Essay on Metaphysics

Logical Positivism: Influences on Philosophical, Theological and Scientific Inquiry

Logical positivism was a movement that was officially established in the small Vienna Circle in the 1920s. The group of 11 mathematicians, scientists and philosophers met regularly to discuss and campaign for a change in philosophical discourse. Rather than the metaphysical and normative pretensions that epitomised philosophy throughout Europe, the group advocated for a systematic […]

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Locke, Berkeley and Hume’s empiricist approach to knowledge and the conclusions they reach

Empiricist philosophy arose out of doubts towards rationalism, in an attempt to search for a theory of knowledge that would be consistent with ordinary human behaviour. Instead of seeking absolutely certain knowledge about an alleged real world, empiricists have tried to discover where we get our information from and what degree of reliability it actually […]

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Theme of Identity in “Summer Farm” and “The Bay”

The theme of identity is featured in the poems “Summer Farm” by Norman MacCaig and “The Bay” by James K. Baxter. Both poems are set in a natural foreground and address the issues associated with the theme of identity. Through the use of various literary techniques such as parallelism, metaphor and imagery, the theme of […]

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The Bororo People and Descartes

Anthropology attempts to understand the question “what does it mean to be human? ” The Bororo people of South America create meaning for their individuality as humans by associating each clan with a specific totem, one being a red-breasted parrot. A Bororo male’s declaration that “I am a red-breasted parrot” is essentially different than a […]

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Philosophy metaphysics

In order to clearly reply the first inquiry. it is of import first to reply the inquiry – “what is the psyche for Aristotle” and as such give an history of how he views substance and separability. Aristotle posits in de Anima that the psyche is the substance in the sense which corresponds to the […]

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The Metaphysics of John Stuart Mill in Relation to Philippine Government

II. Table of Contents Chapter 1 Acknowledgement 3 Abstract 4 Chapter 2 Introduction 5-6 Theoretical Framework 7 Statement of the Problem 8 Thesis Statement Review of Related Literature 9-19 Chapter 3 Methodology 22-34 Presentation and analysis of Problems Q#1: What is the problem of the Self according to Nishida Kitaro?Q#2: What is David Hume’s concept […]

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The Winter’s Tale – Paulina and Hermione

Critics have said that in the first movement (Acts I-III):”Hermione and Paulina are models of feminine strength”and”Hermione’s passivity is dwarfed by Paulina’s dynamism”* How do you respond to these different views of Hermione and Paulina?* What is your opinion of the impact of the two characters on an audience?These two views present conflicting arguments with […]

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On Guard Chapter 3

Why does anything at all exist? G. W. Leibniz, codiscoverer of calculus and a towering intellect of 18th century Europe, wrote: “The first question which should rightly be asked is “Why is there something rather than nothing? ” -“The Principles of Nature and of Grace, Based on Reason” His conclusion was that the answer is […]

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Sophie’s World by Jostein Gaarder

As a requirement for our Introduction to Philosophy class, I just finish reading 95 percent of the book “Sophie’s World” by Jostein Gaarder. Indeed, this book is phenomenal because of its huge success and as a literary breakthrough in the world of Philosophy. Also it combines the teaching and appreciation of Philosophy with a simple […]

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Immortal Soul

Where were you – your soul, your spirit – before you were born? If the soul is immortal, did it have a “life” before your birth? Plato believed that the soul existed prior to our existence in human form. In Plato’s theory, “ Our souls possess knowledge of the Forms before we are born, and […]

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Descartes and Ryle’s Argument

The book of Rene Descartes (1641) entitled, Meditations on First Philosophy, argues that human being’s existence is composed primarily of two components, which are mind and body-formally being known as the theory of Dualism. Descartes has represented the human existence through his six forms of meditations that negates absolute belief on uncertain things and further […]

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Dualism and Determinism

It is now 21st century and people are yet to conclude the debate over the ideas that Rene Descartes, the denizen of the French philosophers, raised in 17th century through his philosophical works like “A Discourse on Method” or “The Meditations”. Through them he set out to determine the limits of human reason as means […]

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