English Unit 9

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group of words expressing a complete thought
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sentence
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makes a statement about the subject
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declarative sentence
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expresses a command
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imperative sentence
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expresses strong feeling
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exclamation
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who, which, or what
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interrogative pronouns
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expresses meanings that a single verb by itself could not express
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auxiliary verb
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something that is not stated
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implied
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words that are punctuated as a sentence but do not express a complete thought
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fragment
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two or more complete sentences joined by a comma
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comma splice sentence
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and, but, for, or, and nor
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coordinating conjunctions
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Three of the most serious sentence errors are __________,_______________,and_____________.
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fragments, run-on, and comma splice
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The function of an imperative sentence is to____________.
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express command
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The words don’t or do not are often used to express a _____________.
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negative command
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Depending on the tone, an imperative sentence can be punctuated with a _________,____________,or _________________.
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period, question mark, or exclamation mark
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Overuse of exclamation marks in written English____________________,
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decreases emphasis
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How many seashells did you find? is an example of what type of sentence?
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interrogative sentence
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Have you had your lunch? is an example of what type of sentence?
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interrogative sentence
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Finally we were all ready to board the plane.
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complete sentence
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After we took down the tent.
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fragment
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Does snow often fall where you live?
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complete sentence
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Even though the paint does not look wet.
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fragment
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A strong wind came up and the boats broke loose from the dock and they drifted away.
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run-on
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If you can hit a line drive.
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fragment
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Did you leave the porch light on, we will not be home until late tonight.
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comma splice
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What Bible verse did you memorize?
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complete sentence
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I cannot see to study and it is too dark in here.
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run-on
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Because the runner was out of bounds.
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fragment
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true or false? All paragraphs must have a topic sentence.
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false
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true or false? All paragraphs should contain one central idea or the words of one speaker.
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true
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true or false? A paragraph must contain at least five sentences.
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false
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true or false? The sentences in a paragraph should support the topic.
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true
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true of false? The facts or opinions in a paragraph should be represented in some logical order or sequence.
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true
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true or false? Something that is tangible may be pointed or touched.
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true
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true or false? Imperative sentences may be punctuated with periods, exclamation marks, or question marks.
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true
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true or false? A coordinating conjunction preceded by a comma can be used to correct a run-on sentence.
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true
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true or false? The end punctuation determines sentence function.
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false
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true or false? The sentence is a basic unit of written English communication.
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true
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having nothing to do with the subject
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irrelevant
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only a part of a sentence
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fragment
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end punctuation of an interrogative sentence
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question mark
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to set five or more spaces from the left margin
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indent
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ability to recognize a complete thought in sentence form
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\”sentence sense\”
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to win over to a belief
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persuade
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two sentences joined with a comma
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comma splice
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a brief story of an interesting incident
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anecdote
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to go before in rank or importance
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precede
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suggested, not stated
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implied
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a logical order
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sequence
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sentence that asks a question
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interrogative sentence
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The topic sentence is the first sentence, and all the other sentences relate to the central idea.
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deductive paragraph
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All sentences lead up to the topic sentence.
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inductive paragraph
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Helping verb; verb used to form the tense of other verbs used.
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auxiliary verb
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Two complete sentences that have been incorrectly joined by a comma.
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comma splice error
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Passage linking one section of a composition with another.
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transition
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Excessive use of the conjunctions and and so in joining several main clauses into one sentence.
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run-on sentence
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Events are presented in order in which they occurred.
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chronological order
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A piece of writing that deals with one central idea is a ___________.
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paragraph
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When the writer stays with one main idea from the beginning of the paragraph to the end, his paragraph should have _____________.
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unity
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To show a change of season, setting, character, or action a writer often uses a __________________ paragraph.
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transitional
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When the topic sentence ends the paragraph, the topic sentence often serves as a ______________.
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conclusion
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When easily understood material appears first and gradually progresses to more and more difficult concepts, the paragraph is said to be in order of ___________.
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complexity
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The placement of the _________ within a paragraph determines the paragraph pattern.
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topic sentece
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sentences that state or tell something
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declarative
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incomplete part of a sentence
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fragment
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signals the beginning of each new paragraph
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indention
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group of sentences about one topic
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paragraph
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words that are made up or invented
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coined
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not to the point
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irrelevant
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helping
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auxiliary
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short, lively story
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anecdote
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several main clauses joined by excessive and’s and so’s
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run-on
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a sentence asking a question
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interrogative
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true or false? Dictionaries are all arranged the same way.
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false
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true or false? When the dictionary gives two or more pronunciations for the same word, only the first is considered correct.
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false
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true or false? If an author does not with to use his real name, he may use a pseudonym.
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true
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true or false? \”Coined\” words do not appear in any dictionary.
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false
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true or false? \”Nonsense\” verse is actually intended to be serious.
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false
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true or false? Lewis Carroll’s real name was Charles L. Dodgson.
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true
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true or false? English is not a phonetic language.
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true
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true or false? A paragraph must contain only one central idea of the words of only one speaker.
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true
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true or false? Paragraphs in fiction books and stories are least likely to contain topic sentences.
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true
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true or false? A transition paragraph often helps to show a change in scene, season, or characters
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true
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A pen name used by an author instead of his real name is a __________.
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pseudonym
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Agreement in the final sounds of words or lines is _________.
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rhyme
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A sentence that is difficult to say quickly is a ______________.
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tongue twister
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Verse that includes foolish words and that has no serious meaning is called ____________ verse.
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nonsense
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Words that have the same first letter or sound are ___________________.
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alliterative
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A word that is made up or invented is____________.
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coined
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A form of humorous verse, usually containing five lines, is a ___________.
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limerick
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The regular repetition of a strong beat or accent is _________.
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rhythm
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When all the sentences in a paragraph support the topic sentence, it is said to have____________.
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unity
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The work or normal action performed.
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function
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Something that is capable of being touched.
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tangible
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Reasoning from the general to the particular.
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deductive
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Final presentation of facts.
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summation
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Passage linking one section of a composition with another.
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transition
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Tommy is stuck in the tree!
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exclamatory sentence
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Please bring that here!
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imperative sentence
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Saul of Tarsus was an enemy of all Christians.
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declarative sentence
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Will you close the door?
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imperative sentence
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The house is on fire!
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exclamatory sentence
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Look out for that car!
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imperative
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What a close call we had!
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exclamatory
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The ink stain will not come out.
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declarative
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Please help arrange the chairs.
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imperative
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If I do not hurry, I will miss my bus.
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declarative
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Would you close the window, please?
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imperative
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Fruit trees bordered the pasture.
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declarative
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Do not stand up in the boat!
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imperative
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faulty or incorrect sentences
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sentence errors
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an imperfection
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flaw
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brief statement of main points
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summation
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final decision or last arguement
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conclusion
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The beginning of each new paragraph is signaled by an ________________.
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indention
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The logical progression of facts of information is called_________.
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sequence
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If the central idea of a paragraph is not stated in a single sentence, it may be only ___________.
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implied
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Paragraphs least likely to have topic sentences are those in ____________________.
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stories, novels, and poetry
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The logical progression of facts or ideas is called ___________.
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sequence
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Will you close the door?
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imperative

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