Chapter 9: The Urinary system
is an acute pain in the body kidney area that is caused by blockage during the passage of a kidney stone.
Means spasmodic pains in the abdomen.
A Wilms tumor
Is a malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in young children. There is a high cure for it when it’s treated properly
also known as calculus, is an abnormal mineral deposit that has formed within the body plural calculi.
Describes the presence of stones in the kidney.
Means the presence of stones
Also known as renal calculus or a kidney stone, is found in the kidney
Is a stone located everywhere along the ureter
Is a stone located within the urinary ladder
Is the distinction of the ureter. With urine that cannot flow through because the ureter is blocked
Is the distinction of the ureter
Urinary tract infection
Usually begins in the bladder; however, these infections can affect all or parts of the urinary system
Is an inflammation of the urethra
Is an inflammation of the bladder
Is an inflammation of the renal pelvis
Is an inflammation of both the renal pelvis and of the kidney
Both means pain in the urinary bladder
Also known as a fallen bladder, is a hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall
Means relating to space within a tissue or organ
Is a chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder
Is an inflammation of the urinary bladder that is localized in the region of the trigone
Is an abnormal passage between two internal organs
Is an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina that allows the constant flow of urine from the bladder into the vagina
Is a urinary problem caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination
Means the ability to control the voiding of urine
Is a peripheral nervous system disorder affecting nerves anywhere except the brain or the spinal cord
Is bleeding from the urethra
Is an abnormal discharge from the urethra
Is narrowing of the urethra
Is a congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In male, the urethral opening it’s on the upper surface of the penis. In female, the urethral opening is in the region of the clitoris.
Is a congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In male, the urethral opening it’s on the under surface of the penis. In female, the urethral opening is into the vagina.
a congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In male, the urethral opening it’s on the side of the penis
Benign prostatic hypertrophy
Also known as an benign prostatic hyperplasia, enlarged prostate or prostatomegaly, is an abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland that occurs most often in men over age 50.
Is the general increase in the bulk of a body part or organ that is not due to tumor formation
Is the condition of having symptoms resulting from compression or obstruction of the urethra due to benign prostatic hypertrophy
Is one of the common cancers among men. The diseas can grow slowly with no symptoms or it. An grow aggressively and spread throughout the body
Is an inflammation of the prostate gland
Is the increased output of urine
Is difficult or painful urination
Is the involuntary discharge of urine
Is urinary incontinence during sleep. It is also known as bed-wetting.
Is excessive urination during the night
Means scanty urination
Means excessive urination
Is difficulty in starting a urinary stream.
Bashful bladder syndrome
Is the inability to urinate when another person is present
Is the inability to empty the bladder
Means the inability to control the secretion of urine and feces
Is the inability to control the voiding of urine
Is the inability to control the voiding of urine under physical stress such as running, sneezing, laughing, or coughing
Also known as urge incontinence, occurs when the detours or muscle in the wall of the bladder is too active.
Is the examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements.
Is the use of a handheld ultrasound transducer to measure the amount of urine remaining in the bladder after urination.
Is the insertion of a tube into the bladder in order to procure a sterile specimen for diagnostic purposes.
Is a radio graphic examination of the bladder after instillation of a contrast medium via a urethral catheter
Is the visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope
Is also for treatment procedures such as the removal of tumors or the reduction of an enlarged prostate gland
Is the resulting film by creating a picture or record
Also known as excretory urography, is a radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters
Also known as a CAT scan, is more commonly used as a primary tool for evaluation of the urinary system because it can be rapidly performed and provides additional imaging of the abdomen, which may reveal other potential sources for the patient’s symptoms
KUB (Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder)
Is a radiographic study of these structures without the use of a contrast medium. This study is also referred to as a flat-plate of the abdomen.
Is a radiograph of the urinary system taken after dye has been placed in the urethra through a sterile catheter and caused to flow upward (backward) through the urinary tract.
is any degenerative kidney disease causing nephrotic syndrome without inflammation.
is the absence of urine formation by the kidneys.
is excessive fluid in the body
is the presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine.