Chapter 9: The Urinary system

Renal colic
is an acute pain in the body kidney area that is caused by blockage during the passage of a kidney stone.

Means spasmodic pains in the abdomen.

A Wilms tumor
Is a malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in young children. There is a high cure for it when it’s treated properly

A stone
also known as calculus, is an abnormal mineral deposit that has formed within the body plural calculi.

Describes the presence of stones in the kidney.

Means the presence of stones

Also known as renal calculus or a kidney stone, is found in the kidney

Is a stone located everywhere along the ureter

Is a stone located within the urinary ladder

Is the distinction of the ureter. With urine that cannot flow through because the ureter is blocked

Is the distinction of the ureter

Means enlargement

Urinary tract infection
Usually begins in the bladder; however, these infections can affect all or parts of the urinary system

Is an inflammation of the urethra

Is an inflammation of the bladder

Is an inflammation of the renal pelvis

Is an inflammation of both the renal pelvis and of the kidney

Both means pain in the urinary bladder

Also known as a fallen bladder, is a hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall

Means relating to space within a tissue or organ

Interstitial cystitis
Is a chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder

Is an inflammation of the urinary bladder that is localized in the region of the trigone

Is an abnormal passage between two internal organs

Vesicovaginal fistula
Is an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina that allows the constant flow of urine from the bladder into the vagina

Neurogenic bladder
Is a urinary problem caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination

Means the ability to control the voiding of urine

Is a peripheral nervous system disorder affecting nerves anywhere except the brain or the spinal cord

Is bleeding from the urethra

Is an abnormal discharge from the urethra

Is narrowing of the urethra

Is a congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In male, the urethral opening it’s on the upper surface of the penis. In female, the urethral opening is in the region of the clitoris.

Is a congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In male, the urethral opening it’s on the under surface of the penis. In female, the urethral opening is into the vagina.

a congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In male, the urethral opening it’s on the side of the penis

Benign prostatic hypertrophy
Also known as an benign prostatic hyperplasia, enlarged prostate or prostatomegaly, is an abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland that occurs most often in men over age 50.

Is the general increase in the bulk of a body part or organ that is not due to tumor formation

Is the condition of having symptoms resulting from compression or obstruction of the urethra due to benign prostatic hypertrophy

Prostatic cancer
Is one of the common cancers among men. The diseas can grow slowly with no symptoms or it. An grow aggressively and spread throughout the body

Is an inflammation of the prostate gland

Is the increased output of urine

Is difficult or painful urination

Means urination

Is the involuntary discharge of urine

Nocturnal enuresis
Is urinary incontinence during sleep. It is also known as bed-wetting.

Is excessive urination during the night

Means scanty urination

Means excessive urination

Urinary hesitancy
Is difficulty in starting a urinary stream.

Bashful bladder syndrome
Is the inability to urinate when another person is present

Urinary retention
Is the inability to empty the bladder

Means the inability to control the secretion of urine and feces

Urinary incontinence
Is the inability to control the voiding of urine

Stress incontinence
Is the inability to control the voiding of urine under physical stress such as running, sneezing, laughing, or coughing

Overactive bladder
Also known as urge incontinence, occurs when the detours or muscle in the wall of the bladder is too active.

Is the examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements.

Bladder ultrasound
Is the use of a handheld ultrasound transducer to measure the amount of urine remaining in the bladder after urination.

Is the insertion of a tube into the bladder in order to procure a sterile specimen for diagnostic purposes.

Is a radio graphic examination of the bladder after instillation of a contrast medium via a urethral catheter

Is the visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope

Is also for treatment procedures such as the removal of tumors or the reduction of an enlarged prostate gland

Is the resulting film by creating a picture or record

Intravenous pyelogram
Also known as excretory urography, is a radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters

Computed tomography
Also known as a CAT scan, is more commonly used as a primary tool for evaluation of the urinary system because it can be rapidly performed and provides additional imaging of the abdomen, which may reveal other potential sources for the patient’s symptoms

KUB (Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder)
Is a radiographic study of these structures without the use of a contrast medium. This study is also referred to as a flat-plate of the abdomen.

Retrograde urography
Is a radiograph of the urinary system taken after dye has been placed in the urethra through a sterile catheter and caused to flow upward (backward) through the urinary tract.

is any degenerative kidney disease causing nephrotic syndrome without inflammation.

is the absence of urine formation by the kidneys.

is excessive fluid in the body

is the presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine.

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