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Chapter 6 child development

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The Swiss scientist who emphasized that infants are active learners and that early learning is based on sensory and motor skills was:
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Jean Piaget.
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Piaget believed children begin to develop cognitively at:
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birth.
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The infant’s first sensorimotor activities are:
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reflexes.
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In Piaget’s terminology, sensorimotor stage two is describes by:
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the first acquired adaptations.
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In which of Piaget’s sensorimotor stages do infants become aware of things and respond to people and objects?
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stage four.
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An example of stage-three behavior is:
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looking for a smile and smiling back.
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Which of the following capabilities is listed in the text as an example of where a baby’s goal-directed behavior comes from?
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All of these answers are correct.
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The principle of object permanence is demonstrated by an infant’s:
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being willing to let go of an object.
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Once infants become active in exploration and experimentation within their environment, they are engaging in:
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tertiary circular reactions.
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The scientific method used by an infant in stage five is:
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trial and error.
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When infants observe other’s actions and then imitate them at a later time, they have exhibited:
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deferred imitation.
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A scientific term for becoming bored with an object after repeated exposure to it is:
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habituation.
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Which of the following theories compares human thinking processes to the processes of a computer?
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information-processing theory.
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Information-processing theorists believe that perception:
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is something each individual experiences in his or her own way.
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An infant would least prefer to look at:
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the family dog sleeping on the floor.
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Which type of memory most likely begins in infancy?
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implicit memory.
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Elaine communicates with her new baby in child-directed speech, also known as:
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motherese.
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The term holophrase is used to denote:
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the infant’s use of one word to express a whole thought.
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Which of the following groups is most likely to ascribe to the idea that “children should be seen but not heard?”
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fathers from low-SES households
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The theorist who believed that children learn languages when they are reinforced by parental attention was:
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B.F. Skinner
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Which of the following research results provides support for the social impulses theory of language learning?
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Toddlers learn new words best when they are taught in person.
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Piaget called the infants first period of cognitive development:
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sensorimotor intelligence.
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According to Piaget, the core of intelligence is:
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Adaptation.
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The Piagetian sensorimotor stages that involve the infant’s responses to her own body are:
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stages one and two.
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According to Jean Piaget, the two elements of adaptation are:
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assimilation and accommodation.
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A baby kicks its legs, smiles, and deliberately kicks its legs again. These actions are repeated for several minutes. According to Piaget, this is an example of:
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A primary circular reaction.
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The objects continue to exist when they cannot be seen defines:
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object permanence.
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Piaget’s basic test for object permanence involves:
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showing a baby an interesting toy and then covering it with a cloth.
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Piaget referred to toddlers in stage five as:
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little scientists
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Information-processing theorists would describe perception as a(n):
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Cognitive Process.
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Which of the following best defines the term affordance?
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the opportunity for perception and interaction that is offered by people, the environment, and objects.
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The affordances that are actually perceived depend on the individual’s:
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sensations, past experiences, and immediate motivation.
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An illusion of a drop between one surface and another is called a(n):
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visual cliff.
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According to dynamic perception, 1-year old Diane would most prefer to look at:
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a mobile spinning over her head.
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A ____ is an experience that helps people recollect an idea, thing, or event.
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reminder session.
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Verbal skills are necessary for which type of memory?
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explicit
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Which type of memory most likely beings in infancy?
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implicit memory.
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The usual order of the development of spoken language is:
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reflexes, cooling, babbling, spoken words.
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When Becky’s mother speaks to her, she uses a high-pitched voice, simple words or places, and lots of repetition. AT four months of age, Becky delights in her mother’s use of:
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Child-directed speech.
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Research has found that “baby talk” is:
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characterized by a high pitch, simple vocabulary, and short sentences.
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Using the word “more” to mean “I want another cookie” is an example of a(n):
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holophrase.
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As early as 5 months old, babies seem to prefer:
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adults who engage in child-directed speech.
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Which of the following positively correlates with early onset of the naming explosion?
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the mother’s responsiveness to the child’s language.
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According to Chomsky’s theory of language acquisition:
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Children have an inborn ability to learn language.
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The language acquisition device (LAD) was proposed by Chomsky to explain:
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the universal inborn ability to learn language.
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The idea that “multiple attentional, social and linguistic cues” contribute to early language learning supports the idea of:
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A hybrid theory of language learning.
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How might games like “peek-a-boo” facilitate the mastery of conversation?
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teaches turn taking