Che. 8 GEOG 231

question

german, english, dutch, swedish, norwegian, danish, icelandic
answer

Specific languages of Germanic
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italian, french, spanish, portuguese, catalan, romanian
answer

Specific languages of Romance
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cyrillic, latin
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Specific languages of Slavic (2 alphabets)
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privitization, government subsidies disappeared, loss of raw materials, factories collapsed and shut down
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What are the causes of the economic hard times facing Eastern Europe today?
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collectivization
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assemblage of small, privately owned farms into large, state owned farms
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Kosovo
answer

Which European country has the highest percentage of people living in poverty?
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Romanian
answer

Which European Romance language contains many Slavic words?
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200 million
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The number of speakers of Romance and Germanic languages in Europe is roughly equal. About how many speakers does each group have?
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german, english
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What is the 1st and 2nd most widely spoken Germanic languages in Europe?
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religion
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What is the major factor determining whether a particular Slavic language uses the Latin or Cyrillic alphabet?
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Italy
answer

Which European country has been most successful in dealing with its environmental problems?
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one of the world’s greenest
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Where does Europe rank in the world in terms of its environmental sensitivity and its efforts to improve its environment?
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Rhine River
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Which river divides the unglaciated part of the European lowland in the south from the glaciated plains in the north?
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European Lowlands
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Which part of Europe is the region’s unquestionable focus of intensive agriculture, large cities, and major industrial activities?
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North Africa
answer

Where do immigrant workers in France come from?
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Turkey
answer

Where do immigrant workers in Germany come from?
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India, Pakistan, Caribbean, Africa
answer

Where do immigrant workers in England come from?
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Indonesia
answer

Where do immigrant workers in the Netherlands come from?
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Northern European Plain
answer

By what other names is the European Lowland known?
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urbanization, industrialization, contraception
answer

What events/developments have contributed to the low population growth in Europe?
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very slow
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What is the national growth rate in Europe?
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Germany
answer

Which country of Europe has the largest population of the region?
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acid rain
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What has damaged half of the forests of Poland and 3/4 of the forests of the Czech Republic?
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Eastern Europe
answer

In which region of Europe are environmental conditions the worst?
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euro
answer

What is the currency of the European Monetary Union?
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1991
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When did the first Eastern European countries join the European Union?
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coal and steel
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What commodities were considered a central part of economic cooperation in western Europe at the end of WWII?
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schengen agreement
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What is the agreement that reduced border formalities within the European Union?
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Maastricht Treaty
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What is the agreement that established the European Union?
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germany, france, italy, uk
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What are the anchor countries of the European Union?
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supranational organization
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What kind of organization is the European Union?
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England
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In which country of Europe did the industrial revolution start?
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Czechoslovakia, yugoslavia
answer

Which former Soviet controlled countries divided after the Cold War?
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Czechoslovakia and yugoslavia divided, germany reunited, soviet union dissolved
answer

What events took place after the end of the Cold War?
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buffer zone
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a region to protect Russia from further European invasion
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Berlin Wall
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physically separated east and west Berlin
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Iron curtain
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a symbolic barrier separating the former Soviet block and the Western prior
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shopping malls, skyscrapers
answer

How has globalization changed the landscapes of cities in the former communist countries of Europe?
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medieval, renaissance, industrial
answer

What three historical eras are represented in European city landscapes?
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medieval
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densely settled; buildings next to streets; green space next to churches and public squares
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renaissance
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wider streets, large gardens, monuments, ornate architecture
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industrial
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urban sprawl developed
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Turkey
answer

Germany’s population includes a large number of guest workers from which country of SW Asia and North Africa?
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fall of berlin wall
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What is the major reason why people have migrated from east to west Germany?
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fall of berlin wall and soviet union
answer

What event has been an important cause of the surge of immigration to european countries such as Germany since the beginning of the 1990s?
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low growth, gaps in labor force
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Why have many European countries encouraged immigration of foreign populations into their borders in the recent past?
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France
answer

Which country of Europe has a large Muslin migrant population?
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irredentism
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What is the word for a state policy of reclaiming lost lands inhabited by people of the same ethnicity in another state?
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Cold War
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ideological struggle between the United States and former Soviet Union; lasted from 1946-1991 and included Soviet-occupied countries
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WWI, WWII, cold war
answer

Europe was the battleground for which three wars during the 20th century?
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North Atlantic Treaty Organization
answer

What does NATO stand for?
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41
answer

How many countries does Europe contain?
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interfaith boundary
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What has been an important source of conflict in Northern Ireland
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secularization
answer

What is the widespread movement away from the historically prominent organized religions that has occurred in Europe?
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holocause
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Why did the population of Jews in Europe drop from 9.5 million before WWII to less than 2 million today?
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Muslims more tolerant
answer

Why did Jewish people cluster in the Muslim lands of the Iberian Peninsula around 900 CE?
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south to east
answer

In what part of Europe is roman Catholicism the dominant religion?
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north
answer

In what part of Europe is Protestantism the dominant religion?
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catholics have more ornate churches
answer

What difference might you observe between Protestant and Catholic areas of Europe
question

marine west coast, continental, mediterranean
answer

What are the 3 climate types of Europe?
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marine west coast
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winter averages above freezing with rain and snow; summers cloudy with drizzle and rain
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england, ireland, france, belgium, netherlands
answer

What countries are part of the marine west coast climate in Europe?
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Continental
answer

hot summers, cold winters, 1-2 months below freezing; rain good for farming
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central Europe
answer

Where is the continental climate in Europe?
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mediterranean
answer

dry summers, drought possible, irrigation used some
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iberian, italian, balkan, pelopenesian peninsulas
answer

What countries are part of the mediterranean climate in Europe?
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531 million
answer

What is the approximate population of Europe?
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fit in eastern 2/3 of the US
answer

How does Europe compare in size to the US?
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fjord
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flooded valleys created by glaciers thousands of years ago (mostly in Norway)
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Danube
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What is Europe’s longest river?
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rivers
answer

In Europe, with what type of feature are the names Rhine, Loire, Thames, Danube, and Elbe associated?
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Alps
answer

What mountain range in Europe is over 500 miles long and has peaks reaching 15,000 feet?
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Italy
answer

Which country of Europe experiences the greatest seismic activity, including both earthquakes and volcanic explosions?
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high latitude
answer

What is the one element that helps to understand geographies of climate, vegetation, and agriculture in the Russian domain?
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continental climate
answer

What is the dominant climate type in the Russian domain?
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Ural Mountains
answer

Where is the eastern edge of Europe and the western edge of the Russian domain approximately located?
question

lasting influence of Russia
answer

Why is it called the Russian domain?
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russia, ukraine, belarus, georgia, armenia, moldova
answer

Which countries are considered part of the Russian domain?
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lake baikal
answer

Which body of water in the Russian Domain is the world’s largest reserve of freshwater?
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ukraine
answer

Which part of the Russian domain has historically provided the most productive agriculture areas of the region?
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largest land area of any country on earth
answer

What makes Russia distinctive?
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black and caspian sea
answer

The Caucasus Mountains are between which 2 bodies of water?
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siberia
answer

In which region of the Russian domain is permafrost a problem?
question

east
answer

Which region of the Russian domain is semi-arid?
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South Korean, Canadian, and Russian oil companies drilling where salmon spawn
answer

What is the source of the threat to Pacific salmon in the Russian domain?
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off novaya-zemlya in barents sea
answer

Where has the Russian domain dumped its nuclear wastes?
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world’s largest nuclear disaster
answer

Why is the city Chernobyl well known?
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pulp and paper factories
answer

What kind of pollution has damaged Russia’s Lake Baikal?
question

Russia
answer

Which country of the Russian domain has the largest population in the region?
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45 million
answer

By 2050, how much could the Russian population decrease?
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rising death rates in middle aged males
answer

What is a characteristic of the demography of Russia today?
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persistently declining
answer

What has been the pattern of population growth in the Russian domain since the demise of the USSR?
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western
answer

the highest population densities in the Russian domain are found in which part of the region?
question

urban
answer

Do most people live in rural or urban environments?
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trans-siberian, baikal-amur
answer

2 important railroads that helped facilitate eastward movement
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moscow, vladivostok
answer

Where does the Trans-siberian railroad begin and end?
question

georgia
answer

Which region of the former soviet union became known as “repository for political dissidents and trouble makers”?
question

siberia
answer

In what region of the Russian domain was the soviet union’s Gulag Achipelago located?
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reversed
answer

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, what has become of the policy of russification within former soviet republics?
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mail order brides, jews, well educated people
answer

Since the fall of the soviet union, what group of people would be likely to emigrate from the Russian domain?
question

stalin
answer

Which Soviet leader encouraged eastward movement into siberia?
question

increase russian dominance
answer

What was the purpose of Russification?
question

kazakhstan
answer

In which Union Republic was Russification most intense?
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moscow
answer

What city is Russia’s largest metropolitan area as measured by population?
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city
answer

Where russian cities were carefully planned by the soviets
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circular
answer

What is the shape of the land-use zones in the russian domain?
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mikroayons
answer

self-contained housing projects of the 70s/80s
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high rise apartment
answer

In what kind of housing do most average Russians live?
question

bolsheviks
answer

faction of Russian communists representing the interests of the industrial workers
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lenin
answer

Who was the main architect of the Soviet Union?
question

factory workers
answer

What did most Russians do for a living in 1917?
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St. Petersburg
answer

What was the capital of Russia until 1917?
question

sunni muslims
answer

In the russian domain, what non-christian religion has the greatest number of believers?
question

religious revival
answer

What is the current policy toward religion in the russian domain in the post-soviet era?
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discouraged, prosecuted
answer

What was the policy of the former Soviet Union regarding religion within its borders?
question

80
answer

Approximately what percentage of Russian citizens claim a Russian linguistic identity?
question

turkish
answer

What is the language of the Volga Tatars of the russian domain?
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slavic
answer

What language group dominates in the russian domain?
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western europe
answer

By the early 1900s, high culture citizens of russia emulated which world region?
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social realism
answer

an art style devoted to the realistic depiction of workers challenging nature or struggling against capitalism
question

warriors from sweden
answer

Who were the original founders of Russia?
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moscow
answer

The russian empire had its origins as a small principality in the vicinity of which russian city?
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vladivostok
answer

Which russian port provides russia with the most rapid access to the pacific ocean?
question

st. petersburg
answer

What russian city was known as Leningrad during the soviet era?
question

right to secede
answer

In theory, which unique right was given to each of the former USSR’s administratively autonomous “union republics”?
question

attempted to establish independent state
answer

Why did the russian military invade Chechnya in 1994?
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Kuril islands
answer

What territories have russians refused to return to Japan?
question

glasnot
answer

a USSR policy of greater openness during the 1980s that encouraged several Union Republics to demand independence
question

perestroika?
answer

planned economic restructuring; an early move to a free market
question

1980s
answer

During what period of time did Russia experience “the most abrupt economic contraction within the industrial world since the great depression of the 1930s”?
question

steady growth
answer

What happened to the economy in the Russian domain after the demise of the former soviet union?
question

allowed to flourish
answer

What influence did the break up of the soviet union have on the russian mafia?
question

Western europe
answer

What is the primary destination for russian petroleum products?
question

mostly desert, no water
answer

Why is development in siberia limited?
question

britain, germany
answer

What countries are Russia’s major trading partners?
question

megatons to megawatts
answer

a deal made with the US to convert highly enriched uranium from nuclear weapons to low enriched uranium

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