CPR & First Aid

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Abandonment
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Failure to continue first aid until relived by someone else with the same or higher level of training
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Act of commission
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Doing something that a reasonably prudent person would not so under the same or similar circumstances
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Act of omission
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Failure to do what a reasonably prudent person with the same or similar training would do in the same or similar circumstances
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Battery
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Touching a person or providing first aid without consent
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Breach of Duty
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When a first aider fails to provide the type of care that would be given by a person having the same or similar training
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Consent
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An agreement by a patient or victim to accept treatment offered as explained by medical personnel or first aiders
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Duty to Act
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A person’s responsibility to provide victim care
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Expressed Consent
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Permission for care that a victim gives verbally or with a head nod
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First aid
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Immediate care given to an injured or suddenly ill person
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Good Samaritan Laws
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Laws that encourage people to voluntarily help an injured or suddenly I’ll person by minimizing the liability for errors made while rendering emergent care in good faith
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Implied consent
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An assumed consent given by an unconscious adult when emergency lifesaving treatment is required
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Negligence
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Deviation from the accepted standard of care that results in further injury to the victim
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False
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Because an ambulance can arrive within minutes in most locations, most people do not need to learn first aid.
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True
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Correct first aid can mean the difference between life and death.
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False
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During your lifetime, you are likely to encounter many life-threatening emergencies.
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False
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All injured customs need medical care.
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True
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Before giving first aid to an alert, competent adult, you must get consent (permission) from the victim.
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False
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If you ask an injured adult if you can help and she says “No,” you can ignore her and proceed to provide care.
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True
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People who are designated as first aiders by their employers must give first aid to injured employees while on the job.
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True
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First aiders who help injured customs are rarely sued.
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True
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Good Samaritan laws provide a degree of protection for first aiders who act in good faith and without compensation.
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False
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You are required to provide first aid to any injured or suddenly I’ll person you encounter.
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Airborne diseases
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Infections transmitted through the air, such as tuberculosis
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Bloodborne diseases
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Infections transmitted through the blood, such as HIV or HBV.
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Communicable disease
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A disease that can spread from person to person, or from animal to person
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Emergency medical services (EMS)
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A system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide emergency medical care
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Grieving process
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Feelings and emotions after a stressful situation that cause personal pain. People go through several stages of grieving.
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Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
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A viral infection of the liver for which a vaccine is available
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Hepatitis C virus (HBC)
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A viral infection of the liver for which a no vaccine is available
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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
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The virus that can cause acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS)
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Infectious disease
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A medical condition caused by the growth of small harmful organisms within the body
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Personal protective equipment (PPE)
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Equipment, such as exam gloves, used to block the entry of an organism into the body
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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
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A delayed stress reaction tot a prior emergency event
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SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)
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A potentially life-threatening viral infection that usually starts with flu-like symptoms
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Scene size-up
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Steps taken when approaching an emergency scene. Steps include checking for hazards,bling the cause of the injury or illness, and determining the number of victims.
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Tuberculosis
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A bacterial disease usually affecting the lungs
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True
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A scene survey should be done before giving first aid to an injured victim
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False
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For a severely injured victim, call the victim’s doctor before calling for an ambulance.
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True
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Dial 0 (for the telephone operator) if you do not know the merge boy telephone number.
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True
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First aiders should assume that blood and all body fluids are infectious.
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True
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If you are exposed to blood while on the job, report it to your supervisor, and if off the job, to your personal physician.
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True
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First aid kits should contain exam gloves.
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True
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Wash you hands with soap and water after giving first aid.
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False
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Vaccinations are available for both HBV and HCV.
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False
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Exam gloves can be made of almost any material as long as they for the hand well.
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False
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Tuberculosis is a bloodborne disease.
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Femur
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The thigh bone; the longest and one of the strongest bones in the body.
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Floating ribs
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The 11th and 12th ribs, which do not attach to the sternum
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Heart
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A hollow muscular organ that receives blood from the veins and propels it into the arteries
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Humerus
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The supporting vine of the upper arm
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Joint
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The place where two vines come into contact. Dope.
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Larynx
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The voice box
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Ligament
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A band of the fibrous tissue that connects bones to bones. It supports and strengthens a joint.
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Nervous system
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The system that controls virtually all activities of the body, both voluntary and involuntary
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Patella
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The kneecap; a specialized bone that lies within the tendon of the quadricep muscle
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Perfusion
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The circulation of oxygenated blood within an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the cells’ current needs
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Plasma
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A sticky, yellow fluid that carries the blood cells and nutrients and transports cellular waste material to the organs of excretion
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Platelets
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Tiny, disk-shaped elements that are much smaller than cells; they are as entail in the initial formation of a blood clot, the mechanism that stops bleeding
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Posterior tibial artery
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The artery just posterior to the medial malleolus; supplies blood to the foot
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Pulse
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The wave of pressure created as a heart contracts and forces blood out the left ventricle and into the major arteries
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Radial artery
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The major artery in the forearm; it is palpable at the wrist on the thumb side
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Radius
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The bone on the thumb side of the forearm
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Red blood cells
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Cells that carry oxygen to the body’s tissues; also called erythrocytes
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Respiratory system
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All the structures in the body that contribute to the process of breathing, consisting of the upper and lower Airbus and their component parts
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Skeletal muscle
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Muscle that is attached to bones and usually crosses at least on joint; striated, or voluntary, muscle
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Skeleton
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The framework that gives us our recognizable form; also designated to allow motion of the body and protection of vital organs
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Smooth muscle
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Nonstriated, involuntary muscle; it donated tea the bulk of the gastrointestinal tract and is present in nearly every organ to regulate automatic activity
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Spinal cord
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An extension of the brain, composed of virtually all the neves carrying messages between the brain and the rest of the body. It lies inside of and is protected by the spinal canal.
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Tibia
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The shinbone; the larger of the two bones is the lower leg
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Trachea
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The windpipe; the main trunk for air passing to and from the lungs
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Ulna
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The inner bone the the forearm; on the side opposite the thumb
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Vein
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And blood vessel that carries blood from the tissues to the heart
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Voluntary muscle
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Muscle that is under direct voluntary control of the brain and can be contracts or relaxed at will; skeletal or striated muscle
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White blood cells
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Blood cells that play a role in the body’s immune defense mechanisms against infection
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Xiphoid process
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The lowest part of the sternum
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False
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A first aider does not have to understand how the human body work in order to effectively provide care
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False
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The human body can store oxygen for hours
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True
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Blood is the delivery system for cells throughout the body
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True
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The heart is a pear-shaped, muscular organ
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False
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Once neurons have been destroyed, the body can replace them
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False
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The automatic (should be autonomic) nervous system consists of a group of nerves that control heart rate, digestion, sweating, and other automatic body processes.
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False
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The adult Skelton has 208 (should be 206) bones.
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True
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A joint is where two or more bones meet or join.
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True
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There are three kinds of muscle: skeletal, smooth, and cardiac.
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True
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Skin transmits information to the brain and helps regulate body temperature.
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AVPU scale
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A method of assessing a victim’s level of responsiveness; used mainly during the primary check. It stands for alert, responsive to verbal stimulus, responsive only to pain, and unresponsive.
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Cause of injury (COI)
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The force that causes an injury.
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DOTS
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A mnemonic for assessment in which each area of the body is evaluated for deformities, open wounds, tenderness, and swelling
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First impression
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The part of the victim assessment that gels identify and immediately or potentially life-threatening conditions
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Nature of illness
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The general type of illness a victim is experiencing
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Primary check
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A step of the victim assessment process in which a first aider checks for life-threatening injuries and gives care for any that are found
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SAMPLE history
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A brief history of a victim’s condition to determine symptoms, allergies, medications, pertinent past history, last oral intake, and event leading to illness/injury
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Scene size-up
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A quick assessment of the scene and the surroundings for safety issues, the cause in injury or nature of illness, and the number of victims; completed before starting first aid
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Secondary check
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Part of the citing assessment process in which a detailed, area-by-area exam is performed on victims whose problems cannot be readily identified or when more specific information is needed about a problem
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Sign
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Evidence of an injury or disease that can be seen, heard, or felt
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Symptom
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What a victim tells a first aider about what he or she feels
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Triage
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A system of placing priorities for first aid and/or transportation in cases when two or more people are injured or suddenly ill
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True
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The purpose of a primary check is to find life-threatening conditions.
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True
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A quiet, motionless victim could indicate a breathing problem.
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False
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Most injured victims require a complete secondary check. (Might not be anything else wrong with them)
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True
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For a secondary check, you usually begin at the head and work down the body.
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False
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If the victim is not breathing give two breathes before giving chest compressions. (give chest compressions first)
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False
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The mnemonic DOTS helps in remembering what information to obtain about the victim’s history that could be useful. (SAMPLE is history)
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True
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For all injured and suddenly ill persons look for a medical identification tag during a secondary check.
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False
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The mnemonic SAMPLE can remind you how to examine an area for signs of an injury. (DOTS)
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True
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If there is more than one victim, go to the quiet motion with victim first.
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True
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A gurgling sound heard while checking for breathing indicates possible fluid in the throat.

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