of government
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A power considered concurrent is?
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To tax, borrow money, establish courts, enforce laws, spend money for general welfare.
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The Era from the Civil War to World War 1 was the period of what federalism?
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Dual Federalism
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When Congress orders a state or local government to do something, this is called a?
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Mandate
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What describes a unitary form of government?
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Formal authority rests with the national government.
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What is the term for powers explicitly given to the congress?
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Enumerated powers
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What person/group would have supported the idea of reserved powers?
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Federalists, Democratic – Republicans
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Who has no part in any of the possible methods of amending the Constitution?
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The President
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Which part of government has done the most to give specific meaning to the principles of the Constitution?
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U.S. Supreme Court
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What was established in the North American colonies by the Mayflower compact?
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1st form of political gov. in North America
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Describe Federalism
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Power is divided between national & sub national governments.
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What is a political approach focusing on the concentration of power in the hands of a few?
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Elitism
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Food stamps, social security, Medicare, and farm subsidies are examples of?
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Social welfare programs
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The principal of “one person, one vote” defines
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Universal suffrage
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A political cultural embodies
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Widely shared about who should govern, for what ends, and by what means.
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Classical liberalism is based on
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Securing the freedom of the individual by limiting the power.
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What is someone defined as “deciding who gets what, when and how”?
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Political science
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What is defined as the “widespread acceptance of something as necessary, rightful, and legally binding”?
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Legitimacy
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If you agree to abide by the laws of your government, in exchange for that governments protection, what have you tacitly done?
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Sign the social contract.
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What is not one of the principles that make up the definition of democracy according to the text?
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Govt taking control of everyone’s lives, the promise of equal outcomes for all.
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According to John Locke, what was the source of individual liberty?
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Pursuit of happiness; natural rights
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Capitalism is a system that may be seen as the economic equivalent of what political ideology?
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Classical liberalism
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What defines secularism?
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A reference to opposition to religious practices & symbols in public life.
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How do most Americans feel about government and religion?
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Govt. & Religion should be seperate
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What individual/ group would support more government in the economy but not in the social affairs?
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Liberals
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What individual/group would support more government in social affairs and less government in economic affairs?
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Conservationist
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What group is on the political right?
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Republicans Tea Party.

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