CIS.Chapters 5-8: Storage Device, the Banking Industry for Check Processing, Kinds of Ports

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Which of the following is any event that could cause a loss of or damage to computer hardware, software, data, information, or processing capability ? digital security risk information liability technical terrorism network compromise
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digital security risk
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Which of the following is someone who uses the Internet or network to destroy or damage computers for political reasons? hacker script kiddie cyberextortionist cyberterrorist
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cyberterrorist
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Computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and rootkits are classified as which of the following? malware untrusted sources threats cybermails
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malware
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Which of the following is a technique intruders use to make their network or Internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network? rebuking spoofing transmitting victimizing
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spoofing
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Which of the following is not a security product developer? Adobe AVG McAfee Symantec
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adobe
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Into which of the following kinds of ports do external fingerprint readers plug? parallel MIDI USB serial
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USB
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Which kind of license is a legal agreement that permits users to install the software on multiple computers, usually at a volume discount? network distributed site multipurpose
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site
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Which of the following terms refers to making a copy of a file? restoring backing up encrypting deciphering
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backing up
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In the case of system failure or the discovery of corrupted files, what do users do to the backed-up files when they bring the files to their original location on a computer? They reset the files. The index the files. They restore the files. They resource the files.
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they restore the files
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Which of the following copies all of the files in a computer? full backup incremental backup differential backup selective backup
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full backup
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Which of the following gives authors and artists the exclusive rights to duplicate, publish, and sell their materials? intellectual property deed content license access right copyright
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copyright
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An IT code of conduct is a written guideline that helps determine whether a specific computer action is which of the following? practical permissible acceptable ethical
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ethical
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Which of the following is a scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email that attempts to obtain a user’s personal and financial information? spam spit phishing spyware
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phishing
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Which of the following terms refers to someone who uses the Internet or network to destroy or damage computers for political reasons? script kiddie cracker cyberextortionist cyberterrorist
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cyberterrorist
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What is the general term for programs that act without a user’s knowledge and deliberately alter the computer’s operations? malware cybersoft evilapp viralware
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malware
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The term back door, as it refers to computer crime, is _____________.
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a program or set of instructions that allows users to bypass security controls when accessing a program, computer, or network
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The term, PIN, is an acronym for which of the following? personal identification number private Internet notification possessed information number personal information network
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personal identification number
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What is an EULA intended to do? a.license software for individual use b. outline computer activities for which the computer and network may or may not be used c. contract with an outside organization to provide security and recovery services for a network d. establish a network of computers, such as a homegroup
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license software for individual use
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What term is used to describe the process of restricting access to certain material on the web? content filtering information monitoring data mining social profiling
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content filtering
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Any illegal act involving a computer generally is referred to as a computer crime.
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true
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A cyberextortionist uses the Internet or network to destroy or damage computers for political reasons
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false
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Both Windows and Mac operating systems include firewall capabilities.
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true
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Many organizations and businesses have strict written policies governing the installation and use of software and enforce their rules by checking networked or online computers periodically to ensure that all software is licensed properly.
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true
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Your browsing history is a list of all websites you have visited over a period of time.
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true
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HIPAA protects individuals against the wrongful disclosure of their health information.
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true
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Which of the following terms means in a location separate from the computer site? off-scope off-shore off-line off-site
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off-site
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With a three-generation backup policy, the grandparent is which of the following? most recent copy of the file second oldest copy of the file oldest copy of the file original file
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the oldest copy of the file
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Websites use which of the following to keep track of items in a user’s shopping cart? session cookie zombie adware shopping bot
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session cookie
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The term CAPTCHA is _____________.
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a series of distorted characters that a user is required to enter correctly to continue using a website
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Cybercrime laws are consistent between states and countries, making it easy to reach a consensus as to what is illegal
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false
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Which kind of tablet typically does not include a physical keyboard and puts the case behind the display? slate convertible console integrated
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slate
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Which of the following is the main circuit board of the system unit? control board system board master board index board
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system board
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Which of the following interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer? control unit binary device CPU compressor
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CPU
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Which of the following processors is a single chip with two or more separate processor cores? parallel compressed multi-core binary
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multi-core
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Which of the following is measured by the number of ticks per second? temporal rate system rate processor speed clock speed
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clock speed
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One gigahertz (GHz) equals how many ticks of the system clock per second? one thousand one million one billion one trillion
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one billion
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Which of the following is the most common type of volatile memory? ROM Flash memory CMOS RAM
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RAM
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What is the process of copying items from RAM to a storage device? pipelining synchronization restating saving
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saving
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Which of the following is a kind of ROM chip that contains permanently written data, instructions, or information that is recorded when the chip is manufactured? L1 cache Flash memory firmware microcode
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firmware
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Which of the following determines the number of bits that the computer can transmit at one time? bus diameter bus width bus circumference bus interpolation
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bus width
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Which of the following is the component of the system unit that converts the wall outlet AC power into the DC power a computer requires? power surge power supply energy spotter electricity changer
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power supply
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When your friend opened the case containing the electronic components of his computer, he saw the main circuit board for the computer. What is this circuit board called? motherboard control board electronic circuit primary board command board
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motherboard
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What are the four steps in the machine cycle? arith calc, comp, storing, pipelining decoding, fetching, executing, controll storing, executing, registering, cycling executing, fetching, storing, decoding
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executing, fetching, storing, decoding
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Which of the following are the two leading manufacturers of personal computer processor chips? Intel and Quad Xeon and Intel AMD and Xeon Intel and AMD
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intel and AMD
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What numbering system uses only the numbers 0 and 1? octo system binary system 8-bit system ASCII system
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binary system
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When 8 bits are grouped together as a unit, how many individual characters can these 8 bits represent? 8 100 256 844
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256
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If you see eight numbers such as 01000101 grouped together and you are told these numbers represent the letter E, what is this combination of numbers called? American Symbolic Code a coding scheme multicode symbolic codecs
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a coding scheme
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When your friend turns off her computer, what kind of memory loses its contents? partial static L1 ROM dig fixd mem installd on memory mod volatile
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volatile
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What does CMOS, which provides high speeds and consumes little power, stand for? cache memory on silicon circuit method-off-synched classic measured online semiconductor complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
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complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
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What component converts the AC power in a wall plug to the DC power required by a computer? electrical alternator power supply AC/DC flip-flop power switch power surge & adaptation coordinator
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power supply
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Multi-core processor speed performance increases are especially noticeable when users are running multiple programs simultaneously.
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true
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Data needed by programs and applications enters memory from either an input device or a storage device.
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true
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In the machine cycle, executing is the process of carrying out commands.
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true
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A heat sink is a small ceramic or metal component with fins on its surface that absorbs and disperses heat produced by electrical components such as a processor.
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true
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A petabyte is equal to approximately 1 billion bytes.
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false
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L1 cache is built directly into a processor chip and usually has a very small capacity.
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true
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L2 cache is slightly faster than L1 cache but has a much smaller capacity.
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false
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Manufacturers and other retailers usually list a computer’s memory in terms of its access time.
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false
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The batteries in mobile computers and devices typically are rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.
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true
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A blocked vent can prohibit heat from escaping, which ultimately can cause the computer or mobile device to overheat
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true
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Which of the following kinds of keyboard has a design that reduces the chance of wrist and hand injuries? basal enhanced strength-building ergonomic
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ergonomics
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In a graphical user interface, which of the following is a small symbol on the screen whose location and shape changes as a user moves a pointing device? index keypad pointer keystroke
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pointer
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What kind of mouse is a battery-powered mouse that sometimes uses Bluetooth technology to pair with the device? light optical wireless radio
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wireless
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What term refers to the process of entering input by speaking into a microphone? voice matter voice input voice output voice outreach
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voice input
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Many scanners include a certain kind of software, which can read and convert text documents into electronic files. What is that kind of software DCR ECR OCR SCR
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OCR
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Retail and grocery stores use which kind of bar code?
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UPC (Universal Product Code)
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Which of the following is used almost exclusively by the banking industry for check processing? MICR OCR MIDI OCM
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MICR
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An important measure of LCD monitors is the time in milliseconds (ms) that it takes to turn a pixel on or off. What is this called? contrast time pixel time pitch time response time
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response time
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Which of the following is the most advanced form of digital television?
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HDTV
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Which of the following are NOT commonly used nonimpact printers? ink-jet printers and photo printers laser printers and thermal printers mobile printer label & postage printers line printers and dot-matrix printers
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line printers and dot-matrix printers
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Which kind of printer forms characters and graphics on a piece of paper without actually striking the paper?nonimpact dot matrix shuttle-matrix line
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nonimpact
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Which of the following is a disadvantage of an all-in-one printer? a. it requires more space than having a separate printer, scanner, copy machine, and fax machine b. it is significantly more expensive than purchasing a printer, scanner, copy machine, and fax machine separately c. if the device breaks down, users lose all four functions d. all of the above
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if the device breaks down, users lose all four functions
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When a user types data on a keyboard, what is occurring?
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The user is using an input device to enter input into the memory of the computer
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If your instructor advises you to use the keys at the top of your keyboard that are identified by the letter F and then a number to perform certain activities, what kind of keys is she advising you to use? facilitating keys function keys feature keys finger keys
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function keys
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Who created the mouse that is used on millions of computers today? Steve Wozniak Albert Keys Susan Nimura Douglas Engelbart
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Douglas Engelbart
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What method is used to read a bar code?
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A bar code reader uses laser beams to read bar codes.
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Which industry almost exclusively uses MICR? banking retail automobile manufacturing air transportation
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banking
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Several factors that affect the quality of an LCD monitor or LCD screen, including the specific resolution for which they are geared. How is this resolution described? the default resolution the ideal resolution the native resolution the active resolution
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the native resolution
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The quality of an LCD monitor or LCD screen depends on several factors. Which of the following is NOT true about the factors that affect LCD display quality? a.Resolution is no. of horizontal vertical pixels in a display device. b.The response time is the time in milliseconds it takes to turn a pixel on or off. c.Dot pitch is the distance in millimeters between pixels on a display device. d.A lower resolution makes screen items appear smaller.
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A lower resolution makes screen items appear smaller.
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How is printer resolution measured? points per inch pixels per inch dots per inch strikes per inch
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dots per inch
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Your roommate is a graphic artist. She buys a large-format printer that creates photo-realistic-quality color prints. What printer technology does her printer use? plotter printer impact printer ink-jet printer dye-sublimation
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ink-jet printer
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Today’s joysticks, wheels, gamepads, and motion-sensing game controllers include a technology that sends resistance to the device in response to actions of the user. What is this technology called? front feedback front format force format force feedback
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force feedback
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As a user moves a mouse, the pointer on the screen also moves.
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true
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Touchpads are found most often on desktop computers.
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false
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Voice input is part of a larger category of input called video input.
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false
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Computers process information (output) into data (input).
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false
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With an ink-jet printer, a higher dpi means the drops of ink are larger.
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false
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Impact printers are noisy because a mechanism strikes against an inked ribbon that physically contacts the paper.
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true
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Nonimpact printers are ideal for printing multipart forms because they can print through layers of paper.
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false
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Visually impaired users can change screen settings, such as increasing the size or changing the color of text to make words easier to read.
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true
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Which of the following devices is the computer hardware that records and/or retrieves items to and from a flash drive or external hard drive, for example? concatenation indexed resolved storage
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storage
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The inflexible, circular platters on which kind of disks use magnetic particles to store data, instructions, and information? hard digital optical indexed
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hard
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Which of the following is the mechanism that reads and writes items in the drive as it barely touches the disk’s recording surface? read/write head disc index input vector platter notch
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read/write head
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Which of the following is true of SSDs compared to traditional hard disks? SSDs have lower storage capacities. SSDs generate more heat. SSDs have faster transfer rates. SSDs have a shorter life.
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SSDs have faster transfer rates.
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What kind of storage is an Internet service that provides storage to computer or mobile users? encrypted shared cloud net
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cloud
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A DVD-ROM uses all of the following to achieve a higher storage capacity than a CD-ROM EXCEPT ____. a.making the disc denser by packing the pits closer together b.using two layers of pits c.making the disc double-sided c.making the disc single-session
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making the disc single-session
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Which of the following interfaces sends several bits at once? parallel serial SATA SAS
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parallel
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Which of the following kinds of interfaces sends data one bit at a time? parallel serial EIDE SCSI
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serial
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Which of the following is true of tape?
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It is no longer used as a primary method of storage but is used most often for long-term storage and backup.
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Items on a storage medium remain intact even when power is removed from the computer. What term describes this characteristic? nonversatile nonvolatile nonviolate nonviolent
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nonvolatile
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Which of the following storage devices typically has the fastest transfer rate? RAM hard disk memory card optical disc
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RAM
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Which of the following statements is not true about hard drives?
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A hard disk that is mounted inside the system unit is sometimes called a permadisk.
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What is the usual rate of speed for the platters in a hard disk? 2,000 to 4,000 rpm 5,400 to 15,000 rpm 12,000 to 25,000 rpm 24,500 to 36,000 rpm
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5,400 to 15,000 rpm
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Which of the following disc types can be written onto, but not erased? CD-X CD-ROM CD-RW CD-R
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CD-R
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You want a form of backup that copies all program and data files. Which of the following will you use? archival backup differential backup selective backup partial backup
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archival backup
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What does NAS stand for? network access server normal access space network attached storage normal attached space
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network attached storage
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Reading is the process of transferring data, instructions, and information from memory to a storage medium.
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false
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Writing is the process of transferring data, instructions, and information from a storage medium into memory.
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false
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A screen display is considered nonvolatile because its contents disappear when power is removed.
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false
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The greater the disk cache, the slower the hard disk.
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false
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Laptops with solid-state drives usually have a higher storage capacity than laptops with a traditional hard disk.
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false
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Manufacturers claim that a properly cared for CD or DVD will last 5 years, but could last up to 250 years.
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false
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The process of writing on an optical disc is called burning.
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true
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The Sarbanes-Oxley Act provides a myriad of financial reporting requirements and guidelines for public companies.
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true
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Which of the following is made of aluminum, glass, or ceramic and is coated with an alloy material that allows items to be recorded magnetically on its surface? sector read/write head vector platter
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platter
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Some computers improve hard disk access time by using which of the following, which consists of memory chips that store frequently accessed items? warehouse disk cache base home
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disk cache
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Which of the following kinds of backup is another name for a full backup? differential incremental selective archival
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archival
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What term refers to the amount of time it takes a storage device to locate an item on a storage medium? access time capacity time recall time transfer time
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access time
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Disconnecting a USB flash drive while it is in use may cause damage to the files stored on the device.
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true
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All computers can support multiple internal hard drives.
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false

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