Flashcards About English III

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NONSTANDARD ENGLISH: UNGRAMMATICAL SPEECH
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1. the language of a particular group, profession, or activity 2. words, phrases, and meanings that are new, flashy, and popular 3. English usage which has gained cultural, social and literary acceptance 4. speech that violates the rules of grammar
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1 jargon 2 slang 3 standard English 4 ungrammatical speech
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What two types of grammatical errors is a nonnative speaker of English likely to make? substitution of a simple form of a verb for all tenses use of ain't in place of other contracted forms substitution of one part of speech for another omission of an article
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substitution of a simple form of a verb for all tenses omission of an article
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Use of brang and brung are examples of errors in a child's English. True False
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False
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Most speakers of nonstandard English are illiterate. True False
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False
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Read the sentence. Check the type of ungrammatical-sounding English that it illustrates. He buy me good present, no? child's language grammatical error English as a second language English from the past
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English as a second language
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Read the sentence. Check the type of ungrammatical-sounding English that it illustrates. We seed four horses today. child's language grammatical error second language English from the past
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child's language
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Read the sentence. Check the type of ungrammatical-sounding English that it illustrates. Throw Papa down the stairs his hat. child's language grammatical error second language careless construction
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careless construction
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Which of the following sentences is grammatically correct? She sung the song. I haven't saw him since last Wednesday. He brought flowers on his date. He bring the books to class.
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He brought flowers on his date.
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The sentence Dad brought presents for her and me is grammatically correct. True False
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True
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The principal parts of to bring are bring, brought, brought. True False
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True
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Foreign speakers learning English often use dangling modifiers. True False
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False
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Which phrases do not represent reasons for ungrammatical speech discussed in this lesson? Select all that apply. errors made by a speaker of English as a second language errors made because of a lack of intelligence errors made by a young child overusing rules errors due to changes in grammatical structure of language errors due to usage of nonstandard English
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errors made because of a lack of intelligence errors due to usage of nonstandard English
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Read the sentence. Check the type of ungrammatical-sounding English that it illustrates. Jane has swam the course several times. child's language grammatical error English of another place English from the past
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grammatical error
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Read the sentence. Check the type of ungrammatical-sounding English that it illustrates. Looking up at the birds, our car hit a tree. child's language grammatical error second language careless construction
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careless construction
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Read the sentence. Check the type of ungrammatical-sounding English that it illustrates. We put the boxes in the boot of the car. child's language English of another place second language English from the past
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English of another place
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Read the sentence. Check the type of ungrammatical-sounding English that it illustrates. Stand not upon the order of your going. child's language grammatical error second language English from the past
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English from the past
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Read the sentence. Check the type of ungrammatical-sounding English that it illustrates. I seen a duck. child's language grammatical error second language English from the past
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grammatical error
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Read the sentence. Check the type of ungrammatical-sounding English that it illustrates. Sara knowed him better than Jim. child's language grammatical error careless construction English from the past
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child's language
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NONSTANDARD ENGLISH: DIALECTS
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Idioms are usually distinctive words or phrases used consistently in all parts of the country. True False
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False
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Which of the following is not a way that a dialect varies from the standard language? vocabulary community pronunciations idioms
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community
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Check your knowledge of dialects. Read the following prompt and decide what is being described. Then find the words that exist in various dialects to name the object.Select all that apply. The large store where we buy food is called a _____. mall grocery store supermarket shopping center
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grocery store supermarket
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Check your knowledge of dialects. Read the following prompt and decide what is being described. Then find the words that exist in various dialects to name the object. Select all that apply. A divided highway with no streetlights is called a(n)_____. road street freeway expressway
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freeway expressway
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What are four factors which influence the ways languages change? influence by other languages isolation poetry influence of social or religious groups age of the person using language educational system
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influence by other languages isolation influence of social or religious groups educational system
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Select all of the ways by which dialects are affected. education occupation communities regions
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education occupation communities regions
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Why is it so important to have a standard dialect? so that people can communicate effectively to aid in trade agreements to help people from other regions to eliminate different cultures
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so that people can communicate effectively
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What dialect do most people in the United States speak? Standard English Midwestern English Southwestern English General American
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General American
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Check your knowledge of dialects. Read the following prompt and decide what is being described. Then find the words that exist in various dialects to name the object. Select all that apply. A large metal or plastic container used to carry water is called a _____. pail basket bucket lunchbox
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pail bucket
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Check your knowledge of dialects. Read the following prompt and decide what is being described. Then find the words that exist in various dialects to name the object. Select all that apply. The round, flat batter cakes cooked on a griddle and served with syrup are called _____. bagels flapjacks pancakes strudel
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flapjacks pancakes
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Check your knowledge of dialects. Read the following prompt and decide what is being described. Then find the words that exist in various dialects to name the object. Select all that apply. The container that most stores put purchases into is called a _____. bag box sack knapsack
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bag sack
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NONSTANDARD ENGLISH: SLANG AND JARGON
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Jargon is a specialized vocabulary of a particular group, trade, or profession. True False
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True
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Slang uses invented words and assigns new meanings to old ones. True False
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True
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A technician comes to your house to repair your refrigerator. He speaks to another technician on his cell phone, using unfamiliar words such as \"blue-boy\" and \"eighty-six.\" These terms could be considered examples of: _____. Select all that apply. slang jargon standard English
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slang jargon
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Which of the following is most likely not a jargon term in the field of journalism? widow lead banner paragraph copy
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paragraph
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Which of these phrases is not a form of jargon used in the military? The phrase of choice is a standard English equivalent of military jargon. lifer AWOL absent without leave
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absent without leave
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Standard English
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Select all that apply. What kinds of acceptance has Standard English gained? cultural popular social foreign literary
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cultural social literary
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. I catched a fish. ungrammatical standard dialect jargon slang
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ungrammatical
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. What's your ten-twenty? standard slang jargon ungrammatical dialect
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jargon
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. Mother made sandwiches for her and me. dialect standard ungrammatical slang jargon
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standard
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. The myocardial infarction resulted in the transposition of nerve impulses. jargon standard slang ungrammatical dialect
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jargon
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. The store didn't have no cheese. slang ungrammatical standard dialect jargon
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ungrammatical
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. While talking on the telephone, the dog spilled his water dish. standard ungrammatical slang dialect jargon
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ungrammatical
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. Twister is an awesome flick. dialect jargon slang standard ungrammatical
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slang
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. Private Smith was AWOL at eighteen hundred hours. jargon standard ungrammatical dialect slang
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jargon
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. The bream are bitin' down at the crick. ungrammatical standard dialect slang jargon
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dialect
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Define this statement as standard, slang, jargon, dialect, or ungrammatical. For a week following the accident, we talked of nothing else. ungrammatical standard dialect slang jargon
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standard
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Quiz 1: Nonstandard and Standard English
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1. language spoken by educated Americans dialect 3 2. street language that coins new words and new meanings language 6 3. regional variation of the national language standard English 1 4. language of a skill, trade, or profession writing 7 5. phrases and expressions unique to a language slang 2 6. sounds and sound patterns that are meaningful to people from the same culture idiom 5 7. graphic representation of sounds ungrammatical speech 8 8. language spoken by a child learning to talk jargon 4
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Nonnative speakers make errors by not specifying the time of the action (tense). True False
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True
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The use of jargon may be encouraged by a speaker's associates at work or school. True False
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True
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Linguistic change has been speeded in recent years by the efforts of educators. True False
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False
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The primary way children learn language is through books and school work. True False
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False
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The sentence, \"We go to store Fridays,\" is an example of _____. English as a second language English as a child's language English from the past careless construction
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English as a second language
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The sentence, \"While running around the track, a turtle was seen,\" is an example of _____. jargon idiom grammatical error careless construction
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careless construction
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Which of the following items is not usually a factor in linguistic change? geographic isolation decision of government body influence of other languages education system
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decision of government body
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Nonstandard English is unacceptable for use in educated circles because _____. it can be confusing and inaccurate its users may be harshly judged by others it is sometimes a barrier to communication all of the above
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all of the above
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Clear communication in a government memorandum would most likely be hindered by _____. slang idioms jargon dialect
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jargon
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How might this sentence be best described? Notify your OD of your ETA on TDY, ASAP. dialect jargon slang ungrammatical speech
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jargon
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How might this sentence be best described? He's one cool dude, man. dialect jargon slang ungrammatical speech
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slang
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How might this sentence be best described? When you go marketing, bring the groceries home in a paper sack instead of a box. dialect jargon slang ungrammatical speech
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dialect
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How might this sentence be best described? You want I should bring load of bread on picnic? dialect jargon slang ungrammatical speech
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ungrammatical speech
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How might this sentence be best described? We feel the psychological implications of the behavior mode sequence have possible negative ramifications. dialect jargon slang ungrammatical speech
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jargon
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Give four characteristics of standard English.
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Grammar, spelling, pronounciation and vocabulary.
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Everyday English
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A word or phrase used in informal conversation is called _____. an idiom a colloquialism conversational English none of the above
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a colloquialism
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What is the author's attitude toward his subjects called? tone attitude colloquialism context
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tone
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Select all that apply. Colloquialisms are appropriate for: most written work friendly letters a public address casual conversation
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friendly letters casual conversation
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. I have to get at that term paper by Friday. finish find begin
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begin
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. Ellen has it in for Bob. looking for bears a grudge seeing
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bears a grudge
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. Don't worry about me; I'll get by. live stay survive
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survive
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. I have an in with a member of city council who keeps me informed. is on the council proposal influence
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influence
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. Let's get together and talk it over. meet phone speak
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meet
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. By January we will be out from under this pressure. in the middle of buried under relieved of
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relieved of
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. She is three hours over for the week. on top in excess of short
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in excess of
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. I did not want to play for keeps. forever permanently fun
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permanently
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. Bruce was fired for lying down on the job. sleep laziness tired
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laziness
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Identify the proper synonym for the expression in italics. Outside of algebra, I like all my classes. In addition to Besides Except for
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Except for
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1. fat modicum 2 2. bit oration 6 3. distract divert 3 4. fake corpulent 1 5. garbage counterfeit 4 6. speech annihilate 7 7. destroy instructor 9 8. same missive 10 9. teacher identical 8 10. letter refuse 5
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Professional English
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An unproved conclusion drawn from known facts and used as a basis of further investigation is called _____. evidence a theory a hypothesis a method
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a hypothesis
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Doctors and lawyers use what kind of language? scientific English technical English formal English legal English
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technical English
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Technical English includes the common term along with the technical term. True False
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False
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1. under ultra- 2 2. beyond; exceed flect 3 3. bend omni 4 4. all, every tac 5 5. touch duct 7 6. within sub- 1 7. lead rupt 8 8. burst intra- 6
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1. large, long endo- 4 2. fear eu- 5 3. above, over morph 8 4. within hyper- 3 5. good a-, an- 7 6. around, about macro- 1 7. without -phobia 2 8. form peri-6
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1. cide ana 3 2. pepsia exo- 6 3. -tomy omni 5 4. less macro- 7 5. ferous bio- 1 6. dontia dys- 2 7. podian duct 4
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Legal and Business English
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The formal statement of a resolution always begins with the word whereas. True False
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True
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1. writ requiring a person be brought to court habeas corpus 1 2. facts which prove that a crime has been committed mandamus 4 3. written sworn testimony appeal 6 4. writ issued by a high court to a lower court corpus delecti 2 5. investigation before a judge hearing 5 6. rehearing in a higher court deposition 3
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The last paragraph of a resolution begins with the words Be it resolved. True False
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True
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Actual legal forms are included in most law books. True False
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True
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The key to understanding any legal document is knowing the vocabulary and the form. True False
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True
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Legal English is simply jargon. True False
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False
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What are the three parts of a business report? detailed findings and support material nonessential information of interest to the reader body of a letter summary headings
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detailed findings and support material nonessential information of interest to the reader summary
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The inverted funnel format states the main ideas first. True False
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True
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Legal and Business English
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The formal statement of a resolution always begins with the word whereas. True False
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True
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The last paragraph of a resolution begins with the words Be it resolved. True False
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True
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Actual legal forms are included in most law books. True False
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True
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The key to understanding any legal document is knowing the vocabulary and the form. True False
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True
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Legal English is simply jargon. True False
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False
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What are the three parts of a business report? detailed findings and support material nonessential information of interest to the reader body of a letter summary headings
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detailed findings and support material nonessential information of interest to the reader summary
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The inverted funnel format states the main ideas first. True False
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True
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Literary English
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1. figurative. the coloring or feeling that pervades a work of literature mood 3 2. nonfiction writing designed to inform, persuade, demonstrate, etc atmosphere 1 3. a specific state of mind or feeling generated by a work of literature expository prose 2
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Select all that apply. Style is determined by: the amount of space available to the writer the period in which the action is set vocabulary descriptive devices kinds and lengths of sentences the attitude of the writer the target readers
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vocabulary descriptive devices kinds and lengths of sentences the attitude of the writer
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Select all of the words which describe the mood or atmosphere created by the author. apprehension apathy suspense horror of war joyful expectation
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apprehension suspense horror of war
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How is the body described in paragraph 3? Select all that apply. a chalk-yellow face gleaming eyes looking up at the sky, a chalk-blue face dull eyes staring at the sky
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gleaming eyes looking up at the sky, a chalk-blue face
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In paragraph 17, what specific words or phrases contribute to the mood created for the story by the author? Select all that apply. Adjutant Croaked Humorously Mind Nerves Origin Suddenly Terrible Weird
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Croaked Humorously Nerves Suddenly Terrible Weird
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Which of the folowing paragraphs describe action increasing the reader's awareness of dangerous situations? Select all that apply. 4 3 15 7 28 48
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3 15 7 28
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Elements of Crane's theme include: _____. Select all that apply. Man's glorification of war is based on the false idea of courage in battle. Some men fear nothing. All men, whatever their rank, fear death. War is terrible. War is glamorous.
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Man's glorification of war is based on the false idea of courage in battle. All men, whatever their rank, fear death. War is terrible.
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Poetry
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1. poetic words and phrases with connotations a reader or listener is expected to recognize stanza 3 2. the smallest section of a poem; determined by rhythm pattern, visual effects, and word relationships compressed meaning 1 3. a group of lines in a poem line 2
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How do poets compress their meaning in poems? They use trick words. They are more verbose about what they are trying to describe. They carefully choose their words. They use elaborate language to convey their meaning.
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They carefully choose their words.
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Poetry can mean whatever the reader thinks it means. True False
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False
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What is the poet describing? grass fear a child a snake
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a snake
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How many lines are in each stanza of the poem above? 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4 4, 4, 2, 4, 4, 6 4, 5, 8, 4, 4, 4 4, 4, 6, 4, 4, 4
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4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4
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The second stanza creates an image of a comb dividing hair. True False
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True
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What does Dickinson mean when she says \"zero at the bone\"? It means she dies. It means she is frightened. It means she is cold. It means the snake is cold.
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It means she is frightened.
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Based on this poem, it can be concluded that Dickinson hates snakes. True False
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False
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What is the connotation of \"fellow\" in line 1? lovable adversarial friendly none of the above
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friendly
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In the fourth stanza, what does \"unbraiding in the sun\" mean? The snake was shedding its skin. The snake was playing dead. The speaker was fixing her hair. The snake was uncoiling itself.
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The snake was uncoiling itself.
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What rules of grammar does poetry often \"break\"? spelling punctuation rhythm
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punctuation
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Quiz 2: Professional, Legal, and Literary English
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1. theory resolution 2 2. type of proposal or petition prose 7 3. conversational speech pattern connotation 10 4. characteristic way of writing poetry 8 5. atmosphere hypothesis 1 6. expressions unique to a language style 4 7. literature arranged in sentences idiom 6 8. literature arranged in stanzas colloquialism 3 9. stressed or unstressed syllables mood 5 10. association of a word rhythm 9
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An effective writer or speaker will adjust his/her language to the audience. True False
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True
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Secondary evidence is the basis for drawing scientific conclusions. True False
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False
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Technical English makes use of descriptive devices. True False
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False
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One of the characteristics of legal English is _____. the formulation of hypotheses the inverted funnel format a stanza form archaic English words
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archaic English words
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When writing a business letter you should begin by _____. flattering the reader commenting on the last letter coming to the point apologizing for the delay
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coming to the point
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Legal forms are most like _____. multiple-choice questions true-false questions fill-in-the-blank questions essay questions
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fill-in-the-blank questions
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Writing good business English means you _____. should state your purpose first use short sentences use short words all of these
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all of these
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Writing formal English means that you _____. can write sentence fragments most of the time can bend grammar rules can be sarcastic or flippant use a wide variety of words
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use a wide variety of words
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Characteristics of expository prose include _____. sentences and paragraphs stanzas and lines technical terms plot and characters
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sentences and paragraphs
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The inverted funnel format is used by _____. legal secretaries poets reporters doctors
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reporters
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The key characteristics of expository prose are _____. style, organization, and appropriate vocabulary style, plot, and characters characters, style, and organization appropriate vocabulary, plot, and characters
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style, organization, and appropriate vocabulary
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The key characteristics of poetry are _____. style, language, rhythm, and rhyme language, compressed meaning, unique form, and rhyme language, lines, rhythm, and purpose compressed meaning, purpose, and symbols
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style, language, rhythm, and rhyme
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The Dickinson poem describing a snake most illustrates _____. a regular rhythm pattern identical stanza forms unconventional style symbolism
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unconventional style
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The average sentence in a business letter is how long? 5-10 words 10-15 words 15-20 words 20-25 words
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10-15 words
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What is an author's manner of writing called? tone mood style context
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style
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The line \"And zero at the bone,\" which includes many images and feeling in just a few words, is an example of _____. poetic language symbolism rhythm pattern compressed meaning
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compressed meaning
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A synonym for the word mood is _____. atmosphere tone style prose
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atmosphere
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The protagonist in \"The Upturned Face\" is _____. the senior officer Timothy Lean the adjutant Old Bill
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Timothy Lean
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Lexicography
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1. a list of books about a particular subject or field of study, including a brief description of each book annotated bibliography 1 2. origin and development of a word; derivation thesaurus 5 3. a research method used in lexicography that traces a word's development through its use in literature lexicography 4 4. the compilation of dictionaries unabridged 6 5. a dictionary of synonyms and antonyms etymology 2 6. not shortened or condensed; complete historical method 3
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Select the element which is not one of the three purposes of the dictionary discussed in this section. information source means of forcing language change tool for language study aid in language standardization
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means of forcing language change
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The historical method _____. requires continuous updating since language is always changing uses quotations from written sources to determine meaning both of the above
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both of the above
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Select all that apply to Dr. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language. first to use literary quotes 1755 1828 40,000 words gave etymologies
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first to use literary quotes 1755 40,000 words
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Select all that apply to Noah Webster's Compendious Dictionary of the English Language. first to distinguish American and British Language 1828 1806 left out British words not used in U. S. included British words not used in U. S.
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first to distinguish American and British Language 1806 left out British words not used in U. S.
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Select all that apply to Noah Webster's An American Dictionary of the English Language. first to distinguish American and British Language 1828 1806 included more American idioms major contribution to lexicography
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1828 included more American idioms major contribution to lexicography
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Select all that apply to the Oxford English Dictionary (O.E.D). was the first complete dictionary. 1928 1858 quotations from literature beginning at 1150 A.D. etymologies of words compiled at Harvard University
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was the first complete dictionary. 1928 quotations from literature beginning at 1150 A.D. etymologies of words
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Dr. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary reflects today's trend toward objectivity in lexicography. True False
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False
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1. The Shorter Oxford Dictionary dictionary of synonyms 2 2. Roget's Thesaurus catalogs nonstandard American language 3 3. Dictionary of American Slang single volume; less extensive than the O.E.D. 1 4. Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional Language stresses standard usage 5 5. Dictionary of Modern English Usage catalogs nonstandard British English 4
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Reading a Dictionary Entry
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If a person does not practice reading dictionary entries, he or she will not learn the basic technical skills necessary for good comprehension. True False
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True
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A guide word may be found in the dictionary by means of its ___________.
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spelling or sound
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Syllable divisions are indicated by: _____. Select all that apply. white spaces hyphens a dot
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white spaces a dot
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As shown in the examples above, dictionaries often set foreign words (from which modern words originate) in _____. italics underlining bold print
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italics
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The language background of a dictionary word entry is called its ___________.
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etymology
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Select all that apply. Examples of usage include: part of speech colloquialism slang etymology obsolete archaic dialect
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colloquialism slang obsolete archaic dialect
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Which of these special designations in a dictionary are part of the definition of a word? Select all that apply. colloq. sl. obs.- archaic dial.
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colloq. sl. obs.- archaic dial.
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1. Indo-European L 3 2. Middle English Sp. 5 3. Latin AS 4 4. Anglo-Saxon Gr. 7 5. Spanish ME 2 6. German G. 6 7. Greek IE 1
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1. that is cf. 2 2. compare pron. 6 3. pages obs. 7 4. past tense pt. 4 5. synonym i.e. 1 6. pronoun pp. 3 7. obsolete syn. 5
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Quiz 3: Dictionary
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1. compilation of dictionaries Dictionary of American English 10 2. first to use quoted literature in etymologies bibliography 6 3. dictionary of every English word and its origin Dr. Johnson 2 4. dictionary of synonyms part of speech 7 5. derivations etymology 5 6. booklist lexicography 1 7. grammatical function Roget's Thesaurus 4 8. British dictionary stressing Standard English Dictionary of Modern English Usage 8 9. first to include American terms in a dictionary Noah Webster 9 10. D.A.E. O.E.D. 3
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1. contraction pl. 5 2. obsolete G. 6 3. Greek colloq. 8 4. Anglo-Saxon ff. 9 5. plural pron. 10 6. German obs. 2 7. that is i.e. 7 8. colloquialism Gr. 3 9. following AS 4 10. pronoun contr. 1
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Etymological dictionaries are the only dictionaries that provide word derivations. True False
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False
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A dictionary entry includes the part of speech of a word. True False
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True
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Most dictionaries include information on the history of the language. True False
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True
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The abbreviation L in the etymology of a word means that the word was derived from Latin. True False
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True
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If you cannot spell a word, you cannot look it up in the dictionary. True False
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True
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Most dictionaries divide syllables with a(n) _____. dot space accent mark dot or a space space or an accent mark
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dot or a space
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Which of the following is not one of the parts of speech? noun verb contraction preposition
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contraction
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Which of the following is not an abbreviation for a level of usage? sl. Sp. colloq. dial.
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Sp.
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Which of the following is not a purpose of a dictionary? to standardize the language to provide information to be a tool for language study to eliminate dialect and slang
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to eliminate dialect and slang
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Which of these books would not be useful if you wanted a synonym for the word aggravate? Roget's Thesaurus O.E.D. a common dictionary American Dialect Dictionary
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American Dialect Dictionary
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1. dictionary part of speech 3 2. (dik' shun er' i; Brit. Dik' shun er i) definition 5 3. n. [pl. dictionaries (-iz)] etymology 4 4. [ML. dictionarium correct spelling 1 5. a book of alphabetically listed words in a language with definitions pronunciation 2
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THE USES AND VARIETIES OF ENGLISH Test
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Colloquial English is _____. the language of technical reports a regional variation of English conversational idiom the language of educated Americans
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conversational idiom
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The sentence \"She don't want to go,\" is _____. informal ungrammatical dialect slang
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ungrammatical
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Compressed meaning is commonly used in _____. expository prose technical writing fiction poetry
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poetry
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Etymology means _____. pronunciation part of speech derivation definition
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derivation
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Dialects usually develop because a population _____. is isolated from other cultures is well educated sticks to the standard variety avoids jargon
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is isolated from other cultures
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Colloquialisms are acceptable in a research paper. True False
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False
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\"And zero at the bone\" is a slang expression. True False
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False
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The vocabulary of standard English is more limited than that of nonstandard English. True False
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False
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The author of \"The Upturned Face\" is Stephen Crane. True False
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True
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Colloquialisms are often listed in dictionaries. True False
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True
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A dangling modifier is an example of ___________.
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careless construction
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What term is used for a legal document which proposes a series of reasons, each beginning with Whereas..., for following a particular course of action? a resolution a law a contract a petition
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a resolution
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The manner in which a writer uses vocabulary and sentence structure is called the author's _____. connotation mood style voice
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style
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Phrases unique to a particular language are called _____. idioms dialect slang jargon
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idioms
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Colloquial English allows: _____. Select all that apply. contractions nonstandard usage idioms slang
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contractions idioms
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Poetry can make use of: _____. Select all that apply. rhyme prose paragraphs rhythm
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rhyme rhythm
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Legal English uses: _____. Select all that apply. common vocabulary archaic words simple sentences Latin terminology
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archaic words Latin terminology
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Business English uses _____. Select all that apply. short sentences long sentences simple vocabulary
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short sentences simple vocabulary
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Scientific English uses German elements. True False
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False
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1. stip yu la' shun pronunciation 1 2. Right on, man. idiom 7 3. For a tear is an intellectual thing; And a sigh is the sword of an angel king. dialect 8 4. The integrated components facilitate a cognitive approach to learning. child's English 10 5. Of L scorpio, -on is Gk. skorpios slang 2 6. To obtain or derive from some source; adopt or copy. definition 6 7. On the other hand rhyme 3 8. Think I'll mosey on down to the general store. etymology 5 9. Glittering in the sky, the girl saw a shining star. careless construction 9 10. My dog runned away. jargon 4
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Clauses
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1. a group of words containing a subject and a predicate and used as part of a sentence phrase 3 2. a clause whose meaning is incomplete and must depend on the main clause to complete the thought subordinate clause 2 3. a group of words not having a subject and predicate, used as a single part of speech clause 1
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Select the correct and entire main clause of the sentence. My brother attends Notre Dame University. The main clause is _____.
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My brother attends Notre Dame University.
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Select the correct and entire main clause of the sentence. Have you seen my textbook, Rafael? The main clause is _____.
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Have you seen my textbook
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Select the correct and entire main clause of the sentence. Most of the juniors will be going on the field trip to the capitol. The main clause is _____.
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Most of the juniors will be going on the field trip to the capitol.
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Select the correct and entire main clause of the sentence. Cats make good house pets, although I like snakes better. The main clause is _____.
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Cats make good house pets
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Select the correct and entire main clause of the sentence. Cathy went to the store because we were out of milk. The main clause is _____.
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Cathy went to the store
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Select the correct and entire main clause of the sentence. Since the football team was good this year, the homecoming game was sold out. The main clause is _____.
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the homecoming game was sold out
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Select the correct and entire main clause of the sentence. We will meet at the Shakin' Diner after the football game for a late dinner. The main clause is _____.
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We will meet at the Shakin' Diner after the football game for a late dinner.
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Select the correct and entire subordinate clause of the sentence. Although the assignment was given early, Joe's term paper was late. The subordinate clause is ______.
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Although the assignment was given early
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Select the correct and entire subordinate clause of the sentence. A survey revealed that over 80 percent of polluters meet the Federal regulations. The subordinate clause is _____.
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that over 80 percent of polluters meet the Federal regulations
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Select the correct and entire subordinate clause of the sentence. A huge quantity of toxic materials, which had been dumped into the city water system, contaminated a major waste treatment plant. The subordinate clause is _____.
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which had been dumped into the city water system
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Select the correct and entire subordinate clause of the sentence. Amateur sports must become better organized if the U.S. wishes to be more competitive internationally. The subordinate clause is _____.
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if the U.S. wishes to be more competitive internationally
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Select the correct and entire subordinate clause of the sentence. After the ceremony had concluded, the prom queen cried tears of joy. The subordinate clause is _____.
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After the ceremony had concluded
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Select the correct and entire subordinate clause of the sentence. If you want to attend the college of your choice, you must start researching now. The subordinate clause is _____.
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If you want to attend the college of your choice
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Select the correct and entire subordinate clause of the sentence. We all enjoyed ourselves when we went to the Fourth of July picnic. The subordinate clause is _____.
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when we went to the Fourth of July picnic
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Noun and Adjective Clauses
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A subject complement says something in praise of who - or whatever is the subject of the sentence. True False
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False
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Saying nice things about your favorite class in school is called a subject complement. True False
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False
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition What I wanted to do was to finish my work. S OP SC DO
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S
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition The valedictory prize will be awarded to whoever has the highest academic rating. S OP SC DO
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OP
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition The chairman heard what was said about the program. S OP SC DO
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DO
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition A good night's sleep is what I need most. S OP SC DO
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SC
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition What I had been hoping for was a scholarship. S OP SC DO
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S
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition Our study efforts should focus on whatever subject is most in need of improvement. S OP SC DO
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OP
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition The company rules demanded that the monthly bills be paid before the end of the month. S OP SC DO
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DO
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition A lecture on cleanliness was not what the children wanted to hear. S OP SC DO
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SC
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition That you overslept is a serious matter. S OP SC DO
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S
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition Have you discovered where you left your books? S OP SC DO
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DO
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition The first thing to consider was how to find a paying job. S OP SC DO
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SC
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Select the abbreviation that tells how the italicized noun clause is used. S-subject, DO-direct object, SC-subject complement, OP-object of preposition I am optimistic enough to believe that young people will respond to a challenge. S OP SC DO
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DO
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Select the adjective clause and the word(s) it modifies in the appropriate boxes below. The suggestions that she made were very helpful. Adjective clause: Word(s) modified:
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that she made suggestions
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Select the adjective clause and the word(s) it modifies in the appropriate boxes below. William Shakespeare, who was English, wrote Othello. Adjective clause: Word(s) modified:
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who was English William Shakespeare
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Select the adjective clause and the word(s) it modifies in the appropriate boxes below. The old brick house that sits on top of the hill was built during the Civil War. Adjective clause: Word(s) modified:
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that sits on top of the hill house
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Select the adjective clause and the word(s) it modifies in the appropriate boxes below. Some of my cousins, whom I had not seen for several years, came to the reunion. Adjective clause: Word(s) modified:
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whom I had not seen for several years cousins
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Select the adjective clause and the word(s) it modifies in the appropriate boxes below. The gentleman who was sitting close to them was the senator from their home state. Adjective clause: Word(s) modified:
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who was sitting close to them gentleman
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Select the adjective clause and the word(s) it modifies in the appropriate boxes below. Did you buy the CD that I recommended? Adjective clause: Word(s) modified:
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that I recommended CD
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Select the adjective clause and the word(s) it modifies in the appropriate boxes below. Amanda bought a prom dress which she considered the most beautiful dress ever made. Adjective clause: Word(s) modified:
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which she considered the most beautiful dress ever made dress
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ADVERB CLAUSES
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Writers should avoid using elliptical clauses because they will confuse readers. True False
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False
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. Although he spends much time playing tennis, he manages to get his studying done. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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Although he spends much time playing tennis although manages
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. Colleen went to bed early since she had a test tomorrow. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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since she had a test tomorrow since went
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. The girls greeted each other as though nothing had happened. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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as though nothing had happened as though greeted
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. Luther practiced running so that he could be a good wide receiver. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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so that he could be a good wide receiver so that practiced
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. Since advertisements are sometimes misleading, read labels carefully. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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Since advertisements are sometimes misleading since read
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. The green and greasy alligators would not wrestle Steve unless they were given the chicken first. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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unless they were given the chicken first unless would wrestle
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. When the Tigers won the state championship, they dumped the water jug on their coach. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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When the Tigers won the state championship when dumped
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. The red roosters squawked because all of the hens had been painted blue. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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because all of the hens had been painted blue because squawked
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. As soon as the bell rang, Mike was out of the classroom door. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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As soon as the bell rang as soon as was
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Identify each italicized subordinate clause as a noun clause, an adjective clause, or an adverb clause. Washington played by the river when he was young. noun clause adjective clause adverb clause
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adverb clause
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Identify each italicized subordinate clause as a noun clause, an adjective clause, or an adverb clause. What the speaker said was not clear. noun clause adjective clause adverb clause
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noun clause
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Identify each italicized subordinate clause as a noun clause, an adjective clause, or an adverb clause. I will not repeat the story, since it is not true. noun clause adjective clause adverb clause
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adverb clause
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Identify each italicized subordinate clause as a noun clause, an adjective clause, or an adverb clause. Bryan, who played the part of Prospero, was the star of the play The Tempest. noun clause adjective clause adverb clause
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adjective clause
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Identify each italicized subordinate clause as a noun clause, an adjective clause, or an adverb clause. The exhibition could not begin until Phineas Barnum appeared. noun clause adjective clause adverb clause
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adverb clause
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Identify each italicized subordinate clause as a noun clause, an adjective clause, or an adverb clause. What will happen is anyone's guess. noun clause adjective clause adverb clause
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noun clause
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Identify each italicized subordinate clause as a noun clause, an adjective clause, or an adverb clause. The gardener put in a pinch of grass seed wherever he pulled out a weed. noun clause adjective clause adverb clause
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adverb clause
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In the sentence below, identify the adverb clause, subordinating conjunction, and the word(s) modified. Since her grades were bad, Allie's coach told her to go to tutoring instead of practice. Adverb clause: Subordinating conjunction: Word(s) modified:
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Since her grades were bad since told
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Identify each italicized subordinate clause as a noun clause, an adjective clause, or an adverb clause. While talking, he waved his arms. noun clause adjective clause adverb clause
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adverb clause
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Quiz 1: Using Subordinate Clauses
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-
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-
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-
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-
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-
answer
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-
answer
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-
answer
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-
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-
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-
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-
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-
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RELATIVE PRONOUNS
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question
The word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers is called the __________.
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antecedent
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A ___________ pronoun usually introduces an adjective clause.
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relative
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Relative pronouns are related to their antecedents kind of like grandkids are related to their ancestors that have gone before them. True False
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True
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Few people knew the woman _____ directed the play. who whom
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who
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Mrs. Eggelson tells _____ will listen about her health problems. whoever whomever
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whoever
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I have great respect for _____ accepted that responsibility. whoever whomever
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whoever
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The children argued about the actor _____ should receive the award. who whom
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who
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Give the package to _____ opens the door. whoever whomever
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whoever
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The journalist must consider _____ an article might offend. who whom
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whom
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_____ the seniors elect will serve as president of the class. Whoever Whomever
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Whomever
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The teacher selected the student _____ she could trust. who whom
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whom
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The candidate _____ the mayor would select was not present at the meeting. who whom
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whom
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The trucking company wants a driver _____ they can depend upon. who whom
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whom
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SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS
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1. a circumstance which is dependent or contingent upon some other 2 subordinating conjunction 2. a conjunction that joins clauses of minor rank to the main clause 1 condition
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_________________introduce adverb clauses.
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Subordinating conjunctions
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A circumstance which is contingent or dependent upon some other is a ______________.
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condition
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. After you finish reading that book, I'd like to read it. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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after time
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. I've heard of the author, although I haven't read his books. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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although condition
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. If you have finished washing dishes, I will help you with your homework. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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If condition
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. We cannot order the banner for the gym unless everyone contributes. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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unless condition
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. I can throw the ball as far as you can. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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as far as comparison
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. My mother gave me a key so that I would not be locked out of the house. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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so that purpose
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. You don't have to go just because I asked you to do it. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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because reason
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. You can work faster than Jack can. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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than comparison
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. I will come to the picnic when I get home from soccer. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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when time
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Identify the subordinating conjunction in the sentence and select the type of relationship it demonstrates. She can never remember where she left her glasses. Subordinating Conjunction: Relationship:
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where place
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QUIZ 2: USING SUBORDINATING DEVICES
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Pronouns that introduce adjective clauses and relate to words or ideas which precede them are called _____. antecedents personal pronouns relative pronouns
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relative pronouns
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Subordinating conjunctions introduce _____. adjective clauses adverb clauses noun clauses prepositional phrases
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adverb clauses
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1. who 3 possessive 2. whom 2 objective 3. whose 1 subjective
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For the sentence below, determine how the word in italics is used. Is it a relative pronoun, a subordinating conjunction, or neither? Be sure to tell me which you prefer. relative pronoun subordinating conjunction neither
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relative pronoun
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For the sentence below, determine how the word in italics is used. Is it a relative pronoun, a subordinating conjunction, or neither? She will not leave the party until you come for her. relative pronoun subordinating conjunction neither
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subordinating conjunction
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For the sentence below, determine how the word in italics is used. Is it a relative pronoun, a subordinating conjunction, or neither? Although it was warm, we did not use the air conditioner. relative pronoun subordinating conjunction neither
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subordinating conjunction
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For the sentence below, determine how the word in italics is used. Is it a relative pronoun, a subordinating conjunction, or neither? The man whose car I borrowed filled it with gasoline. relative pronoun subordinating conjunction neither
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relative pronoun
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For the sentence below, determine how the word in italics is used. Is it a relative pronoun, a subordinating conjunction, or neither? It was Mr. Adams who told me about the fire drill. relative pronoun subordinating conjunction neither
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neither
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Which of the following may be used as relative pronouns? Select all that apply. before which who where
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which who
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Which of the following words may be used to introduce an adverb clause? Select all that apply. if though while who
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if though while
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Select the correct pronoun. _____ did you invite to the game? Who Whom Whose
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Whom
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Select the correct pronoun. The new doctor _____ I met today has a pleasing personality. who whom whose
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whom
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Select the correct pronoun. That girl is one _____ I believe will succeed. who whom whose
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who
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Select the correct pronoun. Since I did not know _____ the package was for, I did not sign for it. who whom whose
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whom
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Select the correct pronoun. The people _____ arrived late had difficulty finding seats. which who
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who
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Choose the correct relative pronoun. I scolded the boy _____ shouting disturbed me. who whose whom what
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whose
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Choose the correct relative pronoun. To _____ do you pay your rent? who whose whom what
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whom
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Choose the correct relative pronoun. This is the man _____ helped fight the fire. who whose whom what
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who
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Choose the correct relative pronoun. Our president is a man _____ people respect. who whose whom what
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whom
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Choose the correct relative pronoun. That trick is _____ I expected. who whose whom what
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what
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A subordinating conjunction usually introduces a(n) _____. adjective clause adverb clause noun clause prepositional phrase
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adverb clause
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A relative pronoun usually introduces a(n) _____. adjective clause adverb clause noun clause prepositional phrase
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adjective clause
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VERBALS: PARTICIPLES
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1. a word or phrase used after a verb to complete the predicate infinitive 3 2. a word ending in -ing which has characteristics of both a verb and a noun complement 1 3. to plus a verb; usually used as a noun but occasionally used as an adjective or an adverb gerund 2 4. a word that has characteristics of both a verb and an adjective participle 4
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All three kinds of verbals, participles, gerunds, and infinitives, may all be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. True False
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False
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. feel Present participle: Past participle:
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feeling felt
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. ride Present participle: Past participle:
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riding ridden
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. break Present participle: Past participle:
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breaking broken
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. play Present participle: Past participle:
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playing played
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. kneel Present participle: Past participle:
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kneeling knelt
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. teach Present participle: Past participle:
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teaching taught
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. steal Present participle: Past participle:
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stealing stolen
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. talk Present participle: Past participle:
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talking talked
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. hit Present participle: Past participle:
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hitting hit
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Click on the blue box to choose the correct present and past participles of the verb given. freeze Present participle: Past participle:
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freezing frozen
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VERBALS: GERUNDS
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Select all that apply. A gerund may function as a: verb subject predicate direct object object of a preposition compliment subject complement
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subject direct object object of a preposition subject complement
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Locate the gerund or gerund phrase and identify its noun function in the sentence. Thinking is hard work. Gerund or gerund phrase: Noun function:
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Thinking subject
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Locate the gerund or gerund phrase and identify its noun function in the sentence. The greatest pleasure is giving. Gerund or gerund phrase: Noun function:
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giving subject complement
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Locate the gerund or gerund phrase and identify its noun function in the sentence. I helped by preparing dinner. Gerund or gerund phrase: Noun function:
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preparing dinner object of the preposition
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Locate the gerund or gerund phrase and identify its noun function in the sentence. Her daughter likes climbing trees. Gerund or gerund phrase: Noun function:
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climbing trees direct object
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Locate the gerund or gerund phrase and identify its noun function in the sentence. Going for the gold was the team's motto. Gerund or gerund phrase: Noun function:
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Going for the gold subject
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Locate the gerund or gerund phrase and identify its noun function in the sentence. By preparing, Justin was able to pass the test with flying colors. Gerund or gerund phrase: Noun function:
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preparing object of the preposition
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Locate the gerund or gerund phrase and identify its noun function in the sentence. Nicole is loving dancing. Gerund or gerund phrase: Noun function:
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dancing direct object
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VERBALS: INFINITIVES
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An infinitive phrase has much the same form as a prepositional phrase beginning with the preposition to and serves much the same function. True False
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False
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Choose the sentence that correctly combines the sentences or sentence elements by changing the italicized clause to an infinitive. Indicate whether the infinitive phrase is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Kimberly touched the flowers. She saw that they were real. The infinitive is used as a(n)
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Kimberly touched the flowers to see if they were real. adverb
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Choose the sentence that correctly combines the sentences or sentence elements by changing the italicized clause to an infinitive. Indicate whether the infinitive phrase is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. We sprayed our yard. This eliminated all the mosquitoes. The infinitive is used as a(n)
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We sprayed our yard to eliminate all the mosquitoes. adverb
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Choose the sentence that correctly combines the sentences or sentence elements by changing the italicized clause to an infinitive. Indicate whether the infinitive phrase is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Don't put your elbows on the table. It is bad manners. The infinitive is used as a(n)
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To put your elbows on the table is bad manners. noun
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Choose the sentence that correctly combines the sentences or sentence elements by changing the italicized clause to an infinitive. Indicate whether the infinitive phrase is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. I have a job and I must complete it before I can draw my pay. The infinitive is used as a(n)
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I have a job to complete before I can draw my pay. adjective
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Choose the sentence that correctly combines the sentences or sentence elements by changing the italicized clause to an infinitive. Indicate whether the infinitive phrase is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. We are planning a party. It will honor our seniors. The infinitive is used as a(n)
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We are planning a party to honor our seniors. adjective
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Identify the infinitive phrase and the subject of the infinitive in the sentence below. Mr. Hutton asked me to erase the boards. Infinitive phrase: Subject of the infinitive :
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to erase the boards me
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Identify the infinitive phrase and its use in the sentence below. To speak clearly is essential to being understood. Infinitive phrase: Being used as a(n) _______.
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To speak clearly subject noun
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Identify the infinitive phrase and the object of the infinitive in the sentence below. To do one's best is the ultimate goal. Infinitive phrase _____. Object of the infinitive _____.
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To do one's best best
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In the sentence below, find the verbal and tell what kind it is. He waits at the bus stop to catch the bus. Verbal _____. Kind _____.
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to catch infinitive
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In the sentence below, find the verbal and tell what kind it is. When you sit down to eat with guests, pay attention to your manners. Verbal ______. Kind _____.
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to eat infinitive
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APPOSITIVES
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With an appositive, a modifying phrase right next to the noun or pronoun it describes, a writer can take two short, choppy sentences and turn them into one sentence that's more interesting. True False
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True
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In the following sentence identify the appositive or appositive phrase and the noun or pronoun renamed by the appositive. Mr. Murray, the Scoutmaster, likes to hike. Appositive: Noun or pronoun renamed:
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the Scoutmaster Mr. Murray
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In the following sentence identify the appositive or appositive phrase and the noun or pronoun renamed by the appositive. Mother gave a birthday gift to Mary, my youngest sister. Appositive: Noun or pronoun renamed:
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my youngest sister Mary
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In the following sentence identify the appositive or appositive phrase and the noun or pronoun renamed by the appositive. The student council president, a popular senior, led the parade. Appositive: Noun or pronoun renamed:
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a popular senior The student council president
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In the following sentence identify the appositive or appositive phrase and the noun or pronoun renamed by the appositive. We often contribute to Habitat for Humanity, one of our favorite charities. Appositive: Noun or pronoun renamed:
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one of our favorite charities Habitat for Humanity
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In the following sentence identify the appositive or appositive phrase and the noun or pronoun renamed by the appositive. Charlotte's Web, the book by E.B. White, is widely read. Appositive: Noun or pronoun renamed:
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the book by E.B. White Charlotte's Web
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An appositive may be a ____ or ____ , and may include modifiers. noun verb pronoun adjective
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noun pronoun
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If an appositive is omitted from a sentence, it destroys the whole sentence. True False
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False
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An appositive is set apart from the rest of the sentence with _____. italics commas parentheses
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commas
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An appositive explains or identifies _____. the verb the noun or pronoun that follows it the noun or pronoun that comes just before it
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the noun or pronoun that comes just before it
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An appositive phrase never contains a subject and predicate. True False
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True
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QUIZ 3: USING VERBALS AND APPOSITIVES
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A pronoun preceding a gerund is in the ______________ case.
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possessive
question
Identify the participial phrase and the word it modifies. Running up the stairs, he glanced apprehensively behind him. Participial phrase: Word modified:
answer
Running up the stairs he
question
Identify the participial phrase and the word it modifies. Brandon's mother found him standing near the cookie jar. Participial phrase: Word modified:
answer
standing near the cookie jar him
question
Identify the participial phrase and the word it modifies. The neighbors found their house destroyed by fire. Participial phrase: Word modified:
answer
destroyed by fire house
question
Identify the participial phrase and the word it modifies. Seizing the weapon from the intruder, he ran quickly from the house. Participial phrase: Word modified:
answer
Seizing the weapon from the intruder he
question
Identify the gerund phrase and its noun use. Driving carelessly increases the likelihood of an accident. Gerund phrase: Noun use:
answer
driving carelessly subject
question
Identify the gerund phrase and its noun use. Olivia anticipated flying to Bermuda for vacation. Gerund phrase: Noun use:
answer
flying to Bermuda for vacation direct object
question
Identify the gerund phrase and its noun use. The little boy left home without telling his mother. Gerund phrase: Noun use:
answer
telling his mother object of the preposition
question
Identify the infinitive phrase and its use. To win an argument is seldom a desirable goal. Infinitive phrase: Use:
answer
to win an argument noun
question
Identify the infinitive phrase and its use. The scientist tried to learn new ideas from his experiments. Infinitive phrase: Use:
answer
to learn new ideas from his experiments noun
question
Identify the infinitive phrase and its use. I wish to point out your responsibilities as a dedicated student. Infinitive phrase: Use:
answer
to point out your responsibilities as a dedicated student noun
question
Identify the italicized phrase. Charmed by her gracious manner, the producer offered her a contract. participle gerund infinitive appositive
answer
participle
question
Identify the italicized phrase. Mervin, the circus animal trainer, directed the elephant by tapping her trunk. participle gerund infinitive appositive
answer
appositive
question
Sentence Workshop
answer
question
Analyze the sentence to determine the main clause and the subordinate clause. Then choose the function of the subordinate clause. It is not right to make a promise unless you are sure you can fulfill the promise. Main clause: Subordinate clause: Subordinate clause functions as a(n):
answer
it is not right to make a promise unless you are sure you can fulfill the promise adverb
question
Analyze the sentence to determine the main clause and the subordinate clause. Then choose the function of the subordinate clause. The Mason-Dixon Line, which is perhaps the most famous border ever established by surveying methods, has been designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark. Main clause: Subordinate clause: Subordinate clause functions as a(n):
answer
The Mason-Dixon Line has been designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark which is perhaps the most famous border ever established by surveying methods adjective
question
Analyze the sentence to determine the main clause and the subordinate clause. Then choose the function of the subordinate clause. The man who wrote this new and popular book autographed copies of it at the bookstore. Main clause: Subordinate clause: Subordinate clause functions as a(n):
answer
The man autographed copies of it at the bookstore who wrote this new and popular book adjective
question
Tell how the italicized noun clause is used. The thief confessed that he had stolen the bricks from the site. subject subject complement direct object object of the preposition
answer
direct object
question
Tell how the italicized noun clause is used. The fresh air is what I like best about the farm. subject subject complement direct object object of the preposition
answer
subject complement
question
Tell how the italicized noun clause is used. Whatever you tell me will remain our secret. subject subject complement direct object object of the preposition
answer
subject
question
Identify the adjective clause and the word it modifies. Any student who received a good grade was invited to an ice cream social. Adjective clause: Word modified:
answer
who received a good grade student
question
Identify the adjective clause and the word it modifies. The tree whose branches had died had to be cut down. Adjective clause: Word modified:
answer
whose branches had died tree
question
Identify the adverb clause and the word it modifies. Mary comes to school unless she is ill. Adverb clause: Word modified:
answer
unless she is ill comes
question
Identify the adverb clause and the word or words it modifies. The artwork was displayed after the artist had unveiled it. Adverb clause: Word(s) modified:
answer
after the artist had unveiled it was displayed
question
Identify the adverb clause and the word it modifies. Gary plays the trombone better than he did last year. Adverb clause: Word modified:
answer
than he did last year better
question
Select ten subordinating conjunctions. while who which than wherever whose if before as soon as until after whom since whoever although
answer
while than wherever if before as soon as until after since although
question
Identify the relative pronoun and the noun or pronoun to which it relates. The unlikely story that he told proved to be true. Relative pronoun: Noun or pronoun to which it relates:
answer
that sorry
question
Identify the relative pronoun and the noun or pronoun to which it relates. The child whose shoes were untied will probably trip over his shoelaces and fall down. Relative pronoun: Noun or pronoun to which it relates:
answer
whose child
question
Identify the present participle and past participle for the verb. hide Present participle: Past participle:
answer
hiding hidden
question
Identify the present participle and past participle for the verb. begin Present participle: Past participle:
answer
beginning begun
question
Identify the italicized word as gerund or participle. By paying his bills promptly the man had acquired a good credit rating.
answer
gerund
question
Identify the italicized word as gerund or participle. Wishing to remain anonymous, he asked the florist to deliver the flowers to the orphanage.
answer
participle
question
Identify the italicized word as gerund or participle The dog, trained to do tricks, entertained the children for an hour.
answer
participle
question
Analyze the sentence to complete each statement below. Camping outdoors is one of the joys of summer for the family. The verbal phrase in this sentence is . The verbal phrase is a(n) . The verbal phrase functions as a(n) .
answer
camping outdoors gerund noun
question
Analyze the sentence to complete each statement below. Alice, frightened by the siren, covered her ears. The verbal phrase in this sentence is . The verbal phrase is a(n) . The verbal phrase functions as a(n) .
answer
frightened by the siren participle adjective
question
Identify the appositive phrase in the following sentence. The kit fox, a nocturnal hunter, is rarely seen by day. the kit fox a nocturnal hunter is rarely seen by day a nocturnal hunter, is rarely seen by day
answer
a nocturnal hunter
question
Identify the appositive phrase in the following sentence. The word paper comes from papyrus, the giant water reed which Egyptians used to manufacture writing material. the giant water reed which Egyptians used to manufacture which Egyptians used to manufacture writing material to manufacture writing material writing material the giant water reed which Egyptians used to manufacture writing material
answer
the giant water reed which Egyptians used to manufacture writing material
question
Read the sentence. Choose the correct answers for the questions that follow it. Wishing to be heard, the speaker used a microphone. Are the italicized words a phrase or a clause? What word do they modify?
answer
phrase speaker
question
Read the sentence. Choose the correct answers for the questions that follow it. Dr. Black, who is the chief surgeon, will operate. What kind of clause is italicized? What does it modify?
answer
adjective Dr.Black
question
Read the sentence. Choose the correct answers for the questions that follow it. The judge, believing the boy to be innocent, acquitted him. What kind of phrase is italicized? What does it modify?
answer
participial judge
question
Analyze the sentence to choose the correct answer for each space. An antecedent is a noun or pronoun to which another pronoun refers. Subordinate clause: What type of clause is it?
answer
to which another pronoun refers adjective
question
PERSONAL PRONOUNS: NOMINATIVE CASE
answer
question
1. a form of noun, pronoun, or adjective used to show its relation to other words 1 case 2. the grouping of nouns into the classes masculine, feminine, and neuter 2 gender 3. an inflection or word form that shows whether one or more than one is meant 4 person 4. a change in pronouns or verbs used to show the person speaking, the person spoken to, or the person or thing spoken about 3 number 5. a pronoun that shows by its form whether it refers to first person, second person, or third person 5 personal pronoun
answer
question
What is the objective form of the second person plural pronoun? you me us them
answer
you
question
Select all of the third person singular nominative pronouns. I me we us you he him she her they them it
answer
he she it
question
Which pronoun changes its form least as its case changes? you I they she
answer
you
question
What is the plural form of me? I we me us
answer
us
question
What is the feminine singular form of they? them she he her him
answer
she
question
Select all of the nominative pronouns. I their she it we him he they you
answer
I she it we he they you
question
Select the correct pronoun. Bob, Peter, and ___________ are going to join the swim team.
answer
I
question
Select the correct pronoun. The members of the quiz team are Jean, Joan, Elliot, and_____________.
answer
I
question
Select the correct pronoun. The trio—Roberta, Megan, and____________ —is touring Ohio this summer.
answer
she
question
Select the correct pronoun. After seeing my schedule, she said she would not want to be ______________.
answer
I
question
Select the correct pronoun. The choices for student teacher are Gretchen, Bruce, and _____________.
answer
he
question
Select the correct pronoun. Don't be alarmed, Rita. It is ____________.
answer
I
question
PERSONAL PRONOUNS: OBJECTIVE CASE
answer
question
In English, only pronouns retain any case forms that make nominative and objective different from each other. True False
answer
True
question
Which sentence uses an objective case pronoun as a direct object? I e-mailed him yesterday. I sent him an attachment that included photos of the picnic. He wrote back to Bob and me with an answer to our questions.
answer
I e-mailed him yesterday.
question
Which sentence uses an objective case pronoun as an indirect object? I e-mailed him yesterday. I sent him an attachment that included photos of the picnic. He wrote back to Bob and I with an answer to our questions.
answer
I sent him an attachment that included photos of the picnic.
question
Which sentence uses an objective case pronoun incorrectly? I e-mailed him yesterday. I sent him an attachment that included photos of the picnic. He wrote back to Bob and I with an answer to our questions.
answer
He wrote back to Bob and I with an answer to our questions.
question
Use the correct pronoun. Bring Jan and ___________ a newspaper.
answer
me
question
Use the correct pronoun. I wanted Sue to ask Bob and ___________ to the meeting.
answer
him
question
Use the correct pronoun. The community elected Mr. Russell, Mr. West, and ___________ to the city council.
answer
her
question
Use the correct pronoun. The mayor instructed___________ scouts to control the pedestrian traffic during the parade.
answer
us
question
Use the correct pronoun. Greeting __________ warmly, the usher showed them to their seats.
answer
him
question
Use the correct pronoun. We enjoy being with Alice, Laura, and ____________.
answer
her
question
Select all of the grammatical structures which require objective pronouns. subject of a sentence direct object indirect object object of a preposition object of a verbal appositives of nouns used as subjects appositives of nouns used as objects predicate noun
answer
direct object indirect object object of a preposition object of a verbal appositives of nouns used as objects
question
Select all of the objective pronouns. me she us their your him them you her hers it I
answer
me us him them you her it
question
Analyze the sentence. Select the object of a preposition, direct object, and indirect object. Note that all three may not be present in the sentence. The director sent me an invitation to an anniversary party. Object of a preposition: Direct object: Indirect object:
answer
party invitation me
question
Analyze the sentence. Select an object of a preposition, direct object, and indirect object. Note that all three may not be present in the sentence. Jill asked us to go to the soccer field. Object of a preposition: Direct object: Indirect object:
answer
field us none found
question
Analyze the sentence. Select an object of a preposition, direct object, and indirect object. Note that all three may not be present in the sentence. Rita and I wrote John a letter of support. Object of a preposition: Direct object: Indirect object:
answer
support letter John
question
Use the correct pronoun. We called our teachers, Mr. Rose, Mrs. Murphy, and_____________ , to tell them we had been accepted by the college.
answer
him
question
PERSONAL PRONOUNS: POSSESSIVE CASE
answer
question
1. a possessive personal pronoun that represents both the possessor and the thing possessed 1 absolute possessive pronouns 2. any word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun, occurring later in a sentence, refers 2 antecedent 3. a class of pronouns that points out which thing, person, idea, etc. is referred to. 4 possessive adjectives 4. a possessive pronoun used as an adjective. 3 demonstrative pronoun
answer
question
Select all of the possessive pronouns. my it's our him mine me ours hers us your it their you yours theirs them his its
answer
my our mine ours hers your their yours theirs his its
question
Select all of the possessive pronouns that can be used as predicate nouns. my mine our ours your yours his her hers its their theirs
answer
mine ours yours his hers its theirs
question
Select the correct pronoun. Because the program was____________ , we agreed to help.
answer
theirs
question
Select the correct pronoun. The puppy chewed on____________ bone.
answer
its
question
Select the correct pronoun. I wanted _____________ approval.
answer
their
question
Select the correct pronoun. We requested _____________ volunteering to stay with his grandfather at the hospital.
answer
his
question
Select the correct pronoun. ______________finding the lost child was a matter of duty, not heroism.
answer
Our
question
Select the correct pronoun. The overall plan—______________ completing his accounting degree—should take one more year.
answer
his
question
Select the correct pronoun. Do you know that ____________ objecting to the plans has postponed the banquet?
answer
their
question
Select the correct pronoun. Cassandra was pleased by ___________ attending the graduation exercises.
answer
our
question
Select the correct pronoun. We requested to observe_______________ spinning through the lens.
answer
its
question
Select the correct pronoun. Graciously, our host encouraged ____________ lazy relaxing.
answer
our
question
OTHER PRONOUN CLASSES
answer
question
Choose the correct pronoun. Bruce was the candidate ____________ the eleventh grade supported.
answer
whom
question
Choose the correct pronoun. We will consider___________ applies for the scholarship regardless of race, creed, or sex.
answer
whoever
question
Choose the correct pronoun. It was she ____________ was elected to choir office.
answer
who
question
Choose the correct pronoun. That classical music,____________ was written by Bach, is beautiful.
answer
which
question
Choose the correct pronoun. The teacher knew it was Sam___________ was passing notes.
answer
who
question
Choose the correct pronoun. Those people are the ones___________ I invited to the meeting.
answer
whom
question
Choose the correct pronoun. Jane's problems are a few of the hardest____________ Mr. Johnson assigned.
answer
that
question
Determine the class of the italicized pronoun. Any of us could be the winner. personal relative interrogative demonstrative indefinite reciprocal intensive reflexive
answer
indefinite
question
Determine the class of the italicized pronoun. Everyone will receive his own invitation. personal relative interrogative demonstrative indefinite reciprocal intensive reflexive
answer
indefinite
question
Tell everyone to bring _________ own lunch.
answer
his
question
All of us__________ going to the school picnic.
answer
are
question
No one wants _____________ science project to place last in the science fair.
answer
his
question
QUIZ 1: PRONOUN CLASSES
answer
question
1. the class of pronouns that usually introduces an adjective clause reflexive 4 2. the class of pronouns that does not need a specific antecedent relative 1 3. the class of pronouns used as an adjective to point out which person or thing is being discussed indefinite 2 4. the class of pronouns which turns the action back on the subject interrogative 5 5. the class of pronouns used to ask questions demonstrative 3 6. the class of pronouns used for emphasis reciprocal 7 7. the class of pronouns made up of two-word pronouns personal 8 8. the class of pronouns that changes form for nominative, objective, and possessive cases intensive 6
answer
question
The pronouns some, none, and all are__________ pronouns. For each of these pronouns, number (singular or plural) is determined by the_________ .
answer
indefinite antecedent
question
How can you determine whether to use who or whom in a relative clause? Select all that apply. Whom is used as a subject. Who is used as a subject. Whom is used as an object. Who is used as an object.
answer
Who is used as a subject. Whom is used as an object.
question
Why is the italicized pronoun used correctly in the sentence below? It is important for us choir members to take individual responsibility for learning our parts. It is a possessive. It is the object of the preposition for. It is the subject of the sentence. It is the objective form of we.
answer
It is the object of the preposition for.
question
Why are the italicized pronouns used correctly in the sentence below? Select all that apply. If you ask Amelia and her to help plan the picnic, it's sure to be an enjoyable time for you and me. Her is the predicate noun of ask. Her is the direct object of the action verb ask. Me is the object of the preposition for. Amelia is the antecedent for me.
answer
Her is the direct object of the action verb ask. Me is the object of the preposition for.
question
Why are the italicized pronouns used correctly in the sentence below? Select all that apply. You honored Grace and me when you and she invited us out to dinner. The verb honored takes the objective case me. The pronoun me is an indirect object. The pronoun she is the object of the verb invited. The pronoun she is the subject of the verb invited.
answer
The verb honored takes the objective case me. The pronoun she is the subject of the verb invited.
question
Identify the sentence in which the italicized pronoun is used correctly. She can direct the choir as well as him. It was I who answered the telephone. The principal objected to the families' accusing Bob and he behind their backs.
answer
It was I who answered the telephone.
question
Identify the sentence in which the italicized pronoun is used correctly. Us boys should do the cooking so the girls will know we can. Between you and I, I wonder if we are going to succeed. All of us—Josh, Luke, you, and me—should give her a surprise birthday party.
answer
All of us—Josh, Luke, you, and me—should give her a surprise birthday party.
question
Identify the sentence in which the italicized pronoun is used correctly. John and I enjoy reading as much as him. That must be either her brother or she at the door now. Us teens passed out books during a summer beach literacy project.
answer
That must be either her brother or she at the door now.
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. an interrogative pronoun Who are you? Whom are you?
answer
Who are you?
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. an indefinite pronoun as an antecedent of a possessive pronoun Everyone forgot their book. Everyone forgot his book.
answer
Everyone forgot his book.
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. a third person reflexive pronoun The class treated themselves to a pizza party. The class treated itself to a pizza party.
answer
The class treated themselves to a pizza party.
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. that as a demonstrative pronoun John wants that record. John wants the record that was in the box.
answer
John wants that record.
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. that as a relative pronoun That green dress is the one I want. The green dress is the one that I want.
answer
The green dress is the one that I want.
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. whom as an interrogative pronoun Whom did you forget to call? Whom is your friend?
answer
Whom did you forget to call?
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. none as an indefinite singular pronoun None of the sugar is left. None of the stars is shining.
answer
None of the sugar is left.
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. most as an indefinite singular pronoun Most of the salt is gone, too. Most of the stars is hidden.
answer
Most of the salt is gone, too.
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. second person reflexive plural pronoun When did we buy ourselves a new car? When did you buy yourselves a new car?
answer
When did you buy yourselves a new car?
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. who as a relative pronoun The salesman who sold it to me was effective. Who was he?
answer
The salesman who sold it to me was effective.
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. a reciprocal pronoun We were laughing at one another. We were laughing at ourselves.
answer
We were laughing at one another.
question
Identify the sentence using the indicated pronoun correctly. an absolute possessive pronoun The blue shirt belongs to me. The blue shirt is mine.
answer
The blue shirt is mine.
question
1. used as subject possessive case 5 2. represents possessor and possessed gender 8 3. determined by function case 3 4. shows possession by modifying a noun or pronoun appositive 9 5. shows ownership possessive adjective 4 6. two-word pronoun absolute possessive pronoun 2 7. one reciprocal 6 8. masculine, feminine, or neuter demonstrative pronoun 10 9. clarifies or renames a noun nominative case 1 10. points out which person or thing is being discussed singular 7
answer
question
In the sentence, I took the books, the direct object can be replaced with an absolute possessive pronoun. True False
answer
False
question
In the sentence I gave Ellen and Jane the card, the word Jane can be replaced with the objective pronoun her. True False
answer
True
question
The sentence You handed the test results to Joan can be made into the question To whom did you hand the test results? True False
answer
True
question
In the sentence I brought Jane herself to the party, herself is used as a reflexive pronoun. True False
answer
False
question
The indefinite pronoun everyone is singular. True False
answer
True
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. Ellen, Jan, her, and me finished the test early. she, and me her, and I she, and I correct as is
answer
she, and I
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. None of us wanted him and her to leave. he and her he and she him and she correct as is
answer
correct as is
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. I would not want to be Jane or him. Jane or he her or him she or him correct as is
answer
correct as is
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. Them boys were going to school. Us boys Those boys They boys correct as is
answer
Those boys
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. Two of the best singers were he and she. he and her them him and she correct as is
answer
correct as is
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. Four boys--Bob, Pete, Joe, and him--were selected for the job. Joe, and he him, and Joe and them correct as is
answer
Joe, and he
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. The coach chose us girls and him to attend the track meet. we girls and he him and we girls them and I correct as is
answer
correct as is
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. Beatrice can expect her aunt and uncle and I to help her move. us her and him and I them and I correct as is
answer
us
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. They assigned the solo parts to Ellen and her themselves. she themselves her theirselves she herself correct as is
answer
correct as is
question
Correct the sentence by selecting the proper pronoun usage. We boys, Bonnie, and her are writing a play for the program. Us boys, Bonnie, and she Us boys, Bonnie and her We boys, Bonnie, and she correct as is
answer
We boys, Bonnie, and she
question
PRONOUN REFERENCE, PART 1
answer
question
Ambiguous pronoun reference can be corrected by _____. not using a pronoun at all repeating the pronoun inserting an intensive pronoun after the ambiguous pronoun placing the pronoun further from the ambiguous element
answer
inserting an intensive pronoun after the ambiguous pronoun
question
Where should a pronoun be placed? anywhere in the sentence somewhere before the antecedent as close to the antecedent as possible anywhere after the antecedent
answer
as close to the antecedent as possible
question
Which methods may be used to correct ambiguous pronoun references? Select all that apply. repeat the antecedent place the pronoun nearer the antecedent italicize the correct antecedent rewrite the entire sentence insert an intensive pronoun after the ambiguous pronoun
answer
repeat the antecedent place the pronoun nearer the antecedent rewrite the entire sentence insert an intensive pronoun after the ambiguous pronoun
question
Identify the method used to correct the ambiguous pronoun reference. If the revised sentence does not improve the pronoun reference, choose \"No improvement was made.\" Original sentence: Roger told David that he had to work Monday. Revised sentence: Roger told David that he himself had to work Monday. The antecedent was repeated. The pronoun was placed nearer the antecedent. The sentence was rewritten. An intensive pronoun was inserted after the ambiguous pronoun. No improvement was made.
answer
An intensive pronoun was inserted after the ambiguous pronoun.
question
Identify the method used to correct the ambiguous pronoun reference. If the revised sentence does not improve the pronoun reference, choose \"No improvement was made.\" Original sentence: The dishes were piled on the table that needed washing. Revised sentence: The dishes that were piled on the table needed washing. The antecedent was repeated. The pronoun was placed nearer the antecedent. The sentence was rewritten. An intensive pronoun was inserted after the ambiguous pronoun. No improvement was made.
answer
The pronoun was placed nearer the antecedent.
question
Identify the method used to correct the ambiguous pronoun reference. If the revised sentence does not improve the pronoun reference, choose \"No improvement was made.\" Original sentence: The clock on the shelf that was broken needed to be fixed. Revised sentence: The broken clock on the shelf needed to be fixed. The antecedent was repeated. The pronoun was placed nearer the antecedent. The sentence was rewritten. An intensive pronoun was inserted after the ambiguous pronoun. No improvement was made.
answer
The sentence was rewritten.
question
Identify the method used to correct the ambiguous pronoun reference. If the revised sentence does not improve the pronoun reference, choose \"No improvement was made.\" Original sentence: Hunter talked to Tanner while he was waiting for his guitar lesson. Revised sentence: Hunter talked to Tanner while Tanner was waiting for his guitar lesson. The antecedent was repeated. The pronoun was placed nearer the antecedent. The sentence was rewritten. An intensive pronoun was inserted after the ambiguous pronoun. No improvement was made.
answer
The antecedent was repeated.
question
A remote reference occurs when a pronoun is placed too ___________ its ___________.
answer
far from antecedent
question
One type of remote reference occurs when a pronoun is used to refer to a(n) ___________ noun such as Howard's.
answer
possessive
question
Which sentence contains a remote reference? After Waldo's lawn had been mowed, he cooled off in the swimming pool. After his lawn had been mowed, Waldo cooled off in the swimming pool. After Waldo mowed his lawn, he cooled off in the swimming pool.
answer
After Waldo's lawn had been mowed, he cooled off in the swimming pool.
question
PRONOUN REFERENCE, PART 2
answer
question
Select all that apply. Each pronoun should refer to a specific: pronoun place idea verb person preposition thing
answer
place idea person thing
question
Which choice contains a broad pronoun reference? Voting on Election Day is the most direct way for people to express their opinions. People should vote on Election Day because it is the most direct way to express their opinions. People should vote on Election Day because voting is the most direct way to express their opinions. The most direct way for people to express their opinions is voting; therefore, people should vote on Election Day.
answer
People should vote on Election Day because it is the most direct way to express their opinions.
question
Which choice contains a broad pronoun reference? We need rain. This would clear the dust from the sky and end the drought. We need rain to clear the dust from the sky and end the drought. We need rain that would clear the dust from the sky and end the drought. To clear dust from the sky and end the drought, we need rain.
answer
We need rain. This would clear the dust from the sky and end the drought.
question
Which choice contains a broad pronoun reference? When you have written a paper, go back. Revising it will result in a more effective presentation. When you have written a paper, go back and revise it, resulting in a more effective presentation. When you have written a paper, go back and revise it, which will result in a more effective presentation. When you have written a paper, go back and revise it. This will result in a more effective presentation. When you have written a paper, go back and revise it. The result will be a more effective presentation.
answer
When you have written a paper, go back and revise it. This will result in a more effective presentation.
question
Which sentence avoids using a pronoun reference error? After hearing a series of lectures on supply-side economics, my father had great respect for him. Jordan joined the band, which was a surprise. Grace gave my little sister a book of illustrated children's stories that was her favorite present. James wants to study medicine because his brother is a doctor.
answer
James wants to study medicine because his brother is a doctor.
question
Which sentence avoids using a pronoun reference error? They say it's going to rain this weekend. It's going to rain this weekend. Pick your coat up off the floor and vacuum it. none of the above
answer
It's going to rain this weekend.
question
Which sentence avoids using a pronoun reference error? Al had a dog with fleas, which he was always scratching. When I called the college, they said they were still accepting applications. When Kara went to help her sister fix supper, she was very angry. none of the above
answer
none of the above
question
Identify what is wrong with each italicized pronoun reference. If the driver hits another car in a moving violation, the cost of your insurance will go up. indefinite pronoun ambiguous reference no specific antecedent
answer
indefinite pronoun
question
Identify what is wrong with each italicized pronoun reference. It may rain and flood the basement, so it should be cleaned out. no definite antecedent use as an indefinite pronoun and personal pronoun in same sentence implied antecedent ambiguous
answer
use as an indefinite pronoun and personal pronoun in same sentence
question
Identify what is wrong with each italicized pronoun reference. Sam sat by the window all day, trying to finish the novel. It was too small to give much light. too far removed from the antecedent no definite antecedent indefinite pronoun
answer
too far removed from the antecedent
question
Identify what is wrong with each italicized pronoun reference. Carolyn sang higher than the other sopranos but she didn't support it properly. placed too far from antecedent no specific antecedent ambiguous reference
answer
no specific antecedent
question
Identify what is wrong with each italicized pronoun reference. If you park by the fire hydrant, they will give you a ticket. indefinite pronoun: replace with a specific noun placed too far from antecedent remote reference
answer
indefinite pronoun: replace with a specific noun
question
Identify what is wrong with each italicized pronoun reference. My worst problem is the inability to speak clearly in public. This is not true when I am with my family. possessive pronoun misuse too far from antecedent no specific antecedent
answer
no specific antecedent
question
Identify what is wrong with each italicized pronoun reference. When chicken eggs are hatched, they are weak and barely able to move around. ambiguous reference implied antecedent; needs to be stated indefinite pronoun
answer
implied antecedent; needs to be stated
question
Identify what is wrong with each italicized pronoun reference. Muriel showed Joyce that she had not made a mistake. ambiguous reference implied antecedent; needs to be stated indefinite pronoun
answer
ambiguous reference
question
PRONOUN AGREEMENT
answer
question
1. consistency in case, gender, number, and person 2 collective noun 2. a noun that is singular in form but plural in meaning, as group or committee 3 compound antecedent 3. an antecedent composed of two or more nouns, pronouns, or both 1 agreement
answer
question
Complete the sentence by using a pronoun that agrees with its antecedent. Each of the drama members has memorized _________ lines.
answer
his
question
Complete the sentence by using a pronoun that agrees with its antecedent. Students who want to compete in the science fair must have______________ exhibits here by 7:00 a.m.
answer
their
question
Complete the sentence by using a pronoun that agrees with its antecedent. Heddy and Janice made the costumes __________ .
answer
themselves
question
Complete the sentence by using a pronoun that agrees with its antecedent. Neither Craig nor Roberto has eaten__________ chocolate cake yet.
answer
his
question
Complete the sentence by using a pronoun that agrees with its antecedent. Each of my sisters has _________ own hobby.
answer
her
question
Which sentence demonstrates correct pronoun-antecedent agreement? A unique feature of man is their thumbs, which are unlike those of other creatures. Everyone should bring their own money. Each student wrote his name on his paper.
answer
Each student wrote his name on his paper.
question
Which sentence does not show correct pronoun agreement? Either Patricia or Janet left her music on the piano. Either Patricia or Janet left their music on the piano. Both Patricia and Janet left their music on the piano.
answer
Either Patricia or Janet left their music on the piano.
question
The demonstrative pronouns this and that are sometimes singular and sometimes plural. True False
answer
False
question
Choose the sentence which has a subject and verb that agree. The clouds that cover the moon dissipate quickly. Harry and Joe ran quickly to the bleacher that were without empty seats.
answer
The clouds that cover the moon dissipate quickly.
question
Quiz 2: Pronoun Reference and Agreement
answer
question
The pronoun those is an interrogative pronoun used with singular nouns. True False
answer
False
question
The demonstrative pronouns this and that are misused when they are not supplied with a specific antecedent or with a specific noun to modify. True False
answer
True
question
Identify the type of pronoun error in the sentence. Neither of we boys was going to the ball game. reference case agreement
answer
case
question
Identify the type of pronoun error in the sentence. The papers are on the desk that I corrected. reference case agreement
answer
reference
question
Identify the type of pronoun error in the sentence. The traffic pattern on the new road is slowed down by too many traffic lights and left turns. It has to be improved. reference case agreement
answer
reference
question
Identify the type of pronoun error in the sentence. If anyone accepts his challenge he will be sorry. reference case agreement
answer
reference
question
Identify the type of pronoun error in the sentence. No one is expressing their opinion. reference case agreement
answer
agreement
question
Identify the type of pronoun error in the sentence. They say we will not be able to afford to own houses in a few years. reference case agreement
answer
reference
question
Improving Sentence Structure, Part 1
answer
question
The basic sentence structure in English is SUV, meaning 'Subject, Utility section, Verb.' True False
answer
False
question
Identify the awkward or illogical part of the following sentence. The funniest part of her speech was when she mimicked a chicken. The funniest part of her speech was when she mimicked a chicken
answer
was when
question
The following sentence has been revised in several ways. Which of the revisions does not improve the awkward or illogical construction? The funniest part of her speech was when she mimicked a chicken. The funniest part of her speech was her imitation of a chicken. When she mimicked a chicken was the funniest part of the speech. Her speech was funniest when she mimicked a chicken.
answer
When she mimicked a chicken was the funniest part of the speech.
question
Identify the awkward or illogical part of the following sentence. The reason Mr. Green was late is because he had a flat tire. The reason Mr. Green Mr. Green was late because he had a flat tire The reason...is because
answer
The reason...is because
question
The following sentence has been revised in several ways. Which of the revisions does not improve the awkward or illogical construction? The reason Mr. Green was late is because he had a flat tire. The reason Mr. Green was late was his flat tire. Mr. Green was late because he had a flat tire. The reason for Mr. Green's being late was his flat tire.
answer
The reason Mr. Green was late was his flat tire.
question
Identify the awkward or illogical part of the following sentence. Idiosyncrasies are where a person has peculiar mannerisms and habits. Idiosyncrasies are a person has peculiar mannerisms and habits Idiosyncrasies are where
answer
Idiosyncrasies are where
question
The following sentence has been revised in several ways. Which of the revisions does not improve the awkward or illogical construction? Idiosyncrasies are where a person has peculiar mannerisms and habits. Idiosyncrasies are when someone has peculiar mannerisms and habits. Idiosyncrasies are a person's peculiar mannerisms and habits. A person's peculiar mannerisms and habits are his idiosyncrasies.
answer
Idiosyncrasies are when someone has peculiar mannerisms and habits.
question
Identify the awkward or illogical part of the following sentence. Harmony is when two or more tones fit together in a pleasing combination of sounds. Harmony is is when two or more tones fit together in a pleasing combination of sounds
answer
is when
question
The following sentence has been revised in several ways. Which of the revisions does not improve the awkward or illogical construction? Harmony is when two or more tones fit together in a pleasing combination of sounds. Harmony occurs when two or more tones fit together in a pleasing combination of sounds. When two or more tones fit together in a pleasing combination of sounds, harmony occurs. The definition of harmony is when two or more tones fit together in a pleasing combination of sounds.
answer
The definition of harmony is when two or more tones fit together in a pleasing combination of sounds.
question
Identify the awkward or illogical part of the following sentence. Fustian writing is where you write pompous, bombastic nonsense. Fustian writing is where you write pompous, bombastic nonsense.
answer
is where you write
question
The following sentence has been revised in several ways. Which of the revisions does not improve the awkward or illogical construction? Fustian writing is where you write pompous, bombastic nonsense. Fustian writing is pompous, bombastic nonsense. Pompous, bombastic nonsense is described as Fustian writing. Where you write pompous, bombastic nonsense is Fustian writing.
answer
Where you write pompous, bombastic nonsense is Fustian writing.
question
The following sentence has been revised in several ways. Which of the revisions does not improve the awkward or illogical construction? The reason Mr. Green was late is because he had a flat tire. The reason Mr. Green was late was his flat tire. Mr. Green was late because he had a flat tire. The reason for Mr. Green's being late was his flat tire.
answer
The reason Mr. Green was late was his flat tire.
question
Improving Sentence Structure, Part 2
answer
question
The following sentence is correctly constructed: To improperly place modification in an infinitive phrase produces an awkward construction. True False
answer
False
question
Which sentence is constructed correctly and clearly? Because we wanted at long last to be finished with the project, we forgot the conclusion. Because we wanted to at long last be finished with the project, we forgot the conclusion.
answer
Because we wanted at long last to be finished with the project, we forgot the conclusion.
question
Which sentence is constructed most correctly and clearly? I hung new drapes in the west windows that I had recently made. I hung new drapes that I had recently made in the west windows. In the west windows, I hung new drapes that I had recently made.
answer
In the west windows, I hung new drapes that I had recently made.
question
Which sentence is constructed correctly and clearly? I agreed every Thursday night to attend the scout meeting. I agreed to attend the scout meeting every Thursday night.
answer
I agreed to attend the scout meeting every Thursday night.
question
Which sentence is constructed correctly and clearly? You should begin now to apply for college if you hope to be accepted. You should begin now to, if you hope to be accepted, apply for college.
answer
You should begin now to apply for college if you hope to be accepted.
question
Which sentence is constructed correctly and clearly to indicate that David did not meet the requirements for reading ten books? David only read one book. David read only one book.
answer
David read only one book.
question
Which sentence is constructed so that the modifier clearly describes the words for which it was intended? I saw the car that had passed us screech to a halt at the red light. I saw the car screech to a halt at the red light that had passed us.
answer
I saw the car that had passed us screech to a halt at the red light.
question
Which sentence is constructed correctly and clearly? The team lost almost by three points. The team almost lost by three points.
answer
The team almost lost by three points.
question
Which sentence is constructed so that the modifier clearly describes the words for which it was intended? The teacher designed a new workbook for students who failed three tests for a very good reason. For a very good reason, the teacher designed a new workbook for students who failed three tests.
answer
For a very good reason, the teacher designed a new workbook for students who failed three tests.
question
Which sentence is constructed to emphasize that Burt stuck to his jogging routine? Burt even jogged during the heat wave. Burt jogged even during the heat wave.
answer
Burt jogged even during the heat wave.
question
Which sentence is constructed so that the modifier clearly describes the words for which it was intended? Josie polished the desk until it looked almost new. Josie polished the desk almost until it looked new.
answer
Josie polished the desk until it looked almost new.
question
Which sentence is constructed so that the modifier clearly describes the words for which it was intended? The soup was the saltiest in the green bowl. The soup in the green bowl was the saltiest.
answer
The soup in the green bowl was the saltiest.
question
Which sentence is constructed so that the modifier clearly indicates that John works seven days a week? John even works on weekends. John works even on weekends. Even John works on weekends.
answer
John works even on weekends.
question
Improving Sentence Structure, Part 3
answer
question
Select all that apply. Dangling constructions may be repaired by: expanding the dangling phrase into a subordinate clause changing the adjective into an adverb supplying a word for the modifier to describe placing the modifier close to the noun it modifies
answer
expanding the dangling phrase into a subordinate supplying a word for the modifier to describe placing the modifier close to the noun it modifies
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. While driving to school, the front tire blew out.
answer
dangling construction
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. Driving through Yosemite, we passed several fine campsites.
answer
correctly written
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. To write well, practice is essential.
answer
dangling construction
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. My tooth ached while hurrying to the dentist.
answer
dangling construction
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. If found, we will reward anyone returning the wallet.
answer
dangling construction
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. Upon opening the door, the puppies rushed out and tripped me.
answer
dangling construction
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. As soon as Sheila put the worm on her hook, the fish began to bite.
answer
correctly written
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. Roaming free and uncaged, visitors are told to stay in their cars once inside the animal game preserve.
answer
dangling construction
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. Because he was a foreigner, his ignorance of our customs made him feel self-conscious.
answer
correctly written
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. As a student, I thought of the prom as the most important social event.
answer
correctly written
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. Tripping on the threshold of the bank entrance, the money was dropped by the robber before he left the scene of the crime.
answer
dangling construction
question
Analyze the sentence to determine whether it contains a dangling construction or is written correctly. Tripping on the threshold of the bank entrance, the money was dropped by the robber before he left the scene of the crime.
answer
correctly written
question
Improving Sentence Structure, Part 4
answer
question
The terms 'coordinating conjunction' and 'correlative conjunction' are pretty much synonymous. True False
answer
False
question
Read the sentence to determine if it contains an error in parallel structure. If the sentence contains an error, choose \"not parallel\"; if it does not contain an error, choose \"correct.\" The illustrations will help you to discern the difference between sentences that are carefully constructed and sentences that are thrown together.
answer
correct
question
Read the sentence to determine if it contains an error in parallel structure. If the sentence contains an error, choose \"not parallel\"; if it does not contain an error, choose \"correct.\" Most of the difficulties in learning parallel structure arise not from the lack of comprehension of the theory but because examples of good writing are uncommon.
answer
not parallel
question
Read the sentence to determine if it contains an error in parallel structure. If the sentence contains an error, choose \"not parallel\"; if it does not contain an error, choose \"correct.\" A popular American meal consists of a hamburger, some french fries, and a milkshake.
answer
correct
question
Read the sentence to determine if it contains an error in parallel structure. If the sentence contains an error, choose \"not parallel\"; if it does not contain an error, choose \"correct.\" The test of a person's honesty is in the way he lives, not how we talk.
answer
not parallel
question
Read the sentence to determine if it contains an error in parallel structure. If the sentence contains an error, choose \"not parallel\"; if it does not contain an error, choose \"correct.\" The activities planned for the city picnic include softball, relay races, volleyball, and a campfire sing-along.
answer
correct
question
Read the sentence to determine if it contains an error in parallel structure. If the sentence contains an error, choose \"not parallel\"; if it does not contain an error, choose \"correct.\" Tomorrow's schedule includes studying for two tests, attending band practice, and to visit my grandmother.
answer
not parallel
question
Read the sentence to determine if it contains an error in parallel structure. If the sentence contains an error, choose \"not parallel\"; if it does not contain an error, choose \"correct.\" Outlining the chapter, reading the assignment twice, and memorizing new vocabulary words helps me to earn an A average.
answer
correct
question
Which sentence demonstrates correct parallel structure? To be highly skilled, even if you are temporarily unemployed, is better than to lack training. Being highly skilled, even if you are temporarily unemployed, is better than to lack training.
answer
To be highly skilled, even if you are temporarily unemployed, is better than to lack training.
question
Find the sentence which contains an error in parallel structure. In driver's education classes, we learned that we should reduce the speed of the automobile after dark and to pump the brakes when stopping on wet pavement. In driver's education classes, we learned that we should reduce the speed of the automobile after dark and that we should pump the brakes when stopping on wet pavement. In driver's education classes, we learned to reduce the speed of the automobile after dark and to pump the brakes when stopping on wet pavement.
answer
In driver's education classes, we learned that we should reduce the speed of the automobile after dark and to pump the brakes when stopping on wet pavement.
question
Which sentence demonstrates correct parallel structure? We are looking for a new apartment with air conditioning and a fireplace. We are looking for a new apartment with air conditioning and having a fireplace.
answer
We are looking for a new apartment with air conditioning and a fireplace.
question
Select the correct sentence. I debated whether to join the choir or should I baby-sit for the children. I debated whether to join the choir or to baby-sit for the children.
answer
I debated whether to join the choir or to baby-sit for the children.
question
Read the sentence to determine if it contains an error in parallel structure. If the sentence contains an error, choose \"not parallel\"; if it does not contain an error, choose \"correct.\" I did not know whether I should go to a trade school, college, or to enter the military.
answer
not parallel
question
Which sentence demonstrates correct parallel structure? The meal was not only delicious but very filling as well. The meal was not only delicious but also very filling. The meal was not only delicious and also filled you up.
answer
The meal was not only delicious but also very filling.
question
Which sentence demonstrates correct parallel structure? Melville was both a good writer and he developed symbolism in American literature. Melville was both a good writer and a developer of symbolism in American literature.
answer
Melville was both a good writer and a developer of symbolism in American literature.
question
Which sentence demonstrates correct parallel structure? Running a small repair shop, to act as the president of the Chamber of Commerce, as well as serving on our Board of Trustees keeps my brother busy. Running a small repair shop and acting as the president of the Chamber of Commerce, as well as serving on our Board of Trustees, keeps my brother busy.
answer
Running a small repair shop and acting as the president of the Chamber of Commerce, as well as serving on our Board of Trustees, keeps my brother busy.
question
Quiz 3: Sentence Structure
answer
question
Check the item that is not one of the four kinds of misplaced modifiers studied in this section. definition structure improperly placed adverbs split infinitive misplaced phrases and clauses
answer
definition structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. A symphony is where many kinds of instruments play a long piece of classical music. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
definition structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. A dog bit the jogger who was running around the block. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
C
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. The reason we are early is because my watch is fast. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
explanation structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. After school we planned to do homework and swimming. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
parallel structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. Jane was not only beautiful but was known as a humble person. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
parallel structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. The children asked about the electric train and how to use it. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
parallel structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. By calling every hour, my mother received Jamie's call. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
dangling construction
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. To enter college, an admission exam must be passed. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
dangling construction
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. Sliding down the hill, my arm was broken. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
dangling construction
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. A catalyst is where a chemical begins the reaction but does not participate in it. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
definition structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. When an old woman, the boy visited Mrs. Jones in the nursing home. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
dangling construction
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. Satisfaction, enjoyment, and feeling victorious are the results of doing your best. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
parallel structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. My reluctance to join your group is because I do not know your activities. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
explanation structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. She is my favorite teacher because she is a woman who has a good sense of humor and who knows how to explain the textbooks. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
explanation structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. To prepare for the game, many warm-up exercises are necessary. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
dangling construction
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. My singing the song was because Brittany was ill. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
explanation structure
question
Identify the type of error in the sentence. If the sentence contains no error, select C. I enjoy listening to classical records, playing the piano, and writing songs. definition structure explanation structure parallel structure dangling construction C
answer
C
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