Exile in Dapitan Essay
Chapter 22 Exile in Dapitan, 1892-96 Rizal lived in exile in far away Dapitan, a remote town in Mindanao w/c was under the missionary jurisdiction of the Jesuits, from 1892-1896. This four year interregnum in his life was tediously unexciting, but was abundantly fruitful w/ varied achievements. He practiced medicine, pursued scientific studies, continued his artistic and literary works widened his knowledge of languages, established a school for boys, promoted community development projects, invented a wooden machine for making bricks and engaged in farming and commerce. Beginning of Exile in Dapitan
The steamer Cebu that brought Rizal to Dapitan also carried a letter from Father Pablo Pastells, to Father Antonio Obach, Jesuit parish Priest of Dapitan. In this letter Father Pastells informed father Obach that Rizal could live at the Parish convent on the ff conditions: 1. “That Rizal publicly retracts his errors concerning religion, and make statements that were clearly pro Spanish and against revolution. 2. “That he performs the church rites and makes a general confession of his past life. 3. “That henceforth he conducts himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and a man of religion. Rizal did not agree w/ the conditions. Consequently he lived in the house of the commandant. The relation between captain Carnicero (the warden) and Rizal (the prisoner) were warm and friendly. Carnicero was charmed by Rizal fine qualities and personality. Carnicero came to know that Rizal was not a common felon, mch less a Filibustero. He gave him complete freedom to go anywhere, and permitted Rizal to ride his chestnut horse. On the occasion of the Captain’s birthday on August 26, 1892 Rizal wrote a poem, A Don Ricardo Carnicero. Wins in Manila Lottery September 21, 1892 – The mail boat Butuan approach the shore of Dapitan. Captain Carnicero , thinking that a high Spanish officials was coming dresses in his gala uniform ordered the town folks to gather in the shore and he himself rushed there w/ a brass band. The mail boat brought no Spanish officials but the Lottery ticket No. 9736 jointly owned by Captain Carnicero, Jose Rizal and Francisco Equilior(Spanish resident of Dipolog, a neighboring town of Dapitan) won the second prize of 20,000 in the Government owned Manila Lottery. ( Rizal received a sum of 6,200.
He gave 2,000 to his father and 200 for his friend Basa in Hong Kong, and the rest he invented well by purchasing agricultural lands along the coast of Talisay about one km away from Dapitan. ( Rizal’s winning in the lottery reveals his lighter side. He never drank hard liquor and he never smoked but he was a lottery addict. Rizal-Pastells Debate on Religion ( During his exile in Dapitan Rizal had a long scholarly debate w/ Father Pastells on religion. It started when Father Pastells sent him a book by Sarda , w/ advice that Rizal should desist from his foolishness in viewing religion from the prism of individual judgment and self-esteem. In all his letters to Father Pastells, Rizal revealed his anti Catholic ideas w/c he had acquired in Europe and embitterment at his persecution by the bad friars. ( According to Rizal, individual judgment is a gift from god and everybody should use it like a lantern to show the way and the self esteem, if moderated by judgment, saves man from unworthy acts. He also argued that the pursuit of truth may lie in different paths and thus “religions may vary, but they all lead to the light. ” ( Father Pastells tried his best to win back Rizal to the fold of
Catholicism. Divine Faith, he told Rizal, supersedes everything, including reason, self esteem, and individual judgment. No matter how wise a man is, his intelligence is limited, hence he need the guidance of God. He refuted Rizal’s attack on Catholic dogmas as misconceptions of rationalism and naturalism, errors and misguided souls. ( in spite of their religious differences, Rizal and Pastells remained good friends. Father Pastells gave Rizal a copy of the imitacion De Cristo, a famous book by Father Thomas Kempis.
And Rizal, in grateful reciprocation gave her Jesuit opponent in debate a bust of St. Paul w/c he had made. Rizal Challenges a Frenchman to Duel ( Mr. Juan Lardet- a French acquaintance in Dapitan and also a businessman had a quarrel w/ Rizal. Because this man purchased many logs from the lands of Rizal. It so Happened that some of the logs were of poor quality. ( Lardet, in a letter to Antonio Miranda, a Dapitan Merchant and friend of Rizal expressed his disgust w/ the business deal. Miranda, forwarded the letter to Rizal, one of the hero’s weaknesses noted was sensitivity.
When he read Lardet’s letter he flared up in anger so he confronted Lardet and challenge him to a duel. ( When the commandant heard of the incident, Carnicero told the Frenchman to apologize rather than to accept the challenge. So Lardet wrote a letter to Rizal apologizing for the insulting comment. Rizal and father Sanchez ( Father Francisco de Paula Sanchez was the only Spanish priest to defend Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere in public. Despite his failure to convinced Rizal to discard his unorthodox views on the Catholic religion, Father Sanchez enjoyed Rizal’s company.
On his birthday Rizal gave him a precious birthday gift- a manuscript entitled Estudios sobre la lengua tagala (Studies on the Tagalog language) Rizal’s Encounter w/ the Friars Spy ( Pablo Mercado was Florencio Namanan a native of Cagayan de Misamis. He was hired by the Recollect Friars to a secret mission in Dapitan – to spy on Rizal’s activities. A Physician in Dapitan ( Rizal practiced Medicine n Dapitan and had many patients, but most of them were poor so that he even gave them free medicine. ( His mother and his other sister lived their too. Rizal operated his Mother’s right eye.
Rizal famed as a Physician, particularly an eye specialist. He had many patients who came from all over the Philippines, even from Hong Kong. ( As a physician, Rizal became interested in local medicine and in the use of Medicinal plant as a cure for diseases. And for those who cant afford imported medicines, Rizal prescribed the local medicinal plants. Water System for Dapitan Community Projects for Dapitan When Rizal arrived in Dapitan, he decided to improve it, to the best of his God- given talents, and to awaken the civic consciousness of its people. Rizal as a Teacher