COMM 1000 Final Practice Questions

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false
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T/F the interests, needs, and expectations of your audience have little or no bearing on your speech
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true
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T/F according to the Roman statesman Cicero, there are five “arts of public speaking”
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false
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T/F the digital divide refers to the differences between on-line communication and personal communications technology
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false
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T/F clearly documenting reliable sources to support your speeches is not as important as it used to be
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true
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T/F being a better listener will make you a better public speaker
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true
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T/F according to your textbook, the process of communication is impacted by noise
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true
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gathering and analyzing information is important in speechmaking because contemporary audiences expect relevant and up-to-date information from public speakers
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true
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T/F according to your textbook, mindfulness involves consciously focusing on a situation and maintaining awareness of what you say and how others respond
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true
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T/F Aristotle emphasized the importance of adapting speeches to the specific situation and audience
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true
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T/F Aristotle is attributed with labeling the three proofs: logos, ethos, and pathos
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false
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T/F the type of proof “logos” refers to appeals to the audience’s emotions
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true
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T/F early models of human communication suggest information moves in a singular direction, from sender to receiver
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true
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T/F the current mode of human communication must take into account the communication environment in which the communication takes place
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true
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T/F the channel refers to the mode or medium of communication
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false
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T/F the message in the model of communication includes verbal but NOT non-verbal communication
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true
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T/F current models of communication should seek to account for the “pervasive communication environment”
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C. right and wrong
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the term “ethics” refers to A. a persons religious beliefs B. Greek mythology C. right and wrong D. a person’s ethnic background
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B. feedback
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which of the following is NOT one of the “arts of public speaking?” A. style B. feedback C. arrangement D. delivery
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A. industrial
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which of historical age was NOT noted for the development of mass media, such as newspapers and radio A. industrial B. Pre-Historic C. classical D. information
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E. all of these answers are correct
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common patterns of organizing a speech include all of the following except: A. chronological B. cause-and-effect C. problem-solution D. spatial E. all of these answers are correct
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A. communication by internet
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distance speaking occurs in the following context: A. communication by internet B. communication by contact C. communication across the curriculum D. extreme communications
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D. audience centered
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when a speaker remains fully aware of their audience’s expectations and situations, they are _____ speakers A. functional B. entertaining C. expert D. audience centered
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C. digital divide
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technology is not available to everyone, particularly in developing countries. This lack of equitable technology distribution across age, race, education level, and internet connection speed is called the _____ A. right to free speech B. technical redistribution C. digital divide D. technology transfer
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C. ethics
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_____ refers to the rules or standards within a culture about what is right and wrong A. justice B. speaker responsibility C. ethics D. none of these answers are correct
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B. rhetoric
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public speaking in the time of the Greeks was called A. noise B. rhetoric C. mythos D. pathos
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C. mythos
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which is NOT one of the proofs or appeals used in public speaking identified by Aristotle? A. ethos B. pathos C. mythos D. logos
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B. an art
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public speaking is considered A. a science B. an art C. not a science and an art D. neither a science nor an art
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F. all of these answers are correct
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according to the Roman statesman Cicero, you need this to form the groundwork for learning about public speaking A. memory B. delivery C. invention D. arrangement E. style F. all of these answers are correct
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D. communication in a single direction
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the linear or transmission model of communication consists of A. two-way communication B. communicators as both senders and receivers C. a group communicating D. communication in a single direction
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A. rhetoric
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which of the following is NOT one of the eight elements of communication? A. rhetoric B. speaker C. audience D. noise
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E. all of these answers are correct
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which of the following is one of the major spheres of communication constantly available to use? A. mass media B. information technology C. personal communication technology D. face-to-face E. all of these answers are correct
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D. organized
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which of the following is NOT an element of the audience’s view of the speaker’s credibility? A. competence B. friendliness C. trustworthy D. organized
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B. Aristotle
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Rhetoric was the major work of which philosopher? A. Socrates B. Aristotle C. Plato D. Cicero
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B. research
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which of the following was NOT part of Cicero’s “five arts of public speaking?” A. invention B. research C. style D. delivery
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false
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T/F in order to give an effective speech, the speaker needs to eliminate his/her speech anxiety
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false
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T/F if your confidence in your speaking skills is relatively low, then your level of speech anxiety will likely also be relatively low
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true
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T/F your temperament may influence your level of speech anxiety
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false
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T/F visualization involves seeing yourself making mistakes during your speech so that you can correct them ahead of time
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true
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T/F assigning positive words or phrases to the physical reactions and feelings associated with speech anxiety involves relabeling
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true
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T/F speech anxiety can come from a number of sources of uncertainty including understanding the role of the speaker
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true
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T/F speech anxiety can come from a number of sources of uncertainty including uncertainty about how to use the technology
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true
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T/F according to your textbook, developing good breathing techniques can help you relax prior to giving a speech
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true
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T/F according to your textbook, one suggestion for building one’s confidence is a process called “visualization”
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false
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T/F according to your textbook, research suggests that practicing your speech in front of audiences is likely to increase your speech anxiety
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true
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T/F according to your textbook, knowing your introduction and conclusion can boost your confidence and reduce anxiety
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true
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T/F changing the words you use, such as substituting “opportunities for improvement” rather than ‘weakness”, is called Can-do Language
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true
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T/F the “illusion of transparency” suggests that people believe that their internal states, like speech anxiety, are easily observable by others
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false
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T/F if you practice the tips in your textbook you, like mike people, can eliminate all speech anxiety
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false
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T/F ideally you want to eliminate all of your speech anxiety
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C. uncertainty reduction
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_____ theory believes people become anxious when faced with uncertain or unfamiliar situations A. transmission B. social exchange C. uncertainty reduction D. speech
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B. relabeling
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Ryan decided instead of being fearful and apprehensive about his upcoming speech, he would try to be excited and look forward to it. This behavior is called _____ A. relaxation B. relabeling C. visualization D. wishful thinking
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B. be an authority on your subject
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unlike in everyday conversations, your public speaking audience expects you to _____ A. be brief B. be an authority on your subject C. be technical D. know little about your topic
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C. anxious
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Janet could not get a sense of how her audience was responding to her speech. This generally made her feel _____ A. less anxious B. happy C. anxious D. none of these answers are correct
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C. thinking the audience is observing you more carefully than they really are
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the “spotlight effect” refers to _____ A. people paying no attention to your speech B. being nervous because you are illuminated by a spotlight C. thinking the audience is observing more carefully than they really are D. focusing too much on one aspect of your speech
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D. intelligent fear
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even though Sally started her speech with great apprehension, she used her heightened emotions and increased sensitivity to her surroundings to better her presentation. Which term best describes this reaction? A. spotlight effect B. visualization C. relaxation D. intelligent fear
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D. all of these answers are correct
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if you have a positive attitude toward public speaking, you _____ A. welcome the chance to entertain others B. view public speaking as an opportunity C. look forward to sharing information D. all of these answers are correct
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B. visualization
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when Carlos was preparing his speech, he carefully saw himself completing each step i a positive, detailed, systematic way. This approach is called _____ A. relabeling B. visualization C. visual aids D. over-planning
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A. relaxation
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diaphragmatic breathing, meditation breathing, and tension-release breathing exercises are part of what technique used to prepare for a speech? A. relaxation B. increasing heart rate C. increasing your level of tension D. avoiding muscle cramps
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D. choosing a topic about which you know little
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which of the following would tend to increase the level of speech anxiety when presenting your speech? A. getting an early start on your speech preparation B. choosing a topic you care about C. effectively researching your topic D. choosing a topic about which you know little
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C. practice her speech in front of an audience
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if Lucinda wants to help reduce her anxiety about giving a speech, she should _____ A. wait until the last minute to prepare B. avoid thinking about her speech beforehand C. practice her speech in front of an audience D. not practice her speech at all-impromptu is better
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A. the spotlight effect
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Kelly was sure that her audience would notice every mistake she made during her speech. This belief is known as _____? A. the spotlight effect B. the illusion of transparency C. speech minutia D. speech training
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C. apologize for mistakes
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which of the following should you NOT do during your speech? A. focus on your audience B. display a positive attitude C. apologize for mistakes D. pay attention to audience feedback
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C. something which can be managed and controlled
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speech anxiety is _____ A. something which you can and should eliminate completely B. never a good thing C. something which can be managed and controlled D. a very rare occurrence
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D. thoroughly plan, prepare, and practice your speech
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in order to deliver a good speech it is essential to ______ A. know someone in the audience so you can relax B. dress in your best attire C. embellish the facts and keep things interesting D. thoroughly plan, prepare, and practice your speech
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D. speech anxiety
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according to your textbook, _____ refers to the fear of speaking in front of an audience A. communication nervousness B. speech uneasiness C. communication apprehension D. speech anxiety
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B. your appearance
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which of the following was NOT listed as a source of uncertainty causing speech anxiety? A. the speaker’s role B. your appearance C. how others will evaluate you C. the technology
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A. challenges rather than problems
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which of the following is an example of Can-Do Language? A. challenges rather than problems B. trouble rather than mistakes C. criticism rather than feedback D. failure rather than success
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D. after the speech strategies
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Judith has just completed her first public speech. She congratulates herself on her performance, even though she made a few small mistakes. In addition, she thinks about what speech anxiety techniques really helped her to relax prior to the speech. Judith is engaging in what type of confidence building strategy? A. before the speech strategies B. preparing the speech strategies C. during the speech strategies D. after the speech strategies
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B. 98-131
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according to the Personal Report of Public Speaking Anxiety (PRPSA) scores between _____ indicate moderate speech anxiety A. 58-98 B. 98-131 C. 132-151 D. 132-158
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C. envisioning
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according to your textbook, which of the following is NOT listed as a strategy for building your (speaking) confidence? A. visualization B. relabeling C. envisioning D. relaxation
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A. visualization
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“Imagining a successful communication event by thinking through a sequence of events in a positive, concrete, step-by-step way,” is the definition for building your public speaking confidence? A. visualization B. relabeling C. envisioning D. relaxation
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D. observe your fellow student’s speeches
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according to your textbook, which of the following is NOT listed as a strategy for building your confidence before the day of your speech? A. plan and prepare your speech early B. choose a topic you care about C. practice your speech D. observe your fellow students speeches
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false
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T/F taking notes with a laptop computer while listening to a speech is a much better alternative to writing your notes on paper
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true
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T/F ethical public speaking requires a dialogue between speakers and listeners
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true
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T/F there are actually four different types of listening
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false
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T/F ethnocentric listeners usually respond positively to a speaker who does not share their cultural background
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true
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T/F several communication organizations provide guidelines for ethical communication
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false
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T/F dialogic ethics require speakers engage in one-way communication
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false
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T/F being tolerant is NOT part of ethical communication
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true
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T/F according to your book, words that attack groups such as racial, ethnic, religious and sexual minorities are termed hate speech
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false
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T/F effective public speakers do NOT need to provide oral citations of their sources
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true
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T/F “Fair use” allows for you to use someone else’s original work in a way that does not infringe on the owner’s rights
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true
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T/F it is important to offer oral citations of your sources in your speech
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false
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T/F it is important to practice ethnocentrism when preparing for one’s speech
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true
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T/F according to your textbook, “ethnocentrism” is the position that our world view is better than anyone else’s
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false
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T/F conflict always produces negative outcomes
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false
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T/F if you do not intend to plagiarize a source, it is not considered plagiarism
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false
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T/F according to your textbook, listening is the physical process of receiving sounds
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false
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T/F listening is NOT a part of ethical communication
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C. the moral aspects of speaking and listening
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ethical communication refers to A. the ethnic background of the communicators B. the way in which different cultures communicate C. the moral aspects of speaking and listening D. the religious aspects of communication
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B. defensive communication climate
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when Bill has finished listening to Sally’s speech, he challenges her by opening his comments with, “I am sure you are wrong about the statistics you used to support your point about the dangers of cloning.” This creates which kind of communication climate? A. productive communication climate B. defensive communication climate C. supportive communication climate D. none of these answers are correct
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D. all of these answers are correct
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ethical speakers and listeners have what in common? A. a mutual respect for themselves and each other B. logical interaction with each other C. accuracy D. all of these answers are correct
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D. all of these answers are correct
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which of the following are principles of dialogic ethics? A. create a supportive communication climate B. convey a positive attitude toward learning C. demonstrate respect for others D. all of these answers are correct
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B. hate speech
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Cathy’s speech at her college campus sorority attacked and degraded the Mexican students. This type of speech is called _____ A. ethical B. hate speech C. free speech D. supportive speech
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D. you should ask permission and name your source in your speech
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when you email an expert for information on your topic, how should you deal with that information in your speech? A. you may use it as your own since it is considered “public domain” B. you should ask the person’s permission to use it C. you should name your source in your speech D. you should ask permission and name your source in your speech
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B. plagiarism
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when giving his speech on the civil war, Carl quoted a section of President Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address” without crediting Mr. Lincoln. Carl is guilty of _____ A. dialogue B. plagiarism C. oral citation D. copyright infringement
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A. fair use
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the practice of using limited portions of an author’s work and crediting the source is called _____ A. fair use B. oral citations C. ethnocentrism D. plagiarism
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B. brief references to their sources
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effective public speakers provide oral citations during their speeches. Oral citations are A. the actual act of giving a speech B. brief references to their sources C. written references to their sources D. values and beliefs
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D. all of these answers are correct
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how can you provide effective feedback to a speaker? A. identify what the speaker did well B. offer specific examples of areas for improvement C. demonstrate that you listened carefully to the message D. all of these answers are correct
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A. paraphrasing
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while researching her speech on the salvation army, Jean found a particularly useful quotation. during her speech, she put the quote into her own words. in doing so, Jean is _____ the quotation A. paraphrasing B. copying C. performing D. rehearsing
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C. ethnocentrism
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when Dave thinks to himself, “How can Roberta possibly believe in that?” he is experiencing _____ A. listening anxiety B. hate speech C. ethnocentrism D. ethical communication
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D. salesperson
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which of the following is an example of gender neutral language? A. fireman B. policeman C. stewardess D. salesperson
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A. appreciative listening
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when you go to a comedy club for entertainment, you are engaging in _____ A. appreciative listening B. empathic listening C. critical listening D. listening for content
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B. an internal noise
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Fred’s headache was causing him to have trouble concentrating on his classmate’s speech. This type of distraction is called _____ A. a medical distraction B. an internal noise C. an external noise D. none of these answers are correct
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C. communication climate
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according to your textbook, the psychological and emotional tone that develops as communicators interact with one another is referred to as the _____ A. communication tone B. communication zone C. communication climate D. communication environment
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B. one-third
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according to your textbook, a recent study found that over _____ of college students reported copying information directly from an internet source without providing a reference A. one-quarter B. one-third C. one-half D. two-thirds
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C. listening anxiety
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Jason was extremely nervous about an upcoming science class. During the class period prior to the text, Jason found himself having trouble focusing on the content of the professor’s lecture. Jason was experiencing _____ A. external noise B. goal setting C. listening anxiety D. judgement
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B. listening
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selecting, assigning meaning to, and responding sensory stimuli is part of what process? A. communicating B. listening C. hearing D. cognition
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B. How are you feeling today?
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an example of an open-ended question is: A. Did you enjoy the movie? B. How are you feeling today? C. What type of for do you like most? D. What is your name?
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C. empathic
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Zane is listening to his sister talk about her feelings after a rough day she had at school. He is likely engaging in what type of listening? A. comprehensive B. appreciative C. empathic D. content
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D. appreciative
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Rob is going yo a concert to hear this favorite band play. While there he will likely be engaged in that type of listening? A. comprehensive B. critical C. empathic D. appreciative
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A. internal
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Bengie is busy trying to prepare for her upcoming speech but she keeps getting distracted by thoughts of other assignments she has to complete. She is experiencing _____ noise A. internal B. external C. expressional D. insistent
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false
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T/F having a well-defined purpose is not especially important in public speaking
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false
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T/F where and when you are giving a speech has very little to do with selecting your topic
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true
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T/F brainstorming for topic ideas should be done well before your speech date and should be done over several sessions
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true
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T/F phrasing the thesis of your speech clearly helps you to identify exactly what you want to say to your audience
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false
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T/F your working outline is made up of your topic, general purpose, specific purpose, thesis, and main points and should not be changed for any reason
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false
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T/F when giving a speech to inform your goal is to reinforce, modify or change audience members’ beliefs, attitudes, opinions or values
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true
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T/F when giving a speech to entertain your goal is to reinforce, modify or change audience members’ beliefs, attitudes, opinions or values
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true
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T/F the general purpose of a speech is usually to inform, to persuade, or to entertain
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true
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T/F according to your textbook, “brainstorming” is a useful technique for generating a lot of ideas
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false
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T/F part of the brainstorming process involves evaluating the ideas generated
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true
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T/F before selecting the topic for your speech it is important to consider the audience you are speaking to
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false
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T/F when choosing your topic it is important to consider your audience but NOT the setting of the speaking event
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true
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T/F the specific purpose of your speech tells the audience what you want to achieve in your speech
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true
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T/F your thesis summarizes your plan for achieving the specific purpose of the speech
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false
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T/F the thesis of your speech contains a summary of the main points of your speech
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false
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T/F complete sentences are an important part of your working outline
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D. brainstorming
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Susan checked the headlines of her local paper and looked through current magazines to come up with the ideas for her speech topic. This is part of a process called _____ A. developing a thesis B. internal consistency C. building a working outline D. brainstorming
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C. phrasing your thesis
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when you ask yourself, “what is the central idea I want my audience to get from my speech?” you are beginning the process of A. choosing the general purpose of your speech B. selecting your topic C. phrasing your thesis D. building your working outline
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A. main points
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after Brandon brainstormed for ideas associated with his topic, he identified themes and then grouped those themes by category. these categories will become the _____ of Brandon’s speech A. main points B. introduction C. general purpose D. specific purpose
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B. presentation outline
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which of the following outlines would be the last you would use when preparing a speech? A. working outline B. presentation outline C. complete-sentence outline D. partial-sentence outline
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D. all of these answers are correct
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the general purpose of your speech typically corresponds with one of the most common types of speeches. these types of speeches include A. persuasive B. entertaining C. informative D. all of these answers are correct
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D. to inform
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if the topic of your speech is woodworking and your specific purpose is to teach your audience how to build a birdhouse then the general purpose is _____ A. to persuade B. to entertain C. to give advice D. to inform
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B. internal consistency
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in a good speech outline, ideas the make up any main heading or subheading have a logical connection to one another. this is called _____ A. internal noise B. internal consistency C. interdependency D. grouping ideas
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C. distill each idea down to a single word or short phrase
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once you have a list of ideas for your topic, it is a good idea to A. list them in alphabetical order B. expand each idea into a paragraph C. distill each idea down to a single word or short phrase D. none of these answers are correct
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D. all of these answers are correct
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the thesis of your speech should A. be written as a single declarative sentence B. capture the essence of your speech C. incorporate the main points you plan to address D. all of these answers are correct
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C. guidance for research
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your thesis statement will refine your topic and provide A. your general purpose B. the conclusion to your speech C. guidance for research D. internal consistency
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A. specific purpose
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when you combine your general purpose, topic, and audience to identify the particular objective you want to accomplish, you have formed the _____ of your speech A. specific purpose B. general outline C. thesis D. working outline
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C. brainstorming
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which of the following is NOT part of a working outline? A. general purpose B. specific purpose C. brainstorming D. thesis
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B. persuasive
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Mary’s speech inspired many people in her audience to give blood at the earliest opportunity. This type of speech would fall into which of the following categories? A. informative B. persuasive C. controversial D. entertaining
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C. write down every idea-whatever comes to mind
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in brainstorming for topics you should A. limit your ideas to a few B. evaluate all of your ideas C. write down every idea-whatever comes to mind D. none of these answers are correct
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D. all of these answers are correct
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in selecting topics you should A. consider your audience B. consider the setting and type of event C. consider resource availability D. all of these answers are correct
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B. persuading
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which of the following types of speeches is appropriate when the speaker wants to change the audience’s attitudes towards a topic? A. entertaining B. persuading C. celebrating D. informing
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D. evaluate the ideas
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which of the following is NOT discussed as rule for the brainstorming process? A. generating ideas B. be creative C. write down every idea D. evaluate the ideas
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D. consider what others are speaking on
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according to your textbook, when evaluating and selecting your topic it is important to do each other following EXCEPT _____ A. consider your own interests B. consider resource availability C. consider the audience D. consider what others are speaking on
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A. to inform
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Yvette’s specific purpose for her speech is “to educate the audience about nano technology,” this speech likely has which general purpose? A. to inform B. to persuade C. to entertain D. to celebrate
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B. to persuade
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Jimmy’s specific purpose for his speech is “to advocate for more recycling on campus,” this speech likely has which general purpose? A. to inform B. to persuade C. to entertain D. to celebrate
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C. general purpose, specific purpose, thesis
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choose the correct order from broadcast to narrowest focus on your topic A. thesis, specific purpose, general purpose B. general purpose, thesis, specific purpose C. general purpose, specific purpose, thesis D. specific purpose, general purpose, thesis
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B. working
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according to your textbook, which of the following outlines should you write first? A. keyword B. working C. complete sentence D. presentation
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B. credibility
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as he spoke, his audience perceived Daniel to be competent about his topic, honest and sincere, and to be a dynamic speaker. These perceptions greatly increase Daniel’s _____ A. ego B. credibility C. demographics D. attitude
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C. demographics
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Asha’s audience questionnaire was designed to gain information about her audience’s age, sex, race, educational level, income level, and religious affiliation. This type of data is called A. psychographics B. summary statistics C. demographics D. sociographics
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D. the person who invited him to speak
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Blake was asked to speak at his local Kiwanis club meeting. In this case, his best source of audience information would likely be A. the internet B. a book about the history of Kiwanis C. the library D. the person who asked him to speak
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A. an audience-centered approach
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analyzing and adapting to the audience is crucial to all public speakers. this approach to preparing and delivering your speech is called _____ A. an audience-centered approach B. a media-centered approach C. developing a target audience D. marketing your speech
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D. all of these answers are correct
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demographic information about an audience can best be obtained through A. consulting people familiar with the audience B. using a questionnaire C. personal observation D. all of these answers are correct
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C. their perspective on the world
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a person’s standpoint can best be described as A. their beliefs B. their attitudes C. their perspective on the world D. their dynamism
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A. standpoints
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a seventeen-year-old African-American from the south side of Chicago and a forty-five year old Caucasian businessman from Boston would likely have a very different _____ based on demographics A. standpoints B. credibility C. validity D. reliability
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B. values
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when you judge something as good or bad, right or wrong, or attractive verses unattractive, you are expressing your _____ A. point of view B. values C. standpoint D. goodwill
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C. an audience research questionnaire
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an individual’s psychographic factors-standpoints, values, beliefs, and attitudes-can all be better understood by using _____ A. the internet B. logic C. an audience research questionnaire D. your textbook
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B. closed-ended
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should the U.S. continue to pursue the use of nuclear power as an energy source in the future? This type of audience research question is called _____ A. personal B. closed-ended C. informational D. open-ended
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D. How long have you lived at this address?
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which of the following questions is closed-ended in nature? A. How do you feel about the rise in college tuition? B. What is your experience with public speaking? C. What are your goals for this class? D. How long have you lived at this address?
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C. increase
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Bill’s speech about the effects of recycling on the environment made extensive use of data and quotes gathered from his audience. These data and quotes will most likely _____ the likelihood that his audience will be persuaded by his speech A. decrease B. not influence C. increase D. none of the above
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B. asking both open-ended and closed-ended questions
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when using an audience research questionnaire, you can clarify audience positions and obtain additional useful information by A. asking only open-ended questions B. asking both open-ended and closed-ended questions C. asking only closed-ended questions D. none of these answers are correct
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B. summary statistics
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information in the responses to an audience research questionnaire that reflects trends and comparisons is called _____ A. demographics B. summary statistics C. psychographics D. personal
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D. all of these answers are correct
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which of the following are factors to consider during speech preparation and delivery? A. the location of the speech B. the time of day when delivering the speech C. the occasion of the speech D. all of these answers are correct
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A. audience
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your textbook encourages a(n) _____-centered approach to public speaking A. audience B. speaker C. relational D. philosophical
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B. target audience
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Lisa believes that females are the ones she most wants to persuade with her speech on detecting breast cancer. As such, women would be considered her _____ A. goal audience B. target audience C. center audience D. specific audience
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C. dress accordingly
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which of the following was NOT discussed in your textbook as an effective technique for adapting to diverse audiences? A. establishing credibility B. using appropriate language C. dress accordingly D. identify commonalities
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C. How do you feel about your job promotion?
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which of the following questions is open-ended in nature? A. What is your name? B. Did you like the movie? C. How do you feel about your job promotion? D. Did you vote in the last election?
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A. standpoint
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_____ refers to the location or place from which an individual views, interprets and evaluates the world A. standpoint B. value C. belief D. attitude
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C. audience attitudes
answer

according to your textbook, how a person feels about something is the definition of _____ A. demographics B. audience beliefs C. audience attitudes D. audience values
question

D. the audience
answer

according to your textbook, adapting to the setting requires you to consider all of the following EXCEPT _____ A. the location B. the time C. the occasion D. the audience
question

B. a sociology class at your college
answer

according to your textbook, which of the following audiences would most likely be considered a “captive audience”? A. a political B. a sociology class at your college C. a story-book reading time at the local library D. a parade
question

C. ethos
answer

which was Aristotle’s term for speaker credibility? A. logos B. mythos C. ethos D pathos
question

C. sociability
answer

which of the following components of credibility measures the degree to which an audience feels a connection to a speaker? A. trustworthiness B. dynamism C. sociability D. competence
question

D. competence
answer

if Kwon wants his audience to believe that he is qualified to speak on a certain topic, he should focus on which of the components of credibility discussed in your textbook? A. trustworthiness B. dynamism C. sociability D. competence
question

D. leading
answer

one of the questions Nick asked during his interview with a nuclear physicist was “Wouldn’t you agree that the benefits of nuclear power out way the risks?” This is what type of question? A. open-ended B. closed-ended C. neutral D. leading
question

B. information that is up to date
answer

when researching your topic, you want information that has currency. this means _____ A. information you can take to the bank B. information that is up to date C. information you can purchase D. information that is timeless
question

A. validity
answer

questioning the logic of an author’s conclusions or whether or not they provide adequate evidence is questioning the _____ of the author’s information A. validity B. currency C. reliability D. relevance
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B. an oral citation
answer

Cindy mentioned her professor during her speech as a source of information. This mention is called _____ A. bibliographic information B. an oral citation C. a secondary source D. copyright information
question

D. all of these answers are correct
answer

which of the following will help make you researching your topic a more productive experience? A. keeping accurate records B. scheduling research time C. starting early D. all of these answers are correct
question

C. newspapers
answer

which of the following print mediums contains the most current information about most topics? A. magazines B. books C. newspapers D journals
question

B. particular keywords
answer

Sally wants to use the computer to research her speech topic. To do so, she will need to develop _____ to properly guide the search engines she will use A. discussion lists B. particular keywords C. web dictionary D. bibliography
question

C. neutral and open-ended
answer

as a general rule, your interview questions should be A. leading questions B. secondary questions C. neutral and open-ended D. all of these answers are correct
question

D. all of these answers are correct
answer

which of the following is an additional resource for you to utilize during your research? A. deep web B. blogs C. real-time web D. all of these answers are correct
question

D. bibliographical information
answer

a source’s complete citation, including author, date of publication, title, place of publication, and publisher is called _____ A. copyright information B. oral citation C. web directory D. bibliographical information
question

B. general information about your topic
answer

metasearch engines should be used when you want to find: A. in-depth information about your topic B. general information about your topic C. blogs that are updated daily D. newspaper archives
question

D. all of these answers are correct
answer

the following type of information is found in the real-time web: A. videos B. photos C. microblogs D. all of these answers are correct
question

D. all of these answers are correct
answer

becoming an expert on your topic will A. reduce your speech anxiety B. allow you to determine the reliability of what you know C. allow you to determine the credibility o your original source D. all of these answers are correct
question

A. read the copyright information
answer

you should _____ before using any files that you have downloaded from the internet A. read the copyright information B. conduct research interviews C. edit the files D. none of the above is correct
question

C. the deep web
answer

the portion of the world wide web composed of specialty databases that are not accessible by traditional search engines is called _____ A. a blog B. the web dictionary C. the deep web D. a sponsored link
question

D. constructing your own research
answer

which of the following is NOT discussed in your textbook as a step in the research process? A. preparing your speech B. gathering information C. evaluating the information found D. constructing your own research
question

A. examine your own experiences
answer

according to your textbook the first step in preparing to research your topic is to _____ A. examine your own experiences B. visit your local library C. conduct interviews D. access government documents
question

C. a journal article written by Dr. Adams about her research
answer

which of the following is a primary source of information about Dr. Tracy Adams research? A. an article in Newsweek magazine B. a chapter in a book examining great researchers C. a journal article written by Dr. Adams about her research D. a story on CNN about Dr. Adams
question

B. government publications
answer

according to your textbook, which of the following would NOT be considered a reference work? A. maps B. government publications C. dictionary D. encyclopedia
question

C. open-ended
answer

Sarah is preparing to interview film director Ed Buhr about his latest work. If Sarah wants to ask unbiased and impartial questions to solicit a forthright answer she should ask _____ A. primary B. secondary C. open-ended D. closed-ended
question

B. closure statement
answer

as Mary is finishing her research interview, she quickly summarizes the main points of the interview and thanks the interviewee for her time. Mary was using which of the following interviewing strategies? A. conclusion preview B. closure statement C. post-interview conversation D. interview guide
question

A. Moran, M. (2008). Do it wrong quickly: How the web changes the old marketing rules. Upper Saddle River, NJ: IBM Press.
answer

which of the following documents a book in proper format using APA style? A. Moran, M. (2008). Do it wrong quickly: How the web changes the old marketing rules. Upper Saddle River, NJ: IBM Press. B. Moran, Meredith. Do it wrong quickly: How the web changes the old marketing rules. Upper Saddle River, NJ: IBM Press (2008). C. Moran, M. Do it wrong quickly: How the web changes the old marketing rules (italicized). Upper Saddle River, NJ: IBM Press, 2008. D. Moran, M. (2008). Do it wrong quickly: How the web changes the old marketing rules. IBM Press: Upper Saddle River, NJ.
question

C. Pais, Joana. “Speech Anxiety and Rapid Emotional Reactions to Angry and Happy Facial Expressions.” Scandinavian Journal of Psychology (italicized) 48 2007: 321-328.
answer

which of the following documents a journal article in proper format using MLA style? A. Pais, J. (2007). Speech Anxiety and Rapid Emotional Reactions to Angry and Happy Facial Expressions. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology (italicized) 48 2007: 321-328. B. Pais, Joana. Speech Anxiety and Rapid Emotional Reactions to Angry and Happy Facial Expressions (italicized). Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 48 2007: 321-328. C. Pais, Joana. “Speech Anxiety and Rapid Emotional Reactions to Angry and Happy Facial Expressions.” Scandinavian Journal of Psychology (italicized) 48 2007: 321-328. D. Pais, J. “Speech Anxiety and Rapid Emotional Reactions to Angry and Happy Facial Expressions.” Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 48 2007: 321-328.

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