English 1 Mid-Term EXAM Study Guide

The way a writer creates and develops characters’ personalities

In a plot, the point of maximum interest or tension

The summing up of an argument or text

A struggle between opposing forces

The first stage of a plot in a typical story

In a plot, this follows the climax and shows the results of the important action that happened at the climax
Falling Action

A writer’s use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in a story

A logical guess based on our observations or evidence and your own knowledge and experience

A special kind of contrast between appearance and reality — usually one in which reality is the opposite of what it seems

A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically unlike but have something in common

In a literary work, the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader

Poetry that tells a story or recounts events
Narrative Poetry

The sequence of events in a story (and the motives behind those events)

Refers to the method of narration used in a short story, novel, narrative poem, or work of nonfiction
Point of View

The stage in a plot in which the conflict builds toward a climax
Rising Action

The order in which events happen in a story

The time and place of the action of a story

A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things using the word “like” or “as”

In poetry, the voice that “talks” to the reader

The events which occur in a story

The way in which the parts of a work of literature are put together

The excitement or tension that readers feel as they wait to find out how a story ends or a conflict is resolved

A person, a place, an object, or an activity that stands for something beyond itself

A central idea which is an underlying message about life or human nature that a writer wants the reader to understand

The attitude a writer takes toward a subject

The baby was like an octopus, grabbing at all the cans on the grocery story shelves.

As the teacher entered the room she muttered under her breath, “This class is like a three-ring circus!”

The giant’s steps were thunder as he ran toward Jack.

The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it after a long day.

I feel like a limp dishrag.

Those girls are like two peas in a pod.

The fluorescent light was the sun during our test.

No one invites Harold to parties because he’s a wet blanket.

The bar of soap was a slippery eel during the dog’s bath.

Ted was as nervous as a cat with a long tail in a room full of rocking chairs.

irony that is a figure of speech when the speaker intends to be understood as meaning something that contrasts with the literal or usual meaning of what he says.

Ex. Auschwitz’s motto “Work is Liberty-” In reality the only way to “freedom” was going through the chimney. No one survived.

Define & give an example from “Night”:

Verbal Irony

irony incongruant between the actual result of a sequence of events and the normal or expected result.

Ex. Auschwitz’s motto “Work is Liberty-” In reality the only way to “freedom” was going through the chimney. No one survived.

Define & give an example from “Night”:

Situational Irony

irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play

Ex. When they are on the train to the concentration camps. We know where they are being taken to, (and so does the crazy lady on the train) but everyone else doesn’t.

Define & give an example from “Night”:

Dramatic Irony

became a totally different person. “The student of the Talmud, the child that [he] was, had been consumed in the flames.”
Elie Wiesel

returns to Elie’s hometown with stories of atrocities committed by the Nazis. Escapes because he pretends to be dead.
Moshe the Beadle

a cultured, rather unsentimental man. Never gave great displays of emotion. The Jewish community in Elie’s town hold him in great respect
Mr. Wiesel (the author’s father)

She was about fifty and was accompanied by her 10 year old son. She has visions of fire during the train ride.
Madame Shachter

Madame Wiesel (author’s mother)

A little girl of seven with fair hair and a red coat over her arm. During the evacuation, she knows it is useless to complain about how heavy her backpack is.

says the only thing that keeps him alive is knowing that “Reizel and the children are still alive.” Elie’s father does not recognize him.
Stein of Antwerp

had a cruel face, but not devoid of intelligence. Wore a monocle and carried a conductor’s baton in his hand.
Dr. Mengele

dies because he loses faith. The men forget to say the Kaddish for him.
Akiba Drumer

has terrible fits of rage; whips Elie for catching him with the Polish girl
Idek the Kapo

takes Elie’s gold tooth. Abuses Mr. Wiesel as a way to get to Elie
Franck the Foreman


What town is Elie and his family from?

What specifically does Elie recruit Moshe the Beadle to teach him?
The Cabbala

Upon his return to the village, what does Moshe the Beadle try to do?
Warn the villagers about the Nazis

After being evacuated from their original homes, where are the Jews of Sighet first sent?
to a ghetto within Sighet

What do several men on the train do when they are unable to endure Madame Schåchter’s screaming?
Beat her senseless

From whom is Eliezer separated at Birkenau?
His mother and three sisters

During the first selection at Birkenau, what do Eliezer and his father, respectively pretend their ages are?
eighteen and forty

Who is the infamous Nazi doctor presiding over the Auschwitz arrivals?
Dr. Mengele

What is the Kaddish?
The Jewish prayer for the dead

At Buna, with whom is Eliezer placed in a block?

What do the Gestapo do after an instance of sabotage at Buna?
Hang a young child

In January 1945, while still in the camps, what sort of infection does Eliezer contract?

In the concentration camp hospital, Eliezer’s neighbor remarks he has lost faith in everyone but…

During the long run after Buna, what does Eliezer say was the only thing that kept him from giving up?
His father’s presence

In the barracks at Gleiwitz, what does Eliezer hear?
Julick playing Beethoven on the violin

Eckels goes on the trip because he…
wants to shoot a dinosaur

Which of the following foreshadowing what happens at the end of the story?
the warning to stay on the path

Why is Eckels sent out to retrieve the bullets?
Nothing can be left in the past

Which statement tells events in the correct sequence?
Eckes sees the changed office sign and then finds the dead butterfly

Scientific consideration of time travel began with…
Albert Einstein

Eckels pays to travel through time because he wants to…
shoot a dinosaur

Which event foreshadows Eckel’s inability to shoot the dinosaur?
Eckels pauses to consider tearing up his check

Why is Eckels sent out to retrieve the bullets?
The travelers cannot leave anything modern in the past

Which statement lists events in the correct sequence?

In “A Voice,” the subject of the poem is the speaker’s…

How is the subject in “A Voice” different from her classmates?
Her family is Mexican

The subject in “A Voice” likes to write and speak about…
patriotism and democracy

In “A Voice,” what lesson does the subject of the poem teach her children?
to speak up

The speaker in “My Father’s Song” misses…
talking with his father

The words “but this one particular time” are alone on line 10 in “My Father’s Song.” This placement shows that the event is…

The family was proud of the subject in “A Voice” because she…
was invited to speak at the state capitol

In “Cask of Amontillado,” which word best describes the mood of the carnival in the story?

In “Cask of Amontillado,” which is the best way to paraphrase the following quotation from the story?
“I was so pleased to see him, that i thought I should never have done wringing his hand.”
I shook his hand for a very long time because I was so happy to see him.

In “Cask of Amontillado,” Montresor gets Fortunato to judge the wine by appealing to Fortunato’s…
pride about his wine-tasting abilities

In “Cask of Amontillado,” how does Montresor seem to treat Fortunato throughout most of the story?

In “Cask of Amontillado,” which description of the vault contributes most to the mood of the story?
The dark, damp vault is a burial chamber

In “Cask of Amontillado,” Montresor tells Fortunato that he is going to ask Luchesi to judge the wine because Montresor…
knows that this remark will wound Fortunato’s pride and make him want to judge the wine

In “Cask of Amontillado,” when does Fortunato first realize that Montresor plans to harm him?
when Montresor chains him to the granite

In “Cask of Amontillado,” choose the best paraphrase for the following lines from the story.
“In an instant he had reached the extremity of the niche, and finding his progress arrested by the rock, stood stupidly bewildered.”
He was confused when he reached the car end and saw that a rock wall blocked his path.

In “Cask of Amontillado,” How does Poe heighten the mood of suspense and terror toward the end of the story?
He describes Fortunato’s urgent sounds: clanking, moaning, screaming, and the jingling of his hat.

In “Cask of Amontillado,” the end of the story suggests that Montresor…
has avoided punishment

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” what is the first conflict that Rainsford must face?
He must save himself from the ocean

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” General Zaroff wants to hunt an animal that can…

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” which detail best helps you visualize Rainsford during the hunt?
“Night found him leg-weary, with hands and face lashed by the branches…”

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” to win the hunting game, Rainsford must survive for…
three days

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” how does Ivan die?
A knife flies into Ivan’s body

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” what is the first conflict in the story?
Rainsford’s arguing with his hunting companion, Whitney

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” at first General Zaroff hopes that Rainsford will…
agree to go hunting with him

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” which detail in the story helps you visualize Rainsford’s fear and confusion?
Most of the story takes place in the dark

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” Rainsford refuses to…
become General Zaroff’s prey

In “The Most Dangerous Game,” the final conflict in the story consists of Rainsford’s…
fighting a duel with General Zaroff

Who is the speaker in “Incident in a Rose Garden”?
the master

In “Incident in a Rose Garden,” the conflict in that…
death has come for someone

Why does the gardener quit his job in “Incident in a Rose Garden”?
He fears he is about to die

Who does Death really want in “Incident in a Rose Garden”?
the master

In “Incident in a Rose Garden,” the gardener fears that Death has come for him because…
he is old

Think about the rhythm of line 19 from “Incident in a Rose Garden”:
“We shook hands; he was off.”
What does the rhythm of the line convey to the reader?
that the gardener depart quickly

In “Incident in a Rose Garden,” Death is not welcome in the garden because…
Death is not a friend.

In “Incident in a Rose Garden,” Death sees himself as…

The conflict in “Incident in a Rose Garden” is resolved when…
Death reveals that he has come for the master

In “The Scarlet Ibis,” when Doodle is born, his father has Mr. Heath builds a…

In “The Scarlet Ibis,” what inference can you make about why the narrator helps Doodle learn to walk?
Doodle’s disability embarrasses the narrator

In “The Scarlet Ibis,” what can Doodle do better than the narrator?
make up stories

In “The Scarlet Ibis,” Doodle’s last test of strength is…
running home in the rain

The Scarlet Ibis is a symbol for…

In “The Scarlet Ibis,” Doodle’s father has a coffin built early in the story. What does the coffin symbolize?
the likelihood that Doodle will not live for a very long time

In “The Scarlet Ibis,” at first, the narrator takes Doodle everywhere because…
their mother tells him to do it

In “The Scarlet Ibis,” what inference can you make about why the narrator thinks it is important for Doodle to walk?
He is embarrassed by Doodle’s disability

In “The Scarlet Ibis,” in the late summer, the narrator makes Doodle work especially hard because…
he wants Doodle to have more skills before starting school

In “The Scarlet Ibis,” after Doodle rows the boat back to Horsehead Landing, he falls. What inference can you make about why this upsets the narrator?
He is frustrated that Doodle has failed a test of strength.