Comp. Lit. Exam (75)

question

Bing, Google, and Yahoo! are all examples of web ____________________.
answer

search engines
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A thesaurus can be used to look up a(n) _____, or a word similar in meaning to a given word.
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synonym
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Because technology changes, you must keep up with the changes to remain digitally ____________________.
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literate
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Storage devices like the hard disk shown in the accompanying figure often function as a source of input because they transfer items from storage to memory.
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true
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The term, payload, as it pertains to computer crime, is defined as _____________.
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the destructive event or prank the program is intended to deliver
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All mobile browsers support the use of plug-ins.
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false
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A ____ symbol is another name for a dot symbol.
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bullet
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Collections, such as that pictured in the accompanying figure, allow computers to share which of the following?
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resources
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A note reference mark signals that an explanatory note exists at the bottom of the page as a(n) ____, as shown in the accompanying figure.
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footnote
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A web ____________________ is software that finds websites, webpages, images, videos, news, maps, and other information related to a specific topic.
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search engine
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What term is used to describe the process of restricting access to certain material on the web?
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content filtering
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Which of the following does your company use to track your time and attendance?
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hand geometry system
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An entertainment website contains content that describes a cause, opinion, or idea.
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false
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By default, the Normal style inserts a vertical space equal to ____ line(s) between each line of text.
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1.08
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A megabyte is equal to approximately one billion characters.
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false
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According to netiquette, Internet users should assume which of the following?
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the use of all capital letters is the equivalent of shouting
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Using the technology shown in the accompanying figure, others connected to the same server see what a user has typed.
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true
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Which of the following terms is used to describe a program that copies itself repeatedly, using up resources and possibly shutting down the computer or network?
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a worm
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Which of the following terms refers to a written list of guidelines that might include rules that prevent employees from using software illegally or using computers to steal?
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an IT code of conduct
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A disadvantage with a subject directory is that users sometimes have difficulty deciding which categories to choose as they work through the menus of links presented.
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true
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Similar to an editorial section in a newspaper, websites like the kind shown in the accompanying figure reflect the interests, opinions, and personalities of the author.
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true
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Which of the following terms is an alternate term for the kind of computer shown in the accompanying figure?
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notebook computer
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An Internet connection is not necessary for participating in e-commerce.
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false
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As shown in the accompanying figure, which of the following is a real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer?
answer

chat
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Larger corporate, government, and Internet applications may use powerful, expensive servers (an example of which is shown in the accompanying figure) to support their daily operation
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true
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Which of the following statements is not a safeguard against the failure of hardware?
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device-tracking app
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Although you can use a dialog box to indent paragraphs, Word provides a quicker way through the ____.
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horizontal ruler
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Servers like the one in the accompanying figure typically support only one computer at a time.
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false
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A letterhead should contain all of the following EXCEPT ____.
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the company’s objective
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Which of the following statements is not true about biometric devices?
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Biometric devices are an unreliable method of identification and notification.
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In your encryption algorithm, you removed every third letter. Which algorithm did you use?
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compaction
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When a waiter at a restaurant steals credit card numbers to make fraudulent purchases, this is called _____________.
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information theft
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Which of the following does your new smartphone use to unlock the device?
answer

face recognition
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All social networking sites have a specialized audience.
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false
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A tag name is an identifier that links a(n) ____ to a source.
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citation
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Breakthroughs in surgery, medicine, and treatments seldom result from scientists’ use of computers.
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false
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All of the following are guidelines about the appearance of letterhead elements EXCEPT ____.
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make the font size of your name the same size as the rest of the text in the letterhead
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A blog is an informal website consisting of time-stamped articles in a diary or journal format, usually listed in reverse chronological order.
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true
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Which of the following does your financial institution use to reduce fraud?
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signature verification system
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Business documents can include all of the following EXCEPT ____.
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personal letter
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Which of the following refers to a technique intruders use to make their network or Internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network?
answer

spoofing
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As an alternative to using the Color button on the PICTURE TOOLS FORMAT tab to display the Color gallery, you can right-click the graphic, click ____ on the shortcut menu, click the Picture button, expand the PICTURE COLOR section, and select the desired options.
answer

format picture
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Which of the following terms is used to describe an encrypted code that a person, website, or organization uses to verify the identity of the message sender?
answer

a digital signature
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According to the MLA style, the _____ is a list of sources that are referenced directly in a research paper.
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work cited page
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Which of the following terms is used to describe a small text file that a web server stores on your computer?
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a cookie
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Automatic page breaks are determined by ____.
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all of the above
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A hot spot is a wireless network that provides Internet connections to mobile computers and devices.
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true
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A game console is small enough to fit in one hand, making it more portable than the handheld game device.
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false
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As wikis have grown in number, size, and popularity, many educators and librarians have shunned the sites as valid sources of research.
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true
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Which of the following statements is not true about intellectual property rights?
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The term fair use refers to the rights which creators are entitled for their work.
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The term, zombie, is _____________.
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a computer or device whose owner is unaware that the computer or device is being controlled remotely by an outsider
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Collections, such as that pictured in the accompanying figure, allow computers to share which of the following?
answer

resources
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The term, botnet, means _____________.
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a group of compromised computers connected to a network that attacks other networks
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An effective business document should ____.
answer

all of the above
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Which of the following is the least likely motive for a DDoS?
answer

spoofing
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Bing, Google, and Yahoo! are all examples of web ____________________.
answer

search engine
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The major differences between server computers like the one in the accompanying figure and client computers are that the client typically has more power, more storage space, and expanded communications capabilities.
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false
question

A bookmarking site is a website that enables members to manage and share media such as photos, videos, and music.
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false
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By default, the Normal style places ____ points of blank space after each paragraph.
answer

8
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the difference between a wiki and a site like the one in the accompanying figure is that users cannot modify original posts on an wiki.
answer

false
question

Which of the following does your daughter’s daycare use to verify the identity of parents who pick up their children?
answer

hand geometry system
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Most websites of the kind shown in the accompanying figure require payment for services.
answer

false
question

A perpetrator is using a botnet. Which of the following is the least likely use of his botnet?
answer

authoring ActiveX scripts
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In order to safeguard your personal information, which of the following is recommended?
answer

Clear your history file when you are finished browsing.
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Which of the following is a collection of computers and devices connected together, as shown in the accompanying figure, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media?
answer

network
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To select a ____ in the table in the accompanying figure, point to its left edge and click when the mouse pointer changes to a small solid upward angled pointing arrow.
answer

cell
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Which of the following terms refers to someone who accesses a computer or network illegally with the intent of malicious action?
answer

cracker
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All of the following are vertical alignment options EXCEPT ____.
answer

middle
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Which of the following does your financial service institution use to secure the transactions you make using their phone banking service?
answer

voice verification system
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Which of the following does a new federal laboratory use in its high security areas?
answer

iris recognition system
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What term is used to describe the discovery, collection, and analysis of evidence found on computers and networks?
answer

digital forensics
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All social networking sites require friends to confirm a friendship.
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false
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USB flash drives and memory cards usually hold more than hard disks like the kind shown in the accompanying figure.
answer

false
question

When using the MLA style, position in-text parenthetical references either at the _____, as shown in the accompanying figure.
answer

bottom of the page as footnotes or at the end of the paper as endnotes
question

Which of the following best describes the term, cybercrime?
answer

online or Internet-based illegal acts

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