CPR/AED Exam Chapters 1-7

question

the leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults is
answer

unintentional injuries
question

each year one person in ___ suffers a nonfatal injury serious enough to need medical attention or to restrict activity
answer

four
question

who primarily benefits from first aid training
answer

oneself
question

first aid is intended to
answer

provide temporary help until proper medical care, if needed, is obtained
question

properly applied, first aid may mean the difference between
answer

life and death, rapid recovery and long hospitalization, and temporary disability and permanent injury
question

consent to give first aid must be obtained from every victim who is
answer

responsive, mentally competent, and of legal age
question

if the victim is unresponsive, permission to give first aid is known as
answer

implied consent
question

which of the following is a true statement regarding obtaining consent to give first aid
answer

consent should be obtained from every responsive, mentally competent adult
question

in cases of psychiatric emergencies, who has the authority to restrain and transport a person
answer

a police officer
question

a first aider must stay with the victim until another equally or better trained person takes over failure to do so would be considered
answer

abandonment
question

deviating from accepted standards of care that results in further injury to the victim is known as
answer

negligence
question

duty to act, breach of duty (standard care), and injury and damages inflicted are all factors involved in
answer

assault or battery
question

which statement involving duty to act is correct
answer

occurs when employment requires it, occurs when a preexisting relationship exists, and follows guidelines for standards of care
question

occupations that include a legal obligation to give first aid include law enforcement officers, park rangers, athletic trainers, lifeguards, and
answer

flight attendants and fire fighters
question

a first aider who breaks his or her responsibility to a victim by failing to provide the type of care that another person with similar training would provide, commits
answer

breach of duty
question

failure to do what a responsible prudent person with the same or similar training would do in the same or similar circumstances is known as
answer

an act of omission
question

which of the following statements concerning Good Samaritan laws is true
answer

they protect first aiders acting in good faith
question

supplies in a first aid kit should be customized to include those items likely to be used
answer

on a regular basis
question

what level of care is a first aider expected to give
answer

standard of care
question

minimizing the risk of a lawsuit includes but is not limited to which of the following
answer

obtaining consent, not exceeding your training, and staying with the victim once care has began
question

___ encourage(s) people to assist others in distress by granting them immunity against lawsuits
answer

Good Samaritan laws
question

if a victim refuses first aid treatment, the first aid responder should
answer

call 9-1-1 and stay with the victim until help arrives
question

the Hadden Matrix is a strategy for ___ that can be applied to any type of illness or injury
answer

interventions
question

Who usually recognizes a situation as an emergency and acts to help the victim
answer

a bystander
question

who is a vital link between emergency medical services (EMS) and the victim
answer

bystanders
question

why are laypersons less likely to offer help when an emergency occurs in a public place
answer

lack of knowledge, confusion about what an emergency is, and characteristics of the emergency
question

a bystander who has seen the emergency happen is ___ to help than is a bystander who arrives after the event
answer

more likely
question

first aid and other assistance given by bystanders can be
answer

inadequate and potentially dangerous
question

what is the first action a bystander should take in an emergency
answer

recognize the emergency
question

severity, physical distance, relationship, and time exposed are all factors that can help the bystander
answer

recognize the emergency
question

refusing to acknowledge an emergency is a strategy that can interfere with which emergency action
answer

deciding to help
question

the most important time to decide whether to help in an emergency is
answer

before encountering an emergency
question

why might someone decide not to help in an emergency situation
answer

it may be harmful to the responder, helping does not matter, and no other bystanders are helping the victim
question

someone must call 9-1-1 if you are unsure of the victim’s condition, if the victim’s condition is life threatening or could become life threatening, or
answer

the victim needs the skill and equipment of EMS, a spinal injury is suspected, or distance or traffic could delay getting to the hospital
question

in a serious situation, who should you call first
answer

9-1-1
question

when calling 9-1-1, which of the following information should be given to EMS dispatch
answer

the victim;s location and condition, number of persons involved, and your name and the phone number you are calling from
question

desensitization relates to
answer

overcoming anxieties caused by unpleasant sights and sounds
question

a stressful event can be psychologically overwhelming and can result in a condition known as
answer

posttraumatic stress disorder
question

what should the rescuer look for during the scene size-up
answer

hazards that could be dangerous to the rescuer, the victim(s), or bystanders, the mechanism or cause of injury, and the number of victims
question

a(n) ___ is a medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small, harmful organisms within the body
answer

infectious disease
question

a(n) ___ is a disease that can be spread from one person to another
answer

communicable disease
question

personal protective equipment (PPE) includes
answer

exam gloves, mouth-to-barrier devices, and eye protection
question

the most common type of personal protective equipment available for first aiders to protect against blood borne pathogens is
answer

gloves
question

what is the best method for personal protection against contact with blood borne pathogens
answer

wearing proper personal protective equipment
question

which of the following are blood borne diseases
answer

Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV
question

a vaccine is available for
answer

hepatitis B
question

Hepatitis C virus can cause ___ disease or cancer
answer

liver
question

___ is a potentially life-threatening viral infection
answer

SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)
question

___ are transmitted through the air by coughing or sneezing
answer

airborne diseases
question

the grieving process has ___ stages
answer

five
question

the first stage of grieving is ___
answer

denial
question

the second stage of grieving is ___
answer

anger
question

the third stage of grieving is ___
answer

bargaining
question

the fourth stage of grieving is ___
answer

depression
question

the fifth stage of grieving is ___
answer

acceptance
question

the ___ stage of grieving is characterized by denial
answer

first
question

the ___ stage of grieving is characterized by bargaining
answer

third
question

the ___ stage of grieving is characterized by sadness and despair
answer

fourth
question

a key point in victim assessment is to conduct a ___
answer

primary check
question

the ___ helps determine the safety of the scene and the general condition of the victim
answer

scene size-up
question

the A in AVPU stands for
answer

airway
question

check the victim’s responsiveness by gently tapping the victim’s shoulder and asking loudly
answer

are you okay
question

for an alert, responsive victim, you can evaluate his or her ability to remember by asking
answer

person, place, time, and event
question

the RAP in RAP-CAB stands for
answer

responsive, activate, position
question

which method should be used to open the airway of an unresponsive victim
answer

head tilt-chin lift
question

which of the following indicates a breathing problem
answer

snoring, gargling, and wheezing
question

the checking for severe bleeding, search the
answer

victim’s entire body — head to toe, floor or ground for pooling blood, and victim’s clothing
question

if the unresponsive victim is breathing, the best position for the victim is
answer

on the side
question

if the unresponsive victim has difficult breathing, place the victim
answer

in a modified HAINES recovery position
question

victims placed in a recovery position or HAINES position should be placed on their
answer

left side
question

squeezing the victim’s fingers and toes is done when checking the victim for
answer

spinal injury
question

which of the following is a sign
answer

moist skin
question

which of the following is a symptom
answer

nausea
question

the T in DOTS stands for
answer

tenderness
question

the P in SAMPLE stands for
answer

preexisting conditions
question

circulation, sensation, and movement (CSM) is checked during assessment of the
answer

extremities
question

how do you check a victim’s abdomen for tenderness
answer

gently press the four quadrants
question

while waiting for an ambulance, the initial assessment should be repeated every ___ minutes for an unresponsive victim
answer

5
question

abandonment
answer

failure to continue first aid until relieved by someone with the same or a higher level of training
question

act of commission
answer

doing something that a reasonably prudent person would not do under the same or similar circumstances
question

act of omission
answer

failure to do what a reasonably prudent person with the same or similar training would do in the same or similar circumstances
question

battery
answer

touching a person or providing first aid without consent
question

breach of duty
answer

when a first aider fails to provide the type of care that would be given by a person having the same or similar training
question

consent
answer

an agreement by a patient or victim to accept treatment offered as explained by medical personnel or first aiders
question

duty to act
answer

a person’s responsibility to provide victim care
question

expressed consent
answer

permission for care that a victim gives verbally or with a head nod
question

first aid
answer

immediate care given to an injured or suddenly ill person
question

Good Samaritan laws
answer

laws that encourage people to voluntarily help an injured or suddenly ill person by minimizing the liability for errors made while rendering emergency care in good faith
question

implied consent
answer

an assumed consent given by an unconscious adult when emergency lifesaving treatment is required
question

negligence
answer

deviation from the accepted standard pf care that results in further injury to the victim
question

airborne diseases
answer

infections transmitted through the air, such as tuberculosis
question

bloodborne diseases
answer

infections transmitted through the blood, such as HIV or HBV
question

communicable disease
answer

a disease that can spread from person to person, or from animal to person
question

emergency medical services (EMS)
answer

a system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide emergency medical care
question

grieving process
answer

feelings and emotions after a stressful situation that cause personal pain; people go through several stages of grieving
question

hepatitis B virus (HBV)
answer

a viral infection of the liver for which a vaccine is available
question

hepatitis C virus (HCV)
answer

a viral infection of the liver for which no vaccine is available
question

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
answer

the virus that can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
question

infectious disease
answer

a medical condition caused by the growth of small, harmful organisms within the body
question

personal protective equipment (PPE)
answer

equipment, such as exam gloves, used to block the entry of an organism into the body
question

posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
answer

a delayed stress reaction to a prior emergency event
question

SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)
answer

a potentially life-threatening viral infection that usually starts with flu-like symptoms
question

scene size-up
answer

steps taken when approaching an emergency scene; steps include checking for hazards, noting the cause of injury or illness, and determining the number of victims
question

standard precautions
answer

protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC) for use in dealing with objects, blood, bodily fluids, or other potential exposure risks of communicable disease
question

tuberculosis
answer

a bacterial disease usually affecting the lungs
question

abdomen
answer

the body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion and exertion; it is located below the diaphragm and above the pelvis
question

Adam’s apple
answer

the projection on the anterior surface of the neck, formed by the thyroid cartilage over the larynx
question

alveoli
answer

the air sacs of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place
question

aorta
answer

the principal artery leaving the left side of the heart and carrying freshly oxygenated blood to the body
question

arteries
answer

a blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue and smooth muscle, that carries blood away from the heart
question

blood
answer

the fluid that circulates through the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins carrying nutrients and oxygen to the body cells and removing waste products such as carbon dioxide and various metabolic products for excretion
question

bones
answer

the hard form of connective tissue that consists mostly of the skeleton in humans
question

brachial artery
answer

the artery of the arm that, in turn branches at the elbow into the radial and ulnar arteries; used to determine an infant’s pulse
question

brain
answer

the soft, large mass of nerve tissue that is contained in the cranium
question

brain stem
answer

the area of the brain between the spinal cord and the cerebrum, surrounded by the cerebellum; controls functions that are necessary for life, such as respirations
question

capillaries
answer

the small blood vessels through whose walls various substances pass into and out of tissues and onto the cells
question

carotid artery
answer

the major arteries that supply blood to the head and brain
question

central nervous system (CNS)
answer

the brain and spinal cord
question

cerebellum
answer

one of the three major subdivisions of the brain; coordinates the various activities of the brain particularly fine body movements
question

cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
answer

a clear, watery solution similar to blood plasma
question

cerebrum
answer

the largest part of three subdivisions of the brain, made up of several lobes that control movement, hearing, balance, speech, visual perception, emotions, and personality
question

circulatory system
answer

the arrangement of connected tubes, including the arteries, arteries, capillaries, venues, and veins, that moves blood, oxygen, nutrients, carbon dioxide, and cellular waste throughout the body
question

clavicle
answer

the collarbone
question

cranium
answer

the area of the head above the ears and eyes; the skull; this term contains the brain
question

dermis
answer

the inner layer of skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels
question

diaphragm
answer

a muscular dome that forms the undersurface of the thorax, separating the chest from the abdominal cavity; contraction of this term brings air into the lungs; relaxation allows air to be expelled from the lungs
question

dorsalis pedis artery
answer

the artery on the anterior (top) surface of the foot between the first and second metatarsals
question

epidermis
answer

the outer layer of the skin, which is made up of cell that are sealed together to form a water-tight protective covering for the body
question

esophagus
answer

a collapsible tube that extends from the pharynx to the stomach;; contractions of the muscles in the wall of this term propel food and liquids through it to the stomach
question

femoral artery
answer

the principal artery of the thigh; it supplies blood to the lower abdominal wall, external genitalia, and legs; it can be palpated in the groin area
question

femur
answer

the thighbone; the largest and one of the strongest bones in the body
question

floating ribs
answer

the 11th and 12th ribs, which do not attach to the sternum
question

heart
answer

a hollow muscular organ that receives blood from the veins and propels it into the arteries
question

humerus
answer

the supporting bone of the upper arm
question

joint
answer

the place where two bones come into contact
question

larynx
answer

the voice box
question

ligament
answer

a band of the fibrous tissue that contains bones to bone; it supports and strengthens a joint
question

nervous system
answer

the system that controls virtually all activities of the body, both voluntary and involuntary
question

patella
answer

the kneecap; a specialized bone that lies within the tendon of the quadriceps muscle
question

perfusion
answer

the circulation of oxygenated blood within a organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the cells’ current needs
question

plasma
answer

a sticky, yellow fluid that carries the blood cells and nutrients and transports cellular waste material to the organs of excretion
question

platelets
answer

tiny, disk-shaped elements that are much smaller then cells; they are essential in the initial formation of a blood clot, the mechanism that stops bleeding
question

posterior tibial artery
answer

the artery just posterior to the medial malleolus; supplies blood to the foot
question

pulse
answer

the wave of pressure created as the heart contracts and forces blood out the left ventricle and into the major arteries
question

radial artery
answer

the major artery in the forearm; it is palpable at the wrist on the thumb side
question

radius
answer

the bone on the thumb side of the forearm
question

red blood cells
answer

cells that carry oxygen to the body;s tissues; also called erythrocytes
question

respiratory system
answer

all the structures of the body that contribute to the process of breathing, consisting of the upper and lower airways and their component parts
question

skeleteal muscle
answer

muscle that is attached to bones and usually crosses at least one joint; striated, or voluntary, muscle
question

skeleton
answer

the framework that gives us our recognizable form; also designed to allow motion of the body and protection of vital organs
question

smooth muscle
answer

nonstrained, involuntary muscle; it constitutes the bulk of the gastrointestinal tract and is present in every organ to regulate automatic activity
question

spinal cord
answer

an extension of the brain, composed of virtually all the nerves carrying messages between the brain and the rest of the body; it lies inside of and is protected by the spinal canal
question

tibia
answer

the shinbone; the larger of the two bones of the lower leg
question

trachea
answer

the windpipe; the main trunk for air passing to and from the lungs
question

ulna
answer

the inner bone of the forearm, on the side opposite the thumb
question

vein
answer

any blood vessel that carries blood from the tissues to the heart
question

voluntary muscle
answer

muscle that is under direct voluntary control of the brain and can be contracted or relaxed at will; skeletal or striated muscle
question

white blood cells
answer

blood cells that play a role in the body’s immune defense mechanisms against infection
question

xiphoid process
answer

the lowest part of the sternum
question

defibrillation is most effective if used
answer

within 4 minutes (10 cycles) of CPR
question

what is the most common abnormal heart rhythm in cases of sudden cardiac arrest in adults
answer

ventricular fibrillation
question

during ventricular fibrillation, the heart
answer

quivers and cannot pump blood
question

during ventricular tachycardia (v-tach), the heart
answer

beats too fast to pump blood effectively
question

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
answer

is the initial care for cardiac arrest until a defibrillator is available
question

an AED can
answer

analyze the heart’s rhythm, deliver an electrical shock, and be used by trained laypersons
question

how many adhesive pads (electrodes) are placed on the victim’s chest
answer

two
question

which of the following statements about AED is true
answer

the AED pads need to be attached to a dry chest
question

place the right AED pad
answer

right of the breastbone, just below the collarbone, above the right nipple
question

place the second AED pad
answer

on the left side of the chest, left of the nipple, above the lower rib margin
question

begin ___ immediately after the shock and follow the prompts of the AED
answer

CPR
question

avoid placing the AED pads ___ implanted devices
answer

directly over
question

which of the following statements about AED is true part 2
answer

remove patches containing medication (e.g. nitroglycerin, nicotine, or pain medicine)
question

rapid blood loss of ___ quart(s) or more in an adult can lead to shock and death
answer

1
question

the term ___ refers to a large amount of bleeding in a short time
answer

hemorrhage
question

in ___ bleeding, blood spurts up to several feet from the wound
answer

arterial
question

which is the most serious type of bleeding
answer

arterial
question

quiet often, ___ bleeding will clot and stop by itself
answer

capillary
question

if a dressing become blood-soaked, what should be done
answer

apply another dressing on top of the old one
question

what is the most effective method for controlling most types of bleeding
answer

direct pressure over the wound
question

when direct pressure cannot be applied, such as in the case of a protruding bone, bleeding should be controlled by using
answer

doughnut-shaped ring pads
question

which of the following is a sign of internal bleeding
answer

bruises of the skin, fractured ribs or bruises on the chest, vomiting or coughing up blood
question

to treat bruises, the first aider should
answer

apply an ice pack over the injury for 20 minutes
question

when adequate blood and oxygen are provided to all cells in different tissues and organs in the body, this is called
answer

perfusion
question

shock refers to the failure of which system
answer

cardiovascular
question

without oxygen, the brain will start to be damaged irreparably in ___ minutes
answer

2 to 3
question

without oxygen, the abdominal organs will start to be damaged irreparably in ___ minutes
answer

45 to 90
question

without oxygen, the skin and muscle cells will start to be damaged irreparably in ___ minutes
answer

180 to 360
question

the Perfusion Triangle includes
answer

heart, blood vessels, blood
question

hypovolemic shock refers to
answer

the loss of a significant amount of fluid
question

septic shock develops in some victims with
answer

bacterial infection
question

neurogenic shock results from
answer

damage to the nervous system
question

anaphylactic shock
answer

is a massive allergic reaction
question

which of the following are signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis
answer

swelling in the face, tongue, and lips, bluish lips (cyanosis), sneezing, coughing, wheezing
question

the early stage of shock is called
answer

compensated
question

the late stage of shock is called
answer

decompensated
question

which of the following statements about shock is correct
answer

a first aider can prevent shock from worsening
question

when a person experiences shock, the person’s skin is usually
answer

clammy
question

victims of shock may experience ___ during the early stage of compensated shock
answer

anxiety and restlessness
question

a shock victim who is unresponsive or a victim of stroke should be placed:
answer

in a recovery position
question

why is neither food nor drink given to a shock victim
answer

it could cause nausea and vomiting
question

when treating a shock victim, the first aider should place blankets and/or coats
answer

under and over the victim
question

why are the legs NOT elevated more than 12 inches when treating for shock
answer

it would affect the victim’s breathing

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member