Please enter something

Educational Psychology Chapter 14: Classroom Assessment and Grading

question

Evaluation
answer

Judgement about qualities of student performance, teaching strategies, or large scale educational interventions based on comparing data with standards.
question

Measurements
answer

An indicator of how much of a feature is present, expressed as a rank or a number.
question

Assessment
answer

Procedures used to obtain information about student performance.
question

Norm-references testing
answer

Testing in which individuals scores are compared with the average performances of others.
question

Norm-Group
answer

A group whose average score serves as a standard for evaluating any student’s score on a test.
question

Specialist are using the term ___________________ to describe the process of gathering information about student’s learning
answer

assessments
question

at least _____ types of norm groups are used to reference points for interpreting an individual’s score on a test.
answer

three
question

Criterion-referenced testing
answer

Testing in which individuals’ scores are compared with predefined standards of performance.
question

What is an example of criterion-referenced testing?
answer

A student getting their drivers license.
question

Standardized Testing
answer

Tests administered under uniform conditions and scored according to uniform procedures.
question

What are the two special qualities of a standardized testing.
answer

They are administered to student’s under precisely defined and carefully controlled conditions. Secondly, every student’s test answer are scored in a consistent and reliable way.
question

Achievement Test
answer

Tests measuring how much students have learned in a given content area.
question

Aptitude Test
answer

Tests meant to predict future performance.
question

Aptitude
answer

Capability for learning knowledge or skills in a particular setting
question

What are aptitude test intended for?
answer

They provide a score that helps predict how well, fast, and how accurately a student can perform.
question

Diagnosis
answer

Description of a student’s current knowledge, skills, or abilities.
question

Formative Assessment
answer

Ungraded assessments used before or during instructions to aid the teacher in planning and adapting teaching methods.
question

Pretest
answer

Formative knowledge of students knowledge, readiness, or abilities.
question

Summative Assessment
answer

Testing that follows instructions and assesses achievement.
question

Reliability
answer

Consistency of test results
question

Standard Error of Measurement
answer

A measured of unreliability representing how much variability there is in an average student’s test scored around the students score if it could be measured without error.
question

Confidence interval
answer

A range of scores within which a student’s particular test score is likely to fall.
question

Validity
answer

Degree to which a particular use of a test score is justified by evidence.
question

Curriculum Alignment
answer

The quality and degree to which an achievement test’s items correspond to the curriculum that students are taught in school.
question

Assessment Bias
answer

Qualities of an assessment instrument that offend or unfairly penalize a group of students because of the students’ gender, socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, etc.
question

Objective Testing
answer

The kind of tests that do not require interpretation in scoring, such as multiple-choice, true/false, short answer, and fill in the blank.
question

Stem
answer

The question part of a multiple-choice item.
question

Distractors
answer

Wrong answers offered as choices in a multiple-choice item.
question

T/F: Essay tests cover less material than objective tests.
answer

True.
question

Authentic Assessments
answer

Assessment procedures that test skills and abilities as they would apply in real-life situations.
question

Performance Assessments
answer

Any form of assessment that requires students to carry out an activity or to produce a product in order to demonstrate learning.
question

Portfolio
answer

A collection of the student’s work in an area, showing, growth, self-reflection, and achievement.
question

Exhibition
answer

A performance test or demonstration of learning that is public and usually takes an extended period of time to prepare.
question

Scoring Rubic
answer

Rules that are used to determine the quality of a student performance.
question

Informal Assessments
answer

Ungraded, but formative, assessments that involve gathering information from multiple sources to help teachers make decisions.
question

Norm-referenced grading
answer

Assessment of students’ achievement in relation to one another or to a defined group.
question

Grading on the curve
answer

Norm-referenced grading that compares students performance with an average level.
question

Criterion-referenced grading
answer

Assessment of each student’s mastery of each course objective.
question

Contract system
answer

System in which each student works for a particular grade according to agreed-upon standards
question

Revise Option
answer

In a contract system, the chance to revise and improve work.
question

Dual marking system
answer

System of assigning two grades, one reflection achievement and the other reflecting effort, attitude and, actual ability.
question

Individual learning expectation (ILE)
answer

Personal average score.
question

Halo Effect
answer

The tendency for a general impression of a person to influence our perception of any aspect of that person
question

What are alternates to traditional grading systems?
answer

They are contract and dual marking approaches.
question

Percentage grading
answer

System of concerting class performances to percentage scores and assigning grades based on predetermined cut-off points.
question

T/F: The percentage and point grading systems are not flawed.
answer

False
question

What is the difference between norm-referenced and criterion reference tests.
answer

In norm-referenced tests, a student’s performance is compared with the average performance of others while in criterion reference testing, the scores are compared with pr-established standard.
question

Are test scores reliable?
answer

A test score is only an estimate of a student’s hypothetical true score.
question

What is the traditional assessment in a classroom?
answer

It is objective testing.
question

What are the alternates to traditional assessment?
answer

Authentic assessment, portfolios, and exhibitions.
question

T/F: Can grading be either criterion-referenced or norm-referenced?
answer

True